Horizontal initiative: Marine Security

General Information

Name of horizontal initiative

Marine Security

Name of lead department

Transport Canada

Federal partner organizations

Department of Fisheries and Oceans/Canadian Coast Guard
Public Safety Canada
Canada Border Services Agency
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
National Defence

Non-federal and non-governmental partners

Not Applicable

Start date of the horizontal initiative

Budget 2001

End date of the horizontal initiative

Ongoing

Total federal funding allocated (start to end date)

$907,500,000

Funding contributed by non-federal and non-governmental partners

Not Applicable

Description of the horizontal initiative

Marine Security is a horizontal initiative aimed at improving the security of Canada’s marine domain, including territorial waters and inland waterways, and at Canadian ports. Elements of this initiative include:

  • Increased domain awareness, surveillance and tracking of marine traffic;
  • Improved coordination and cooperation on marine security, including the development of Marine Security Operations Centres;
  • Security clearance program for marine sector employees;
  • Implementing new detection equipment in Canadian ports to monitor containers;
  • Additional resources for emergency and law enforcement response capacity in the marine domain; and
  • International initiatives, which will ensure that Canada will meet current international standards and obligations, including those being developed by the International Maritime Organization.

Shared outcome

The following are planned shared outcomes and activities in marine security:

Key areas include:

  • Domain awareness – Canada’s surveillance and awareness efforts within marine areas;
  • Responsiveness – enforcement efforts in cooperation with all relevant police forces and security agencies;
  • Safeguarding – efforts to enhance the physical security of marine infrastructure or other critical infrastructure in or around marine areas; 
  • Collaboration – efforts in support of all other activities to ensure that the various federal departments and agencies with responsibility for marine security, as well as their partners, communicate and cooperate fully to secure Canada’s marine domain; and
  • Resilience – efforts to ensure that Canada’s maritime transportation system prepares for and can recover in a timely manner from major disruptions due to a significant supply chain disruption. Resilience includes steady and expedient recovery from the effects of threats to maritime activities.

Immediate Outcomes:

  • Increased surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment;
  • Increased on-water presence;
  • Increased security measures at ports and marine facilities;
  • Increased capability to respond to marine threats;
  • Increased stakeholder awareness and understanding;
  • Increased stakeholder ability to meet marine security requirements; and
  • Increased cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security.

Intermediate Outcomes:

  • Effective domain awareness;
  • Rapid and effective response to marine threats and incidents;
  • Security-conscious culture among stakeholders;
  • Stakeholder compliance with security regulations; and
  • Increased collaboration: internationally and with industry partners, multilateral organizations, provinces and municipalities.

Ultimate Outcomes:

  • An effective and efficient marine security system; and
  • High public confidence in Canada’s marine security system.

Strategic Outcome:

  • A marine system that contributes to the security, safety and prosperity of Canadians and of our allies.

Governance structures

The Government of Canada created the Interdepartmental Marine Security Working Group, chaired by Transport Canada, to identify and coordinate federal actions in support of Canada’s objectives with regard to public security and anti-terrorism in the marine domain, as well as its international marine security obligations. Transport Canada’s Director General of Marine Safety and Security chairs the Interdepartmental Marine Security Working Group. Members are Director General-level representatives from 17 federal departments and agencies with mandates for different aspects of marine security. The Interdepartmental Marine Security Working Group meets as needed, but at least four times a year. Three standing committees (Policy, Operations, and Legal Issues) support Interdepartmental Marine Security Working Group decision-making. Members are at the Director and/or Senior Analyst level. Most committees meet on a monthly basis. The Interdepartmental Marine Security Working Group may also strike ad hoc working groups as needed.

Planning highlights

For 2015–16, departments will continue to develop their marine domain awareness capabilities, improve security measures at ports and increase response capabilities to deal with potential maritime events. Departments will also continue to build on existing interdepartmental cooperation initiatives to improve the efficiency of operations and to strengthen Canada’s maritime security posture.

Results to be achieved by non-federal and non-governmental partners

Not applicable

Contact information

Sylvain Lachance
Director General, Marine Safety and Security
Transport Canada
613-998-0610

or

Nicole Legault
Director, Marine Safety and Security Operations
Transport Canada
613-990-1450

Planning Information

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

Transport Canada

3.7 Marine Security

3.7.1 Marine Security Regulatory Framework

$5,000,000

$1,776,000

ER 1.1

T 1.1

3.7.2 Marine Security Oversight

$54,000,000

$7,646,000

ER 1.2

T 1.2

3.7.3 Marine Security Operations

$24,000,000

$3,679,000

ER 1.3

T 1.3

Total

$83,800,000

$13,101,000

 

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

Department of Fisheries and Oceans

Fleet Operational Readiness

Increase On-Water Patrols

$10, 000,000

$10,000,000

ER 1.4

T 1.4

Maritime Security

Automatic Identification System and Long Range Identification and Tracking

$2,000,000

$2,000,000

ER 1.5

T 1.5

Maritime Security

Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway Marine Security Operations Centre

$3,000,000

$3,000,000

ER 1.6

T 1.6

Maritime Security

Coastal Marine Security Operations Centre

$3,300,000

$3,300,000

ER 1.7

T 1.7

Fleet Operational Readiness

Marine Security Enforcement Teams

$13,100,000

$13,100,000

ER 1.8

T 1.8

Fleet Operational Readiness

Construction of Mid-Shore Patrol Vessels

$100,000,900

$0
(Project Completed)

ER 1.9

T 1.9

Compliance and Enforcement

Increased Surveillance Flights

$7,000,000

$7,000,000

ER 2.0

T 2.0

Total

$139,000,000

$38,400,000

 

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

Public Safety

National Exercise Division

Marine-Based Counter-Terrorism Exercise

$1,000,000

$200,000

ER 2.1

T 2.1

Border Strategies and
National Security

Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway Marine Security Operations Centre

$1,600,000

$300,000

ER 2.2

T 2.2

Total

$2,600,000

$500,000

 

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

National Defence

Maritime Readiness
Sustain Maritime Forces
Maritime Command and Control

Coastal Marine Security Operations Centres

$256,000,000

$6,500,000

ER 2.3

T 2.3

Inter-departmental Maritime Integrated Command Control and Communication

$31,600,000

$4,600,000

ER 2.4

T 2.4

Maritime Readiness -Domestic Maritime Readiness

On-Water Presence/
Coordination

$5,000,000

$5,000,000

ER 2.5

T 2.5

Total

$292,600,000

$16,100,000

 

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

Canada Border Services Agency

Marine Security Radiation Detection Equipment Initiative

Admissibility Determination Marine Mode and
Internal Services

$47,100,000

$2,300,000

$2,900,000

ER 2.6

T 2.6

Cruise Ship Operations

Admissibility Determination Marine Mode,
Radiation Detection Equipment Initiative, and
Cruise Ship Operations

$99,400,000

$5,800,000

ER 2.7

T 2.7

Total

$146,500,000

$11,000,000

 

Federal organizations Link to departmental Program Alignment Architectures Contributing programs and activities Total allocation (from start to end date) 2015–16 Planned spending 2015–16 Expected results 2015–16 Targets

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Police Operations

Federal Policing General Investigations Expected Results 1

$152,131,969

$9,244,083

ER 2.8
ER 3.1
ER 3.4
ER 3.5

T 2.7
T 3.0
T 3.3
T3.4

 

Criminal Intelligence Expected Results 2

$93,146,146

$7,587,720

ER 3.2
ER 3.3

T 3.1
T 3.2

Federal Policing Operations Support Expected Results 3

$78,982,866

$4,539,223

ER 2.9
ER 3.0

T 2.8
T 2.9

 

Internal Services

$23,013,497

$3,150,114

Nil

Nil

Public Works and Government Services Canada Accommodations

$9,809,293

$449,886

Nil

Nil

Total

$357,083,771

$24,971,026 Expected Results 4

 

Total for all federal organizations

$1,021,883,771

$97,572,026

 

Expected Results (ER)

Expected Results 1

Includes the following programs: National Port Enforcement Teams and Marine Security Enforcement Teams

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Expected Results 2

Includes the following programs: Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway Marine Security Operations Centre, Coastal Marine Security Operations Centre

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Expected Results 3

Includes the following programs: Marine Security Emergency Teams, Marine Security Emergency Response Team Training.

