Section II: Analysis of Program by Strategic Outcome

Transport Canada has three strategic outcomes that reflect the long-term and enduring benefits to Canadians that stem from its mandate and vision. As we strive towards these outcomes, we can report progress in relation to expected results [12] , performance indicators [13] and targets [14] in line with the Program Alignment Architecture (PAA) for 2013-14 (Figure 1).

The PAA is a structured inventory of the department’s programs. These programs are arranged in a hierarchical manner to depict the logical relationship between each program and the Strategic Outcome to which they contribute. What distinguishes the different levels of a PAA is the scope and reach of the programs at those levels. The program level has a broad scope and area of societal intervention, while the sub-program level has a more limited and specific focus on a smaller target group and area of intervention. In other words, expected results at the highest-level of the PAA represent outcomes that can be reasonably attributed to a program in a causal manner, with other contributing factors influencing the overall results.

This section describes how the department plans to meet its expected results and presents the financial and non-financial resources that it will dedicate to each Program in the coming year. This section also identifies Transport Canada initiatives that are included in the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.

To better align itself to the Government of Canada outcome areas of a safe and secure Canada, the department has modified its PAA to combine the former Strategic Outcomes (SO) of A Safe Transportation System and A Secure Transportation System into one, starting in 2013-14. We have also made other minor activity alignments at the Program and sub-program level.

Strategic Outcome 1: An Efficient Transportation System

An efficient transportation system supports trade, economic prosperity and an enhanced quality of life through low costs, high productivity, the best use of all modes and innovation in transportation. Transport Canada promotes an efficient transportation system in Canada by: modernizing marketplace frameworks so that the transportation sector can adapt, innovate and remain competitive; developing and implementing gateways and corridors initiatives; ensuring the renewal of federal transportation infrastructure; encouraging innovation in the transportation sector, and; partnering with provinces, territories, municipal governments, and public and private sector entities in various transportation initiatives.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
886 886 833 741
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
452 417 415

The following four Programs support this strategic outcome:

  • 1.1 Transportation Marketplace Frameworks;
  • 1.2 Gateways and Corridors;
  • 1.3 Transportation Infrastructure; and
  • 1.4 Transportation Analysis and Innovation.

Program 1.1: Transportation Marketplace Frameworks

Description: The Transportation Marketplace Framework program encourages transportation efficiency by fostering a competitive and viable transportation sector. The Program: sets regimes governing the economic behaviour of carriers in all modes of transportation; sets the rules of governance for all the transportation infrastructure providers falling under federal authority; monitors the transportation system; enables access to transportation for Canadians; represents the interests of Canada in trade negotiations, international transportation fora and other international bodies; identifies Canadian barriers to foreign access that impede competitiveness and reduces foreign barriers that restrict Canadians access to foreign markets; and fulfills certain federal responsibilities with regard to the International Bridges and Tunnels Act.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
12 12 12 12
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
95 95 95
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
1.1 Transportation Marketplace Frameworks A competitive transportation sector. Freight transportation intensity for rail, marine, and for-hire trucking modes, (tonne-km per locomotive/port call/heavy vehicle). Rail: 107,446,845
Truck: 1,522,470
Marine: 3,274,655
Passenger transportation intensity for air (passenger-km per seat-km) and rail (passengers per available seat). Air: 0.79
Rail: 0.57
1.1.1 Air Marketplace Framework A competitive air transportation sector. Revenue Passenger Kilometres (RPK) by air. 220 billion
1.1.2 Marine Marketplace Framework A competitive marine transportation sector. Transborder tonnage handled by Canadian carriers (vessels). 39,418,919
North American traffic handled by Canadian ports measured by tonne-km. 215,886 Millions Tonne-km
1.1.3 Surface Marketplace Framework An efficient surface transportation sector. Traffic volume (in tonne-km) of rail and motor carriers. Rail: 294,619,350,000
Motor carriers:
121,280,685,975
1.1.4 International Frameworks and Trade International trade agreements advance Canadian transportation interests and create opportunities for the transportation industry. Types of commercial opportunities provided through agreements for Canadian transportation stakeholders. To be determined

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Carry-out the Government’s response to the Rail Freight Service Review.
  • Engage with industry stakeholders and relevant federal government officials to address short-term opportunities and advance longer term dialogue on competitiveness issues.
  • Represent transportation-related Canadian positions in trade negotiations and advance Canadian interests and promote/share Canadian expertise in transportation in multilateral and international transport fora.

These activities promote trade opportunities and bring economic benefits to Canadians because they improve the efficiency, effectiveness and reliability for the movement of people and goods.

Program 1.2: Gateways and Corridors

Description: Canada is a trading nation, and the efficiency and reliability of the transportation system to support this trade impacts directly on the nation’s prosperity and well-being. For this reason, it is imperative that the federal government play a role in the development of an integrated transportation network linking importers and exporters to markets and suppliers in the increasingly complex global supply chains. Guided by the National Policy Framework for Strategic Gateways and Corridors, the Gateways and Corridors Program supports Canada's international commerce by creating a more efficient, reliable and seamless trade-related transport system in Canada. The Program: develops initiatives to improve and integrate transportation networks in key regions; fosters partnerships between all levels of government and the private sector; supports and oversees projects that contribute to the increased capacity and efficiency of gateway and corridor infrastructure; develops and puts in place measures that remove impediments to the effective development of gateways and corridors; and markets the use of gateways and corridors within Canada and internationally.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
538 538 544 469
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
67 32 32
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Target
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
1.2 Gateways and Corridors Gateways and corridors are efficient, reliable and support international commerce. Total average transit time (number of days) of international containerized freight using Canada's strategic gateways and trade corridors. This excludes the ocean transit time. Total average transit time for year X ≤ total transit time for year X-1 (prev. year)
1.2.1 Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative Canada's Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor is efficient, reliable and attracts international trade. Total average transit time (number of days) of international containerized freight using the Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor from the BC ports to Toronto. This excludes the ocean transit time. 9 days with a standard deviation (service consistency) of 2 days by 2014.
Canadian share of the North American West Coast trade based on the change in volume of Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) [15] . 12%
Value of imports and exports using strategic gateways and corridors (Millions of $). Import: $40,757
Export: $67,710
1.2.2 Gateways and Border Crossings Fund Canada's strategic Gateways and Corridors are efficient, reliable and are used for international trade. Total average transit time (number of days) of international containerized freight using the Continental and Atlantic trade corridors. This excludes the ocean transit time. Total average transit time for year X ≤ total transit time for year X-1 (previous year)
Value of imports and exports using the Continental and Atlantic strategic gateways and corridors (Millions of $). Ontario:
Import: $257,508 Export: $200,706
Quebec:
Import: $75,158
Export: $64,731
Atlantic:
Import $25,950
Export: $30,736
Atlantic Gateway (Halifax) and Continental Gateway (Montreal) market share of North America East Coast traffic in Volume of TEU imports and exports. 10%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will work to achieve the following:

  • Advance Canada’s three strategic gateway and corridor initiatives (Asia-Pacific, Continental and Atlantic) in partnership with other federal departments and agencies, provinces and territories, municipalities, and private-sector stakeholders.
  • Implement Beyond the Border economic initiatives to improve border infrastructure planning and coordination with the United States and improve the flow of legitimate trade and travel across the Canada-U.S. border.
  • Advance the pre-procurement work related to the new Windsor-Detroit bridge crossing, including buying property, relocating utilities and advancing engineering design. Complete the environmental assessment for the new bridge over the St. Lawrence River to replace the Champlain Bridge, advance pre-procurement work and begin building the Nun’s Island temporary causeway.
  • Continue to implement strategic initiatives through the Gateway Funds, and in the context of the development of Canada’s next long-term infrastructure plan, consider future directions and strategies to further improve the connectivity and efficiency of the transportation system in support of international trade.

These activities will strengthen Canada’s competitiveness in global commerce, improve transportation system efficiency and connectivity, attract new investment and contribute to sustained long-term economic growth.

Program 1.3: Transportation Infrastructure

Description: The Transportation Infrastructure Program oversees funds and manages multimodal transportation infrastructure under Transport Canada's mandate to improve efficiency and service delivery for the benefit of Canadian taxpayers. The Program acts as the steward of certain commercial transportation assets operated by third parties on behalf of the federal government (airport authorities, port authorities, federal bridges, VIA Rail, Seaway, Marine Atlantic), provides funding for Canada’s strategic transportation infrastructure, to support federal objectives, develops transportation infrastructure policy through consultation with stakeholders. It also manages Transport Canada ports and airports, supports essential services in remote communities, manages legacy commitments, and divests assets and contracts out operations, where possible.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
321 321 264 247
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
219 218 216
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
1.3 Transportation Infrastructure Federally funded infrastructure is available, reliable and operational. Percentage of federally funded transportation infrastructure that meets annually established operational targets. 100%
1.3.1 Airport Infrastructure Airport infrastructure is available to users. Percentage of federally supported airport infrastructure that is operational. 100%
1.3.2 Marine Infrastructure Marine infrastructure is operational and available to all users. Percentage of marine infrastructure operational. 100%
1.3.3 Surface and Multimodal Infrastructure Federally funded surface infrastructure projects are completed and available to users as per/consistent with agreement date with recipient. Percentage of federally funded surface infrastructure operational. 100%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Work with our provincial, territorial, municipal, private sector and other partners to deliver successful infrastructure projects and programs.
  • Oversee VIA Rail’s capital program, which includes nearly $1 billion in funding since 2007.

These initiatives will benefit Canadians by improving the safety and efficiency of national highways, roads, railways and other transportation infrastructure, as well as contributing to a stronger economy and enhanced quality of life.

Program 1.4: Transportation Analysis and Innovation

Description: The Transportation Analysis and Innovation program provides analysis and research activities to drive efficiency in the transportation system. The Program transforms data into analytical products and actionable information; conducts socio-economic research to further the understanding of key drivers for change on transportation efficiency issues and potential responses; conducts exploratory and applied research to identify and foster the adoption of promising technologies; builds better linkages between science and policy and promotes innovation and scientific and research excellence in transportation; manages transportation data collection efforts; and monitors and reports on trends in the transportation system, with a view to enhancing the efficiency and competitiveness of the sector.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
15 15 13 13
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
71 72 72
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
1.4 Transportation Analysis and Innovation Canadians and stakeholders are informed on the state of transportation in Canada including relevant sectoral trends and statistics, innovation and research conducted at the federal level in the sector. Number of web hits to annual report on the state of transportation in Canada. 75,000
1.4.1 Socio-Economic Research and Analysis Canadian community of transportation stakeholders making policies, regulations, managing infrastructure and delivering transportation services as well as all Canadians, are informed of trends and issues impacting the transportation sector. Number of web hits to the statistical addendum of the annual report on the state of transportation in Canada. More than 50,000 (to be confirmed)
1.4.2 Transportation Innovation, Research, Development & Technology Research, Development and Technology/Innovation investments. Ratio of Research, Development and Technology investment leveraged from external sources. 1:1 investment ratio
1.4.3 Transportation Data Framework & Stewardship Industry is compliant to their data reporting obligations in conformity with the Canada Transportation Act (CTA) and its companion data regulations. Degree of compliance of airlines operating in Canada vis-à-vis the CTA data regulations (also known as the Carriers and Transportation Grain Handling Undertaking regulations). 90%

Planning Highlights Symbol for Theme I

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Conduct an economic analysis of the transportation sector and its components more specifically, the rail and air sectors. The analysis will include measuring and analyzing their productivity and efficiency.
  • Enhance marine data collection to near real time and monitor activities on the transportation sector. This will include conducting analyses and determining statistical trends on all modes of transportation.
  • Partner with transportation stakeholders, governments and academia to address priority transportation innovation issues in the areas of accessibility, cold climate, safety and security. This will include investigating de-icing technologies for the aviation sector; and evaluating the effects of permafrost and new asphalt cold resistant technologies on roads and runways.
  • Adopt strategies that promote and foster innovation, research, technology deployment, and continue to advance Northern transportation projects, including Transport Canada’s Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative
  • Develop the 2012 annual report on the state of transportation in Canada for tabling in Parliament.

These activities focus on providing information, analysis and advice on national and international transportation trends and issues for the Government of Canada and stakeholders, as well as identifying efficiency gains for the sector that contribute to Canada’s economic prosperity.

Strategic Outcome 2: A Clean Transportation System

Transport Canada promotes clean transportation in Canada. This Strategic Outcome: advances the federal government’s environmental agenda in the transportation sector and complements other federal programs designed to reduce air emissions to protect the health of Canadians and the environment for generations to come; protects the marine environment by reducing the pollution of water from transportation sources, and; fulfills Transport Canada’s responsibilities in working towards a cleaner and healthier environment with regard to its own operations.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
70 70 62 40
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
237 226 209

The following three Programs support this strategic outcome:

  • 2.1 Clean Air from transportation;
  • 2.2 Clean Water from transportation; and
  • 2.3 Environmental Stewardship of transportation.

Program 2.1: Clean Air from Transportation

Description: Transport Canada’s Clean Air from Transportation Program advances the federal government’s environmental agenda in the transportation sector and complements other federal programs designed to reduce air emissions for improving the health of Canadians and the environment for generations to come. The program: regulates air emissions from the transportation sector; and oversees Transport Canada clean air program obligations and commitments.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
37 37 34 26
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
90 89 86
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
2.1 Clean Air from Transportation Decrease in intensity of Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollutants in the transportation sector. Transportation emission intensity (% change in intensity as measured in tonnes per unit of activity (e.g. tonnes-km, tonnes per hour, tonne per call, etc.). An intensity improvement that is consistent with the plan established under the government's horizontal approach for clean air [16] . Date to achieve target: March 2020
2.1.1 Clean Air Regulatory Framework and Oversight Clean air regulatory framework (and policies) that align with international standards. Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation or international standards. 100%

Date to achieve target: March 2015
2.1.2 Clean Air Programs Clean Transportation technologies are available to users. Clean transportation technologies implemented by users. 10
Date to achieve target: March 2016

Planning Highlights Symbol for Theme I

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Lead the Government of Canada’s participation at the International Maritime Organization and the International Civil Aviation Organization to develop programs of action to limit or reduce air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping and international aviation respectively.
  • Develop and implement domestic regulations to address emissions from the marine and rail sectors and standards to address emissions from the aviation sector.
  • Deliver the new next-generation Clean Transportation Initiatives under the Clean Air Agenda announced in Budget 2011.

These activities contribute to the federal government’s environmental agenda to improve the quality of life and health of Canadians.

Program 2.2: Clean Water from Transportation

Description: The Clean Water from Transportation Program protects the marine environment by reducing the pollution of water from transportation sources. This Program regulates and monitors the release and impact of discharges from marine vessels into the marine environment, regulates ballast water, and contributes to setting domestic and international rules that govern limits to liability of marine pollution incidents. This Program advances the federal government's clean water agenda in the transportation sector and complements other federal programs designed to protect the marine environment for the health of Canadians and the environment for generations to come. This Program also represents Canada in discussions to set international standards to prevent pollution from vessels operating in Canada's waters and address the threat of aquatic invasive species.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2 2 2 2
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
13 13 13
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
2.2 Clean Water from Transportation Prevention of pollution in the marine environment from vessels operating in waters under Canadian jurisdiction. Number of releases of harmful pollutants in the marine environment by identified vessels. 17 Date to achieve target:March 2017
2.2.1 Clean Water Regulatory Framework A modern clean water regulatory framework and policies that are harmonized with adopted international standards. Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation and/or adopted international standards. 95% Date to achieve target:March 2017
2.2.2 Clean Water Regulatory Oversight Industry is compliant with the regulatory framework. Percentage industry compliance with regulatory framework for environmental response regime. 95% Date to achieve target:March 2017
Industry is compliant with the regulatory framework for ballast water discharges in waters under Canadian jurisdiction. Percentage of vessels in compliance with Ballast Water Control and Management Regulations reporting rules. 95% Date to achieve target:March 2017

Planning Highlights Symbol for Theme II Symbol for Theme III

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Modernize its regulatory and oversight frameworks to reduce the burden on industry by enhancing compliance and oversight activities.
  • Develop and adopt measures to enhance the framework related to oil spills from ships and emergency preparedness and response in support of our responsible resource development priority. More details can be found at Canada's Economic Action Plan - Initiatives supporting responsible energy development.
  • Provide surveillance over all waters under Canadian jurisdiction, to monitor the pollution of water from shipping sources and apply penalties to reduce pollution incidents and prevent invasive species from entering Canadian waters.

These activities contribute towards limiting transportation environmental impacts in order to protect the marine and freshwater environment.

Program 2.3: Environmental Stewardship of Transportation

Description: The Environmental Stewardship Program fulfills Transport Canada's responsibilities in working towards an environmentally responsible national transportation system for Canadians by ensuring compliance with the department's environmental obligations in relation to Acts, Regulations, Policies and Guidelines, and meeting legal obligations with respect to Aboriginal consultation. The Program: fulfills Transport Canada's responsibilities to implement a Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy under the Federal Sustainable Development Act; ensures that Transport Canada's lands and facilities are managed in an environmentally responsible manner in compliance with federal legislation and policies; provides functional support for environmental assessments, including for major resource projects; manages contaminated sites; and advises on Aboriginal consultation.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
31 31 25 11
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
134 125 110
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
2.3 Environmental Stewardship of Transportation Compliance with Transport Canada's obligations in relation to Acts, regulations, policies and guidelines. Percentage of departmental commitments achieved under the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. 100%
Number of instances where Transport Canada was not in compliance with applicable environmental legislation. 0
Number of instances Transport Canada was found to have failed to meet its legal duty to consult Aboriginal groups. 0

Planning Highlights Symbol for Theme IV

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Contribute to Government of Canada initiatives to improve the regulatory framework of major resource projects throughout Canada, including environmental assessment and Aboriginal consultation.
  • Exercise environmental stewardship of Transport Canada lands and activities, to ensure that Transport Canada owned and operated airports, ports and other operations comply with the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, the Fisheries Act and the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012.
  • Manage Transport Canada’s contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) through the environmental stewardship of the Transportation Program, including all of the Greening Government Operations targets. To learn more, please see Section III.

These activities help ensure that Transport Canada’s lands, facilities and activities comply with environmental legislation. Successes in meeting environmental protection and Greening of Government targets are highlighted on Transport Canada’s National Environmental Management System.

Strategic Outcome 3: A Safe and Secure Transportation System

A safe and secure transportation system moves people and goods across Canada, and to international destinations, without loss of life, injury, or damage to property. Transport Canada supports a safe and secure transportation system by influencing the behaviour of the public and industry through policies, standards, regulations and laws. Harmonized and streamlined regulatory regimes, informed by the expertise of multiple countries and stakeholders, aid effective, safe and secure transportation practices and a sound safety and security culture. Transport Canada ensures that Canadians and the transportation industry are in compliance with the regulatory framework through their oversight program.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
408 408 393 388
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
3,419 3,366 3,349

The following nine Programs support this strategic outcome:

  • 3.1 Aviation Safety;
  • 3.2 Marine Safety;
  • 3.3 Rail Safety;
  • 3.4 Motor Vehicle Safety;
  • 3.5 Transportation of Dangerous Goods;
  • 3.6 Aviation Security;
  • 3.7 Marine Security;
  • 3.8 Surface and Intermodal Security; and
  • 3.9 Multimodal Safety and Security [17].

