Operations Specification 059

SUBJECT: CATEGORY (CAT) I, II, & III APPROACH OPERATIONS USING A HEAD UP DISPLAY (HUD)


AUTHORIZATION

1. This operations specification is issued pursuant to subparagraph 705.08(g)(ii) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations and authorizes CAT I, II, and/or III approach operations using a HUD, under the conditions listed in section 2 of this operations specification, for the types of aircraft indicated by reference numbers and listed in section 3 of this operations specification.

CONDITIONS

2. This authority is granted subject to the following conditions:

  1. The air operator shall develop procedures in its company operations manual for the guidance of its personnel; including:
    1. Normal procedures for all phases of flight during which the HUD will be used;
    2. Abnormal procedures; and,
    3. Emergency procedures.

Note: These shall include the crew standard operating procedures; and duties and responsibilities that are specific to each crew position.

The air operator shall maintain a HUD qualification record for each flight crew member who occupies a position that is equipped with a HUD.

  1. Ground Training
    1. An air operator shall provide initial ground training to its flight crew members; including:
      1. system description and characteristics;
      2. HUD symbology and inter-relationship with aeroplane aerodynamics and environmental conditions;
      3. AFM System limitations;
      4. normal, abnormal and emergency operation of the HUD system;
      5. HUD symbology and warnings for conditions such as wind shear, TCAS, terrain avoidance, etc;
      6. aircraft and Navigation system failures affecting HUD operation; and,
      7. crew standard operating procedures, duties and responsibilities.
    2. Recurrent ground training shall be conducted annually, including:
      1. review of HUD system and normal operation;
      2. review of HUD operating limitations; and,
      3. review of selected abnormal and emergency procedures.
    3. This training shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures established in the air operator company operations manual.
  2. Initial Simulator Training
    1. An air operator shall provide initial simulator training to its flight crew members; including:
      1. HUD Equipment checks;
      2. HUD set up on the ground and in flight;
      3. demonstration of failures and incorrect settings on approach such as runway elevation, airspeed, selected decision height, etc.;
      4. procedures and duties specific to each crew position;
      5. operation of the aeroplane using the HUD in all phases of flight and weather conditions for which:
        1. the air operator is certified in its air operator certificate; and,
        2. the HUD system is certified in the AFM;
      6. in-flight manoeuvres to include steep turns, approach to stall recovery and unusual attitude recovery;
      7. normal take-off and low visibility take-off at the lowest authorized RVR;
      8. take-off with engine failure at V1 and a take-off with an engine failure prior to V1 leading to a rejected take-off;
      9. approaches using the appropriate flight guidance, autopilots and control systems installed in the aeroplane, to the appropriate minimums and transition to landing;
      10. normal, crosswind and engine out landings as applicable to AFM limitations;
      11. use of center line guidance during take-off, landings and rejected take-offs;
      12. in-flight procedures for TCAS resolution advisory, wind shear and terrain avoidance using the HUD;
      13. approaches with system failures such as HUD system, navigation system, avionics system, electrical system, autopilot system, and engine failure;
      14. rejected landings and Missed Approaches due to lack of visual reference at the lowest authorized decision height or minimum descent altitude; and,
      15. pilot incapacitation procedures applicable to low visibility take-off and CAT II and CAT III approaches if authorized in the air operator certificate.
    2. Before CAT I, II, and/or III approach operations using a HUD may be carried out, each flight crew member shall have completed the initial ground training and initial simulator training; and,
    3. This training shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures established in the air operator company operations manual.
  3. Recurrent Simulator Training

Each flight crew member shall complete recurrent CAT I, II, and/or III approach operations training using a HUD, under the supervision of an instructor, training pilot, check pilot or Type V Evaluator. This training shall be completed as part of the recurrent training or as part of the continuing qualification curriculum, as applicable, for each flight crew member authorized to conduct CAT I, II, and/or III approach operations using a HUD, including:

  1. approach and landing at the lowest authorized minima;
  2. take-off at the lowest authorized minima;
  3. take-off with engine failure at V1;
  4. rejected take-off;
  5. missed Approach;
  6. non-precision approach if applicable to the air operator's operation; and,
  7. selected abnormal and emergency procedures.
  1. HUD Consolidation Training

Each flight crew member who occupies a position that is equipped with a HUD, shall complete the HUD Consolidation Training requirements of subparagraph (i) and, where applicable, the requirements of paragraphs (ii), (iii) or (iv), after successful completion of their initial HUD qualification:

  1. A minimum of 3 HUD assisted take-offs, 3 manually flown instrument approach procedures and landings, and one visual approach and landing shall be conducted in the aircraft while using the HUD, under the supervision of a line qualified training or check pilot. The HUD assisted take-offs and the instrument approaches to landings must be completed in reported weather conditions that are not lower than the take-off weather minima specified in the Canada Air Pilot instrument procedure or equivalent foreign publication, and not lower than the published CAT I approach minima, respectively;
  2. Before a flight crew member may conduct a HUD assisted take-off in reported weather conditions below the minimums described in (i) above and subject to the authorization of the air operator in its air operator certificate, a minimum of 15 take-offs, including those in (i) above, must be completed in the aircraft while using the HUD, in reported weather conditions at or above the take-off minima specified in the instrument procedure;
  3. Before a flight crew member may be authorized to conduct manually flown CAT II or III operations using the HUD and subject to the authorization of the air operator in its air operator certificate, a minimum of 15 manually flown CAT I ILS approaches and/or simulated CAT II or III approaches, including those in (i) above, in reported weather conditions that are not lower than the published CAT I approach minima, must be completed in the aircraft using the HUD. Each approach may be conducted on a CAT I ILS installation that meets the AFM requirements and has been assessed as operationally suitable by the air operator. Each approach much terminate in a manually controlled HGS assisted landing or HGS assisted go-around; and
  4. Notwithstanding the requirement of (iii) above, where  a flight crew member who occupies a position that is equipped with a HUD has completed a minimum of 5 approaches and landings using the HUD, that flight crew member may conduct instrument approaches to CAT II or III minima, provided they are conducted using the auto-land system, and each flight crew member has been authorized by the air operator for the applicable category of operations in their respective positions.
  1. Following completion of HUD consolidation, each flight crew mwmber who occupies a position that is equipped with a HUD shall be considered qualified for HUD operation. This qualification shall be indicated in each flight crew member's HUD qualification record.
  2. The HUD equipment and installation shall be certified in accordance with the appropriate requirements of Part V of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

AIRCRAFT

3. The types of aircraft indicated by reference numbers in Part II of the air operator certificate are:

AIRCRAFT

ISSUED

2006.03.01

     PREV~Supersedes the one dated PREV~

For Minister of Transport

Date modified: