Transcript

Transcript

 

SLOW FADE IN:

TO GRAPHIC featuring image of child and school bus. NARRATOR provides VOice over on KEY messages.

KEY - In Canada, over the past decade hundreds of children have lost their lives or been injured in school bus accidents.

KEY - Investigation reports indicate that poor visibility to the front and side of the buses was a major contributing factor in a number of these collisions.

PARKING LOT DAY

LAURA, a careful, conscientious, professional school bus driver, finishes the circle check, and gets behind the drivers wheel.

NARRATOR VO
Laura is a conscientious driver. She continually monitors the condition of her vehicle, and she performs circle checks every morning.

INT BUS DAY

LAURA sits in her seat and glances at her mirrors.

NARRATOR VO (CONT'D)
She knows her mirrors are included in her inspection to ensure they are not damaged or not functioning properly. She also knows that she must check the adjustment of each mirror so that they give her a complete field of view all around her bus.

EXT DROP OFF POINT DAY

LAURA's school bus pulls up to an intersection and stops. She checks her watch and is looking impatient.



NARRATOR VO (CONT'D)
But today she was feeling rushed... and she didn't give her mirrors the attention she normally does.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

As the montage of visuals depicting a fairly typical route continues, we briefly cut to an ANGLE ON A SMALL GROUP OF STUDENTS, they are sitting in two bench seats on one side of the bus, and they are talking back and forth and laughing etc. They begin to act up, it is a distraction for the driver.

NARRATOR VO (CONT'D)
While checking the mirrors for their field of view may seem like a minor detail, today Laura is about to find out that not taking the time to properly adjust her mirrors, will turn out to be a serious mistake.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

JACK and ALICE exit the bus. JACK drops a toy, which falls under the bus. He takes a look at the driver, who isn't looking at him, then ducks under the bus to get it.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON the bus driver turning to look at the group of students. She SAYS SOMETHING and the commotion ends.

CUT TO:

EXT DROP OFF POINT DAY

ANGLE ON LAURA, closing the bus door.

ANOTHER ANGLE -- JACK is having trouble getting the item.
It's slid a little too far under the bus for him to reach.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

LAURA checks her mirrors then moves the bus forward.

CUT TO:

EXT DROP OFF POINT DAY

CLOSE ON ALICE, suddenly realizing what is happening and looking up to the bus to shout at LAURA.

FREEZE FRAME

CLOSE UP of the mirror -- using a DVE effect -- flips into the TITLE GRAPHIC, a title framed by the graphic of a bus mirror:

A Better View: School Bus Mirror Adjustment Procedures

MUSICAL THEME FADES UP and the TITLE APPEARS ON SCREEN

DISSOLVE TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

Our host/narrator, sits at a video control room console with a large television screen, and computer screens in the background. The show title, bus graphics, and bus video clips are in the monitors.

NARRATOR
Hello, and welcome to "A Better View". This video is being presented to discuss and demonstrate School Bus Mirror Adjustment Procedures...

...procedures that are designed to help prevent this kind of tragedy from ever happening.

THE NARRATOR PICKS UP TWO DOCUMENTS off the table. He picks up one and then the other document

NARRATOR
Recent amendments to the Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, and the School Buses Standard from the Canadian Standards Association (or CSA) are intended to help prevent these types of accidents.

The amendments to these documents introduce performance-oriented standards for school bus mirror systems.

While no standard is a guarantee of anything, these ones are intended to make sure that school buses are equipped with mirrors that allow drivers to see and recognize a child when no direct view of that child is available.

TEXT GRAPHIC (TABLE OF CONTENTS) PAGE APPEARS ON THE SCREEN.

SEGMENT 1 - BLIND SPOTS - - - 'THE DANGER ZONE'

NARRATOR
Before we present mirror adjustment procedures, we'll show you 'The Danger Zone', the area surrounding the bus where you can't see without the help of mirrors.

SEGMENT 2 – THE MIRRORS & THE FIELD OF VIEW

NARRATOR
We'll then introduce to you the mirrors you will need. Blind spots are eliminated when mirrors are properly, adjusted, with the exception of the one directly behind the vehicle.

SEGMENT 3 - MIRROR ADJUSTMENT
- The Crossover Mirrors
- The Side Convex Mirrors
- The Side Flat Mirrors

NARRATOR
The new standard for mirrors on school buses inVOlves three sets of mirrors.

DISSOLVE TO:

EXT BUS DAY

CLOSE UP ON school bus mirrors with text overlay.

NARRATOR VO
The crossover mirrors, also known as Cross-View, the Side Convex Mirrors, and the Side Flat Mirrors.

CUT TO:

TEXT SUMMARY of mirror systems.

