7.5. Emergency Landing

The following is an excerpt from the checklist detailing the actions required for a landing subsequent to an airborne emergency. The items marked by medium bullets "*", the first letters of which form the acronym "TESTRA" are to be committed to memory

  1. For a landing following an airborne emergency or for any landing when the situation presents a significant hazard, the following points should be addressed:
  2. As soon as practical after the initial emergency actions, brief the FA or passengers. The amount of detail will vary depending on the time available. The briefing should be in the following format:
  3. FAs are to expect that the following format is to be used by the pilots to provide critical information. During an emergency the pilots may become distracted. It may not be possible for the pilots to provide the following information as an unbroken stream. FAs must be judicious in soliciting information from the pilots. However, FAs shall obtain the following information - even if it is not in the following sequence or if it is necessary to query the pilots repeatedly.
    • * Type of emergency. Briefly indicate what the emergency is, ie. Engine Failure, Hydraulic Malfunction, Cracked Window, etc. Obviously, more detail must be provided to crewmembers than to passengers.
    • * Evacuation information. Evacuation information should include: whether the landing will be on or off an aerodrome; the route and/or exits that are to be used to evacuate from the aircraft.

      [To the extent practical you should standardize the signals to be used. It may not be possible to specify that one particular method is to be used. However, the number of chimes or flashes of a warning light should be standardized for various situations.]

    • * Signals. Detail the method that will be used to signal bracing for landing/impact and the signal to commence evacuation. Depending on the situation, the signals could include: a call on the intercom, a series of chimes of the cabin public address system, a call on the public address system, activation of the emergency lights, or a combination.
    • * Time remaining. Brief the time remaining to landing and, if different ,the time remaining to prepare. Depending on the nature of the emergency it may be necessary to cease preparations some time before landing (ie. controllability difficulties may necessitate that no one move about the aircraft during the latter part of descent).
    • * Relocation of passengers. Brief if it is necessary/advisable to relocate passengers, or if movement of passengers is not permitted (due to time or adverse affects on the balance of the aircraft) as to the nature of the emergency, its effects, the flight time remaining and, (if required) the evacuation procedures.
    • * Announcements. If flight attendants are on board, detail who will brief the passengers. Ideally the FAs should provide the most detailed briefing to passengers. If no FA is on board the Captain should brief the passengers. The announcement should follow the same format as the briefing to the crew, ie. "TESTRA." The Captain's announcement should make it clear to the passengers that the crew is managing the situation and should reaffirm the authority of the flight attendant to manage the situation in the cabin.
      • Advise ATC and any other relevant agencies of intentions and CFR requirements.
      • Secure all loose objects on the flight deck and in the cabin.
      • Ensure all crew and passenger seat belts and shoulder harnesses are secure and locked.
      • Review the applicable post landing procedures with all crew members.
      • If applicable: De-pressurize the aircraft and select the Emergency Lights to ON.
      • If appropriate, plan for an Evacuation once the aircraft comes to a stop.
      • Once the aircraft comes to a stop, specifically direct the passengers to remain seated and await instructions. Then, if appropriate, initiate the Evacuation drill.

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