Emergency Directive Pursuant to Section 33 of the Railway Safety Act

Rail Transportation of Dangerous Goods

To:  Companies listed in Appendix B

Section 33 of the Railway Safety Act (RSA) gives the Minister of Transport the authority to issue an Emergency Directive to any company when the Minister is of the opinion that there is an immediate threat to safe railway operations or the security of railway transportation.

The July 2013 accident in Lac-Mégantic and recent rail incidents in Canada and the United States (US) have demonstrated that when accidents involving the transportation of dangerous goods occur, there is significant risk for loss of life and damage to communities and the environment. 

As a result, an Emergency Directive was issued to all railway companies and all local railway companies concerning the safe and secure transportation of dangerous goods.  In addition, an order was issued under section 19 of the RSA, requiring those same companies to formulate rules respecting the subject matters covered by the Emergency Directive.

Given that no rule has yet been approved or established under section 19 for the companies listed in Appendix B, and in the interest of ensuring the continued safety and security of railway transportation in Canada, I am of the opinion that there remains an immediate need for railways to improve their operating practices for the safe and secure transportation of dangerous goods.

Therefore, pursuant to section 33 of the RSA, companies listed in Appendix B are hereby ordered to:

  1. Not operate a Key Train at a speed that exceeds 50 miles per hour (MPH) and not in excess of 40 MPH in Census Metropolitan Area (CMAs). CMAs are listed in Appendix A.
  2. Have Key Train hold the main track at meeting or passing points unless the siding track meets Transport Canada Class 2 requirements as per the Rules Respecting Track Safety.In situations where the siding does not meet Transport Canada Class 2 requirement as per the Rules Respecting Track Safety, the Key Train may operate on the siding at a speed not exceeding 10 MPH instead of holding the main track when it is operationally infeasible or the non-Key Train is a passenger train.
  3. Not operate a Key Train with any cars not equipped with roller bearings.
  4. Perform an inspection of any bearing on a Key Train reported defective by a Wayside Defective Bearing Detector.  If any such inspection confirms that a bearing on a car of a Key Train is defective, companies are to set off that car from the Key Train or must only operate the Key Train at a safe speed not exceeding 15 MPH until the car with the defective bearing is set off.  If the inspection performed on a bearing of a car of a Key Train reported by a Wayside Defective Bearing Detector fails to confirm a defect in a bearing, companies must not operate the Key train at a speed exceeding 30 MPH until the next Wayside Defective Bearing Detector.  If a defect in a bearing of the same car of a Key Train is reported by two consecutive Wayside Defective Bearing Detectors, companies must set off that car from the Key Train or must only operate the Key Train at a safe speed not exceeding 15 MPH until the car with the defective bearing is set off. 
  5. Before the expiration of this emergency directive, inspect any Key Route main track on which a Key Train is operated using a heavy track geometry vehicle and rail flaw detector.  In situations where a heavy track geometry vehicle is unavailable, companies must, before the expiration of this emergency directive, inspect any Key Route main track on which a Key Train is operated at least once with a rail flaw detector and at least twice, with no more than 100 days between inspections, with light track geometry vehicle.
  6. Limit, where reasonable, speed to 4 MPH when coupling loaded tank cars of dangerous goods.
  7. Complete within six months from the date of this emergency directive, a risk assessment that will determine the level of risk associated with each Key Route over which a Key Train is operated by the company.  The risk assessment must:
    • Identify safety and security risks associated with that route, including  the volume of goods moved on that route, the class of track on that route, the maintenance schedule of the track on that route, the curvature of the track on that route, the environmentally sensitive or significant areas along that route, the population density along that route, emergency response capability along that route and the areas of high consequence along the route;
    • Identify and compare alternative routes for safety and security; and
    • Factor potential or future railway operational changes such as new customers moving good subject to an Emergency Response Assistance Plan under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act or municipal changes due to population growth, for routing restrictions.
  8. Section 7 does not apply to railways that have already completed risk assessments as per Section 7 of the Emergency Directives issued on April 23, 2014, October 23, 2014, February 16, 2015 or March 26, 2015.

For the purpose of this Emergency Directive,

  • “Key Train” means an engine with cars
    1. that includes one or more loaded tank cars of dangerous goods that are included in Class 2.3, Toxic Gases and of dangerous goods that are toxic by inhalation subject to Special Provision 23 of the Transport of Dangerous Goods Regulations; or
    2. that includes 20 or more loaded tank cars or loaded intermodal portable tanks containing dangerous goods, as defined in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 or any combination thereof that includes 20 or more loaded tank cars and loaded intermodal portable tanks.
  • “Key Route” means any track on which, over a period of one year, is carried 10,000 or more loaded tank cars or loaded intermodal portable tanks containing dangerous goods, as defined in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 or any combination thereof that includes 10,000 or more loaded tank cars and loaded intermodal portable tanks.

