Transportation and the Economy

Table EC1: Economic Indicators, 2011

  2011 2010-2011
(percentage change)
2005-2010
(annual percentage change)
GDP at Basic Prices (millions of constant 2002 dollars)
Total Economy 1,267,426 2.5 1.2
Goods 357,790 4.2 (1.5)
Agriculture 22,214 6.7 0.9
Forestry 5,228 21.2 (7.1)
Mining1 57,892 3.7 (0.2)
Manufacturing 160,283 2.2 (3.6)
Construction 75,569 3.4 2.0
Services 909,636 1.9 2.4
Retail Trade 77,222 1.0 3.3
Transportation 53,470 2.5 1.6
 
Merchandise Trade (millions of dollars)
Exports 457,549 13.1 -2.1%
Imports 456,129 10.4 1.3%
 
Income (dollars)
Personal Disposable Income per capita 30,359 2.5% 3.8%
Canadian Dollar (U.S. cents per unit) 98.90 1.9 3.3
Employment (thousands) 17,309 1.5 1.1
Population (thousands) 34,482 1.1 1.1
 
Prices
Total Economy (2002=100) 126.6 3.4 2.1
All Items 119.9 2.9 1.7
Transportation 125.6 6.4 1.0

1 Includes oil and gas extraction.

Sources: Statistics Canada Cat. No. 11-010, 13-001, 15-001,62-010; Bank of Canada

 

Table EC2: Value of Goods in Domestic Trade by Sector, 2000 - 2010

        (Millions of dollars)
  Intraprovincial Growth
(Per cent)
Interprovincial Growth
(Per cent)
Total Growth
(Per cent)
2000 417,719 13.3 121,292 14.2 539,011 13.5
2001 430,715 3.1 128,588 6.0 559,303 3.8
2002 448,462 4.1 131,925 2.6 580,387 3.8
2003 479,479 6.9 143,075 8.5 622,554 7.3
2004 517,174 7.9 148,442 3.8 665,616 6.9
2005 559,883 8.3 153,419 3.4 713,302 7.2
2006 592,169 5.8 160,037 4.3 752,206 5.5
2007 615,675 4.0 163,875 2.4 779,550 3.6
2008P 651,664 5.8 170,394 4.0 822,058 5.5
2009P N/A   152,108 (10.7) N/A  
2010P N/A   160,741 5.7 N/A  

Notes: N/A = Not available. P= Preliminary data.

Source: Statistics Canada, National Accounts System, Input-Output database; and Provincial and Territorial Economic Accounts, Cat. 13-018-X

 

Table EC3: Value of Goods in Domestic Trade by Province and Sector, 2008

        (Millions of dollars)
Province/Territory Intraprovincial Interprovincial1 Total 2008P Total 2007 2008 Growth
(Per cent)
Ontario 215,641 44,992 260,632 264,022 (1.3)
Alberta 154,988 36,515 191,502 173,092 10.6
Quebec 127,655 33,573 161,228 153,892 4.8
British Columbia 71,021 14,217 85,238 80,981 5.3
Saskatchewan 30,231 13,632 43,863 33,899 29.4
Manitoba 17,230 7,520 24,749 22,661 9.2
New Brunswick 10,940 6,341 17,281 16,579 4.2
Newfoundland & Labrador 7,704 7,823 15,526 14,030 10.7
Nova Scotia 10,812 4,350 15,162 14,043 8.0
Northwest Territories 1,901 679 2,579 2,493 3.5
Prince Edward Island 1,477 622 2,098 2,064 1.6
Nunavut 1,422 7 1,429 955 49.7
Yukon 645 126 770 841 (8.4)
Total 651,664 170,394 822,058 779,550 5.5

Note: P= Preliminary data for 2008 (latest year).

1 Interprovincial data are based on provincial loadings to other provinces.

Source: Statistics Canada, National Accounts System, Input-Output database

 

Table EC4: Value of Goods in Domestic Trade by Commodity Groups and Sector, 2008

        (Millions of dollars)
Commodity Groups Intraprovincial Interprovincial Total 2008P Total 2007 2008 Growth
(Per cent)
Construction (residential & non-residential) 257,135 118 257,253 234,563 9.7
Energy products 76,961 47,525 124,486 99,735 24.8
Agricultural products 82,240 40,222 122,462 114,809 6.7
Primary metal, metal and mineral products 41,411 18,128 59,539 59,855 (0.5)
Other utilities 53,683 1,644 55,328 53,190 4.0
Forest products 28,742 12,364 41,106 43,386 (5.3)
Metallic ores and minerals 28,444 7,459 35,904 35,113 2.3
Motor vehicles & other transport equipment 21,470 8,597 30,066 38,307 (21.5)
Chemicals & pharmaceutical products 16,375 10,238 26,612 26,831 (0.8)
Printing and publishing 16,475 4,209 20,684 20,791 (0.5)
Machinery & electrical/electronic products 11,486 8,128 19,614 21,179 (7.4)
Other manufactured products 8,934 5,879 14,813 15,545 (4.7)
Textile & leather/ rubber products 8,308 5,883 14,191 16,245 (12.6)
Total 651,664 170,394 822,058 779,550 5.5

Note: P= Preliminary data for 2008 (latest year).

