Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Transportation is one of the largest sources of air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. In 2011, transportation accounted for 24% of Canada's total greenhouse gas emissions1 . Transportation is also linked with the emission of air pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, sulphur oxides, volatile organic compounds and particulate matter. These pollutants contribute to the formation of smog and poor air quality. Pollutant emissions have fallen significantly, largely due to regulatory changes introduced by the federal government. For example, the Government of Canada has finalized regulations setting progressively more stringent standards for passenger automobiles and light trucks for model years 2011 to 2016, and further regulations have been proposed to improve fuel efficiency and reduce GHG emissions from model years 2017 and beyond. As a result of the Government of Canada’s action to date, 2025 passenger vehicles and light trucks will emit about half as many GHGs as 2008 models. This means that 2025 vehicles will also consume up to 50 per cent less fuel than 2008 vehicles, which will have the added benefit of providing significant savings at the pump. With respect to heavy-duty vehicles, Canada's final regulations establish progressively more stringent standards for 2014 to 2018 model-year heavy-duty vehicles such as full-size pick-ups, semi-trucks, garbage trucks and buses. With these tough new regulations in place, GHG emissions from 2018 model-year heavy-duty vehicles will be reduced by up to 23 per cent. However, more action is required to ensure this trend continues in the transportation sector.

Transport Canada's Commitments

In 2013, under Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality, Transport Canada contributes to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy through the fifteen implementation strategies listed below under Goal 1 – Climate Change and Goal 2 – Air Pollution. These are drawn from Transport Canada’s initiatives under the federal Clean Air Agenda.

The Clean Air Agenda spans 11 departments and agencies managing 60 environmental initiatives over five fiscal years, from 2011-2012 until 2015-2016. The centerpiece of this approach is a regulatory agenda with complementary programming to support innovation and clean technologies, Canada's international participation, and adapting to a changing climate.

Transport Canada is responsible for the following nine initiatives under the Clean Air Agenda:

  • Aviation Sector Regulatory Initiative; 
  • Marine Sector Regulatory Initiative; 
  • Rail Sector Regulatory Initiative; 
  • Support for Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations; 
  • Gateway Carbon Footprint Initiative; 
  • ecoTECHNOLOGY for Vehicles II Program; 
  • Truck Reservation System Program; 
  • Shore Power Technology for Ports Program; and, 
  • Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative.

In 2014-2015, Transport Canada will be in the fourth year of implementing its Clean Air Agenda initiatives – under both the Clean Transportation and Adaptation Themes. The initiative descriptions are those which were developed at the beginning of their implementation in 2011-2012. If you are interested in seeing Transport Canada’s progress to date on these initiatives, please visit previous reporting updates at: http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/policy/acs-sd-dsds-2615.htm

Goal 1 - Climate Change - In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts

1.1.22 - Address GHG emissions by supporting the deployment of truck reservation systems at port and terminal facilities to improve efficiency in the movement of trucks into and out of terminal facilities at container ports and reduce truck idling.

1.1.24 - Address GHG emissions from the marine sector by funding the installation of marine shore power facilities at Canadian ports. 

1.1.26 - Address GHG emissions through testing and evaluation of advanced vehicle technologies to support the development of regulations and industry codes and standards, in order to ensure that new technologies that reduce GHG emissions can be introduced in Canada in a safe and timely manner. 

1.1.31 - Quantify the carbon (GHG) footprint of Canada’s strategic gateways and trade corridors. 

1.1.33 - Develop and implement GHG emission regulations for light-duty vehicles (for model years 2017–2025) and heavy-duty vehicles (for model years 2014–2018) under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, which will align with those of the U.S. (EC, TC) 

1.1.34 - Address GHG emissions from maritime shipping by working with the International Maritime Organization in the development of new international standards and recommended practices for marine vessels, as well as through the implementation of new Canadian regulations, and targeted research and development. (EC, TC) 

1.1.35 - Address GHG emissions from the rail sector through the joint Canada-U.S. locomotive emissions initiative under the Regulatory Cooperation Council, a voluntary agreement with the Canadian rail industry, and research activities to enhance understanding of new technologies to reduce GHG emissions. (TC) 

1.1.36 - Address GHG emissions from aviation by supporting the International Civil Aviation Organization’s development of new international standards and recommended practices, through the development and implementation of new domestic standards, monitoring Canada’s voluntary Action Plan in collaboration with the Canadian domestic aviation sector, and through targeted research. (TC) 

1.2.10 - Support the development and testing of innovative science-based tools and technologies to help improve the resiliency and adaptability of existing and future northern transportation infrastructure and Arctic marine operations. (TC)

Goal 2: Air Pollution - Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

2.1.6 - Address air pollutant emissions through testing and evaluation of advanced vehicle technologies to support the development of regulations and industry codes and standards, in order to ensure that new technologies that reduce air pollutant emissions can be introduced in Canada in a safe and timely manner. 

2.1.7 - Address air pollutant emissions by supporting the deployment of truck reservation systems at port and terminal facilities to improve efficiency in the movement of trucks into and out of terminal facilities at container ports and reduce truck idling. 

2.1.8 - Address air pollutant emissions from the marine sector by funding the installation of marine shore power facilities at Canadian ports. (TC) 

2.1.21 - Address air pollutant emissions from maritime shipping by working with the International Maritime Organization in the development of new international standards and recommended practices for marine vessels, as well as through the implementation of new Canadian regulations, and targeted research and development. (EC, TC) 

2.1.22 - Address air pollutant emissions from aviation by supporting the International Civil Aviation Organization’s development of new international standards and recommended practices, through the development and implementation of new domestic standards, and through targeted research. (TC) 

2.1.26 - Address air pollutant emissions from the rail sector through locomotive regulations aligned with U.S. standards, and research activities to enhance understanding of new technologies to reduce air pollutant emissions. (TC) 

Transport Canada’s implementation strategies have been organized according to the appropriate Program or Sub-Program in the department’s Program Alignment Architecture. This means that Transport Canada’s Theme I implementation strategies are linked to two Sub-Programs - 2.1.1 - Clean Air Regulatory Framework and Oversight and 2.1.2 – Clean Air Initiatives and one Program – 2.3 – Environmental Stewardship of Transportation

Sub-Program 2.1.1 Clean Air Regulatory Framework and Oversight

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.33 - Develop and implement GHG emission regulations for light-duty vehicles (for model years 2017–2025) and heavy-duty vehicles (for model years 2014–2018) under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, which will align with those of the U.S. (EC, TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020. *

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

Description of the implementation strategy

Under the Support for Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulations Initiative, Transport Canada will support Environment Canada's regulatory efforts to improve fuel efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions of passenger automobiles and light trucks for model years 2017 to 2025, by assessing the safety, environmental and competitiveness impacts associated with proposed greenhouse gas emission regulations.

For light-duty vehicles, Transport Canada will engage in data, analytical and modeling work, building on existing knowledge and expertise gained through supporting the former ecoAUTO Rebate Program and Green Levy. These activities will provide a better understanding of the sector and increased capacity to assess the competitiveness and environmental impacts of future regulatory and other mitigation policy options.

With respect to heavy-duty vehicles, Transport Canada, in collaboration with Environment Canada and Natural Resources Canada, will develop and launch a national heavy-duty vehicle survey. The survey will improve data gathering that will assist Environment Canada in the development of the heavy-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emission regulations.

The greenhouse gas emission regulations for new light- and heavy-duty vehicles are expected to accelerate the introduction of new fuel-saving and energy-efficient technologies for motor vehicles (e.g., low-rolling resistance tires). In assessing these technologies, Transport Canada will develop new or revised vehicle safety regulations, standards, codes, or guidelines (under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act) as required.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

This implementation strategy supports Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.

Program's Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Continued improvement and analysis of road data, mainly through supporting Transport Canada’s Centre of Excellence in Economics, Statistics, Analysis and Research in the development of the Canadian Vehicle Use Study and reporting initiatives. 
  • Support Environment Canada’s efforts to understand and assess the United States Environmental Protection Agency expected heavy-duty vehicle regulations for vehicles beyond the 2018 model year.
  • Continued development and enhancement of Transport Canada’s Transportation Energy Use and Emission Model road vehicle module.
  • Continued collection of heavy-duty vehicles data through the Heavy-Duty Vehicle Use Study. Key deliverables under this study will include: 
    • Purchase of on-board electronic logger devices; 
    • Update and validation of the heavy truck database; 
    • Development of an expansion methodology for the full-scale project in Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan; and, 
    • Continued expansion of the Canadian Vehicle Use Survey for heavy-duty vehicles, with new provincial partnerships.
  • Continued expansion of the Canadian Vehicle Use Survey for light-duty vehicles, with new provincial partnerships. This survey collects travel data from different types of vehicles across Canada exclusively via an automatic data logger and assists the department and its partners develop programs and policies that keep Canadians safer and reduce fuel consumption. 
  • Working together with the United States and United Nations in the development of hydrogen safety regulations, with the intent of their planned future introduction into Canadian regulation. 
  • Continued work with the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the United Nations towards the development of several key international regulations, including those related to tire safety, the safety of visually impaired pedestrians in relation to the use of quiet electric and electric hybrid vehicles and the safety of electrical energy storage systems for such vehicles. 
  • Continued work with provinces and territories in updating and creating new standards, regulations and codes to ensure the safe use of gaseous fuels in motor vehicles across Canada.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation or international standards 100% by March 31, 2015  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $1,733,800

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.35 - Address GHG emissions from the rail sector through the joint Canada-U.S. locomotive emissions initiative under the Regulatory Cooperation Council, a voluntary agreement with the Canadian rail industry, and research activities to enhance understanding of new technologies to reduce GHG emissions. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.26 - Address air pollutant emissions from the rail sector through locomotive regulations aligned with U.S. standards, and research activities to enhance understanding of new technologies to reduce air pollutant emissions. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Description of the implementation strategies

The Rail Sector Regulatory Initiative consists of activities related to greenhouse gas and air pollutant emission regulations; a voluntary action plan with the rail sector and targeted research.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Transport Canada will work with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through the Regulatory Cooperation Council on a Locomotive Emissions Initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the Canada-U.S. rail sector.

Air Pollutant Emission Regulations

Transport Canada will complete the development of air pollutant emission regulations for locomotives. Regulations will be aligned with those currently in place in the United States.

Transport Canada will also set up the compliance and enforcement regime.

Voluntary Action Plan

Transport Canada will work with the rail sector to continue to address emissions by negotiating a renewed voluntary agreement to reduce these emissions.

Research

The rail industry's ability to comply with future air pollutant and greenhouse gas emission regulations will depend to a large extent on the development and adoption of new technologies. Transport Canada will advance research into innovations that address air emissions from the rail sector.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program's Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Preparation for the publication of new air pollutant emission regulations for locomotives in the Canada Gazette
  • Preparation for the implementation of the Locomotive Emissions Information System, including the development of training and guidance material. 
  • Development of the annual report under the renewed Memorandum of Understanding with the Railway Association of Canada. 
  • Under the framework of the Regulatory Cooperation Council, continue to work with the U.S. on the development of a Canada-U.S. Voluntary Action Plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the Canada-U.S. rail sector. 
  • Continued effort towards sustainable transportation research and development by supporting the development and deployment of a number of innovative technologies that support emission reductions from the rail sector; and leveraging research funding with industry and academia to encourage commercialization of these technologies.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation or international standards 100% by March 31, 2015  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $2,845,500

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.34 - Address GHG emissions from maritime shipping by working with the International Maritime Organization in the development of new international standards and recommended practices for marine vessels, as well as through the implementation of new Canadian regulations, and targeted research and development. (EC, TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.21 - Address air pollutant emissions from maritime shipping by working with the International Maritime Organization in the development of new international standards and recommended practices for marine vessels, as well as through the implementation of new Canadian regulations, and targeted research and development. (EC, TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Description of the implementation strategies

Through the Marine Sector Regulatory Initiative, Transport Canada will develop and implement new regulations under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, to address air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions, including standards for:

  • Vessels operating in Canadian coastal waters (i.e. the North American Emission Control Area) and Canadian vessels operating internationally; 
  • Vessels operating in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway; and, 
  • Medium marine diesel engines, aligned with US standards.

Additionally. Transport Canada will:

  • Lead Canada's participation at the International Maritime Organization with support from Environment Canada; 
  • Update regulations for marine vessels operating in the Arctic; 
  • Carry out research on new design standards that will increase the fuel efficiency of Polar class vessels. The new standards will then be incorporated into regulations under the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act; 
  • Engage in research, in collaboration with Environment Canada and Natural Resources Canada, to facilitate the adoption of innovations such as lower carbon fuels, hybrid propulsion systems, and emerging clean air and fuel-efficient technologies. Outcomes of this effort will support the International Maritime Organization's work on new global standards and guidelines and foster the maritime industry's ability to comply with emission standards over the medium to long term; 
  • Undertake research to improve knowledge of the Canadian marine sector as well as to enhance the department’s capacity to evaluate potential options for future policies, regulations, and programs as well as inform future input for the International Maritime Organization; and, 
  • Work on the development and implementation of a marine vessel activity and fuel consumption survey aimed at improving estimates of domestic and international marine-related energy use, air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program’s Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Continued leadership role at the Marine Environment Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization.
  • Continued work at the International Maritime Organization on the development of standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international maritime shipping. 
  • Continued work at the International Maritime Organization on the development of technical, operational and other measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international maritime shipping. 
  • Completion of the implementation of a marine vessel activity survey and implementation of a fuel consumption survey aimed at improving estimates of domestic and international marine-related energy use, air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Continued effort towards sustainable transportation research and development by supporting the development and deployment of a number of innovative technologies that support emission reductions from the marine sector; and leveraging research funding with industry and academia to encourage commercialization of these technologies.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation or international standards 100% by March 31, 2015  
Compliance with vessel emissions regulations 100% by March 31, 2017  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $4,412,200

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.36 - Address GHG emissions from aviation by supporting the International Civil Aviation Organization’s development of new international standards and recommended practices, through the development and implementation of new domestic standards, monitoring Canada’s voluntary Action Plan in collaboration with the Canadian domestic aviation sector, and through targeted research. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.22 - Address air pollutant emissions from aviation by supporting the International Civil Aviation Organization’s development of new international standards and recommended practices, through the development and implementation of new domestic standards, and through targeted research. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1.: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Description of the implementation strategies

The Aviation Sector Regulatory Initiative supports Transport Canada's participation at the International Civil Aviation Organization to develop a new airplane emission standard for carbon dioxide and a new aircraft engine emission standard for non-volatile particulate matter. Once these standards are finalized at the International Civil Aviation Organization, Transport Canada will adopt them domestically under the Aeronautics Act.

Transport Canada will also be involved in assessing the impact of global fuel consumption goals, analysing possible measures to address greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation, and providing input into the International Civil Aviation Organization updated guidance on the development of Action Plans.

Transport Canada will support the Canadian aviation industry to implement the voluntary Canadian Action Plan to address domestic and international greenhouse gas emissions from the aviation sector, for which was submitted to the International Civil Aviation Organization in June 2012.

All of these activities will be informed by targeted scientific research that will improve understanding of the technical aspects of reducing emissions, including support for the development of the certification requirements for the carbon dioxide (CO2) and the non-volatile particulate matter standards.

Research will also be undertaken to improve knowledge of the Canadian aviation sector as well as to enhance Transport Canada's capacity to evaluate potential options for future policies, standards, and programs and to inform future input for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program’s Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Development of the annual report under Canada's Action Plan to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation. 
  • Participate in the work of the International Civil Aviation Organization to develop the CO2 standard for airplanes, expected for 2016. 
  • Participate in the work of the International Civil Aviation Organization to develop the non-volatile particulate matter certification requirement, expected for 2016, in support of the new standard. • Participate in the work at the International Civil Aviation Organization to address greenhouse gas emissions from international aviation.
  • Participate in the work at the International Civil Aviation Organization to address alternative fuels for aviation.
  • Participate as an Advisory Board member to the new Aviation Sustainability CENTer (ASCENT) in order to contribute to the selection of research projects to meet Canada's environmental objectives, and to acquire knowledge on the latest research on aviation and the environment.
  • Continue to monitor issues raised by the European Union Emissions Trading System.
  • Participate in the work at the International Civil Aviation Organization to update guidance material on developing Action Plans to address greenhouse gas emissions.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Percentage of instruments that are aligned with domestic legislation or international standards 100% by March 31, 2015  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $2,411,500

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Sub-Program 2.1.2 Clean Air Initiatives

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.22- Address GHG emissions by supporting the deployment of truck reservation systems at port and terminal facilities to improve efficiency in the movement of trucks into and out of terminal facilities at container ports and reduce truck idling.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.7 - Address air pollutant emissions by supporting the deployment of truck reservation systems at port and terminal facilities to improve efficiency in the movement of trucks into and out of terminal facilities at container ports and reduce truck idling.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Description of the implementation strategies

Through its Truck Reservation System Program, Transport Canada will look at ways innovative technology applications and improved operational practices can help increase efficiency and environmental sustainability for port terminal and trucking fleet operators. The department will work with various supply chain participants to better understand the needs, challenges and benefits from a systems perspective.

Work to improve port-related trucking efficiency and environmental sustainability will align with and support Transport Canada's Smart Corridor approaches, which are part of the gateway initiatives. These approaches underline the importance of improved, more interoperable technology systems, and they take a holistic and integrated approach to goods movement.

Transport Canada will provide transfer payment funding to support the deployment of truck reservation systems. Eligible recipients will include port and container terminal operators and trucking operations. Federal funds will support the installation of technologies, software, and equipment.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program’s Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Ongoing management of truck reservation system projects at two Canadian ports - Port Metro Vancouver and Montreal Port Authority. 
  • Negotiation and signing of additional transfer payment agreements for truck reservation system projects at Canadian port and terminal facilities. 
  • Ongoing engagement and information sharing with container ports, terminal operators, trucking fleet operators, and other supply chain participants on truck reservation system initiatives (e.g. presentations, site visits, etc.).
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Number of sites using clean transportation technologies 10 by March 31, 2016  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $3,235,900

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.24 - Address GHG emissions from the marine sector by funding the installation of marine shore power facilities at Canadian ports.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.8 - Address air pollutant emissions from the marine sector by funding the installation of marine shore power facilities at Canadian ports. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives. 

Description of the implementation strategies

The Shore Power Technology for Ports program is part of the Government of Canada’s ongoing efforts to limit emissions in the Canadian transportation sector and improve air quality. Through this program, Transport Canada will provide cost-shared funding for the deployment of marine shore power technology at Canadian ports; this technology allows ships to plug into the local electrical grid to power the vessel instead of using their auxiliary diesel engines when docked.

Under this initiative Transport Canada will:

  • Provide transfer payment funding ($27.2 million over five years) to eligible recipients (Canadian Port Authorities and terminal operators) to support the deployment of shore power technology in eastern and western coastal ports for all types of commercial vessels (cruise, container, bulk); and, 
  • Share information to inform industry and stakeholders on shore power initiatives.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program's Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Ongoing management of shore power projects at five Canadian ports.
  • Negotiation and signing of up to two additional transfer payment agreements for shore power projects. 
  • Ongoing engagement and information sharing to inform industry and stakeholders on shore power initiatives (e.g. presentations, site visits, newsletters, etc.).
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Number of sites using clean transportation technologies 10 by March 31, 2016  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $15,952,400

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.26 - Address GHG emissions through testing and evaluation of advanced vehicle technologies to support the development of regulations and industry codes and standards, in order to ensure that new technologies that reduce GHG emissions can be introduced in Canada in a safe and timely manner.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

2.1.6 - Address air pollutant emissions through testing and evaluation of advanced vehicle technologies to support the development of regulations and industry codes and standards, in order to ensure that new technologies that reduce air pollutant emissions can be introduced in Canada in a safe and timely manner.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 2: Air Pollution – Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Description of the implementation strategies

The ecoTECHNOLOGY for Vehicles II (eTV II) program is an integrated technical assessment initiative that will provide the knowledge base required to develop proactive safety and environmental regulatory approaches for new technologies. It also supports national, continental and international standards alignment to foster timely access to new advanced vehicle technologies for Canadians.

In-depth testing and evaluations of advanced light-duty vehicle and heavy-duty vehicle technologies will be conducted in laboratories, on test tracks, and in real world conditions to establish an integrated and comprehensive knowledge base about their environmental and safety performance in Canadian conditions.

Technical findings will be proactively made available to regulators across the Government of Canada to inform the development of safety and greenhouse emissions regulations; to industry associations to support the development of non-regulatory codes and standards; and to other governments (provincial, territorial, United States, and international) to support the harmonization of regulations, codes and standards.

The initiative also supports Transport Canada's participation in efforts to align codes, standards and regulations nationally, continentally and internationally, as well as with non-regulatory authorities. Increased alignment will expand the market for Canadian vehicle technology innovations and allow technology developers to design to a more predictable set of standards.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

These implementation strategies support:

  • Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020; and, 
  • Target 2.1: Outdoor Air Pollutants - Improve outdoor air quality by ensuring compliance with new or amended regulated emission limits by 2020 and thus reducing emissions of air pollutants in support of Air Quality Management System (AQMS) objectives.

Program’s Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Conducting an annual technology/environmental scan to update the program’s five-year technology priority and stakeholder engagement plans, as appropriate. 
  • Conducting safety and environmental testing and evaluation activities on identified light-duty vehicle and heavy-duty vehicle technology priorities, e.g. advanced tires, electric vehicles, and heavy-duty vehicle aerodynamic technologies. 
  • Compilation and dissemination of test results to stakeholders. 
  • Consultation with program stakeholders and governance mechanisms.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
Number of technologies/vehicles tested/evaluated Greater than or equal to 5 by
March 31, 2016
 

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $6,656,500

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.1.31 - Quantify the carbon (GHG) footprint of Canada’s strategic gateways and trade corridors.

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada’s total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.*

*Transport Canada contributes to this Government of Canada target.

Description of the implementation strategy

Transport Canada has a mandate to ensure the national transportation system is efficient and to lead Canada's efforts in advancing a National Policy Framework for Strategic Gateways and Trade Corridors. This framework includes long-term policy, planning and strategic investments in transportation systems to strengthen Canada's position in international commerce.

The gateways and corridors (i.e., Atlantic Gateway, Ontario-Quebec Continental Gateway, Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative) are of strategic importance to Canada's trade movements. International pressure is mounting to reduce transportation's environmental impacts, and increasingly, shippers and carriers are looking for ways to green their supply chains. The competitiveness of Canada's system could be enhanced via measures that improve efficiency and reduce emissions in the gateways and corridors.

Under the Gateway Carbon Footprint Initiative Transport Canada will:

  • Create an inventory of existing information sources on production and energy consumption for the supply chains of Canada's three gateway and corridor initiatives; 
  • Develop and implement data gathering and processing; and, 
  • Generate and organize data to quantify the carbon performance of Canada's strategic gateways and trade corridors.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

This implementation strategy supports Target 1.1: Climate Change Mitigation - Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total GHG emissions 17% by 2020.

Program’s Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Consultation with key supply chain stakeholders to share preliminary results of the carbon footprint model. 
  • Improvement of data and methodologies through projects or studies for measurement of the emission intensity of supply chain components, including data to cover the Atlantic Gateway and the Ontario-Quebec Continental Gateway. 
  • Expansion of the carbon footprint model to cover in-bound container traffic through eastern ports through the Atlantic and Continental Gateway.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
# of gateway, corridor segments and traffic for which emission intensity (e.g. kg of CO2 / unit of transportation activity) is assessed or monitored and for which carbon footprint is available Carbon footprint of all gateway and corridor segments quantified by the end 2014  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $171,000

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Program 2.3 Environmental Stewardship of Transportation

Implementation Strategy # Contribution to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS)
1.2.10 - Support the development and testing of innovative science-based tools and technologies to help improve the resiliency and adaptability of existing and future northern transportation infrastructure and Arctic marine operations. (TC)

Theme I - Addressing Climate Change and Air Quality

Goal 1 - Climate Change: In order to mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emission levels and adapt to unavoidable impacts.

Target 1.2.: Climate Change Adaptation - Facilitate reduced vulnerability of individuals, communities, regions and economic sectors to the impacts of climate change through the development and provision of information and tools.

Description of the implementation strategy

Through the Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative, Transport Canada will study, develop, and introduce innovative science-based technologies to help improve the resiliency and adaptability of existing and future northern transportation infrastructure and operations. This will be done through strategic partnerships with other federal government departments, territorial and provincial governments, academia and industry to ensure that the limited northern resources are maximized and that knowledge, best practices and adaptive solutions are shared amongst stakeholders.

Building on existing research, this adaptation initiative will focus on increasing capacity among Northerners to adapt transportation infrastructure and operations to a changing climate, thereby ensuring the safety, efficiency and environmental sustainability of that infrastructure.

More specifically, objectives of the initiative include:

  • improved knowledge of the impacts of climate change on transportation infrastructure and operations; 
  • an understanding of the future costs associated with maintenance of existing infrastructure and operations in light of climate change impacts;
  • building new science-based capacity;
  •  conducting research and development on the technical challenges of adapting northern transportation infrastructure and operations;
  • supporting research to develop and test science-based technologies that address effects of climate change across northern transportation infrastructure and operations; and 
  • ensuring that the necessary knowledge is available and provide the appropriate adaptive tools to enable planners and practitioners to make strategic choices in support of Canada's northern transportation system.

Relationship between this implementation strategy and the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy targets

This implementation strategy supports Target 1.2: Climate Change Adaptation - Facilitate reduced vulnerability of individuals, communities, regions and economic sectors to the impacts of climate change through the development and provision of information and tools.

Program's Expected Achievements for 2014-2015

In 2014-2015, the program's expected achievements include:

  • Facilitating the development of collaborative engagements between government, northern transportation planners and practitioners, academia, and the private sector to better address northern transportation issues related to climate change; sharing relevant knowledge, and identifying areas where gaps exist. 
  • Conducting and concluding knowledge gap studies and needs assessments in consultation with provincial and territorial governments to help inform priorities for both the remainder of the program and beyond (i.e., short to medium term (2 – 5 years) focus). 
  • Supporting territorial governments and academic institutions in completing large-scale research studies with the ultimate objective of developing climate change adaptation tools that bolster the resiliency of the northern transportation system.
2014-2015
Performance Indicators Targets Results Achieved
% of Grant/Contribution Agreements Involving Multiple Collaborators (aside from Federal government) 100% by March 31, 2015  
Number of unique individuals, organizations or sectors supported to participate in technical exchanges, including workshops, conferences, training seminars, and other related exchange activities 25 by March 31, 2015  
Number of analyses, assessments and research reports performed on specific transportation infrastructure, technologies and operations 4 by March 31, 2015  
Number of tools and technologies evaluated and/or developed for the adaptation of transportation infrastructure and operations to climate change 1 by March 31, 2015  
Number of meetings, workshops and conferences hosted or facilitated to support Partnerships and Networking Activities 5 by March 31, 2015  

2014-2015 Financial Information

Planned Spending (2014-2015) $2,862,950

Figures exclude Public Works and Government Services Canada accommodation costs.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Canada's National Inventory Report allocated 28% of Canada's total greenhouse gas emissions to transportation activities in 2011. However, when greenhouse gas emissions are allocated by economic sectors (e.g., pipelines' emissions to the oil and gas sector), the transportation sector share of Canada's total greenhouse gas emissions is 24%.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

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