Therefore, pursuant to section 33 of the RSA, this emergency directive takes effect
at 0000 hrs EST on April 24, 2015 and is to remain in effect until 2359hrs EST on
August 17, 2015.

Director General, Rail Safety
Date 

Appendix A

Population of census metropolitan areas

St. John’s (N.L).
Halifax (N.S.)
Moncton (N.B.)
Saint John (N.B.)
Saguenay (Que.)
Québec (Que.)
Sherbrooke (Que.)
Trois-Rivières (Que.)
Montréal (Que.)
Ottawa-Gatineau (Ont.-Que)
Kingston (Ont.)
Peterborough (Ont.)
Oshawa (Ont.)
Toronto (Ont.)
Hamilton (Ont.)
St. Catharines-Niagara (Ont.)
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo (Ont.)
Brantford (Ont.)
Guelph (Ont.)
London (Ont.)
Windsor (Ont.)
Barrie (Ont.)
Greater Sudbury (Ont.)
Thunder Bay (Ont.)
Winnipeg (Man.)
Regina (Sask.)
Saskatoon (Sask.)
Calgary (Alta.)
Edmonton (Alta.)
Kelowna (B.C.)
Abbotsford-Mission (B.C.)
Vancouver (B.C.)
Victoria (B.C.)

Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 051-0056.
Last modified: 2015-02-11

Appendix B

6970184 Canada Ltd.
Agence métropolitaine de transport
Amtrak
Arnaud Railway Company
Battle River Railway
Big Sky Railway Operated by Last Mountain Railway
Boundary Trail Railway Company
Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Co.
Canadian National Railway Company
Canadian Pacific Railway Company
Cando Contracting Ltd. (Barrie-Collingwood)
CANDO Ltd.
Canpotex
Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway
Capital Railway
Carlton Trail Railway
Central Maine & Québec Railway Canada Inc.
Central Manitoba Railway Inc.
Chemin de fer Charlevoix
Chemin de fer Québec Gatineau
Chemin de fer Roberval Saguenay (Rio Tinto Alcan)
Chemin de fer Sartigan
CSX Intermodal Terminals Inc.
CSX Transportation Inc.
Eastern Maine Railway
Essar Steel Algoma
Essex Terminal Railway Company
GO Transit
Goderich and Exeter Railway Company Limited
Great Canadian Railtour Company Ltd.
Great Sandhills Railway
Great Western Railway Ltd.
Hudson Bay Railway Company
Huron Central
Huron Central Railway Inc.
International Bridge and Terminal Company
Keewatin Railway Company
Kettle Falls International Railway Company
Knob Lake and Timmins Railway Inc.
Koch Fertilizer Canada ULC
Lake Line Railway Company
Last Mountain Railway (101115529 Saskatchewan Ltd.)
Minnesota, Dakota & Western Railway Company
Nipissing Central Railway Company
Norfolk Southern Railway Company
Northwood Pulp Mill Canfor
Ontario Northland Transportation Commission
Ontario Southland Railway Inc.
Ontario Southland Railway Inc.
Orford Express
Port Colborne Railway (Part of Trillium)
Port Stanley Terminal Railway Incorporated
Prairie Dog Central Railway
Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway Company
RaiLink Canada Ltd.
Railmark Canada Limited
RailServe
Rio Tinto Alcan
Société du chemin de fer de la Gaspésie
South Simcoe Railway Heritage Corporation
Southern Ontario Locomotive Restoration Society
Southern Rails Cooperative Ltd.
Southern Railway of British Columbia (and Southern Railway of Vancouver Island Limited)
St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad (Quebec) Inc.
Stewart Southern Railway
Sydney Coal Railway Inc.
The Toronto Terminals Railway Company Limited
Thunder Rail Ltd. (Arborfield)
Torch River Rail Inc.
Trillium Railway
Tshiuetin Rail Transportation Inc.
Union Pacific Railroad Company
VIA Rail Canada Inc.
Wabush Lake Railway Company, Limited
West Coast Express Ltd.
West Coast Railway Museum
White Pass and Yukon Route
York-Durham Heritage Railway Association

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