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Expected Results 4

The RCMP’s planned spending figures have been adjusted to reflect approved annual reference levels within the Federal Policing Program. Under the RCMP’s newly established Federal Policing Service Delivery Model, resources are continuously realigned to address the highest level operational priorities. As a result, actual expenditures for Marine Security can be expected to fluctuate from year to year based on emerging and shifting operational priorities.

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Expected Results 1.1

Further development of policies, standards, security measures and regulations.

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Expected Results 1.2

Effective security measures at ports and marine facilities; continued stakeholder awareness and understanding; stakeholder compliance with security regulation; continued security measures at ports and marine facilities; further development of policies, standards and procedures, including the coming-into-force of an Administrative Monetary Penalty system; Marine Security Policy and Interdepartmental Coordination; advancement of the Marine Security Strategic Framework and its various sub-components; increased security-conscious culture among stakeholders; increased cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; and increased collaboration with international and industry partners, multilateral organizations and other levels of government.

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Expected Results 1.3

Coastal: continued surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment; continued cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; effective domain awareness; coordinated assistance to security and safety event management; and continued collaboration with international and industry partners, multilateral organizations, provinces and municipalities.

Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway: increased surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment; increased cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; effective domain awareness; coordinated assistance to security and safety event management and increased collaboration internationally and with industry partners, multilateral organizations, provinces and municipalities.

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Expected Results 1.4

An operationally capable fleet that responds to the needs and requirements of the Government of Canada.

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Expected Results 1.5

Federal enforcement and intelligence communities have adequate support and information to enhance their awareness of vessel movements and respond to marine activities.

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Expected Results 1.6

Federal enforcement and intelligence communities have adequate support and information to enhance their awareness of vessel movements and respond to marine activities.

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Expected Results 1.7

Federal enforcement and intelligence communities have adequate support and information to enhance their awareness of vessel movements and respond to marine activities.

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Expected Results 1.8

An operationally capable fleet that responds to the needs and requirements of the Government of Canada.

Note: The RCMP will report on the enforcement results of the Marine Security Enforcement Team program.

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Expected Results 1.9

A modern fleet that responds to the operational needs and requirements of the Government of Canada.

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Expected Results 2.0

Canadian and international individuals and organizations act in accordance with the legislation, regulations and other managing frameworks that govern Canadian waterways, fisheries, oceans and habitat projects impacting fish habitat, etc.

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Expected Results 2.1

Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre Exercise Planning/Conduct Exercise: improve domain awareness in the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway region; lead to increased cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; increase stakeholder awareness and understanding; increase stakeholder ability to meet marine security requirements; enhance security measures at ports and marine facilities; and increase capability to respond to marine threats.

During this time period, exercise activity will be focused on planning for marine security exercise(s) related to the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway Marine Security Operations Centre. This presumes a sufficiently mature operations centre and related operations documentation. Both east and west coasts have seen exercise activity since the start of the initiative. The Marine Security Exercise program uses a building block approach to prepare the region for a functional (or full-scale) exercise in future years, which could also involve key marine partners. Such an exercise approach would include orientation(s), workshop(s) and tabletop exercise(s) at appropriate times in order to assist in the ongoing development of operations concepts specific to the operational realities of the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway marine environment.

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Expected Results 2.2

Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway Marine Security Operations Centre: improved domain awareness in the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway region.

While not an operational member of the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre, Public Safety provides overall policy coordination of the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre, which includes providing advice to senior management and the Minister of Public Safety. Public Safety resources support, coordinate and oversee the overall implementation and direction of the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre; oversee the development and administration of evaluations of the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre; and ensures that linkages and synergies between the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre and other portfolio-led maritime security and border initiatives are maximized.

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Expected Results 2.3

Surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment; cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; and effective domain awareness.

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Expected Results 2.4

Improved surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment; increased cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security; and more effective domain awareness.

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Expected Results 2.5

Surveillance and awareness of the marine security environment.

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Expected Results 2.6

Increased security measures at ports and marine facilities; screening 100% of all containerized marine cargo.

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Expected Results 2.7

Increased security measures at ports and marine facilities.
Screening 100% of all vessels entering Canadian waters; and boarding selected vessels identified as high-risk.

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Expected Results 2.8

National port enforcement teams (NPETs) are integrated, and intelligence-led teams conduct federal investigations at four major Canadian ports (Halifax, Montreal, Hamilton and Vancouver).

NPETs will continue to detect, prevent, interdict and investigate organized criminal activity, contraband smuggling and people who may pose a threat to the safety and security of Canada and other countries. Further, NPETs will continue to detect, prevent, interdict and investigate corruption and internal conspiracies at the four major Canadian ports.

Note: This program includes the National Ports Project.

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Expected Results 2.9

Marine security emergency response team training is responsible for the development of the training for the RCMP and its law enforcement partners to provide a tactical on-water response to board ships in Canadian waters and apprehend persons that pose a security risk to Canada.

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Expected Results 3.0

Marine security emergency response teams are integrated teams with provincial and municipal partners that will continue to provide a tactical police response to critical threats and events within the domestic marine environment of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River region and elsewhere in Canada when required.

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Expected Results 3.1

Contributing to security measures at ports and marine facilities.

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Expected Results 3.2

The Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre consists of five core federal government departments responsible for marine safety and security in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway region. Through cooperation and collaboration, the Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre will produce actionable intelligence, concentrating on national security, organized crime and other criminality. It provides this intelligence to the appropriate agency or service in a timely fashion.

The Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre will continue to work with partners to increase the sharing of information and intelligence, as legally permitted, in order to combat illegal activities in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway region. Partners also include provincial and municipal authorities contributing to the safety and security of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway region.

The RCMP will continue to enhance domain awareness and the security of Canada’s border in collaboration with domestic and U.S. partners by deploying technology to address identified bi-national gaps.

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Expected Results 3.3

Through cooperation and collaboration, the coastal Marine Security Operations Centres produce actionable intelligence, concentrating on national security, organized crime and other criminality, and they provide this intelligence to the appropriate agency or service in a timely fashion. The coastal Marine Security Operations Centres will continue to work with domestic and international partners to increase the sharing of information and intelligence, as legally permitted, in order to combat illegal activities on Canada’s three coasts. Partners also include provincial and municipal authorities.

The RCMP will provide leadership through active participation in the Capability Management Organization. The RCMP will enhance domain awareness and the security of Canada’s border in collaboration with domestic and U.S. partners by identifying and addressing bi-national gaps. These objectives will enhance domain awareness, contributing significantly to the security of both Canada and the United States. Specific planned actions include contributing to the Beyond the Border Action Plan for the prioritization of initiatives and procurement.

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Expected Results 3.4

Nil

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Expected Results 3.5

The RCMP and the Canadian Coast Guard have combined their expertise and strengths to further enhance national security and strengthen Canada’s response to potential marine threats and events in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River region. Marine security enforcement teams are integrated, and intelligence-led teams are deployed to safeguard and address federal on-water enforcement requirements and provide an armed fast-response capacity to address potential threats and events.

Marine security enforcement teams will continue to detect, prevent and interdict organized criminal activity, contraband smuggling and people who may pose a threat to the safety and security of Canada and Canadian interests.

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Target (T)

Target 1.1

Continue to develop policies, standards and procedures that maintain a transportation system that protects Canadians while facilitating the implementation of marine transportation security regulations.

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Target 1.2

Marine Security will continue to contribute to the Marine Security Strategic Framework and its various sub-components.

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Target 1.3

Marine Security will continue to contribute to the betterment of the National Maritime picture and overall maritime domain awareness.

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Target 1.4

Percentage of operational days delivered versus planned. Target: 95%

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Target 1.5

Percentage of satisfaction in response to client needs. Target: 75%

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Target 1.6

Percentage of requests for information that is actioned within 30 minutes. Target: 100%
Percentage of scheduled reports delivered on time. Target: 95%
Percentage of satisfaction in response to client needs. Target: 75%

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Target 1.7

Percentage of requests for information that are actioned within 30 minutes. Target: 100%
Percentage of scheduled reports delivered on time. Target: 95%
Percentage of satisfaction in response to client needs. Target: 75%

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Target 1.8

Percentage of operational days delivered versus planned. Target: 95%

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Target 1.9

Percentage of critical milestones achieved versus planned. Target: 80%

Percentage of new large vessels, small vessels and helicopters delivered versus planned. Target: 80%

Percentage of vessels planned for replacement (ten years or less of expected remaining operational life for large vessels, five years or less of expected remaining operational life for small vessels) that have a funded procurement plan in place. Target: 90%

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Target 2.0

Percentage rate of compliance by various sectors of the regulated community (e.g. commercial fisheries, aquaculture, recreational fisheries, development). Target: >95%

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Target 2.1

National Exercise Program:
Skilled and efficient exercise practitioners ready to support marine security exercises with the following objectives: improve domain awareness, increase cooperation between government departments and agencies involved with marine security, increase stakeholder awareness and understanding; increase stakeholder ability to meet marine security requirements, and increased capability to respond to marine threats. The frequency and scope of the exercises are to be determined by the Director General Event Response Committee.

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Target 2.2

Operations Centres Interconnectivity Portal:
Strengthen the performance and resilience of the Operations Centre Interconnectivity Portal (OCIP) to facilitate the real-time sharing of marine threat information between federal operations centres. Enhance the capabilities within OCIP to support event coordination and response as described under the Federal Emergency Response Plan and the Marine Event Response Protocol. Have the OCIP portal ready to support the delivery of marine security-related exercises.

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Target 2.3

Transition to full Program status under the Department of National Defence-led Capability Management Organization by mid-2015.
Coastal Marine Security Operations Centres Project close-out in fall 2015.

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Target 2.4

Achieve Initial Operating Capability.
Continue to install, and put in service article sub-systems on Canadian Coast Guard and National Defence vessels and shore facilities.

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Target 2.5

50 days of on-water presence and effective domain awareness.

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Target 2.6

Continue to provide 24/7 operational, technical and engineering support for radiation portals, including continuous availability of radiation experts.
Provide corrective and preventative maintenance of regionally deployed detection equipment.
Identify Radiation Detection Gaps as part of the Detection Technology Gap Analysis.

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Target 2.7

Increased security measures at ports and marine facilities.
Screening 100% of all vessels entering Canadian waters.
Boarding selected vessels identified as high-risk.

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Target 2.7

Increased security measures at ports and marine facilities.
Screening 100% of all vessels entering Canadian waters.
Boarding selected vessels identified as high-risk.

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Target 2.8

Under Federal Policing Re-engineering (FPR), NPETs may have changed in name and internal governance structures, but investigations with a nexus to the ports remain a priority, taking into account national and divisional priorities. 

In Vancouver, the NPET remains as “Waterside Joint Force Operations,” but now reports through Federal and Serious Organized Crime (FSOC); Hamilton is now under Serious and Organized Crime (SOC). Montreal has retained its NPET label and Halifax is now placed within Federal Operations.

FPR does not decrease the RCMP’s ability to investigate criminality at the ports. In the Divisions where NPETs have joined SOC teams, flexibility is available to assign additional federal resources to investigations at the ports.

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Target 2.9

Maintain integrated teams with provincial and municipal partners to provide a tactical police response to critical threats and events within the domestic marine environment of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River region and elsewhere in Canada if required.

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Target 3.0

Nil

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Target 3.1

To enhance domain awareness by contributing significantly to the security of both Canada and the United States. Specific planned actions include continuing the implementation of a technology strategy for the Great Lakes and contributing to the Beyond the Border Action Plan for the prioritization of initiatives and procurement.

The RCMP is overseeing the final stages of construction and fit-up of the new Great Lakes Marine Security Operations Centre facility, which was slated for operational occupancy at the end of January 2015.

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Target 3.2

To enhance domain awareness by contributing significantly to the security of both Canada and the United States. Specific planned actions include contributing to the Beyond the Border Action Plan for the prioritization of initiatives and procurement.

The RCMP will enhance the coastal Marine Security Operations Centres capacity to identify threats early by increasing its intelligence capacity, implementing technology to support intelligence and operations in key locations, and taking an active role in the national and international marine security intelligence network in view of gathering and sharing marine security information and intelligence as legally permitted. This will result in a significant increase in coastal marine domain awareness.

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Target 3.3

Nil

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Target 3.4

The Canadian Coast Guard and RCMP will continue to increase the capability of Marine Security Enforcement Teams to provide maritime security and border integrity with the ongoing deployment of the new “hero class” Mid-Shore Patrol Vessels in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, in alignment with the Government’s commitment to the 2011 Canada-United States Beyond the Border Declaration.

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