Appendix 5 - Head Up Display (HUD) Qualification Program
The training, checking and currency requirements for the operational use by air operators of the dual HUD in all phases of flight are provided in this appendix.
The HUD pilot training is integrated into all B-787 ground and flight training. Both pilots require qualification on the HUD because the B-787 has a dual HUD. Additional training is required for air operators conducting low visibility operations.
Low visibility take-off and landing approach (CAT II ILS and CAT III ILS) operations using the dual HUD have not yet been evaluated against the Part VI and VII requirements of the CARs.
2.0 HUD TRAINING - GENERAL
The HUD training specifications of this appendix are necessary to meet the requirements of CAR Subpart 705, for the full transition, differences and STAR training of Canadian pilots to operate the B-787 using the dual HUD in a commercial air service.
2.1 HUD INITIAL GROUND TRAINING
Training for air operators should be conducted in accordance with the applicable provisions of CAR 705.124. The initial ground training program should include the following elements:
- Classroom or CBT instruction covering HUD operational concepts, crew duties and responsibilities and operational procedures including preflight, normal and non-normal operations, and associated indications.
- Classroom or CBT instruction on the HUD symbology set and it’s inter-relationship with airplane aerodynamics, inertial factors, and environmental conditions and non-normal maneuvers.
- Flight Crew Operations Manual (FCOM) or equivalent training material which explains the limitations, all modes of operation, the use of various HUD controls, and a clear description of HUD symbology, including limit conditions and failures.
- Training or operational material should clearly delineate Pilot Flying (PF) and Pilot Monitoring (PM) duties, responsibilities and procedural call-outs and responses during all phases of flight during which HUD operations are anticipated.
- For air operators wishing credit for low visibility operations predicated on use of the HUD, training should be provided on the operational characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of the ground facilities (eg. Surface Movement Guidance Control System). Training should also include an air operator’s policies and procedures concerning low visibility operations including a reporting process, MEL issues, rejected take-off, HUD failure during take-off, operation following a missed approach, IOE and currency requirements.
2.2 HUD INTITIAL FLIGHT TRAINING
Initial and recurrent HUD training requires the use of a TCCA approved level C or higher B-787 full flight simulator equipped with the Dual HUD with day and night visual displays.
All required approaches should be flown from no closer than the final approach fix (FAF) for instrument approaches and from no closer than approximately 1,000 feet AGL (3 - 4 NM) to the runway threshold for visual approaches.
The following flight training program is generic in nature and should not be construed to dictate or limit what the scope or content of the course of instruction. Each air operator has their own unique requirements, route structure, fleet composition and operations policies to consider in developing their training program. Therefore, what follows is to be considered a guide to air operators who are tailoring a HUD training program to fit their own needs.
2.2.1 Ground Operations
- Deployment of HUD and stowage, and
- Taxi using HUD under various lighting and visibility conditions.
Airwork related to HUD is integrated into the training program. Emphasis should be placed on:
- HUD unique symbology, i.e flight path, flight path acceleration, airspeed error tape, effect of wind, non-conformal displays, unusual attitudes and commonality with the head down display (PFD);
- Visual approaches to runways at night with minimal lighting (“black hole” approaches) and use of FPV and other indications to achieve desired descent angle;
- Cross-wind landing techniques;
- HUD brightness settings for different approach lighting systems; and
- Use of HUD with an approved sunvisor or sunscreen.
When this training is complete, the trainee should have a thorough understanding of the relationship between aircraft flight path parameters and the HUD symbology, and have begun to develop an effective crosscheck, both within the HUD and incorporating HUDs
2.2.3 Visual Take-offs, Circuits, Approaches and Landings
Sufficient maneuvers to demonstrate HUD symbology and use in relation to glide path, centerline control and crosswind conditions..
2.2.4 Instrument Approaches:
- Sufficient ILS/GLS and non-ILS approaches, missed approaches and landings with appropriate weather minimums to show HUD symbology and gain proficiency in thes maneuvers.
- Circling approaches (if applicable).
2.2.5 Non-Normal/Emergency Operations
The following manoeuvres should be performed (as applicable):
- Unusual Attitudes;
- Windshear escape,
- EGPWS escape,
- TCAS RA,
- HUD failure on take-off in reduced visibility and on approach,
2.2.6 HUD Take-off During Low Visibility Operations
3.0 HUD INITIAL PILOT PROFICIENCY CHECK
A pilot should complete a full Schedule I PPC that samples the use of the HUD following full transition, differences or STAR training.
The following manoeuvres should be evaluated as a minimum:
- Engine failure on take-off and departure;
- Instrument approach and missed approach with OEI; and
- Failure of HUD during instrument approach.
Note: An operational evaluation of the HUD for low visibility operations has not been conducted.
4.0 HUD INITIAL LINE INDOCTRINATION
Pilots should complete line indoctrination employing the HUD. This requirement should include at least three HUD assisted takeoffs, one visual approach, and two instrument approaches in VMC.
5.0 HUD CONSOLIDATION PERIOD
Air operator’s pilots require line indoctrination and consolidation after initial qualification on the HUD. A consolidation period should apply prior to utilizing the HUD for instrument approach operations in IMC. Pilots should accomplish at least five manually flown HUD assisted takeoffs and five HUD approaches to authorized minima while in VMC conditions. Each approach should terminate in a manually controlled HUD assisted landing or HUD assisted go-around. Upon completion of these requirements, the HUD qualified pilot should then be qualified to conduct HUD takeoffs and approaches to the authorized minima as set forth in the air operator’s operations specifications.
6.0 HUD RECURRENT TRAINING AND CHECKING REQUIREMENTS
Recurrent training should include the following HUD operations in addition to regular requirements:
- Takeoff, at the lowest authorized visibility, engine failure before and after V1 with crosswind;
- Approach and landing, at the lowest authorized visibility, with crosswind;
- Approach, at the lowest authorized visibility, with crosswind, with missed approach;
- Non-precision approach(s), including circling (if applicable);
- Selected abnormal/emergency manoeuvres. This should include approach and landing with OEI.
Selected HUD related ground training subjects should be reviewed on a recurrent basis.
The required manoeuvres on subsequent PPCs should include a sample of operations requiring the use of the HUD. When there are SOP differences for the PM, when the PF is heads up compared to heads-down, the required manoeuvres on subsequent PPCs should include a sample of PM duties related to the use of the HUD.
7.0 HUD CURRENCY REQUIREMENTS
Air operator 90-day takeoff, approach and landing currency requirements apply to each pilot position occupied.
A PF should have completed at least three takeoffs, approaches and landings using the HUD, in a B-787 aeroplane or a TCCA approved level C (or higher) B-787 full flight simulator with day and night visual displays, within the previous 90 days before acting as PF using the HUD.
- Date modified: