Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2008

Transport Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators

TP 3322
Cat. T45-3/2008
ISBN 978-1-100-52046-9
2010

Table of Contents


Collisions and CasualtiesFootnote 1 1989–2008

Year Collisions Victims
FatalFootnote 2 Personal InjuryFootnote 3 FatalitiesFootnote 4 Serious InjuriesFootnote 5 InjuriesFootnote 6 (Total)
1989 3,651 192,595 4,238 27,422 285,178
1990 3,445 178,515 3,963 25,183 262,680
1991 3,228 170,693 3,690 26,035 249,217
1992 3,073 169,640 3,501 25,521 249,823
1993 3,121 168,106 3,615 23,902 247,593
1994 2,837 164,642 3,230 22,830 241,899
1995 2,817 161,950 3,313 21,494 238,458
1996 2,740Footnote r 153,944Footnote r 3,129Footnote r 18,734Footnote r 227,283Footnote r
1997 2,660Footnote r 147,549Footnote r 3,076Footnote r 17,294Footnote r 217,401Footnote r
1998 2,583Footnote r 145,615Footnote r 2,919Footnote r 16,197Footnote r 213,319Footnote r
1999 2,632Footnote r 148,683Footnote r 2,980Footnote r 16,187Footnote r 218,457Footnote r
2000 2,547Footnote r 153,300Footnote r 2,903Footnote r 15,583Footnote r 222,869Footnote r
2001Footnote * 2,413Footnote r 148,996Footnote r 2,756Footnote r 15,285Footnote r 216,489Footnote r
2002 2,583Footnote r 153,859Footnote r 2,921Footnote r 15,907Footnote r 222,707Footnote r
2003 2,489Footnote r 150,545Footnote r 2,779Footnote r 15,125Footnote r 216,210Footnote r
2004 2,436Footnote r 145,248Footnote r 2,731Footnote r 15,591Footnote r 206,229Footnote r
2005 2,551Footnote r 145,603Footnote r 2,898Footnote r 15,814Footnote r 204,764Footnote r
2006 2,599Footnote r 142,531Footnote r 2,884Footnote r 15,885Footnote r 199,994Footnote r
2007 2,462Footnote r 138,632Footnote r 2,761Footnote r 14,236Footnote r 192,762Footnote r
2008 2,187 126,945 2,419 12,360 178,833

Cracked windshield

 

Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group 2008

Age Group (Years) Fatalities Serious Injuries Injuries (Total)
0–4 13 121 2,300
5–14 50 477 8,307
15–19 258 1,454 21,310
20–24 329 1,701 22,405
25–34 369 2,223 31,504
35–44 308 1,871 28,049
45–54 366 1,847 27,139
55–64 292 1,183 16,512
65 + 409 1,176 14,174
Not stated 25 307 7,133
TOTAL 2,419 12,360 178,833
 

Fatalities by Road User Class 2004-2008

Road User Class   2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Drivers # 1,392r 1,498r 1,513r 1,409r 1,315
  % 51.0 51.7 52.5 51.0 54.4
Passengers # 648r 682r 612r 614r 494
  % 23.7 23.5 21.2 22.2 20.4
Pedestrians # 364r 342r 376r 376r 299
  % 13.3 11.8 13.0 13.6 12.4
Bicyclists # 58r 52 73r 65r 42
  % 2.1 1.8 2.5 2.4 1.7
Motorcyclists* # 198r 233r 212r 225r 218
  % 7.3 8.0 7.4 8.1 9.0
Not Stated/Other # 71r 91r 98r 72r 51
  % 2.6 3.1 3.4 2.6 2.1
Total # 2,731r 2,898r 2,884r 2,761r 2,419
  % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 

Fatalities 1989-2008

Fatalities 1989-2008



Casualty Rates 2008

  Per 100,000 Population1 Per Billion Vehicle-Kilometres2 Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers
  Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries
CANADA 7.3 536.6 7.4 549.2 10.5 778.6
N.L. 8.3 402.2 8.0 385.9 11.8 571.1
P.E.I. 13.6 452.5 14.9 496.5 19.7 654.3
N.S. 8.8 754.1 8.6 743.6 11.7 1,011.6
N.B. 9.5 478.6 9.6 482.2 13.1 661.0
QUE. 7.2 561.9 8.1 632.1 11.2 875.9
ONT. 4.8 484.5 5.0 479.9 6.8 661.7
MAN. 7.6 651.8 8.1 689.1 12.0 1,027.6
SASK. 15.4 683.9 12.2 541.0 21.9 973.0
ALTA. 11.4 612.2 8.6 464.2 15.3 824.1
B.C. 8.1 502.5 9.9 613.1 11.6 719.1
Y.T. 24.1 723.5 15.4 461.4 32.4 970.7
N.W.T. 11.4 395.7 11.8 408.8 20.6 711.3
NUN. 12.6 129.7 132.5 1,357.6 n.a. n.a.

Note: Data for Ontario are preliminary for 2008.

n.a. : Data are not available.

 

Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)*

Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)

1 Before 2001, BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.

Note: 2008 data are preliminary.

Source: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.

 

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2004-2008

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Drivers          
Fatalities 40.2 34.9 36.9 35.3 34.9
Serious Injuries 16.3 14.3 16.2 16.0 15.6
Passengers          
Fatalities 39.6 35.4 38.7 39.1 38.3
Serious Injuries 23.4 19.9 24.6 24.8 21.6

Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.



Number of Collisions by Location 2008

Location Fatal Personal Injury
Urban1 701 87,179
Rural2 1,450 38,079
Not Stated 36 1,687
TOTAL 2,187 126,945

Car driving in the winter

Note: In Alberta, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "urban".

 

Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class 2008

Road User Class Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers 54.4 47.4
Passengers 20.4 23.5
Pedestrians 12.4 12.4
Bicyclists 1.7 3.8
Motorcyclists 9.0 10.3
Not Stated/Other 2.1 2.6
Total 100.0 100.0
 

Afternoon traffic on the highway.

 

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2008

Age Group (Years) Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers Passengers Drivers Passengers
0–4 0.0 1.8 0.3 2.3
5–14 0.2 5.6 0.4 7.5
15–19 8.7 20.6 9.7 18.5
20–24 14.8 14.6 14.1 16.0
25–34 16.4 14.6 20.5 15.6
35–44 13.8 8.4 17.6 11.1
45–54 16.4 9.8 17.0 9.1
55–64 12.6 8.8 10.8 6.5
65+ 16.9 14.0 9.2 8.9
Not Stated 0.1 1.8 0.3 4.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 

Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2008

Age Group (Years) Male Female Total
<16 29,266 20,113 49,379
16–19 588,189 518,044 1,106,233
20–24 938,594 866,632 1,805,226
25–34 2,013,542 1,937,366 3,950,908
35–44 2,263,944 2,152,741 4,416,685
45–54 2,505,688 2,359,606 4,865,294
55–64 1,878,726 1,719,660 3,598,386
65+ 1,732,610 1,445,124 3,177,734
Not Stated 0 0 2,558
Total 11,950,559 11,019,286 22,972,403
 

Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle (in thousands) 1989-2008

  Licensed Drivers1 Light-Duty Vehicles2 Commercial Vehicles3 Motorcycles4
1989 17,592 12,380 3,962 378
1990 17,718 12,622 4,000 359
1991 18,090 12,578 3,516 350
1992 18,465 12,781 3,461 339
1993 18,843 12,925 3,455 337
1994 19,243 13,131 3,510 330
1995 19,327 13,192 3,535 320
1996 19,964 13,251 3,620 312
1997 20,148 13,515 3,684 319
1998e 20,744 13,887 3,767 334
1999 20,934 16,538 722 274
2000 20,593 16,832 739 311
2001 20,879 17,055 729 318
2002 21,163 17,543 724 350
2003 21,436 17,755 740 373
2004 21,673 17,920 752 409
2005 21,937 18,124 786 443
2006 22,278 18,739 841 485
2007 22,606 19,199 872 522
2008 22,972 19,613 907 567

Source: 1989 to 1998: Statistics Canada Road Motor Vehicles, Catalogue No. 53-219. From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004. From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.

The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.

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Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate
Transport Canada
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330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario
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To find out more about national road safety programs or initiatives, call Transport Canada toll free at 1-800-333-0371 or e-mail us at roadsafetywebmail@tc.gc.ca. You can also visit our site Motor Vehicle Safety or the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators.

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