Appendix 4 - Head-Up Display (HUD) Systems

Flight crewmember training must be accomplished using a level 'C' simulator, with a daylight visual display, or a level 'D' simulator. The OEB has determined that each pilot in command of an aircraft equipped with a HUD system shall receive a minimum of 4 hours of ground school training followed by a minimum of 4 hours of simulator training in the left seat of a level 'C', with a daylight visual display, or level 'D' simulator. A HUD equipped aircraft may also be used for in-flight training. In-flight training shall consist of a minimum of 4 hours of flying in the left seat of the HUD equipped aircraft. A person who progresses successfully through flight training, is recommended by an instructor, and successfully completes the appropriate HUD proficiency check by a Transport Canada inspector or an Approved Check Pilot, need not complete the recommended 4 hours of flight training.

The OEB recommends special training emphasis in the following areas:

Ground Training:

  1. Crew coordination
  2. Crew briefings and callouts
  3. Duties of flying and non-flying pilots

Flight Training:

  1. Use of caged, uncaged and clear modes (especially in crosswind conditions)
  2. Use of the pitch limit indicator (PLI) during windshear escape
  3. Approaches to 'black hole' airports using the FPA
  4. Use of the acceleration cue as a potential flight path angle (FPA)
  5. Relationship of the glide path angle to the symbolic runway
  6. Use of the flare symbol as a cue (not as guidance) and approaches into the top of an undercast during daylight and night conditions
  7. Recovery from unusual attitudes
  8. TCAS resolution advisory
  9. Takeoff using the FPA to meet a required climb gradient.

Checking requires a pilot proficiency check conducted in a level 'C' simulator, with a daylight visual display, in a level 'D' simulator, or on a HUD equipped aircraft. The pilot proficiency check will include at least one takeoff and departure procedure and one instrument approach and landing utilizing the HUD. The pilot proficiency check will also include a minimum of one takeoff or missed approach and one instrument approach without utilizing the HUD. This is to ensure proficiency without the use of the HUD. This check can be accomplished concurrently with a pilot proficiency check under CASS 724.108 Schedule 1.

The GV-SP, and GIV-X Head-Up Displays have been found to be functionally equivalent to the G-V HUD. All requirements listed above apply to the GV-SP and GIV-X HUDs.

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