Program 3.1: Aviation Safety

Description: The Aviation Safety Program develops, administers and oversees the policies, regulations and standards necessary for the safe conduct of civil aviation within Canada's borders in a manner harmonized with the international aviation community. It also manages programs to support safety-related investments at regional/small airports and provides air transport services to support Transport Canada and other government department operations.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
215 215 213 211
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
1,778 1,768 1,768
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.1 Aviation Safety A safe civil aviation system. Number of accidents per 100,000 hours of flight (ten year average). 6.7
3.1.1 Aviation Safety Regulatory Framework A timely rulemaking program that supports a risk-based regulatory framework. Average time (years) to develop new or modified regulations governing Aviation Safety. 3.97
3.1.2 Aviation Safety Oversight Compliance of Aviation community with regulatory requirements. Percentage of operators that improve their Program Validation Inspection score measuring to what degree they meet aviation safety requirements. Baseline to be established in 2013
3.1.3 Airports Capital Assistance Eligible airports meet safety standards required for continued operation. Percentage of eligible airports that have maintained their certification as a result of receiving Airports Capital Assistance Program funding. 100%
3.1 4 Aircraft Services Trust and confidence from clients. Percentage of clients (satisfied or very satisfied) with services (scoring 2 or 3 on a 3 point scale). 80% of clients are satisfied or very satisfied
Safe Aviation Services. Number of category 3 or greater category occurrences [18] (per 1,000 flight hours). 1.34

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Adopt and monitor a national risk-based approach to oversight planning.
  • Complete the Civil Aviation reorganization as per the Improving Civil Aviation Safety Program Action Plan to April 2013.

These activities contribute to aviation safety for Canadians by focusing resources on higher risk areas and by ensuring that frontline staff have the tools to support their activities.

Program 3.2: Marine Safety

Description: The Marine Safety Program, under the authority of Canada Shipping Act 2001, the Navigable Waters Protection Act, the Safe Containers Convention Act, the Pilotage Act, the Coasting Trade Act and the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, develops, implements and administers policies, regulations, and standards necessary for the safe conduct of marine activities in a manner harmonized with international standards. This program promotes safety and provides safety oversight of the marine industry including domestic and foreign vessels (both non-pleasure craft and pleasure craft); enforces international conventions signed by Canada; and protects the public right to navigate on Canadian waterways.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
58 58 50 49
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
595 562 557
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.2 Marine Safety A safe marine transportation system. Number of Canadian commercial Vessel (non-pleasure craft) occurrences per 1,000 vessels in the Canadian registry (five-year moving average). 9.5
Date to achieve target: March 2015
Number of pleasure craft fatalities per licensed pleasure craft (five-year average). 110 fatalities to 2.8 million licensed pleasure crafts
3.2.1 Marine Safety Regulatory Framework A risk-based regulatory framework consistent with international conventions and Cabinet Directive on Streamlining Regulation. Percentage of regulations aligned with domestic legislation and/or adopted international standards. 85%
Date to achieve target: March 2015
3.2.2 Marine Safety Oversight Compliance with regulations for inspected domestic vessels (non-pleasure craft). Percentage of inspected domestic vessels (non-pleasure craft) that are compliant with regulations. 68%
Date to achieve target:
March 2015
Compliance with regulations for pleasure craft. Percentage of pleasure craft compliant with regulations (includes those that received a courtesy check). 60%
Date to achieve target:
March 2015
The Port State Control regulatory oversight inspects the highest risk foreign vessels. Percentage of high risk foreign vessels inspected. 95%
Date to achieve target:
March 2017
3.2.3 Navigable Waters Protection The public's right to safely navigate Canada's waterways is protected. Number of public complaints received for works not compliant with navigable waters legislation. 175
Date to achieve target:
March 2015

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Modernize Marine Safety’s regulatory and oversight frameworks to reduce the regulatory burden, as well as enhance compliance and oversight activities to minimize the number of incidents on Canadian waters.
  • Carry-out commitments under the Action Plan for the Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council, such as aligning standards and regulations that apply to lifejackets, the construction of small craft, approval processes, recall processes and compliance monitoring.
  • Develop new regulations to enhance the existing tanker inspection regime by strengthening vessel inspection requirements. This initiative is part of Canada’s Economic Action Plan, and our departmental priority to support responsible resource development. More details can be found at Canada’s Economic Action Plan – Responsible Resource Development Priority – Enhancing Pipeline and Marine Safety.

These activities contribute to an efficient and sustainable marine transportation system in which the public can have continued confidence.

Program 3.3: Rail Safety

Description: Under the authority of the Railway Safety Act, the Rail Safety Program develops, implements and promotes safety policy, regulations, standards and research. The program provides oversight of the rail industry and promotes public safety at crossings and identifies the risks of trespassing. It also provides funds to improve safety at grade crossings.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
34 34 34 34
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
204 204 204
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.3 Rail Safety A safe rail transportation system. Rate of rail accidents (per million train miles) that occur on railways under federal jurisdiction (includes main-track collisions, derailments and collisions, fires/explosions and others) (five year average). 13.3
Rate of rail incidents (per million train miles) that occur on railways under federal jurisdiction (includes main-track switch in abnormal position, movement exceeds limits of authority, dangerous goods leak, crew member incapacitated, runaway rolling stock, signal less restrictive than required and unprotected overlap of authorities (five year average). 2.32
3.3.1 Rail Safety Regulatory framework The regulatory framework addresses the highest risks. Percentage of rail risk mitigation strategies developed per total number of identified risks identified in the Rail Safety Business plan. 90%
3.3.2 Rail Safety Oversight Rail industry has a strong safety culture. Index of railway industry Safety Management Systems implementation. To be determined
Rail industry is compliant. Percentage of rail industry that is compliant with rules, regulations and standards as set out in the Railway Safety Act. 80%
Date to achieve target: March 2015
3.3.3 Rail Safety Awareness and Grade Crossing Improvement Safe railway grade crossings. Percentage of crossing collisions reduced. 5%
Date to achieve target:
March 2015
Trespassing on railways eliminated. Percentage of trespassing accidents reduced. 5%
Date to achieve target:
March 2015

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Begin to develop and modify key regulations related to Railway Safety Act amendments, including administrative monetary penalties, Railway Operating Certificates, grade crossings and safety management systems.
  • Strengthen the oversight function by updating the Rail Safety National Training Program for inspectors.
  • Complete the development of the Rail Safety Integrated Gateway to ensure quality data for decision-making.

These activities focus on promoting and helping to advance the safety of the Canadian rail transportation system.

Program 3.4: Motor Vehicle Safety

Description: Guided by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act and the Motor Vehicle Transport Act, the Motor Vehicle Safety Program develops legislation, policies, and regulations; and provides oversight of the regulated industry in order to reduce the deaths, injuries and social costs caused by motor vehicle use.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
25 25 20 20
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
111 107 107
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.4 Motor Vehicle Safety
Safe motor vehicles based on improved crash avoidance and crash survivability.
Collisions per 10,000 motor vehicles registered. 2% reduction in the rate for 2012 as compared to average of previous 5 years
Fatalities per 10,000 police-reported collisions occurring on public roads. 1% reduction in the rate for 2012 as compared to average of previous 5 years
Serious injuries per 10,000 police-reported collisions occurring on public roads. *Targets for each of the 3 indicators above are based on estimates of future improvements, developed using historical year-over-year changes experienced from 2006 to 2010. This corresponds to CCMTA's Road Safety Strategy 2015 baseline period of 2006 to 2010, against which assessments will be made.
3.4.1 Motor Vehicle Safety Regulatory Framework A performance-based regulatory framework that is harmonized with international vehicle safety regimes where appropriate. Percentage of standards that are harmonized with international motor vehicle safety standards. 80%
3.4.2 Motor Vehicle Safety Oversight Motor vehicle industry is compliant with the regulatory framework. Percentage of the motor vehicle industry that is compliant with the regulatory framework. 80%
3.4.3 Motor Carrier Safety Harmonized safety regime for motor carriers among provinces and territories. Percentage of jurisdictions that have adopted all of the 15 standards under the National Safety Code. 60%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Continue to work with U.S. government officials under the Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council Joint Action Plan to align existing vehicle safety standards, to the greatest extent possible.
  • Pursue opportunities to decrease red tape and enhance oversight within the motor vehicle safety legislative framework.

These activities contribute to promoting motor vehicle safety and improving public confidence in the safety of Canada’s motor vehicles.

Program 3.5: Transportation of Dangerous Goods

Description: Required by the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992, the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Program, based on risk, develops safety standards and regulations, provides oversight and gives expert advice (e.g. Canadian Transport Emergency Centre (CANUTEC) on dangerous goods incidents to promote public safety in the transportation of dangerous goods by all modes of transport in Canada; identify threats to public safety and enforce the Act and its regulations; guide emergency response and limit the impact of incidents involving the transportation of dangerous goods; and develop policy and conduct research to enhance safety.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
13 13 13 13
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
127 126 128
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.5 Transportation of Dangerous Goods Public safety during the transportation of dangerous goods. Number of reportable releases of dangerous goods per trillion dollars of Canadian gross domestic product (five year average). 207.2
Number of reportable releases of dangerous goods, which caused injuries or deaths per trillion dollars of Canadian gross domestic product (five year average). 3.5
3.5.1 Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulatory Framework The harmonization of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulation with International Regulations and national Standards. Percentage of all new or amended regulatory requirements that are made to seek harmonization with international regulations. 70%
3.5.2 Transportation of Dangerous Goods Oversight The dangerous goods industry is compliant. Percentage of inspections which require a follow-up [19] . 10%
3.5.3 Emergency Response for Transportation of Dangerous Goods Safe operations at accident sites. Percentage of Emergency Response Assistance Plans applications assessed within the service standards identified in the Emergency Response Assistance Plans Assessment Framework. 85%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Apply national and modal risk-based inspection planning/reporting and enforcement regimes more consistently.
  • Update and implement a performance strategy for the rate of regulatory compliance to include all modes of transportation.