Source: Statistics Canada, National Accounts System, Input-Output database

 

Table EC5: Interprovincial Trade (Goods) by Major Flows, 2008

        (Millions of dollars)
Provincial Trade Routes Ranking
2008
Flows Direction Total 2008P Total 2007 2008/07
(per cent) change
2008 Share
in per cent
Westward Eastward
Quebec - Ontario 1 20,070 18,246 38,317 39,349 (2.6) 22.5
Ontario - Alberta 2 9,983 13,685 23,668 22,309 6.1 13.9
Alberta - British Columbia 3 8,453 6,948 15,401 14,396 7.0 9.0
Ontario - British Columbia 4 6,605 3,298 9,902 9,792 1.1 5.8
Saskatchewan - Alberta 5 4,399 5,420 9,819 8,335 17.8 5.8
Quebec - Alberta 6 3,943 3,881 7,824 8,191 (4.5) 4.6
Ontario - Saskatchewan 7 2,053 5,575 7,627 6,009 26.9 4.5
Ontario - Manitoba 8 2,798 2,743 5,541 5,470 1.3 3.3
Manitoba - Alberta 9 1,600 3,444 5,044 4,856 3.9 3.0
Quebec - British Columbia 10 3,023 1,981 5,004 4,945 1.2 2.9
New Brunswick - Quebec 11 2,677 1,560 4,237 4,632 (8.5) 2.5
Newfoundland and Labrador - New Brunswick 12 2,788 581 3,370 2,613 29.0 2.0
Newfoundland and Labrador - Quebec 13 2,178 731 2,908 2,830 2.8 1.7
Nova Scotia - Ontario 14 1,074 1,748 2,822 3,099 (8.9) 1.7
Newfoundland and Labrador - Ontario 15 1,676 953 2,628 2,861 (8.1) 1.5
New Brunswick - Ontario 16 921 1,631 2,552 2,440 4.6 1.5
Manitoba - Saskatchewan 17 872 1,543 2,415 1,918 25.9 1.4
Quebec - Manitoba 18 1,237 1,077 2,314 2,126 8.8 1.4
Nova Scotia - Quebec 19 903 1,335 2,238 2,191 2.1 1.3
Saskatchewan - British Columbia 20 1,171 616 1,787 1,500 19.2 1.0
Subtotal   78,423 76,994 155,417 149,860 3.7 91.2
Other interprovincial flows (goods)   7,781 7,196 14,977 14,015 6.9 8.8
Total   86,204 84,190 170,394 163,875 4.0 100.0

Note: P= Preliminary data for 2008 (latest year).

Source: Statistics Canada, National Accounts System, Input-Output database

 

Table EC5A: Interprovincial Trade Balance (Goods),1 2000 - 2010

        ( Millions of dollars )
  2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008R 2009P 2010P
Newfoundland and Labrador (1,155) (306) 57 619 1,105 2,225 2,979 4,556 4,425 576 1,957
Prince Edward Island (483) (397) (409) (445) (455) (503) (446) (626) (683.00) (629.00) (646.00)
Nova Scotia (1,464) (1,223) (1,239) (1,112) (1,296) (824) (1,016) (1,414) (1251.00) (1276.00) (1305.00)
New Brunswick (178) (100) (670) (775) (353) (237) (281) (847) (1232.00) 129.00 150.00
Quebec 1,841 2,890 1,442 849 (83) 171 1,188 2,614 1878.00 3196.00 2819.00
Ontario 2,381 3,493 4,820 2,852 1,539 (1,211) (1,696) (2,809) (4863.00) (792.00) (4099.00)
Manitoba (1,170) (1,697) (1,430) (2,226) (2,002) (2,493) (2,740) (2,851) (2670.00) (1270.00) (1521.00)
Saskatchewan 560 404 358 87 1,225 1,734 1,604 2,204 3570.00 2903.00 3345.00
Alberta 5,541 3,229 3,050 6,704 7,535 8,403 8,325 6,997 8740.00 4740.00 7744.00
British Columbia (5,336) (5,647) (5,228) (5,930) (6,410) (6,400) (6,834) (6,429) (6458.00) (6363.00) (7395.00)
Yukon (133) (94) (148) (164) (200) (196) (229) (240) (237.00) (235.00) (246.00)
Northwest Territories (79) (181) (245) (94) (170) (241) (413) (584) (403.00) (389.00) (440.00)
Nunavut (224) (229) (214) (257) (319) (312) (337) (491) (691.00) (471.00) (225.00)
Other2 (101) (142) (144) (108) (116) (116) (104) (80) (125.00) (119.00) (138.00)

Notes: R= Revised. P= Preliminary.

1 Defined as the residual obtained by substracting each province/territory's unloadings of goods from its loadings (goods) to other provinces/ territories. A positive number means a greater value of goods being shipped from a province/territory to other provinces/territories than value of goods received from them.

