Section 4-7: Sea Ice Areas Of Eastern Canada, Responsibility, Ice Advisor, Ice Information

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4. Sea Ice Areas Of Eastern Canada

4.1 Subject to section 4.1.1 the sea ice areas of eastern Canada are those areas where old ice may be present and are defined as:

  1. the area south of 60° North latitude bounded by;
    1. in the west, the eastern sea boards of Labrador & Newfoundland;
    2. in the east, the line drawn defined by the territorial waters and fishing zones order, zone number 4;
    3. in the south,
      for the month of January
      50° North latitude
      for the month of February
      49° North latitude
      for the month of March
      48° North latitude
      for the month of April
      47° North latitude
      for the month of May
      48° North latitude
      for the month of June
      48° North latitude
      for the month of July
      48° North latitude
      for the month of August
      56° North latitude
      for the month of September
      60° North latitude
      for the month of October
      60° North latitude
      for the month of November
      57° North latitude
      for the month of December
      59° North latitude
  2. the area known as the Strait of Belle Isle to the following extent
    1. during the months of January, February, March and April, north of 51° North latitude
    2. during the month of May, north of a line drawn between Port au choix, Pointe Riche, Newfoundland Island and 50° North latitude, 59° West longitude and 50° North latitude, 61° West longitude and the south shore of Quebec at 61° West longitude.
    3. during the month of June, north of a line drawn between, Green Point 49°41 North latitude, 57°57 West longitude, Newfoundland Island and 49° North latitude, 60° West longitude and 49° North latitude, 61° West longitude and the South Shore of Quebec at 61° West longitude.
    4. during the month of July North 51° North latitude.

4.1.1 A Steamship Inspector may, during seasons of exceptional ice conditions, extend or reduce the defined sea ice areas as ice conditions warrant.

5. Responsibility

5.1 It shall be the responsibility of the owner, charterer or agent, to inform the ship's master of any restrictions which may apply to the ship under these Standards.

5.2 Masters are to be reminded that while compliance with these Standards will facilitate the passage of the ship through Canadian waters, events or circumstances may require a steamship inspector or a pollution prevention officer to exercise the powers prescribed by the Canada Shipping Act.

5.3 It shall be the responsibility of the master to exercise prudence and good seamanship having regard to weather forecasts and the navigational zone and to make those reports required by section 7 and 9 of the standards.

6. Ice Advisor

6.1 All ships to which the standards apply shall, when operating within a declared sea ice area, have on board a person or persons having the experience described in Section 6.2 in navigating in ice covered waters.

6.2 The person or person referred to in Section 6.1 shall;

  1. have a minimum of 15 days as Senior Watchkeeping Officer on a ship which has operated successfully through ice covered waters; or
  2. shall have a minimum of 10 days as Watchkeeping Officer on a ship which has operated successfully through ice covered waters and have successfully completed an ice navigation course approved by the Board; or
  3. in the case of ships on short scheduled runs that person or persons shall have a minimum of 15 days experience navigating on a ship which has operated successfully through ice covered waters relating to those waters to be navigated.

7. Ice Information

The Master of Ships operating in the waters and during the period defined in Section 4 shall:

  1.  
    1. contact ECAREG CANADA who will inform them whether or not their route lies across a sea ice area and supply latest ice information if applicable; and
    2. receive information contained in paragraph (a) by means of facsimile equipment; and
    3. seek information from ships already in the area regarding ice conditions; or
  2. in the case of ships on short scheduled runs make full use of all available sources of local knowledge.

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