NARRATOR VO
School bus drivers must know how to adjust this new system of mirrors so that they work.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

NARRATOR IS ON CAMERA AND HE PICKS UP CYLINDER AND ALSO
POINTS TOWARDS A GRAPHIC ON THE COMPUTER SCREEN.

Using cylinders similar to this one, and graphics we will first establish where the blind spots are around the bus.

DISSOLVE TO:

LAURA adjusts her seat.

It's also important to note that all of
the references to cylinder placement and mirror adjustments that follow in the video assume you are sitting in your normal driving position with your seat belt properly adjusted and your seat belt buckled.

SEGMENT TITLE GRAPHIC (BLIND SPOTS – THE DANGER ZONE)

DISSOLVE TO:

INT BUS DAY

LAURA sits in her properly adjusted bus seat

NARRATOR VO
Blind spots are caused by a number of different factors. The first and most obvious one is the front of the vehicle or engine hood.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

Another person, SYLVIE, moves a .3m (1 foot) cylinder from the body of the bus outward until the driver can see the base of the cylinder through the window.

NARRATOR VO
Beginning with this blind spot, a cylinder is moved from the body of the bus outward until the driver can see the base of the cylinder through the window. This establishes the blind spot directly in front of the bus.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

A wide shot shows the distance between the cylinder and the bus.

NARRATOR
In Laura's case, it presents a blind spot of about 8 metres long. By strategically following the same process around the front end of the bus, the other blind spots are marked.

DISSOLVE TO:

Various shots show how cylinders help to mark blind spots.

DISSOLVE TO:

OVERHEAD GRAPHIC OF BUS & DANGER ZONE

Graphic of the bus, showing an overhead view of the blind
spots.

KEY: DANGER ZONE

NARRATOR VO
The area between the cylinders and the bus marks out the area around the bus that drivers would not be able to see without the use of mirrors. Something we'll call the Danger Zone.

KEY: THE MIRRORS & THE FIELD OF VIEW

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

OVER SHOULDER SHOT of host and computer screen with graphic.

NARRATOR
Now that we have established the Danger Zone, lets look at the mirrors themselves and the field of view they offer when properly adjusted.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

GRAPHIC OF a school bus and the DANGER ZONE.

GRAPHICS REPRESENTING CROSSOVER MIRRORS appear in their proper place.

NARRATOR VO
Let's look at the crossover set first.

KEY – FRONT CROSSOVER MIRRORS

NARRATOR VO
They are placed here and here.

Shaded areas fan out from graphics of the crossover mirrors to illustrate the field of view that they provide. It may also prove to be effective to also demonstrate the below description with the live training footage.

NARRATOR VO
Front crossover mirrors provide a view of the front and side of the bus. As the driver, your view of the front must
start from beneath the front bumper. It goes forward to a point where you can
directly observe the ground without the assistance of mirrors.

The front-to-back side view begins at
the front bumper. It extends to a point between the service door and the rear axle.

It also extends outward at least two metres from beneath the side of the bus.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON crossover mirror and an image of a pedestrian.

NARRATOR VO
These convex crossover mirrors are not meant for driving. They're there so that you have a complete field of view to the front of the bus and to some extent to the sides of your bus when it is stopped.

DISSOLVE TO:

KEY -- SIDE CONVEX MIRRORS

GRAPHICS REPRESENTING SIDE CONVEX MIRRORS appear. Shaded
areas fan out from them to illustrate the field of view that they provide.

NARRATOR VO
Next are the side convex mirrors, located here.

Their view overlaps the front crossover mirrors' reflection of the ground to the side of the bus.

This view extends outward at least two metres from directly beneath the side of the bus.

GRAPHICS REPRESENTING SIDE FLAT MIRRORS appear. Shaded areas fan out from them to illustrate the field of view that they provide.

KEY -- SIDE FLAT MIRRORS

NARRATOR
And finally, the side flat mirrors, located here, provide a view of the ground to the rear of the bus.

This view begins within 60 metres behind the reflecting surface and it extends to the horizon.

You don't have to see much of the horizon, so keep it to a minimum. Some mirror systems may allow you to see the ground at the back of the rear-wheel axle. That will help increase the overlap between the convex and flat mirrors. Something which will help eliminate possible blind spots.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

NARRATOR
It's one thing to know the view that the mirrors should provide. It's another to be sure that they are providing it. And that's where the cylinders or other markers with the same dimensions come in. To test your field of view, you need to place them properly.

Five cylinders are used. Let's label them A through E.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

Show graphic presenting the size of cylinders. Then show bus graphic and the cylinders being placed as they are mentioned by the narrator.

NARRATOR VO
Cylinders A, D, and E are .3m (or l foot) high and .3m (or 1 foot) in diameter. Cylinders B and C are .915m (or 3 feet) high and .3m in diameter.

To begin: Cylinder A is placed in front of the bus. Its center is aligned with the bus's longitudinal centerline.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS PARKING LOT DAY

LAURA's POV inside the bus, looking over the steering wheel. Sylvie carries the cylinder toward the front of the bus until only its top is directly visible through the wiped portion of the windshield.

NARRATOR VO
It is positioned so that its top (only) is directly visible at the driver's eye position. Remember, as the driver, you must be in your seat and the seat must be properly adjusted. Otherwise all of the adjustments will be off.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

Graphic representation of process continues.

NARRATOR
Next, Cylinder D is placed on the curbside, two metres outward from the side of the bus along the centreline of the bus rear-wheel axle.

Cylinder E is the drivers side equivalent of cylinder D.

Now lets locate cylinder B. First it is placed on the curbside, aligned with the front bumper and two metres outward from the side of the bus.

Cylinder C is the driver's side equivalent of cylinder B.

SHOW OVERHEAD GRAPHIC HIGHLIGHTING WHERE B AND C WILL MOVE

Both cylinder B and C will be positioned when we begin actually adjusting the crossover and the side convex mirrors. Their final position should always be about two metres outward from the side of the bus and be somewhere between the entrance door and the rear axle.

DISSOLVE TO:

ASSISTANT places 3 x. 3m cylinders under bumper.

NARRATOR VO
In addition to Cylinders A through E, the placement of .3m cylinders under the front bumper will also help you to identify the area under the bumper when looking in the mirrors.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

Host looks back from graphic and addresses the camera..

NARRATOR
That arrangement of cylinders will provide you with the reference points you need to adjust the mirrors to work specifically for you.

Now we will adjust the mirrors.

KEY -- MIRROR ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURES

ANGLE ON THE DRIVER'S-SIDE CROSSOVER MIRROR. A hand
adjusts it so that all of cylinder A is visible on the right of the reflecting surface. The mirror is also
adjusted vertically by angling the mirror up and down to ensure that objects underneath the front bumper are visible.

Additional markers placed underneath the bumper can help
perform that adjustment.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

NARRATORR
To fine tune the driver's-side front crossover mirror, adjust it so you can see all of cylinder A on the right of the reflecting surface.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

NARRATOR VO
That image must be no less than one centimetre from the edge of the mirror.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

NARRATOR VO
Now you have to position cylinder C to ensure the crossover mirror not only provides a complete view to the front of the bus but also provides an adequate view to the side of the bus. To do that, you must first adjust the driver's-side side convex mirror.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

NARRATOR VO
The driver's-side side convex mirror is adjusted horizontally so that the side of the bus is barely visible on the right side of the reflecting surface. The view of the side of the bus should always be minimized so that the mirrors can provide the widest possible field of view. It should also be adjusted vertically by angling the mirror up and down to optimize the view to the side of the bus. Cylinder E should be entirely visible.

After these adjustments are made, it is time to locate cylinder C in its final position.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

NARRATOR VO
For example, to a point where the cylinder is entirely visible through the crossover mirror and the side convex mirror.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

NARRATOR VO
You can do this by sliding the cylinder along the two-metre distance parallel with the side of the bus to a point where cylinder C is entirely visible in the lowest part of the reflecting surface.

The configuration should look like this.

Cylinder C should not only appear in the driver's side side convex mirror but also in the driver's side crossover mirror.

Verify the view in the driver's-side crossover mirror to ensure that cylinder C appears.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

NARRATOR VO
That cylinder must always be visible in both mirrors to ensure the view to the front and the sides of the bus is continuous and complete.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

Show bus graphic with driver's-side crossover mirror highlighted. Shaded areas fan out from the mirror to illustrate the field of view that they provide. Cylinder A labeled and highlighted.

NARRATOR
The configuration should look like this.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON the curbside crossover mirror.

NARRATOR VO
Next, you adjust the curbside crossover mirror.

A hand reaches in and adjusts it in accordance with the following narration.

NARRATOR VO
All of cylinder A should be visible on the left of the reflecting surface. The image must be no less than one centimetre from the edge of the mirror.

The mirrors should be also adjusted vertically by angling the mirror up and down to ensure that objects underneath the front bumper are visible.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

NARRATOR VO
Now, like we did for cylinder C, you have to position cylinder B to ensure the crossover mirror not only provides a complete view to the front but also provides an adequate view to the side of the bus. To do that, you must first adjust the curbside side convex mirror.

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

NARRATOR VO
The curbside side convex mirror is adjusted horizontally so that the side of the bus is barely visible on the left side of the reflecting surface. The view of the side of the bus should always be minimized so that the mirror can provide the widest possible field of view. It should also be adjusted vertically by angling the mirror up and down to optimize the view to the side of the bus. Cylinder D should be entirely visible. The mirror should be tilted down to increase the view near the entrance door. The horizon should not be visible.

After these adjustments are made, it is time to locate cylinder B in its final position. That will be at the point where the cylinder is entirely visible through the crossover mirror and the side convex mirror. You do this by sliding the cylinder along the two metre distance parallel with the side of the bus to a point where cylinder B is entirely visible in the lowest part of the reflecting surface..

The configuration should look like this.

As we have said before, cylinder B should not only appear in the curbside side convex mirror, but also in the curbside crossover mirror. Verify the view in the curbside crossover mirror to ensure that cylinder B appears.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

NARRATOR VO
That cylinder must always be visible in both mirrors to ensure the view to the sides and to the front of the bus is continuous and complete.

CUT TO:

TV GRAPHIC

Show bus graphic with curbside crossover mirror highlighted. Shaded areas fan out from the mirror to illustrate the field of view that the mirror provides Cylinder A is labeled and highlighted.

NARRATOR VO
The configuration should look like this.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

The host stands beside the tv screen and looks at the camera.

NARRATOR
And that's it for your front crossover mirrors. Two sets down, one to go. The next set to adjust are your side flat mirrors.

Why do you want cylinders A, and B and C seen through the front crossover Mirrors? As well, why do you want cylinders B, C, D, and E to be seen through the Side Convex Mirrors?

Because that ensures that the views provided by the crossover and the side convex mirror systems overlap, and that the views to the front and to the sides of the bus are continuous and complete. In other words, it gives you a complete
field of view.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON THE DRIVER'S-SIDE FLAT MIRROR. A hand reaches in to adjust it.

KEY: ADJUSTMENT OF THE SIDE FLAT MIRRORS

A hand reaches in to adjust it so that the side of the bus
is barely visible on the right of the reflecting surface and the horizon is barely visible on the upper edge of the mirror. Some flat mirror systems may allow a driver to see the ground at the rear-wheel axle in the lower edge of the mirror.

NARRATOR VO
And finally, the Side Flat Mirrors
provide a view of the ground to the rear of the bus.

The driver's-side Side Flat Mirror should show the side of the bus barely visible on the right of the reflecting
surface.

By tilting the mirror up or down, the horizon should be barely visible on the upper edge of the mirror. This optimizes the field of view.

The configuration should look like this.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON curbside flat mirror. A hand reaches in to adjust it so that the side of the bus is barely visible on the left of the reflecting surface and the horizon is barely visible on the upper edge of the mirror.

NARRATOR VO
The curbside flat mirror should be adjusted to make sure the side of the bus is barely visible on the left of the reflecting surface. And the horizon should be barely visible on the upper edge of the mirror.

The configuration should look like this..

CUT TO:

EXT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON bus mirrors.

NARRATOR VO
And that's it. Once these sets of mirrors are properly adjusted, you will have a complete field of view. Except for the area directly behind your bus.

Regardless of the level of activity in the bus a driver must be in control and must be sure to check all mirrors before moving the bus.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

ANGLE ON bus driver's foot on the brake.

NARRATOR VO
As a matter of course, the driver should keep a foot firmly on the brake while checking mirrors. And should always take the time to actually look at the reflected image in the mirror... take the time to SEE what's there. Also lean forward and backward to eliminate any blind spots created by the vehicle structure.

CUT TO:

INT CONTROL ROOM

NARRATOR
You can appreciate how critical it is that the mirrors and adjustment procedures do the job they're meant for.

That's why Transport Canada and a CSA sub-committee spent time to develop procedures that would do the job.

CUT TO:

EXT DROP OFF POINT DAY

NARRATOR VO
The use of correctly adjusted mirrors will eliminate blind spots around your vehicle...will ensure your clear field of view...and give you peace of mind.

DISSOLVE TO REPRISE VISUALS OF ACTIVITY FROM THE OPENING SCENE INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF THE BUS.

ANOTHER ANGLE -- JACK is having trouble getting the toy. It's slid a little too far under the bus for him to reach.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

LAURA checks her driver's side mirrors for traffic, quickly checks her crossover mirrors, and sees something.

CUT TO:

EXT DROP OFF POINT DAY

JACK, scrambles back, picture in hand, looks up at LAURA waves and quickly walks off to catch up with Alice.

CUT TO:

INT BUS DAY

CLOSE ON LAURA, she smiles as she acknowledges JACK and visually follows him as she walks across the street.

FREEZE FRAME OF A SMILING BUS DRIVER

DISSOLVE TO TITLE GRAPHIC

RUN CREDITS ETC.

FADE OUT
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