2 Statistical adjustments.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Provincial and Territorial Economic Accounts: Data tables, Cat. 13-018-X and Transport Canada

 

Table EC6: Modal Shares in Canada–United States Trade, 2001 - 2011

        Canadian Exports to the U.S.
(Millions of dollars)
  Total exports1 Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 351,751 192,449 75,268 9,592 21,875 52,567 54.7 21.4 2.7 6.2 14.9
2002 345,366 196,869 75,632 11,346 18,905 42,614 57.0 21.9 3.3 5.5 12.3
2003 326,700 173,465 71,671 12,061 17,290 52,212 53.1 21.9 3.7 5.3 16.0
2004 347,889 183,445 77,303 13,566 15,688 57,888 52.7 22.2 3.9 4.5 16.6
2005 365,436 184,479 75,088 17,255 16,556 72,059 50.5 20.5 4.7 4.5 19.7
2006 358,937 181,716 73,629 18,810 14,597 70,185 50.6 20.5 5.2 4.1 19.6
2007 355,610 174,299 72,255 20,770 15,559 72,727 49.0 20.3 5.8 4.4 20.5
2008 375,480 163,039 68,855 25,875 15,218 102,492 43.4 18.3 6.9 4.1 27.3
2009R 270,090 130,907 47,665 17,140 13,194 61,184 48.5 17.6 6.3 4.9 22.7
2010R 299,075 139,676 59,917 21,055 11,879 66,549 46.7 20.0 7.0 4.0 22.3
2011P 330,150 148,848 65,643 23,845 12,353 79,460 45.1 19.9 7.2 3.7 24.1

 

        Canadian Imports from the U.S.
(Millions of dollars)
  Total imports2 Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 218,288 170,479 19,608 3,531 21,114 3,556 78.1 9.0 1.6 9.7 1.6
2002 218,495 174,800 21,555 3,338 17,414 1,388 80.0 9.9 1.5 8.0 0.6
2003 203,758 161,932 19,959 3,155 15,428 3,284 79.5 9.8 1.5 7.6 1.6
2004 208,656 162,583 21,103 2,688 16,254 6,028 77.9 10.1 1.3 7.8 2.9
2005 214,605 164,699 22,620 2,431 15,760 9,094 76.7 10.5 1.1 7.3 4.2
2006 216,416 166,155 24,387 2,108 15,704 8,062 76.8 11.3 1.0 7.3 3.7
2007 220,890 165,435 25,958 4,147 17,827 7,523 74.9 11.8 1.9 8.1 3.4
2008 227,246 163,624 28,830 8,347 18,056 8,389 72.0 12.7 3.7 7.9 3.7
2009R 186,803 139,065 21,263 4,721 16,104 5,651 74.4 11.4 2.5 8.6 3.0
2010R 203,389 151,318 25,123 5,788 14,903 6,257 74.4 12.4 2.8 7.3 3.1
2011P 220,863 162,245 27,536 8,235 15,290 7,557 73.5 12.5 3.7 6.9 3.4

 

        Total Canada – U.S. Trade
(Millions of dollars)
  Total exports and imports Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 570,040 362,929 94,876 13,123 42,989 56,123 63.7 16.6 2.3 7.5 9.8
2002 563,861 371,668 97,187 14,684 36,319 44,002 65.9 17.2 2.6 6.4 7.8
2003 530,457 335,396 91,630 15,216 32,719 55,496 63.2 17.3 2.9 6.2 10.5
2004 556,545 346,028 98,406 16,253 31,942 63,916 62.2 17.7 2.9 5.7 11.5
2005 580,041 349,178 97,707 19,687 32,316 81,153 60.2 16.8 3.4 5.6 14.0
2006 575,352 347,871 98,015 20,917 30,301 78,248 60.5 17.0 3.6 5.3 13.6
2007 576,500 339,734 98,213 24,918 33,386 80,250 58.9 17.0 4.3 5.8 13.9
2008 602,726 326,662 97,685 34,223 33,274 110,882 54.2 16.2 5.7 5.5 18.4
2009R 456,894 269,972 68,928 21,861 29,298 66,835 59.1 15.1 4.8 6.4 14.6
2010R 502,464 290,994 85,039 26,843 26,782 72,805 57.9 16.9 5.3 5.3 14.5
2011P 551,012 311,093 93,179 32,080 27,643 87,017 56.5 16.9 5.8 5.0 15.8

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

1 For exports, the mode of transport represents the mode of transport by which the international boundary is crossed. This may be different from the mode of transport within Canada. Total exports are the sum of domestic exports and re-exports.

