Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

The International Maritime Organization's (IMO) International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (1969 CLC) was created to ensure that adequate compensation is available to cover oil pollution damage resulting from maritime casualties involving oil-carrying ships. The Convention places the liability for such damage on the owner of the ship from which the polluting oil escaped or was discharged.

The 1969 CLC first entered into force for Canada on April 24, 1989, as provided for in Part XVI of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 (CSA 2001). Amendments to Part XVI of the CSA contained in Chapter 6 of the Statutes of Canada 1998 implemented the 1992 CLC, which came into force for Canada on May 29, 1999. A further amendment was made in 2000 in order to raise the compensation limits and came into force in Canada on November 1, 2003. These provisions are now contained in the Marine Liability Act.

The 1992 CLC and the 2000 amendment substantially increased the shipowners' limits of liability for oil pollution damage.

Under the 1992 CLC, certificates are issued that show that a contract of insurance or other security that satisfies the requirements of the convention is in force. The flag State under which the vessel is registered issues certificates. For Canadian ships, the 1992 CLC Certificate is issued by the Marine Safety Directorate, Transport Canada.

Certificates must be carried on board and be available for production to any duly authorized officers. To apply for a certificate, please refer to the Application Process.

 

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