These activities focus on improving oversight, standards and advice in order to enhance public safety in the transportation of dangerous goods by all modes in Canada.

Program 3.6: Aviation Security

Description: The Aviation Security Program develops, administers and oversees policies, programs, regulations and standards necessary for a secure Canadian aviation system in a manner harmonized with the international aviation community.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
33 33 32 30
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
309 307 297
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.6 Aviation Security Canada is aligned with international aviation security standards. Percentage of aviation security regulations aligned with International Civil Aviation Organization standards. 100%
3.6.1 Aviation Security Regulatory Framework Regulatory framework meets international standards. Percentage of the regulatory framework which meets international standards. 100%
3.6.2 Aviation Security Oversight Stakeholders understand the compliance requirements within the security regulatory framework. Percentage of inspections completed that did not result in an administrative monetary penalty. 90%
3.6.3 Aviation Security Technological Infrastructure Stakeholders have access to standards. Percentage of approved technologies made available to stakeholders. 90%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Refine and strengthen its oversight function to improve transportation security by developing operational tools related to regulatory updates/changes.
  • Carry-out Beyond the Border Action Plan initiatives related to cross-border transportation facilitation by developing and promoting mutually recognized screening of passengers, baggage and cargo with the United States.

These activities focus on improving oversight and procedures to help safeguard the integrity and security of Canada’s aviation system. Implementation of the Beyond the Border Action Plan will streamline the flow of goods and people across the border while maintaining security.

Program 3.7: Marine Security

Description: The Marine Security Program, with partners, enforces the Marine Transportation Security Act to protect Canada and Canadians in a way that respects Canadian values. It safeguards the integrity and security; and preserves the efficiency of Canada's Marine Transportation System against unlawful interference, terrorist attacks or from being used as a means to attack our allies.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
15 15 14 14
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
131 128 127
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.7 Marine Security Industry has confidence in Canadian marine transportation security. Percentage of industry indicating confidence in the Canadian marine security transportation system. 80% Date to achieve target: March 2015
3.7.1 Marine Security Regulatory Framework A risk-based regulatory framework consistent with international conventions. Percentage of the regulatory framework aligned with domestic legislation and/or adopted international conventions. 85% Date to achieve target: March 2015
3.7.2 Marine Security Oversight Stakeholders are compliant with the requirements within the Marine Security regulatory framework. Percentage of inspections completed that do not result in an administrative monetary penalty. 90% Date to achieve target: March 2015
3.7.3 Marine Security Operations Centres The Government of Canada has the necessary information to address marine security threats and/or incidents. Percentage of vessels entering Canadian waters for which a regulatory compliance matrix is completed. 100% Date to achieve target: March 2015

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Modernize Marine Security’s regulatory and oversight frameworks to reduce regulatory burden, as well as enhance compliance and oversight activities to minimize the number of incidents on Canadian waters.
  • Adopt a joint safety and security framework to align regulatory requirements with the United States, and harmonize the two inspection regimes, as part of the Action Plan for the Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council.
  • Develop a framework for managing traffic in the event of an emergency as part of the Beyond the Border Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness Action Plan initiative.

These activities contribute to improving the development and administration of policies and regulations to advance marine security and promote Canada’s marine transportation system.

Program 3.8: Surface and Intermodal Security

Description: Guided by the Railway Safety Act, the International Bridges and Tunnels Act, the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and the federal government's transportation security mandate, the Surface and Intermodal Security Program enhances the security of surface and intermodal transportation. Working with partners to protect Canada and Canadians in a way that respects Canadian values and preserves the efficiency of the transportation system, the program provides federal leadership; and develops and oversees regulatory and voluntary frameworks, and develops guidance materials.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
5 5 5 5
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
41 42 41
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.8 Surface and Intermodal Security Stakeholders meet the terms and conditions of the voluntary frameworks. Percentage of assessments of site visits and stakeholders documentation that resulted in a Memorandum of Understanding non-compliance letter being issued. 5%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Refine and strengthen its oversight program by developing a national risk-based inspection schedule and reporting on progress against inspection targets.
  • Develop standard operating policy directives to ensure the risk-based inspection schedule is followed appropriately.
  • Enhance the security of international bridges and tunnels by working towards Memoranda of Understanding with owners/operators as part of the international bridges and tunnels security framework.

These activities focus on improving oversight and providing expert advice and recommendations to enhance the security of surface (rail and road) and intermodal transportation (combining multiple modes) in Canada.

Program 3.9: Multimodal Safety and Security

Description: The Multimodal Safety and Security Program contributes to policies and standards that enhance safety and/or security in more than one transportation mode (e.g., through integrated management systems and intelligence assessments). It also provides common technical training to employees and system inspectors, ensuring the Department’s capacity to inspect operators, enforce regulations, and respond to emergency situations that affect Canada’s national transportation system. Lastly, this program works to prepare for and coordinate the response to emerging safety and security threats and situations that may impact the national transportation system or the department.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
11 11 11 11
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
122 121 120
 Expected Results, Performance Indicators and Targets
Program and Sub-Program(s) Expected Result(s) Performance Indicator(s) Target(s)
3.9 Multimodal Safety and Security Transportation safety and security issues are managed in a consistent manner across all modes. Number of new common practices adopted. 3
3.9.1 Multimodal Strategies and Integrated Services Internal stakeholders have the information they need to manage safety and security transportation issues in an integrated and consistent manner across modes. Percentage of internal stakeholders that indicate a satisfaction rating of at least a four out of five with the products and services being provided. 80%
3.9.2 Emergency Preparedness and Situation Centres Transport Canada meets its preparedness responsibilities under the Emergency Management Act. Minimum rating of 85% on the preparedness sections (7B, 12A, 12B, 12C) of Public Safety Canada’s assessment of the Transport Canada Strategic Emergency Management Plan. 85%
Transport Canada is able to respond to emergency situations. Percentage of After Event Report findings and recommendations completed or closed within stated time limits. 90%
3.9.3 Integrated Technical Training Inspectors and technical experts have the technical competencies they require to fulfill their responsibilities according to established standards. Percentage of learners that indicate a satisfaction rating of at least 3 out of 5 that the course objectives are met. 80%
Percentage of learners that indicate a satisfaction rating of at least 3 out of 5 on the training courses and workshops. 80%

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

  • Work to consistently apply national and modal risk-based inspection planning/reporting and enforcement regimes in all Strategic Outcome 3 Programs.
  • Develop a prioritized list of transportation safety and security regulatory amendments to reduce red tape and the burden on industry while maintaining acceptable levels of safety and security and environmental protection.

These activities will contribute to the effective management of activities and related resources that impact more than one mode of transportation to enhance the overall safety and security of the transportation system.

Program 4.1: Internal Services

Description: The Internal Services Program include activities and related resources that are managed to support all strategic outcomes and program needs, as well as other departmental obligations. Internal Services include Management and Oversight [20], Communications, Legal, Human Resources Management, Financial Management, Information Management and Information Technology, Real property, Materiel and Acquisition.

 Financial Resources ($ millions)
2013-2014
Total Budgetary
Expenditures
(Main Estimates)
2013-2014
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2014-2015
Planned Spending
($ millions)
2015-2016
Planned Spending
($ millions)
147 159 162 167
 Human Resources (Full-Time Equivalent – FTE)
2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016
1,168 1,128 1,120

Planning Highlights

In support of this Program, Transport Canada will:

Audit and Evaluation

  • Continue to carry-out an enhanced evidence-based management action plan follow-up process for outstanding external and internal audit recommendations and evaluation recommendations.
  • Carry-out approved annual risk-based audit and evaluation plans, and report audit findings to an external Audit Committee and evaluation findings to an Evaluation Committee.
  • Conduct an annual study of performance measurement practices at Transport Canada.

Communications

  • Canadians are the world’s fourth highest users of the Internet and they increasingly rely on it for information, including information from their government, therefore Transport Canada will continue to expand its use of technology-driven communications beyond the traditional web presence; we will increase our use of new media, including social media.

Human Resources Management

  • Provide guidance and advice for organizational realignments, including workforce management and major reorganizations, in support of Budget 2012 decisions and other major change initiatives.
  • Provide guidance and advice in support of Classification Modernization.
  • Undertake renewal and transformation of services by introducing a new Human Resources Service Delivery model and adopting the government-wide Common Human Resources Business Process.

Financial Management

  • Improve the system of internal control over financial reporting to ensure accurate, relevant and reliable financial information and effective management of risks related to stewardship of public resources.
  • Help management improve forecasting and resource management to ensure Transport Canada bases its resource allocation decisions on timely and accurate information, including earlier delegation of budget and new forecasting tools (guidelines, templates, training, etc.).

Information Management (IM) and Information Technology (IT)

  • Ensure a smooth transition to the Shared Services Canada common e-mail, telecommunications and network services model, while delivering day-to-day IM and IT functional advice and operational services, and renewing departmental IM/IT infrastructure, as required.
  • Progress towards implementing a consolidated model for IM/IT governance, investment planning, oversight and service delivery.

These initiatives will help effectively manage activities and related resources to meet the ongoing departmental needs and central agency oversight requirements. In the context of budget reductions, to maintain its effectiveness, it is important that Internal Services refocus, transform and renew essential functions and align services to the new departmental needs.

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