2 For imports, the mode of transport represents the last mode of transport by which the cargo was transported to the port of clearance in Canada and is derived from the cargo control documents of customs. This may not be the mode of transport by which the cargo arrived at the Canadian port of entry in the case of inland clearance. This may, therefore, lead to some underestimation of Canadian imports by the marine and air transport modes.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC7: Modal Shares in Canada–Other Countries Trade, 2001 – 2011

        Canadian Exports to Other Countries (excluding the U.S.)
(Millions of dollars)
  Total exports1 Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 52,334 3,354 881 35,527 12,572 0 6.4 1.7 67.9 24.0 0.0
2002 51,015 2,823 949 34,755 12,488 0 5.5 1.9 68.1 24.5 0.0
2003 54,372 2,977 900 35,772 14,721 2 5.5 1.7 65.8 27.1 0.0
2004 64,140 3,303 1,100 40,912 18,818 7 5.1 1.7 63.8 29.3 0.0
2005 70,221 3,963 1,452 43,279 21,524 3 5.6 2.1 61.6 30.7 0.0
2006 80,649 4,015 1,771 49,876 24,984 4 5.0 2.2 61.8 31.0 0.0
2007 94,711 6,023 2,085 60,986 25,142 477 6.4 2.2 64.4 26.5 0.5
2008 108,009 6,785 2,211 70,381 28,180 452 6.3 2.0 65.2 26.1 0.4
2009R 89,663 6,011 1,364 54,492 26,877 920 6.7 1.5 60.8 30.0 1.0
2010R 100,225 5,965 1,748 60,548 31,430 534 6.0 1.7 60.4 31.4 0.5
2011P 117,372 4,412 1,837 75,733 34,945 444 3.8 1.6 64.5 29.8 0.4

 

        Canadian Imports from Other Countries (excluding the U.S.)
(Millions of dollars)
  Total imports2 Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 124,820 40,182 4,850 50,378 27,357 2,052 32.2 3.9 40.4 21.9 1.6
2002 130,458 42,167 4,621 53,712 26,406 3,552 32.3 3.5 41.2 20.2 2.7
2003 132,254 41,890 4,554 56,551 24,804 4,456 31.7 3.4 42.8 18.8 3.4
2004 145,803 47,119 4,343 60,547 28,648 5,145 32.3 3.0 41.5 19.6 3.5
2005 164,297 51,515 4,866 67,010 31,755 9,151 31.4 3.0 40.8 19.3 5.6
2006 176,942 55,213 4,481 72,925 34,834 9,489 31.2 2.5 41.2 19.7 5.4
2007 186,411 54,388 5,321 79,148 38,030 9,524 29.2 2.9 42.5 20.4 5.1
2008 206,753 57,903 5,625 91,061 40,015 12,149 28.0 2.7 44.0 19.4 5.9
2009R 178,556 53,921 4,659 75,735 37,842 6,398 30.2 2.6 42.4 21.2 3.6
2010R 200,362 61,046 6,194 82,712 42,544 7,866 30.5 3.1 41.3 21.2 3.9
2011P 224,901 65,636 6,665 97,542 47,443 7,616 29.2 3.0 43.4 21.1 3.4

 

        Total Canada–Other Countries Trade
(Millions of dollars)
  Total exports and imports Share in per cent
All Modes Road Rail Marine Air Other Road Rail Marine Air Other
2001 177,153 43,536 5,731 85,905 39,929 2,052 24.6 3.2 48.5 22.5 1.2
2002 181,473 44,990 5,570 88,467 38,894 3,552 24.8 3.1 48.7 21.4 2.0
2003 186,626 44,867 5,454 92,323 39,524 4,458 24.0 2.9 49.5 21.2 2.4
2004 209,943 50,422 5,443 101,459 47,466 5,153 24.0 2.6 48.3 22.6 2.5
2005 234,518 55,478 6,318 110,289 53,279 9,154 23.7 2.7 47.0 22.7 3.9
2006 257,592 59,227 6,252 122,801 59,819 9,493 23.0 2.4 47.7 23.2 3.7
2007 281,122 60,411 7,406 140,134 63,171 10,000 21.5 2.6 49.8 22.5 3.6
2008 314,761 64,688 7,837 161,442 68,194 12,601 20.6 2.5 51.3 21.7 4.0
2009R 268,219 59,932 6,023 130,226 64,719 7,318 22.3 2.2 48.6 24.1 2.7
2010R 300,586 67,011 7,942 143,260 73,974 8,400 22.3 2.6 47.7 24.6 2.8
2011P 342,273 70,048 8,502 173,275 82,388 8,060 20.5 2.5 50.6 24.1 2.4

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

1 For exports, the mode of transport represents the mode of transport by which the international boundary is crossed. This may be different from the mode of transport within Canada. Total exports are the sum of domestic exports and re-exports.

2 For imports, the mode of transport represents the last mode of transport by which the cargo was transported to the port of clearance in Canada and is derived from the cargo control documents of customs. This may not be the mode of transport by which the cargo arrived at the Canadian port of entry in the case of inland clearance. This may, therefore, lead to some underestimation of Canadian imports by the marine and air transport modes.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC8: Canada–United States Trade by Province/Territory, 2010 and 2011

        (Millions of dollars)
Canada–U.S. trade: Exports1
2011P
Imports
2011P
Total
2011P
Total
2010R
Percentage change
2011/10
Ontario 142,537 141,634 284,171 269,986 5.3
Alberta 80,675 15,716 96,391 80,858 19.2
Quebec 42,930 20,962 63,892 58,345 9.5
British Columbia 13,994 17,405 31,399 29,119 7.8
Saskatchewan 18,307 8,149 26,456 21,827 21.2
Manitoba 7,230 13,125 20,354 17,500 16.3
New Brunswick 12,556 2,815 15,370 13,802 11.4
Newfoundland and Labrador 8,048 434 8,482 6,742 25.8
Nova Scotia 3,254 386 3,640 3,575 1.8
Prince Edward Island 512 47 560 517 8.2
Yukon and Territories 107 189 296 191 54.5
Total 330,150 220,863 551,012 502,464 9.7

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

1 Total exports, including domestic exports and re-exports; province of origin for exports; province of clearance for imports.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

Figure EC9: Value of Goods Traded Between Canada and the United States, 2001–2011

Figure EC9: Value of Goods Traded Between Canada and the United States, 2001–2011

[Detailed description of this image]

This graph shows that the value of Canadian exports to the U.S. has slightly diminished during the decade but has fully recovered from its lows of 2009. The value of imports from the U.S. has remained relatively stable during the decade, just under $225 billion per year.

Table EC10: Canada's Road Trade with the United States by Busiest Border Crossing Points, 2010–2011

        (Millions of dollars)
Border Crossing Point Exports by
road 2011P
Imports by
road 2011P
Total trade
by road 2011P
Total trade
by Road 2010R
Percentage
change 2011
Share in
per cent 2011
Cumulative share
in per cent 2011
Windsor/Ambassador, Ontario 45,310 40,691 86,001 81,901 5.0 27.6 27.6
Fort Erie/Niagara Falls, Ontario 27,806 22,064 49,870 48,318 3.2 16.0 43.7
Sarnia, Ontario 19,531 22,885 42,416 40,118 5.7 13.6 57.3
Lacolle, Quebec 14,252 6,032 20,284 17,478 16.1 6.5 63.8
Emerson, Manitoba 5,367 9,988 15,355 13,564 13.2 4.9 68.8
Pacific Highway, British Columbia 5,559 7,761 13,320 12,510 6.5 4.3 73.0
Lansdowne, Ontario 7,192 5,348 12,540 11,720 7.0 4.0 77.1
Coutts, Alberta 5,590 6,324 11,914 9,245 28.9 3.8 80.9
North Portal, Saskatchewan 1,903 6,771 8,674 8,021 8.1 2.8 83.7
Philipsburg, Quebec 3,096 1,558 4,654 4,468 4.2 1.5 85.2
Woodstock, New Brunswick 2,036 1,116 3,152 2,893 8.9 1.0 86.2
Huntingdon, British Columbia 1,359 1,282 2,641 2,331 13.3 0.8 87.1
St. Stephen, New Brunswick 1,569 956 2,525 2,141 18.0 0.8 87.9
Kingsgate, British Columbia 843 1,225 2,068 1,835 12.7 0.7 88.5
Other crossing points 7,437 28,243 35,681 34,452 3.6 11.5 100.0
Total Road Trade 148,848 162,245 311,093 290,994 6.9 100.0  

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC11: Canada–United States Trade, by Main Trade Flows, 2010R–2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Canada U.S. Region1 Exports from
Canada
Imports to
Canada
Total trade
2011
Total trade
2010
Percentage
change 2011/10
Share in
per cent 2011
Main modes used
(Per cent of total value) 2011
Ontario Central 65,606 67,799 133,405 125,889 6.0 24.2 Road (75), Rail (20)
Ontario South 25,278 37,738 63,015 58,611 7.5 11.4 Road (75), Rail (16)
Ontario North-East 29,257 23,620 52,877 49,075 7.7 9.6 Road (80), Air (10)
Alberta Central 46,211 5,400 51,610 42,266 22.1 9.4 Pipeline (82), Rail (11)
Ontario West 21,084 10,311 31,396 33,430 (6.1) 5.7 Road (54), Rail (34)
Manitoba and Saskatchewan Central 13,209 12,914 26,123 22,158 17.9 4.7 Road (58), Pipeline (22)
Quebec North-East 17,868 7,520 25,389 23,812 6.6 4.6 Road (73), Rail (9)
Alberta West 17,869 4,044 21,913 20,239 8.3 4.0 Pipeline (58), Road (24)
Quebec South 12,372 7,172 19,543 17,482 11.8 3.5 Road (48), Rail (29)
Atlantic provinces North-East 18,113 1,268 19,380 16,693 16.1 3.5 Marine (74), Road (18)
British Columbia West 7,323 10,741 18,064 16,492 9.5 3.3 Road (65), Marine (16)
Alberta South 10,859 5,296 16,156 11,299 43.0 2.9 Pipeline (32), Road (32)
Quebec Central 9,639 3,490 13,129 11,531 13.9 2.4 Road (61), Rail (21)
Manitoba and Saskatchewan South 3,524 5,535 9,059 7,185 26.1 1.6 Road (58), Rail (22)
Subtotal   298,212 202,847 501,059 456,163 9.8 90.9  
Other   31,938 18,015 49,953 46,300 7.9 9.1  
Total Canada/U.S.   330,150 220,863 551,012 502,464 9.7 100.0 Road (56), Rail (17)

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

1 U.S. Central region includes states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.

1 U.S. North-East region includes New England states and states of New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

1 U.S. South region includes states from Atlantic to Gulf of Mexico.

1 U.S. West region includes states of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana and the Pacific states.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC12: Canada’s Exports by Origin, Destination and Mode of Transport, 2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Total exports1
country of destination
Origin2 Total
2011
Main modes used
(Per cent of total value)
Eastern provinces Western provinces
United States 209,836 120,313 330,150 Road (45), Pipeline (24)
Other Countries: 67,442 49,930 117,372 Marine (65), Air (30)
Asia 16,054 30,488 46,542 Marine (83), Air (15)
Western Europe 34,612 7,907 42,519 Air (53), Marine (46)
Latin America 8,152 5,954 14,105 Marine (56), Road (18)
Middle East 3,314 2,523 5,837 Marine (78), Air (18)
Eastern Europe 2,446 943 3,389 Marine (56), Air (36)
Africa 1,485 1,082 2,567 Marine (71), Air (22)
Oceania 1,349 1,026 2,375 Marine (52), Air (34)
Other 32 6 37 Marine (70), Air (29)
Total 277,279 170,243 447,521  

Note: P = Preliminary data.

1 Total exports including domestic exports and re-exports. For exports, mode of transport information represents the mode of transport by which the international boundary is crossed. This may be different from the mode of transport within Canada.

2 Province of origin for exports. Eastern provinces include the Atlantic provinces, Quebec and Ontario. Western provinces include the Prairie provinces, British Columbia, and the Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut).

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC13: Canada's Imports by Origin, Destination and Mode of Transport, 2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Total imports1
country of origin
Destination2 Total 2011 Main modes used
(Per cent of total value)
Eastern provinces Western provinces
United States 166,279 54,584 220,863 Road (73), Rail (12)
Other Countries: 188,779 36,123 224,901 Marine (43), Road (29)
Asia 65,574 22,277 87,851 Marine (43), Road (36)
Western Europe 49,989 5,812 55,800 Marine (48), Air (28)
Latin America 37,634 5,439 43,073 Road (45), Air (24)
Africa 13,337 117 13,454 Marine (76), Other (16)
Eastern Europe 8,222 501 8,723 Marine (70), Air (14)
Middle East 9,280 433 9,713 Marine (77), Air (17)
Oceania 1,562 766 2,328 Marine (50), Road (29)
Other 3,181 777 3,958 Road (62), Air (35)
Total 355,057 90,707 445,764  

Note: P = Preliminary data.

1 For imports, the mode of transport represents the last mode of transport by which the cargo was transported to the port of clearance in Canada and is derived from the cargo control documents of customs. This may not be the mode of transport by which the cargo arrived at the Canadian port of entry in the case of inland clearance. This may, therefore, lead to some underestimation of Canadian imports by the marine and air transport modes.

2 Province of clearance for imports as final destination is unknown. Eastern provinces include the Atlantic provinces, Quebec and Ontario. Western provinces include the Prairie provinces, British Columbia, and the Territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut).

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC14: Canada's Exports by Main Countries, 2010R and 2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Destination 2010 2011 Growth rate in per cent
United States 299,075 330,150 10.4
Other Countries 100,225 117,372 17.1
United Kingdom 16,367 18,636 13.9
China, People's Republic 13,232 16,789 26.9
Japan 9,195 10,671 16.0
Mexico 5,008 5,475 9.3
Korea, South 3,709 5,085 37.1
Netherlands 3,272 4,807 46.9
Germany 3,937 3,955 0.5
France 2,349 3,081 31.1
Hong Kong 1,880 2,966 57.8
Brazil 2,563 2,839 10.8
Norway 2,529 2,792 10.4
India 2,059 2,595 26.0
Belgium 2,154 2,288 6.2
Italy 1,916 1,969 2.8
Other countries 30,053 33,425 11.2
Total World 399,300 447,521 12.1

Notes: Total exports, including domestic exports and re-exports. R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC15: Canada's Imports by Main Countries, 2010R and 2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Origin 2010 2011 Growth rate in per cent
United States 203,389 220,863 8.6
Other Countries 200,362 224,901 12.2
China, People's Republic 44,523 48,141 8.1
Mexico 22,110 24,554 11.1
Japan 13,447 12,991 (3.4)
Germany 11,287 12,783 13.3
United Kingdom 10,713 10,313 (3.7)
Korea, South 6,147 6,604 7.4
France 5,434 5,545 2.0
Algeria 3,578 5,485 53.3
Italy 4,662 5,102 9.4
Taiwan 3,970 4,931 24.2
Peru 3,648 4,407 20.8
Norway 2,846 4,343 52.6
Brazil 3,292 3,878 17.8
Switzerland 2,945 3,163 7.4
Other countries 61,760 72,661 17.7
Total World 403,750 445,764 10.4

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Figure EC16: Value of Goods Traded Between Canada and Countries Other Than the Unites States, 2001–2011

Figure EC16: Value of Goods Traded Between Canada and Countries Other Than the Unites States, 2001–2011

[Detailed description of this image]

This graph shows that between 2001 and 2011, exports rose from $50 million to $125 million while imports rose from $125 million to $225 million leading to an increase in the trade deficit.

