5.10. Before Landing Check

[The contents of the Before Landing Check obviously must be tailored to the individual type aircraft. In developing it consider whether all of the items that need to be completed can be addressed without a substantial break in the check. It may be appropriate to develop a separate Final Landing Check to address items that should be delayed until the last part of the approach or until landing is assured. This section and the next are examples for an aircraft that is best operated with two such checks. In most cases, it would be preferable to actually do such items as extending the landing gear and flaps during this check. However, we recognize that for some aircraft it is necessary to carry out some actions separately, then confirm that they have been done during the Before Landing Check. The following example is for a check done from memory. This is not mandatory. In your operation it may be more appropriate to refer to the checklist.]

Direction as to when the Before Landing Check is to be done is contained in the applicable sections that discuss the various types of approaches. The Before Landing Check is the first of two checks that are used to configure the aircraft specifically for landing. As this check may be done during an especially high workload period of the fight, it is to be carried out from memory. The expanded Before Landing Check follows:

  • Landing Gear Lever - Down
    • The landing gear is selected down as the first action following the PF's call for the Before Landing Check.
  • Synchrophase (Co-pilot) - OFF
    • The synchrophase is selected off by the co-pilot, as the switch cannot be easily reached from the pilot's seat.
  • Propellers - ___% or Max
    • Use ___% for most landings. Use Max: if turbulence or wind shear is a consideration; if a missed approach is likely; or for landing using minimum runway length. Propellers are to be set to ___% unless specifically requested by the PF or the Captain.
  • Flaps Approach - Selected or Up
    • Flaps are not selected to approach until called for by the PF. The check shall be held until flaps are selected unless a flapless landing is planned. If flapless landing is planned the PNF would call "Flaps Selected Up" at this point and continue with the check.
  • Warning/Caution Panel - Checked
    • Check that no new indications are displayed on the Warning/Caution Panel
  • Landing Gear - Down and Locked
    • Before stating that the landing gear is down the PNF shall check the following indications: 3 green "DN" annunciator lights are illuminated; the amber "DOOR" annunciator lights are out; and the amber lights in the gear selector handle are out.
  • Flaps Approach - Set
    • When the Flap Position Indicator shows that the flaps have travelled to the approach position the PNF will call Approach Set.
  • Before Landing Check - Complete

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