5.18. Landing Procedures

[The minimum information required in this section is that which will allow the crew to be coordinated in their actions throughout the landing procedure. Depending on your operation, you may wish to elaborate on landing techniques in addition to crew coordination. If your aircraft/operation uses more than one landing procedure with substantial differences, use additional tables of coordination instructions as required. If only small differences exist for various flap configurations or crosswind conditions, it may be better to simply discuss the variations as text. If a Flapless Landing or a landing with a particular flap setting is an abnormal or emergency procedure, such a discussion is best dealt with in the Abnormal and Emergency Procedures chapter.]

[An example of guidance for landing technique for a fictitious aircraft is included in this section. The aircraft can be landed from either seat and has limited nose wheel steering from both seats. Ground steering is only available from the pilot seat.]

This section on Landing Procedures provides guidance for flight from the completion of the Final Landing Check through landing until the aircraft has slowed to taxi speed. The following table contains guidance on landing procedure and crew coordination for a normal landing.

[The following checklist is a guide only and cannot apply to all aircraft. The checklist particular to the aircraft must be inserted here]

Table 5-3 Normal Landing - Procedure and Crew Coordination
PF  PNF
Adjust the final approach glide path to as close to 3o as is practical under the conditions. At between 200 and 100 ft above touchdown reduce airspeed from Vapp to cross 50 ft above the threshold at Vref. Change the correction for crosswind from crab to wing down/opposite rudder by 50 ft above the threshold. Monitor the flight path and use standard calls if required to alert the PF to an airspeed that is below Vref or to an abnormal descent rate.
  Upon first contact of the first main wheel select the Propellers to MAX.
As soon as both main wheels are on the runway, smoothly but quickly lower the nose wheel to the runway. Maintain slight forward pressure on the control yoke and increase into wind roll control until the controls are locked.  
As soon as the nose wheel is on the runway, select the power levers to disc. Confirm that both ground range lights illuminate. If the ground range lights illuminate, reverse may be used until the aircraft is almost at a stop or until blown dust or snow moves forward to the leading edge of the wing, whichever occurs first. Brakes should be used as required. For a co-pilot flown landing place left hand on the tiller in preparation for taxi or if required to assist during the landing roll.
For a pilot seat flown landing, at maximum of ___ KIAS:- Announce "Your wheel", and begin taxiing by steering with the tiller. For a co-pilot seat flown landing, at maximum of ___ KIAS but no later than taxi speed, lock the controls:
  • Announce "You have control"
For a pilot seat flown landing:- Reply "My wheel" and lock the controls. For a co-pilot seat landing upon hearing "You have control":
  • Reply "I have control" and take over taxiing by steering with the tiller.

 
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