Figure EC16A: Two-Way Trade with BRIC Countries, 2001–2011

Figure EC16A: Two-Way Trade with BRIC Countries, 2001–2011

[Detailed description of this image]

This graph shows the increasing trade activity between Canada and BRIC countries, particularly China where bilateral trade went from under $20 billion in 2001 to over $60 billion in 2011.

Figure EC17: Total Exports to Countries Other Than the United States, by Province of Origin and Export, 2011

Figure EC17: Total Exports to Countries Other Than the United States, by Province of Origin and Export, 2011

[Detailed description of this image]

This graph shows that Ontario is the most important province of origin for Canadian goods destined to countries other than the Unites States, with a value of close to $40 billion, while British Columbia is the most important province of exist with a value exceeding $40 billion.

Table EC18: Canada's Merchandise Trade – Top 25 Partners, 2010R and 2011P

        (Millions of dollars)
Countries Total exports Ranking Total imports Ranking Total trade
2011
Ranking Country share
in per cent
Cumulative share
in per cent
Total trade
2010
Change in
per cent 2011/10
United States 330,150 1 220,863 1 551,012 1 61.7 61.7 502,464 9.7
China, People's Republic 16,789 3 48,141 2 64,930 2 7.3 69.0 57,755 12.4
Mexico 5,475 5 24,554 3 30,029 3 3.4 72.3 27,119 10.7
United Kingdom 18,636 2 10,313 6 28,949 4 3.2 75.6 27,080 6.9
Japan 10,671 4 12,991 4 23,661 5 2.6 78.2 22,642 4.5
Germany 3,955 8 12,783 5 16,738 6 1.9 80.1 15,223 10.0
Korea, South 5,085 6 6,604 7 11,689 7 1.3 81.4 9,856 18.6
France 3,081 9 5,545 8 8,625 8 1.0 82.4 7,783 10.8
Netherlands 4,807 7 2,559 20 7,366 9 0.8 83.2 4,941 49.1
Norway 2,792 12 4,343 13 7,135 10 0.8 84.0 5,374 32.8
Italy 1,969 15 5,102 10 7,071 11 0.8 84.8 6,578 7.5
Brazil 2,839 11 3,878 15 6,717 12 0.8 85.5 5,855 14.7
Taiwan 1,746 17 4,931 11 6,677 13 0.7 86.3 5,257 27.0
Algeria 248 54 5,485 9 5,733 14 0.6 86.9 3,877 47.9
India 2,595 13 2,534 21 5,129 15 0.6 87.5 4,182 22.6
Peru 516 37 4,407 12 4,923 16 0.6 88.0 4,125 19.4
Switzerland 1,141 22 3,163 16 4,305 17 0.5 88.5 4,481 (3.9)
Canada1     3,956 14 3,956 18 0.4 89.0 3,957 (0.0)
Belgium 2,288 14 1,666 32 3,955 19 0.4 89.4 3,874 2.1
Australia 1,898 16 1,766 29 3,664 20 0.4 89.8 3,371 8.7
Saudi Arabia 860 24 2,742 18 3,602 21 0.4 90.2 3,001 20.1
Thailand 839 25 2,674 19 3,513 22 0.4 90.6 3,061 14.8
Hong Kong 2,966 10 319 68 3,285 23 0.4 91.0 2,251 45.9
Indonesia 1,644 18 1,429 36 3,072 24 0.3 91.3 2,325 32.1
Kazakhstan 153 62 2,854 17 3,007 25 0.3 91.7 2,425 24.0
Other countries 24,379   50,162   74,540   8.3 100.0 64,193 16.1
Grand Total Trade 447,521   445,764   893,285   100.0   803,050 11.2

Notes: R = Revised data. P = Preliminary data.

1 Imports from Canada to Canada are goods that were produced in Canada, exported to another country, and returned to Canada for any number of reasons (e.g. wrong size, wrong colour, did not sell).

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC19: Share of Canada's Total Exports through Pacific Gateway, 2011

        (Millions of dollars)
Region of destination Canada's
total exports
Total exports
through B.C.
Percentage share
through B.C.
Pacific Gateway
Marine Other modes
Asia1 46,542 33,807 72.6 32,904 903
China, People's Republic 16,789 11,986 71.4 11,677 309
Japan 10,671 9,355 87.7 9,231 124
Korea, South 5,085 4,364 85.8 4,298 67
India 2,595 1,260 48.5 1,238 22
Hong Kong 2,966 872 29.4 745 127
Taiwan 1,746 1,352 77.4 1,318 34
Indonesia 1,644 1,286 78.2 1,211 75
Other Asian countries 5,046 3,332 66.0 3,186 146
Oceania 2,375 1,033 43.5 886 147
South America 6,514 2,607 40.0 2,522 85
Middle East 5,837 1,658 28.4 1,531 127
Mexico 5,475 1,117 20.4 1,058 59
Central America and Caribbean 2,116 187 8.8 175 12
Africa 2,567 310 12.1 264 46
Eastern Europe 3,389 256 7.6 194 63
United States 330,150 23,471 7.1 2,648 20,822
Other North America 37 4 11.5 1 3
Western Europe 42,519 2,588 6.1 2,145 443
Total 447,521 67,038 15.0 44,327 22,711
Total U.S. only 330,150 23,471 7.1 2,648 20,822
Total non-U.S. countries 117,372 43,567 37.1 41,679 1,888

Note: Preliminary data for 2011.

