Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2010
Collected in cooperation with the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators
Table of Contents
- Collision and Casualties 1991–2010
- Fatalities and Injuries By Age Group 2010
- Fatalities By User Class 2006-2010
- Fatalities 1991–2010
- Casualty Rates 2010
- Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2010
- Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2010
- Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle (In Thousands) 1991–2010
- Percentage Of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested And Found To Have Been Drinking (BAC* >0 mg%) 1991–2010
- Percentage Of Driver And Passenger Fatalities And Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2006–2010
- Percentage Of Fatalities And Serious Injuries By Road User Class 2010
- Number Of Collisions By Location 2010
Transport Canada's National Collision Database (NCDB) contains data on all reportable motor vehicle collisions in Canada that the provinces and territories provide each year. Every year, the number of fatalities and serious injuries on Canada's roads continue to decrease despite the fact that the number of vehicles continue to increase.The year 2010 saw fewer motor vehicle casualty collisions in Canada than in previous years. The number of motor vehicle fatalities and serious injuries also continued their downward trend. In fact, they were the lowest since the data were first collected in the early 1970's.The federal, provincial and territorial governments in Canada work to improve road safety to reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries and to achieve the safest roads in the world.
- In 2010, the number of motor vehicle fatalities was 2,227; down slightly from 2,230 in 2009.
- The downward trend for serious injuries continued as well, dropping to 11,226 in 2010; down 5.1 per cent from 2009 (11,829).
- The number of fatalities per 100,000 population was 6.5 in 2010, slightly lower than 6.6 in 2009.
- Young driver and passenger fatalities continued to be very noticeable in motor vehicle collision statistics. Nearly 23 per cent of motor vehicle fatalities were 15-to-24 year olds in 2010, even though this age group makes up only 13 per cent of the Canadian population.
- In 2010, while about 57 per cent of fatal collisions took place on rural roads, 73 per cent of recorded injury collisions took place in urban areas.
|Fatal1||Personal Injury2||Fatalities3||Serious Injuries4||Injuries5 (Total)|
- "Fatal collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one death, where death occurred within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).
- Personal injury collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes which resulted in at least one injury but not death within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).
- "Fatalities" include all those who died as a result of a reported traffic collision within 30 days of its occurrence, except in Quebec (eight days).
- "Serious injuries" include persons admitted to hospital for treatment or observation. Serious injuries were estimated from 1991 to 2010 because several jurisdictions under-reported these numbers.
- "Total injuries" include all reported severity of injuries ranging from minimal to serious.
* Data for Nunavut are not reported for 2001, except for fatalities.
|Age groups (Yrs)||Fatalities||Serious Injuries||Injuries (Total)|
|Road User Class||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010|
* Includes moped riders.
|Per 100,000 Population1||Per Billion Vehiclekilometers2||Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers|
- Statistics Canada, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011, Catalogue No. 91-215-X.
- Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, Catalogue No. 53-223-XIE.
Notes: Vehicle Kilometres data for 2010 were estimated using average annual growth rates for the previous five years.
Data for Ontario are preliminary.
|Age Group (Yrs)||Drivers||Passengers||Drivers||Passengers|
|Age Group (Yrs)||Males||Females||Total|
|Licensed Drivers1||Light Duty Vehicles2||Commercial Vehicles3||Motorcycles4|
- Excludes temporary permits prior to 1999.
- Pre-1999, these registrations include passenger automobiles. From 1999, light-duty vehicles include passenger type vehicles (automobiles, passenger vans), light trucks and vans (less than 4,500 kg).
- Pre-1999, these registrations include trucks, buses and other commercial vehicles, such as vans.
From 1999, these registrations include commercial vehicles (trucks and buses) greater than 4,500 kg.
- Includes mopeds.
Note: Vehicle Registration data for 2010 were estimated using average annual growth rates for the previous three years.
1989 to 1998: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 53-219, "Road Motor Vehicles - Registrations".
From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004.
From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.
The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.
Percentage Of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested And Found To Have Been Drinking (BAC* >0 mg%) 1991–2010
* BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration.
mg%: Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.
- Before 2001, BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.
Note: 2010 data are preliminary.
Source: The alcohol crash problem in Canada, Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators.
Percentage Of Driver And Passenger Fatalities And Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2006–2010
Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.
|Road User Class||Fatalities||Serious Injuries|
|Not Stated / Other||2.4||2.5|
- Urban includes:
- metropolitan roads and streets and other urban areas, or
- a speed limit at the collision site of 60 km/h or less.
- Rural includes:
- primary or secondary highways, as well as local roads, or
- a speed limit at the collision site exceeding 60 km/h.
Note: In Alberta, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "urban".
© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Transport, 2012.
Cette publication est aussi disponible en français sous le titre Statistiques sur les collisions de la route au Canada 2010.
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Catalogue No.: T45-3/2010E-PDF
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More detailed motor vehicle collision data can be queried using the National Collision Database (NCDB) On-Line tool located at www.tc.gc.ca/VehicleCollisions.
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