As the lead regulatory agency for the Regime, Transport Canada is responsible for its governance. Specific activities include:
The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) is responsible for conducting spill management under section 180 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001. Specifically, it:
Transport Canada has a National Preparedness Plan that lays out the overall framework for the national preparedness capacity to combat marine oil pollution incidents in Canada. Similarly, the CCG has a National Response Plan that identifies how CCG will manage the response to a marine oil spill, including the deployment of personnel and response resources.
With respect to response, Canada's Marine Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Regime is based on the polluter-pay principle. The polluter is typically called upon to manage the response to a spill when it occurs and appoints an On-scene Commander. The response organizations provide the response required to manage and clean-up the spill and the CCG monitors the overall response to ensure that it is effective, timely and appropriate to the incident. The Regional Environmental Emergencies Team advises the On-scene Commander on environmental priorities and on scientific and other regional concerns related to the incident. The CCG would become the OSC during an incident if the polluter is unable to respond, is unwilling to take action or is unknown.
Canada also participates in joint activities with the United States in an effort to establish an appropriate measure of preparedness and response. A formal Canada-US Joint Marine Pollution Contingency Plan (PDF format, 54.3 KB) has been established.