1 Asia includes Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Pakistan, Singapore, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Mongolia, China (Peoples' Republic), Indonesia, East Timor, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Nepal, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

Source: Transport Canada, adapted from Statistics Canada, International Trade database

 

Table EC20: Tourism Demand in Canada, 2007 - 2011

        (Millions of dollars)
  2007 2008R 2009R 2010R 2011P Percentage change Per cent of
Totals 2011
2009/10 2010/11
Domestic
Transportation 22,057 23,974 21,596 23,726 27,294 9.9 15.0 43.0
Passenger air transport 11,270 12,013 10,950 12,008 13,859 9.7 15.4 21.8
Passenger rail transport 155 164 167 163 177 (2.4) 8.6 0.3
Interurban bus transport 658 723 700 703 715 0.4 1.7 1.1
Vehicle rental 1,096 1,142 1,154 1,163 1,232 0.8 5.9 1.9
Vehicle repairs and parts 1,237 1,298 1,261 1,308 1,354 3.7 3.5 2.1
Vehicle fuel 7,245 8,188 6,877 7,873 9,430 14.5 19.8 14.9
Other transportation 396 446 487 508 527 4.3 3.7 0.8
Accommodation 6,568 6,960 6,974 7,449 7,806 6.8 4.8 12.3
Food and beverage services 7,339 7,816 8,088 8,421 8,912 4.1 5.8 14.0
Other tourism commodities1 8,962 9,305 9,260 9,643 9,893 4.1 2.6 15.6
Total tourism commodities 44,926 48,055 45,918 49,239 53,905 7.2 9.5 85.0
Total other commodities 7,844 8,262 8,795 9,269 9,549 5.4 3.0 15.0
Tourism expenditures 52,770 56,317 54,713 58,508 63,454 6.9 8.5 100.0
 
Exports2
Transportation 4,525 4,513 3,636 4,098 4,496 12.7 9.7 29.2
Passenger air transport 2,652 2,661 2,137 2,552 2,822 19.4 10.6 18.3
Passenger rail transport 122 122 102 106 105 3.9 (0.9) 0.7
Interurban bus transport 355 348 296 307 324 3.7 5.5 2.1
Vehicle rental 501 499 405 403 431 (0.5) 6.9 2.8
Vehicle repairs and parts 84 82 67 69 70 3.0 1.4 0.5
Vehicle fuel 545 534 404 425 497 5.2 16.9 3.2
Other transportation 266 267 225 236 247 4.9 4.7 1.6
Accommodation 4,058 3,923 3,410 3,566 3,583 4.6 0.5 23.3
Food and beverage services 2,794 2,717 2,488 2,606 2,661 4.7 2.1 17.3
Other tourism commodities1 2,046 1,955 1,755 1,785 1,818 1.7 1.8 11.8
Total tourism commodities 13,423 13,108 11,289 12,055 12,558 6.8 4.2 81.6
Total other commodities 3,180 3,087 2,769 2,807 2,834 1.4 1.0 18.4
Tourism expenditures 16,603 16,195 14,058 14,862 15,392 5.7 3.6 100.0
 
Total
Transportation 26,582 28,487 25,232 27,824 31,790 10.3 14.3 40.3
Passenger air transport 13,922 14,674 13,087 14,560 16,681 11.3 14.6 21.2
Passenger rail transport 277 286 269 269 282 0.0 4.8 0.4
Interurban bus transport 1,013 1,071 996 1,010 1,039 1.4 2.9 1.3
Vehicle rental 1,597 1,641 1,559 1,566 1,663 0.4 6.2 2.1
Vehicle repairs and parts 1,321 1,380 1,328 1,377 1,424 3.7 3.4 1.8
Vehicle fuel 7,790 8,722 7,281 8,298 9,927 14.0 19.6 12.6
Other transportation 662 713 712 744 774 4.5 4.0 1.0
Accommodation 10,626 10,883 10,384 11,015 11,389 6.1 3.4 14.4
Food and beverage services 10,133 10,533 10,576 11,027 11,573 4.3 5.0 14.7
Other tourism commodities1 11,008 11,260 11,015 11,428 11,711 3.7 2.5 14.9
Total tourism commodities 58,349 61,163 57,207 61,294 66,463 7.1 8.4 84.3
Total other commodities 11,024 11,349 11,564 12,076 12,383 4.4 2.5 15.7
Tourism expenditures 69,373 72,512 68,771 73,370 78,846 6.7 7.5 100.0

Notes: R = Revised data. P= Preliminary data.

1 Including recreation and entertainment, travel agency services, pre-trip expenditures and convention fees.

2 Tourism exports (foreign demand).Source: Statistics Canada Cansim Table No. 387-0001

 

Date modified: