Transportation and the Economy - Tables 21-40

Table EC21: Canadian Travel Account and Passenger Fares, 2007-2011

   (Millions of dollars)
Travel Account 2007R 2008R 2009R 2010R 2011P Percentage change
2009/10 2010/11
Receipts
Total 16,578 16,544 15,547 16,198 16,759 4.2 3.5
U.S. 8,298 7,625 7,077 7,235 7,322 2.2 1.2
Other 8,280 8,919 8,469 8,963 9,437 5.8 5.3
Business 2,890 3,020 2,530 2,720 2,829 7.5 4.0
U.S.E 1,750 1,802 1,526 1,580 1,641 3.5 3.9
OtherE 1,140 1,218 1,003 1,140 1,189 13.7 4.3
Pleasure 13,688 13,525 13,017 13,478 13,929 3.5 3.3
U.S.E 6,548 5,823 5,551 5,655 5,681 1.9 0.5
OtherE 7,140 7,702 7,466 7,823 8,248 4.8 5.4
 
Payments
Total 26,511 28,629 27,692 30,464 32,661 10.0 7.2
U.S. 15,092 16,521 15,769 18,178 19,877 15.3 9.3
Other 11,418 12,108 11,924 12,286 12,784 3.0 4.1
Business 4,244 4,076 3,531 3,892 4,031 10.2 3.6
U.S.E 2,581 2,422 2,144 2,440 2,575 13.8 5.5
OtherE 1,663 1,654 1,387 1,452 1,456 4.7 0.3
Pleasure 22,266 24,553 24,162 26,571 28,630 10.0 7.7
U.S.E 12,511 14,099 13,625 15,738 17,302 15.5 9.9
OtherE 9,755 10,454 10,537 10,833 11,328 2.8 4.6
 
Balance
Total (9,933) (12,085) (12,146) (14,265) (15,902)    
U.S. (6,794) (8,896) (8,691) (10,943) (12,556)    
Other (3,139) (3,188) (3,455) (3,323) (3,346)    
Business (1,354) (1,057) (1,001) (1,172) (1,202)    
U.S.E (831) (620) (618) (860) (934)    
OtherE (523) (436) (384) (313) (267)    
Pleasure (8,578) (11,028) (11,145) (13,093) (14,701)    
U.S.E (5,963) (8,276) (8,074) (10,083) (11,621)    
OtherE (2,615) (2,752) (3,071) (3,010) (3,080)    

 

   (Millions of dollars)
Passenger Fares 2007R 2008R 2009R 2010R 2011P Percentage change
2009/10 2010/11
Receipts 2,531 2,692 2,097 2,697 N/A 28.6 N/A
Air (incl. water) 2,513 2,670 2,079 2,682 N/A 29.0 N/A
Land/other 18 22 18 15 N/A (16.7) N/A
 
Payments 6,936 7,062 6,889 7,461 N/A 8.3 N/A
Air (incl. water) 6,745 6,853 6,602 7,141 N/A 8.2 N/A
Land/other 191 209 287 320 N/A 11.5 N/A
 
Balance (4,405) (4,370) (4,792) (4,763) N/A    
Air (incl. water) (4,232) (4,183) (4,523) (4,458) N/A    
Land/other (173) (187) (269) (305) N/A    

Note: R= Revised data, P= Preliminary data. N/A= Non available. E= For 2011, the data is estimated and subject to revision.

Source: Statistics Canada, Cansim Tables 376-0001, 376-0031, 376-0032 , 376-0035 and unpublished data from Balance of Payments Division

 

Table EC21A: Domestic Travel in Canada, 2006 - 2010

   (Thousands of person-visits)
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Percentage
change 2009/10
Percentage of
totals 2010
Total travel 208,165 215,292 215,335 227,878 230,206 1.0 100.0
Same day 120,838 126,031 126,857 135,741 137,022 0.9 59.5
Overnight 87,327 89,262 88,479 92,137 93,183 1.1 40.5
 
Province of Destination:
Canada 208,165 215,292 215,335 227,878 230,206 1.0 100.0
Newfoundland and Labrador 2,993 2,901 2,948 3,270 3,423 4.7 1.5
Prince Edward Island 852 942 972 1,059 969 (8.5) 0.4
Nova Scotia 7,220 7,043 7,043 7,627 8,267 8.4 3.6
New Brunswick 5,122 5,268 4,909 5,263 5,189 (1.4) 2.3
Quebec 56,985 56,736 57,993 62,011 59,823 (3.5) 26.0
Ontario 84,307 88,030 86,120 89,450 91,140 1.9 39.6
Manitoba 7,612 7,473 7,462 8,299 8,350 0.6 3.6
Saskatchewan 8,052 8,124 8,010 8,664 8,800 1.6 3.8
Alberta 18,177 21,522 22,125 21,774 22,642 4.0 9.8
British Columbia 16,845 17,253 17,754 20,422 21,603 5.8 9.4
Territories 1 1 0 39 0 (100.0) 0.0
 
Mode
Total 208,165 215,292 215,335 227,878 230,206 1.0 100.0
Car, Truck or RV 192,890 199,207 198,982 211,288 213,207 0.9 92.6
Commercial Aircraft 5,173 6,028 5,505 5,978 5,963 (0.3) 2.6
Bus 4,769 4,698 4,787 4,130 4,496 8.9 2.0
Train 1,647 1,744 1,709 2,187 1,562 (28.6) 0.7
Boat or Ship 930 805 1,095 1,120 960 (14.3) 0.4
All Other 2,756 2,811 3,257 3,175 4,018 26.6 1.7
Same Day 120,838 126,031 126,857 135,741 137,022 0.9 100.0
Car, Truck or RV 116,433 121,686 121,431 130,189 131,604 1.1 96.0
Commercial Aircraft 180 359 292 346 316 (8.7) 0.2
Bus 1,987 1,689 1,927 1,687 1,921 13.9 1.4
Train 515 493 558 863 377 (56.3) 0.3
Boat or Ship 163 166 341 336 220 (34.5) 0.2
All Other 1,560 1,638 2,307 2,321 2,584 11.3 1.9
Overnight 87,327 89,262 88,479 92,137 93,183 1.1 100.0
Car, Truck or RV 76,456 77,521 77,551 81,099 81,603 0.6 87.6
Commercial Aircraft 4,993 5,669 5,213 5,632 5,647 0.3 6.1
Bus 2,782 3,009 2,860 2,443 2,575 5.4 2.8
Train 1,132 1,251 1,151 1,325 1,185 (10.6) 1.3
Boat or Ship 767 638 753 783 740 (5.5) 0.8
All Other 1,197 1,173 950 854 1,434 67.9 1.5
 
Purpose
Total 208,165 215,292 215,335 227,878 230,206 1.0 100.0
Visiting Friends and Relatives 94,292 97,901 97,831 103,019 107,166 4.0 46.6
Pleasure 80,675 82,362 82,124 87,050 85,619 (1.6) 37.2
Business 12,569 13,531 12,705 12,345 12,431 0.7 5.4
Other 20,629 21,499 22,674 25,464 24,990 (1.9) 10.9
Same Day 120,838 126,031 126,857 135,741 137,022 0.9 100.0
Visiting Friends and Relatives 54,657 57,121 57,536 60,838 62,467 2.7 45.6
Pleasure 42,809 44,021 43,989 47,151 47,174 0.0 34.4
Business 6,542 7,432 6,836 6,716 7,049 5.0 5.1
Other 16,830 17,457 18,495 21,037 20,333 (3.3) 14.8
Overnight 87,327 89,262 88,479 92,137 93,183 1.1 100.0
Visiting Friends and Relatives 39,636 40,779 40,296 42,181 44,699 6.0 48.0
Pleasure 37,866 38,341 38,135 39,900 38,445 (3.6) 41.3
Business 6,026 6,099 5,869 5,629 5,382 (4.4) 5.8
Other 3,799 4,042 4,179 4,427 4,657 5.2 5.0

Source: Statistics Canada, unpublished data from the Travel Survey of Residents of Canada

 

Table EC21B: Domestic Travel by Mode of Transport and by Purpose, 2010

   (Thousands of persons-visits)
Mode of transport Total Primary trip purpose (Same day) Primary trip purpose (Overnight) Business purpose (in percentage)
Total Non-business Business Total Non-business Business Total Same day Overnight
Automobile/Truck/RV 213,207 131,604 125,224 6,380 81,603 78,188 3,415 4.6 4.8 4.2
Airplane 5,963 316 50 266 5,647 4,177 1,470 29.1 84.2 26.0
Bus 4,496 1,921 1,710 211 2,575 2,399 176 8.6 11.0 6.8
Rail 1,562 377 300 77 1,185 1,032 153 14.8 20.4 12.9
Boat 960 220 195 25 740 679 61 8.9 11.4 8.2
Other modes 4,018 2,584 2,494 90 1,434 1,327 107 4.9 3.5 7.5
Total 230,206 137,022 129,973 7,049 93,184 87,802 5,382 5.4 5.1 5.8

Source: Statistics Canada, unpublished data from the Travel Survey of Residents of Canada

 

Table EC22: International Travel Summary, 2007 - 2011

   (Thousands of person-trips)
  2007 2008 2009 2010R 2011 Percentage change Per cent of totals
2009/10 2010/11 2010 2011
Canadians 50,045 51,737 47,484 53,620 59,092 12.9 10.2 100.0 100.0
to U.S. 42,641 43,613 39,254 44,903 49,984 14.4 11.3 83.7 84.6
Same Day 24,881 24,703 21,281 24,942 28,953 17.2 16.1 46.5 49.0
Auto 24,224 24,049 20,858 24,471 28,463 17.3 16.3 45.6 48.2
Plane 56 72 59 61 61 4.6 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bus 530 517 316 360 385 13.9 6.7 0.7 0.7
Boat 4 5 3 3 3 (0.8) (15.0) 0.0 0.0
Foot 59 51 40 40 37 (0.4) (7.4) 0.1 0.1
Other 8 8 4 5 5 20.8 (16.1) 0.0 0.0
Overnight 17,760 18,910 17,973 19,961 21,031 11.1 5.4 37.2 35.6
Auto 10,608 11,341 10,796 11,913 12,366 10.3 3.8 22.2 20.9
Plane 5,883 6,348 6,098 6,910 7,467 13.3 8.1 12.9 12.6
Train 31 31 27 44 45 59.8 4.6 0.1 0.1
Bus 674 673 565 621 657 9.8 5.8 1.2 1.1
Boat 164 172 187 155 158 (17.2) 2.4 0.3 0.3
Foot 280 237 196 208 228 5.8 9.7 0.4 0.4
Other 119 108 104 111 109 7.2 (2.0) 0.2 0.2
to Other Countries 7,404 8,124 8,230 8,717 9,108 5.9 4.5 16.3 15.4
Air 7,391 8,110 8,218 8,701 9,094 5.9 4.5 16.2 15.4
via U.S 1,005 1,076 1,217 1,618 1,761 32.9 8.9 3.0 3.0
Boat 7 8 7 8 7 19.1 (15.1) 0.0 0.0
Land (via U.S.) 5 5 5 8 8 52.8 (1.2) 0.0 0.0
 
U.S. Residents 25,695 22,606 20,526 20,213 19,559 (1.5) (3.2) 100.0 100.0
Same Day 12,323 10,102 8,858 8,465 8,052 (4.4) (4.9) 41.9 41.2
Auto 11,164 9,103 7,838 7,439 6,998 (5.1) (5.9) 36.8 35.8
Plane 252 215 193 205 231 6.1 12.7 1.0 1.2
Train 24 27 31 36 37 15.9 1.8 0.2 0.2
Bus 479 441 409 439 425 7.2 (3.0) 2.2 2.2
Boat 311 288 331 265 314 (19.8) 18.6 1.3 1.6
Foot 88 25 53 77 45 44.2 (41.8) 0.4 0.2
Other 5 1 3 4 3 54.2 (41.1) 0.0 0.0
Overnight 13,371 12,504 11,667 11,749 11,506 0.7 (2.1) 58.1 58.8
Auto 7,961 7,367 7,051 6,922 6,651 (1.8) (3.9) 34.2 34.0
Plane 3,777 3,591 3,280 3,465 3,489 5.7 0.7 17.1 17.8
Train 106 105 92 109 114 18.5 4.7 0.5 0.6
Bus 462 391 291 333 352 14.4 5.5 1.6 1.8
Boat 690 683 663 647 594 (2.5) (8.1) 3.2 3.0
Foot 330 325 258 239 272 (7.5) 13.9 1.2 1.4
Other 46 42 32 34 34 3.7 1.0 0.2 0.2
 
Non-U.S. Residents 4,679 4,764 4,170 4,456 4,523 6.8 1.5 100.0 100.0
Land 499 542 519 598 556 15.3 (7.1) 13.4 12.3
Same Day 119 126 100 107 104 6.9 (3.2) 2.4 2.3
Overnight 379 416 419 491 452 17.3 (8.0) 11.0 10.0
Plane 4,037 4,061 3,501 3,697 3,802 5.6 2.8 83.0 84.1
via U.S. 908 864 766 956 959 24.7 0.3 21.4 21.2
Boat 143 162 150 160 165 6.8 3.4 3.6 3.7
via U.S. 133 149 138 147 152 6.3 3.7 3.3 3.4
 
Total International Travellers 80,418 79,107 72,180 78,289 83,173 8.5 6.2    

Note: R = Revised data.

Source: Statistics Canada, Cansim Table No. 427-0001

 

Table EC23: Visitors to Canada from Countries other than the United States, 2007-2011

   (Thousands of person-trips)
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Percentage change Per cent of
Total 2011
2009/10 2010/11
Europe
United Kingdom 926 870 724 727 695 0.4 (4.5) 15.4
France 379 425 412 441 465 7.0 5.4 10.3
Germany 318 332 319 342 324 7.3 (5.3) 7.2
Switzerland 96 99 101 107 112 6.4 4.7 2.5
Netherlands 124 124 111 111 107 0.2 (3.5) 2.4
Italy 103 106 99 108 104 9.1 (3.6) 2.3
Spain 67 76 73 69 68 -5.9 (0.7) 1.5
Belgium 46 50 49 53 55 9.3 4.1 1.2
Ireland 51 51 45 48 44 7.4 (8.5) 1.0
Sweden 33 36 32 38 41 19.4 9.9 0.9
Denmark 29 32 27 34 39 23.5 14.9 0.9
Other Europe 258 291 261 288 284 10.0 (1.2) 6.3
Total 2,430 2,492 2,252 2,365 2,339 5.0 (1.1) 51.7
 
Africa
South Africa 24 24 19 19 21 0.8 10.0 0.5
Other Africa 63 67 68 75 75 10.1 0.3 1.7
Total 87 91 87 94 96 8.1 2.3 2.1
 
Asia/ Middle East
China 156 166 166 200 249 20.4 24.4 5.5
Japan 343 287 206 243 219 18.2 (10.0) 4.8
South Korea 213 197 144 170 156 17.9 (8.4) 3.4
India 105 115 112 132 144 18.5 9.2 3.2
Hong Kong 116 132 112 119 127 6.8 6.2 2.8
Israel 71 68 59 62 64 5.0 4.3 1.4
Philippines 59 62 63 57 61 -9.8 8.3 1.4
Taiwan 83 63 52 54 59 5.5 7.4 1.3
Singapore 25 26 22 26 31 16.9 20.2 0.7
Other Asia/ Middle East 138 149 148 167 186 12.7 11.2 4.1
Total 1,308 1,265 1,083 1,230 1,295 13.6 5.3 28.6
 
North America, Central America and Caribbean
Mexico 251 271 172 124 137 -28.0 10.6 3.0
Other North America 17 23 21 18 16 -10.5 (11.3) 0.4
Central America 19 20 19 20 20 4.7 (2.4) 0.4
Caribbean 138 137 129 136 136 5.4 0.1 3.0
Total 425 451 341 298 309 -12.5 3.6 6.8
 
South America
Brazil 67 72 62 81 88 29.8 9.5 2.0
Other South America 86 91 86 92 94 7.8 2.2 2.1
Total 153 164 148 173 183 17.1 5.6 4.0
 
Oceania and other Ocean Islands
Australia 229 249 214 244 253 14.3 3.8 5.6
New Zealand 44 48 43 47 44 10.5 (6.6) 1.0
Other Oceania 4 4 3 4 4 4.6 (1.8) 0.1
Total 276 301 260 295 301 13.5 2.0 6.7
 
Total Other Than U.S. 4,679 4,764 4,170 4,456 4,523 6.8 1.5 100.0

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey

 

Table EC24: Overnight Visits to the United States by Canadians - Top 20 States, 2009 and 2010

   (Thousands of person-visits)
Selected states 2009 2010 Percentage
change 2009/10
Per cent of
Total 2010
Cumulative
Per cent 2010
New York 2,946 3,446 17.0 12.6 12.6
Florida 2,644 3,102 17.3 11.3 23.9
Washington 2,057 2,311 12.4 8.4 32.4
California 1,233 1,451 17.7 5.3 37.7
Michigan 1,293 1,396 8.0 5.1 42.8
Nevada 1,292 1,366 5.8 5.0 47.8
Maine 836 900 7.7 3.3 51.1
Pennsylvania 759 897 18.3 3.3 54.4
Montana 583 747 28.0 2.7 57.1
Vermont 741 723 (2.3) 2.6 59.7
North Dakota 586 686 17.0 2.5 62.2
Massachusetts 645 662 2.7 2.4 64.7
Minnesota 544 651 19.6 2.4 67.0
Arizona 557 650 16.6 2.4 69.4
Virginia 553 573 3.6 2.1 71.5
Ohio 557 544 (2.3) 2.0 73.5
New Hampshire 391 472 20.6 1.7 75.2
Hawaii 377 462 22.6 1.7 76.9
Illinois 395 452 14.3 1.7 78.6
South Carolina 529 449 (15.1) 1.6 80.2
Other States 5,396 5,415 0.4 19.8 100.0
Total 24,914 27,356 9.8 100.0  

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey unpublished data

 

Table EC25: Same Day Visits to the United States by Canadians - Top 20 States, 2009 and 2010

   (Thousands of person-visits)
Selected states 2009 2010 Percentage
change 2009/10
Per cent of
Total 2010
Cumulative
Per cent 2010
New York 7,842 8,819 12.5 22.2 22.2
Michigan 6,155 6,660 8.2 16.7 38.9
Washington 4,686 5,993 27.9 15.1 54.0
Maine 3,096 3,405 10.0 8.6 62.5
Minnesota 1,799 2,305 28.1 5.8 68.3
Vermont 1,798 1,815 0.9 4.6 72.9
Pennsylvania 1,016 935 -7.9 2.4 75.2
North Dakota 713 793 11.2 2.0 77.2
Idaho 573 707 23.4 1.8 79.0
New Hampshire 598 604 1.0 1.5 80.5
Georgia 558 575 3.1 1.4 82.0
North Carolina 576 557 -3.2 1.4 83.4
Maryland 538 549 2.0 1.4 84.8
Virginia 554 463 -16.5 1.2 85.9
Ohio 431 431 0.0 1.1 87.0
Montana 345 409 18.8 1.0 88.0
South Carolina 368 400 8.4 1.0 89.0
Illinois 343 382 11.6 1.0 90.0
Florida 314 375 19.3 0.9 90.9
West Virginia 315 351 11.3 0.9 91.8
Other States 2,977 3,251 9.2 8.2 100.0
Total 35,594 39,779 11.8 100.0  

Note: Includes same day automobile.

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey unpublished data

 

Table EC26: Overnight Visits by Canadians to Countries other than the United States, 2009 and 2010

   (Thousands of visits)
  2009 2010 Percentage
Change 2009/10
Per cent of
Total 2010
Europe 4,218 4,245 0.6 40.3
United Kingdom 873 880 0.8 8.4
France 735 740 0.7 7.0
Italy 362 376 3.8 3.6
Germany 312 329 5.4 3.1
Netherlands 260 225 (13.5) 2.1
Spain 218 217 (0.7) 2.1
Ireland 173 160 (7.3) 1.5
Switzerland 147 144 (2.2) 1.4
Austria 123 140 13.9 1.3
Greece 137 121 (11.6) 1.2
Belgium 126 115 (8.7) 1.1
Portugal 117 111 (4.9) 1.1
Czech Republic 67 82 21.6 0.8
Other 569 606 6.5 5.8
 
Africa 312 328 5.1 3.1
South Africa 63 69 10.6 0.7
Other 249 259 3.7 2.5
 
Asia 1,384 1,405 1.5 13.3
Mainland China 264 300 13.7 2.8
Hong Kong 213 183 (13.8) 1.7
Japan 110 117 5.7 1.1
India 92 113 23.0 1.1
Thailand 97 85 (12.7) 0.8
Phillipines 79 75 (4.3) 0.7
Singapore 64 64 (1.4) 0.6
Other 465 469 0.8 4.5
 
Carribean countries 2,465 2,468 0.1 23.4
Cuba 979 1,010 3.2 9.6
Dominican Republic 876 753 (14.0) 7.2
Jamaica 122 166 36.7 1.6
Bahamas 128 121 (5.0) 1.2
Dutch West Indies 70 75 6.7 0.7
Other 290 343 18.0 3.3
 
Central and South America 413 513 24.1 4.9
Costa Rica 49 105 113.2 1.0
Peru 31 54 71.6 0.5
Argentina 37 44 18.5 0.4
Guatemala 39 42 7.1 0.4
Other 256 268 4.6 2.5
 
North America 1,216 1,367 12.4 13.0
Mexico 1,209 1,354 12.0 12.9
Other 7 13 79.5 0.1
 
Oceania 169 203 19.9 1.9
Australia and New Zealand 160 186 16.6 1.8
Other 10 17 73.5 0.2
 
Grand Total 10,177 10,529 3.5 100.0

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey unpublished data

 

Table EC27: Canada - United States Travel by Mode of Transport and by Purpose, 2010

   (Thousands of person-trips)
  Total Primary trip purpose (Same day) Primary trip purpose (Overnight) Business purpose (Percentage)
Total Non-business Business Total Non-business Business Total Same day Overnight
Canadian Residents
Automobile 36,384 24,471 22,218 2,254 11,913 11,282 631 7.9 9.2 5.3
Airplane 6,971 62 14 48 6,910 5,308 1,602 23.7 78.0 23.2
Bus 981 357 344 13 624 609 15 2.9 3.6 2.5
Rail 44 0 0 0 44 39 5 11.2 0.0 11.2
Boat 158 3 3 0 155 146 9 5.4 0.0 5.5
Other modes 365 46 46 0 319 308 11 3.1 0.0 3.5
Total 44,903 24,938 22,624 2,315 19,965 17,692 2,273 10.2 9.3 11.4
 
U.S. Residents
Automobile 14,362 7,439 6,855 585 6,923 6,554 369 6.6 7.9 5.3
Airplane 3,670 205 143 62 3,465 2,115 1,350 38.5 30.4 39.0
Bus 772 439 431 8 333 324 9 2.2 1.8 2.7
Rail 145 36 36 0 109 103 6 3.9 0.0 5.1
Boat 912 265 263 2 647 647 0 0.2 0.7 0.0
Other modes 353 81 81 0 272 265 7 2.1 0.0 2.7
Total 20,214 8,465 7,809 657 11,749 10,008 1,740 11.9 7.8 14.8
 
Canadian and U.S. Residents
Automobile 50,746 31,911 29,072 2,838 18,836 17,836 1,000 7.6 8.9 5.3
Airplane 10,642 267 157 110 10,375 7,423 2,951 28.8 41.4 28.4
Bus 1,753 795 775 21 958 934 24 2.6 2.6 2.5
Rail 189 36 36 0 153 142 11 5.6 0.0 6.9
Boat 1,070 268 266 2 802 793 9 1.0 0.7 1.1
Other modes 718 127 127 0 591 573 19 2.6 0.0 3.1
Total 65,117 33,403 30,432 2,971 31,713 27,700 4,013 10.7 8.9 12.7

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey unpublished data

 

Table EC28: Overseas Travel by Mode of Transport and by Purpose, 2010

   (Thousands of person-trips)
  Total Primary trip purpose (Same day) Primary trip purpose (Overnight) Business purpose (Percentage)
Total Non-business Business Total Non-business Business Total Same day Overnight
Canadian Residents
Automobile 13 0 0 0 13 13 0 2.3 N/A 2.3
Airplane 8,689 0 0 0 8,689 7,969 720 8.3 N/A 8.3
Bus 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0.0 N/A 0.0
Boat 14 1 1 0 13 12 0 2.9 0.0 3.2
Total 8,717 1 1 0 8,716 7,995 721 8.3 0.0 8.3
 
Foreign residents1
Airplane 4,456 338 313 24 4,118 3,453 665 15.5 7.2 16.2
Boat 0       0     N/A N/A N/A
Total 4,456 338 313 24 4,118 3,453 665 15.5 7.2 16.2
 
Canadian and foreign residents
Automobile 13 0 0 0 13 13 0 2.3 N/A 2.3
Airplane 13,145 338 313 24 12,807 11,422 1,385 10.7 7.2 10.8
Bus 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0.0 N/A 0.0
Boat 14 1 1 0 13 12 0 2.9 0.0 3.2
Total 13,173 339 315 24 12,834 11,448 1,386 10.7 7.2 10.8

Note: N/A = Not applicable

1 Excludes U.S. residents

Source: Statistics Canada, International Travel Survey unpublished data

 

Table EC29: Employment in the Transportation Sector, 2001 - 2010

  2001R 2002R 2003R 2004R 2005R 2006R 2007R 2008R 2009R 2010R
Transport Services/Infrastructure
AirA 81.8 77.5 81.3 81.2 82.1 82.8 91.4 89.9 92.4 91.1
MarineB 27.6R 28.2E 28.4E 30.0E 29.2E 28.5 30.7E 30.5E 29.0E 28.7E
RailC 39.5 37.3 36.4 35.6 35.0 34.1 34.3 34.4 31.7 32.0R
TruckD,3 318.7 326.9 327.9 344.1 356.9 379.9 388.3 415.1P 391.2E 406.1E
Bus/Urban TransitE 95.3R 93.2R 91.9R 92.2R 89.5R 94.6R 93.2R 98.6R 103.1R 103.7R
TaxiF 12.4 13.1 12.7 12.7 12.6 12.3 12.1 12.2 11.7 11.5
HighwayG,R 56.1R 53.1R 52.2R 54.1R 54.7R 55.7R 57.9R 58.6R 57.9R 56.5P
OtherH 95.9 96.4 98.0 100.7 106.6 115.4 120.2 122.1 120.9 121.3
Total2 727.3R 725.7R 728.9R 750.6R 766.5R 803.3R 828.1R 861.4R 838.0R 851.0R
 
Government Services
TotalI 27.9 28.1 28.7 28.9 29.6 30.1E 30.2E 30.2E 30.0E 30.0E
 
Associated Services
AirJ 39.3 37.0 36.1 37.0 39.3 39.3 40.0 42.4 39.6 36.9
MarineK 6.2R 6.3R 6.2R 6.3R 6.3R 6.3R 6.5R 6.7R 6.7R 6.7R
Total2 45.5 43.3 42.3 43.3 45.6 45.5 46.5 49.1 46.2E 43.6E
 
Grand Total2 800.7R 797.2R 799.9R 822.7R 841.7R 879.0R 904.7R 940.7R 914.3E 924.6E
Yearly Growth (%):   (0.4) 0.3 2.9 2.3 4.4 2.9 4.0 (2.8) 1.1

Notes: R = Revised data; E= Estimated data; P= Preliminary data.

Due to confidential data that has only been included in Totals or the Grand Total, the individual sections do not necessarily add to the sums shown in the table.

1 Transport Canada estimates

2 Including full-time and part-time employees, where "part-time" are converted to "Full-time Equivalents" (FTEs), when possible.

3 Excluding private trucking data as Statistics Canada 's Private Trucking survey was cancelled in 1999; Including full and part-time employees of the for-hire carriers, owner-operators; delivery drivers.

Sources:

  1. Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH), CANSIM, Table 281-0024, (Based on North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), Canadian Airport Authorities; Local Airport Authorities; Transport Canada.

  2. Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census: data products (Labour-occupations), estimation for non-census years; St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation, Canadian Port Authorities.

  3. Transport Canada estimates based on Statistics Canada, Rail in Canada, Cat. 52-216.

  4. Statistics Canada, Trucking in Canada, Cat. 53-222 and Service Bulletin, Cat. 50-002; special tabulations; CANSIM series; Transport Canada for some years.

  5. Statistics Canada, Service Bulletin. Cat. 50-002; CANSIM series

  6. Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH), CANSIM series, Table 281-0024.

  7. Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH), CANSIM series.

  8. Includes scenic and sightseeing transport (471), support activities for road transportation (4884), freight transportation arrangement (4885), couriers and messengers (492), pipeline (486), and Other transit and ground passenger transportation (4859).

  9. Government Estimates, Transport Canada estimates for provincial and territorial employment.

  10. Statistics Canada, SEPH - Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services; preliminary data for 2009.K Ferry operators in Canada.

 

Table EC30: Employment in the Rail Industry, 2001-2010

  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009R 2010
Class I
General 6,389 5,797 5,688 5,654 5,705 5,316 4,631 4,666 4,517 4,532
Transportation 13,624 13,478 13,589 13,420 13,537 13,192 14,225 14,367 12,524 12,720
Equipment Maintenance 6,381 5,488 5,359 4,986 5,145 5,107 5,112 5,102 4,803 4,790
Road Maintenance 7,622 7,243 6,959 6,906 7,139 7,155 7,087 7,212 7,075 7,150
Total 34,016 32,005 31,595 30,966 31,526 30,770 31,055 31,347 28,919 29,193
 
Class II1
General 703 713 689 710 492 552 538 502 482 454
Transportation 2,145 2,105 1,933 1,846 1,408 1,281 1,264 1,176 1,012 1,047
Equipment Maintenance 1,067 998 882 868 629 610 615 611 562 596
Road Maintenance 1,600 1,457 1,298 1,192 920 853 817 755 717 717
Total 5,514 5,273 4,802 4,616 3,449 3,296 3,234 3,045 2,772 2,813
 
Total Rail2
General 7,092 6,510 6,377 6,364 6,197 5,868 5,169 5,168 4,999 4,986
Transportation 15,769 15,583 15,522 15,266 14,945 14,473 15,489 15,543 13,536 13,767
Equipment Maintenance 7,448 6,486 6,241 5,854 5,774 5,717 5,727 5,713 5,365 5,386
Road Maintenance 9,222 8,700 8,257 8,098 8,059 8,008 7,904 7,967 7,792 7,867
Total 39,530 37,279 36,397 35,582 34,975 34,066 34,289 34,392 31,691 32,006

Note: R = Revised. Refer to Table RA5 for a summary of railway employment and compensation.

1 Data may be understated due to exclusion of an estimation of some Class II railways which did not report their employment information. Class II include regional and shortline carriers.

2 “Total Rail” employment limited to carrier personnel (does not include incidental rail services).

Source: Transport Canada and Statistics Canada, Rail Carrier annual reports.

 

Table EC31: Average Annual Compensation in the Rail Industry, 2001-2010

   (Current dollars)
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009R 2010
Class I
General 66,318 70,181 70,224 73,440 75,410 84,216 85,637 85,930 92,581 87,536
Transportation 70,945 70,444 71,462 71,120 77,771 77,874 78,044 79,778 80,461 84,039
Equipment Maintenance 51,572 54,008 56,812 58,129 60,830 60,702 62,333 63,172 63,155 65,902
Road Maintenance 54,334 57,125 60,293 59,157 65,533 63,029 63,576 65,504 64,814 67,743
Total 62,720 64,564 66,294 66,784 71,808 72,668 73,288 74,707 75,652 77,614
 
Class II1
General 53,692 52,335 60,544 56,944 62,021 60,022 61,296 68,165 65,227 71,645
Transportation 59,704 60,038 62,497 66,072 65,418 64,778 63,655 67,025 66,375 70,672
Equipment Maintenance 51,464 54,719 59,459 58,208 61,374 60,426 58,261 62,060 63,402 62,362
Road Maintenance 46,007 49,397 49,941 52,597 52,405 52,471 53,318 59,257 54,923 57,305
Total 53,370 55,049 58,265 59,709 60,725 59,992 59,643 64,306 62,610 65,663
 
Total Rail2
General 65,066 68,226 69,179 71,599 74,347 81,940 83,103 84,204 89,946 86,090
Transportation 69,417 69,038 70,346 70,510 76,607 76,715 76,869 78,813 79,409 83,023
Equipment Maintenance 51,557 54,117 57,186 58,141 60,889 60,673 61,895 63,053 63,181 65,511
Road Maintenance 52,890 55,831 58,666 58,191 64,035 61,905 62,516 64,912 63,904 66,792
Total 61,416 63,218 65,235 65,866 70,715 71,441 72,001 73,786 74,511 76,564

Note: R = Revised. Refer to Table RA5 for a summary of railway employment and compensation.

1 Class II railways include regional and shortline carriers.

2 “Total Rail” employment is limited to carrier personnel (does not include incidental rail services).

Source: Transport Canada and Statistics Canada, Rail Carrier annual reports.

 

Table EC32 : Total Employement in the Trucking Industry, 2001 - 2010

  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
For-Hire 140,598 147,084 149,292 169,570 178,401 191,002 185,010 208,036 189,249 201,111
Medium and Large1 117,596 123,248 123,974 144,470 153,632 164,695 159,930 182,282 N/A N/A
Small2 23,002 23,836 25,318 25,100 24,769 26,307 25,080 25,754 N/A N/A
Employment by Owner-Operators3 78,219 78,783 78,632 74,221 78,032 87,170 101,330 104,029 101,000E 102,500E
Subtotal 218,817 225,867 227,924 243,791 256,433 278,172 286,340 312,065 290,249 303,611
Delivery Drivers4 99,915 101,000 100,000 100,300 100,500 101,700 102,000 103,000 101,000 102,500
Total5 318,732 326,867 327,924 344,091 356,933 379,872 388,340 415,065 391,249 406,111

Notes: Full-time and part-time employees; R= Revised data. E= Estimated data.

1 Includes Canadian-domiciled for-hire carriers with annual operating revenues of $1 million or more.

2 Includes Canadian-domiciled for-hire carriers with annual operating revenues greater than $30,000 and less than $1 million.

3 Includes Canadian-domiciled owner-operators with annual operating revenues of $30,000 or more.

4 Based on 2001 and 2006 Census data; Estimated values for all years except 2001 and 2006.

5 Excluding private trucking data as Statistics Canada's Private Trucking survey was cancelled in 1999.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Trucking in Canada, Cat. 53-222-XPB; Service Bulletin, Cat. 50-002; CANSIM Table 403-0011; 2006 Census, Special Tabulations and Transport Canada.

 

Table EC33: Employment in the Trucking Industry By Region, 2006 - 2010

  Company drivers Total All employees1
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Employment by For-hire firms2
Atlantic provinces 7,902 7,797 8,935 8,442 8,156 13,177 13,802 15,830 14,385 13,927
Quebec 29,216 23,873 25,538 31,888 30,087 45,621 36,976 39,332 45,791 45,498
Ontario 43,174 41,695 46,393 37,570 44,030 68,745 68,548 74,593 60,152 72,347
Prairie Provinces 28,563 28,943 34,358 31,505 33,271 46,169 48,198 58,500 49,391 50,452
British Columbia and Territories 11,143 10,505 12,008 13,777 12,886 17,290 17,486 19,781 19,530 18,887
Total Canada 119,998 112,813 127,232 123,182 128,430 191,002 185,010 208,036 189,249 201,111
 
Employment by Owner-Operators3
Atlantic provinces 3,961 4,898 5,064 N/A N/A 5,124 6,565 6,790 N/A N/A
Quebec 11,564 14,755 15,168 N/A N/A 15,452 19,936 20,495 N/A N/A
Ontario 23,462 28,545 29,499 N/A N/A 30,346 35,817 37,013 N/A N/A
Prairie Provinces 17,388 19,327 19,794 N/A N/A 23,190 25,321 25,933 N/A N/A
British Columbia and Territories 9,911 10,870 10,956 N/A N/A 13,058 13,691 13,798 N/A N/A
Total Canada 66,286 78,395 80,481 78,500E 79,500E 87,170 101,330 104,029 101,000E 102,500E
(Number of Owner operators) 43,951 52,583 56,892 59,996 54,086 43,951 52,583 56,892 59,996 54,086
 
Total Employment For-hire and Owner operators 186,284 191,208 207,713 201,682 207,930 278,172 286,340 312,065 290,249 303,611
Growth rate (percentage) 6.8 2.6 8.6 -2.9 3.1 8.5 2.9 9.0 -7.0 4.6
Employment by Private trucking4 N/A N/A N/A   N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Notes:

1 Full-time and part-time employees; E= Estimated data; N/A= Not available.

2 Includes Canadian-domiciled for-hire carriers with annual operating revenues of $30,000 or more.

3 Includes Canadian-domiciled owner operators with annual revenues of $30,000 or more.

4 Not available as Statistics Canada's Private Trucking Survey was suspended in 1999 until further notice.

Source: Statistics Canada, Service bulletin, Cat. 50-002, and special tabulation; CANSIM table 403-0011 and Transport Canada

 

Table EC34: Average Weekly Earnings in the Trucking Industry, 2002 - 2011

   (Current Dollars)
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011P
Eastern Canada
Newfoundland and Labrador 638 649 653 693 700 726 756 786 775 799
Prince Edward Island 554 538 538 577 594 614 655 682 734 N/A
Nova Scotia 623 622 637 702 726 771 813 740 786 767
New Brunswick 603 602 614 656 681 707 741 736 N/A 787
Quebec 590 604 625 681 699 736 758 752 759 760
Ontario 767 785 809 838 838 843 858 809 827 840
 
Western Canada
Manitoba 701 712 724 762 774 797 847 840 893 893
Saskatchewan 631 651 683 745 781 828 896 875 917 968
Alberta 686 719 775 853 898 939 1035 991 999 1098
British Columbia 741 743 751 786 786 813 841 860 885 941
Yukon N/A 643 645 728 785 802 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 
Canada 685 702 727 776 793 820 859 833 851 884

Notes: P= Preliminary data. N/A= Not available.

Industries classified in accordance with the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS). Truck transportation industries (NAICS 484) include general freight trucking (NAICS 4841) and specialized freight trucking (NAICS 4842). Average weekly earnings for all employees, including overtime.

Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours, CANSIM Table 281-0027

 

Table EC35: Employment in Taxi and Limousine Services by Province, 2002 - 2011

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011P
New Brunswick N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 218 N/A N/A
Quebec 2,423 2,348 2,332 2,300 2,340 2,462 2,617 2,459 2,395 2,501
Ontario 4,643 4,466 4,518 4,563 4,762 4,797 4,883 4,800 4,857 4,861
Manitoba N/A N/A N/A 488 N/A N/A 464 441 493 528
British Columbia 3,672 3,551 3,492 3,471 2,914 2,443 2,470 2,249 2,025 2,189
Nunavut N/A N/A N/A 25 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Other Provinces/Territories 2,398 2,322 2,313 1,767 2,304 2,356 1,778 1,523 1,769 1,777
Canada 13,136 12,687 12,655 12,614 12,320 12,058 12,212 11,690 11,539 11,856

Notes: P= Preliminary data. N/A = Not available.

Data in this table concerning taxi and limousine services are derived from Statistics Canada's Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours. As such, taxi and limousine services is a particular class of industry, as opposed to an occupational group, amongst other industries classified in accordance with the NorthAmerican Industrial Classification System (NAICS).

Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours, CANSIM Table 281-0024

 

Table EC36: Employment in the Bus Industry, 2001 - 2010

  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007R 2008 2009R 2010P
Intercity Operators
Drivers 2,822 2,838 4,200 4,274 3,443 3,025 3,224 2,984 2,991 3,120
Mechanics 316 322 473 465 352 263 311 332 327 359
Other 1,744 1,783 2,157 2,101 1,495 1,659 1,725 1,619 1,648 1,693
Total 4,882 4,943 6,830 6,840 5,290 4,947 5,260 4,935 4,966 5,172
 
School Bus Operators
Drivers 32,954 32,244 30,835 29,431 27,861 31,892 27,560 29,011 30,729 29,428
Mechanics 1,753 1,517 1,519 1,539 1,324 1,856 1,734 1,742 2,100 1,725
Other 3,997 3,843 2,809 2,593 2,177 2,660 2,536 2,610 2,687 2,695
Total 38,704 37,604 35,163 33,563 31,362 36,408 31,830 33,363 35,516 33,848
 
Charter and Sightseeing1
Drivers 2,587 2,556 2,978 2,844 2,976 3,501 3,396 3,791 3,751 3,485
Mechanics 133 124 246 222 339 382 465 413 427 392
Other 573 506 675 624 808 885 1,018 980 1,002 1,086
Total 3,293 3,186 3,899 3,690 4,123 4,768 4,879 5,184 5,180 4,963
 
Other transit-Shuttle1
Drivers 2,266 2,472 2,115 2,344 2,099 1,716 1,783 2,139 1,962 2,406
Mechanics 59 70 78 80 55 57 58 73 62 71
Other 566 633 530 506 478 541 565 686 581 552
Total 2,891 3,175 2,723 2,930 2,632 2,314 2,406 2,898 2,605 3,029
 
Urban Transit Operators1
Drivers 24,565 24,397 23,968 24,330 24,542 24,417 26,776 28,944 30,139 30,972
Mechanics 4,708 4,540 3,154 3,272 3,305 3,348 3,469 3,733 4,094 4,434
Other 13,999 13,035 15,341 16,778 17,486 17,674 18,585 19,554 20,572 21,255
Total 43,272 41,972 42,463 44,380 45,333 45,439 48,830 52,231 54,805 56,661
 
Other2
Drivers 995 1,003 651 639 569 542 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mechanics 108 110 46 49 40 67 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Other 1,153 1,167 164 154 133 125 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total 2,256 2,280 861 842 742 734 0 0 0 0
 
Total EmployeesR 95,298 93,160 91,939 92,245 89,482 94,610 93,205 98,611 103,072 103,673

Notes: R= Revised data. P= Preliminary data. N/A= Non applicable. Full-time and part-time employees.

1 New groups: "Charter and sightseeing" categories and "Other Transit and Shuttle" categories now merged in recent Statistics Canada publication. Urban Transit employment data coming from Statistics Canada Survey on passenger bus and urban transit..

2 "Other" includes companies with bus or urban transit activities that are not part of the six bus-related NAICS categories. NAICS= North American Industry Classification System.

Source: Statistics Canada, Service Bulletin, Cat. 50-002, Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Survey; CANSIM Table 408-0007.

 

Table EC37: Urban Transit Employment by Region, 2001 – 2010

  Atlantic
Region1
Quebec Ontario Prairie
Provinces2
British
Columbia3
Canada
total4
2001 770 10,834 18,054 6,098 5,666 41,422
2002 783 10,986 18,161 6,177 5,840 41,947
2003 810 11,113 18,671 6,011 6,190 42,795
2004 836 11,186 19,041 6,555 5,912 43,530
2005 923 11,242 19,741 6,910 5,890 44,706
2006 977 11,551 19,639 7,109 6,138 45,414
2007 974 11,713 20,437 7,149 6,540 46,813
2008 1,048 12,277 22,311 7,705 7,111 50,452
2009 1,151 12,368 22,725 7,766 7,721 51,731
2010 1,177 12,908 23,346 7,818 7,663 52,912

Notes: Employment tabulations include full-time and part-time employees.

1 Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.

2 Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.

3 British Columbia includes employment figures for the territories.

4 Numbers are different from those in Table EC36 as urban transit operators figures (in Statistics Canada Survey) also include estimated data from urban transit activity in other industries.

Source: Transport Canada, special tabulations adapted from Canadian Urban Transit Association (CUTA)

 

Table EC38: Average Annual Compensation in the Bus Industry, 2001 - 2010

   (Current dollars)
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007R 2008 2009R 2010P
Intercity Operators 39,404 40,446 33,946 35,416 45,555 52,595 53,157 64,833 61,383 66,015
School Bus Operators 15,467 17,997 17,858 19,297 21,448 19,943 22,486 23,879 25,210 28,952
Charter and Sightseeing1 26,634 26,362 30,236 31,543 33,874 32,254 38,410 34,989 33,171 38,591
Other transit-Shuttle1 29,441 30,792 35,388 35,522 38,524 38,620 41,172 37,620 39,306 34,842
Urban Transit Operators1 56,274 61,155 65,118 66,932 67,789 72,433 74,883 76,031 78,024 82,043
Other2 44,789 38,118 56,487 53,855 50,974 67,567 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Total Employees3 35,117 39,847 42,287 44,667 47,670 48,306 52,983 54,540 55,791 60,451

Notes: R= Revised data. P= Preliminary data. N/A= Non applicable.

1 New groups: "Charter and sightseeing" categories and "Other Transit and Shuttle" categories now merged in recent Statistics Canada publication. Urban Transit employment data coming from Statistics Canada Survey on passenger bus and urban transit.

2 "Other" includes companies with bus or urban transit activities that are not part of the five bus-related NAICS categories. NAICS= North American Industry Classification System.

3 Average expenditure per employee

Source: Statistics Canada, Service Bulletin, Cat. 50-002, Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Survey; CANSIM Table 408-0007.

 

Table EC39: Employment by Canadian Port Authorities, 2002- 2011

  Year Management Administration Other Total
Total Employees 2002 212 374 526 1,112
Full-time 192 340 361 893
Part-time 9 12 39 60
Contract 11 22 126 159
Total Employees 2003 205 357 465 1,027
Full-time 198 337 337 872
Part-time 2 7 34 43
Contract 5 13 94 112
Total Employees 2004 211 386 462 1,059
Full-time 198 351 321 870
Part-time 2 11 60 73
Contract 11 24 82 117
Total Employees 2005 217 375 462 1,054
Full-time 202 354 315 871
Part-time 5 9 65 79
Contract 10 12 82 104
Total Employees 2006 228 393 450 1,071
Full-time 219 354 327 900
Part-time 3 31 54 88
Contract 6 8 69 83
Total Employees 2007 228 403 462 1,093
Full-time 221 362 314 897
Part-time 4 28 84 116
Contract 3 13 64 80
Total Employees 2008 230 380 451 1,061
Full-time 223 356 315 894
Part-time 2 16 79 97
Contract 5 8 57 70
Total Employees 2009 228 402 428 1,058
Full-time 221 385 319 925
Part-time 3 11 89 103
Contract 4 6 20 30
Total Employees 2010 195 395 466 1,055
Full-time 190 375 340 905
Part-time 2 12 64 78
Contract 3 8 62 73
Total Employees 2011 210 412 424 1,046
Full-time 204 395 286 884
Part-time 3 11 71 85
Contract 3 6 67 76

Note: Totals do not equal sum of parts, as some ports did not provide detailed breakouts.

Source: Canadian Port Authorities

 

Table EC40: Average Annual Employment in the Marine Transport Industry, 2002 - 2011

Year Support activities
for Water
Transportation1
Water
Transportation2
Scenic and
Sightseeing for
water transport
TotalE
2002E N/A N/A N/A 28,200
2003E N/A N/A N/A 28,400
2004E N/A N/A N/A 30,000
2005E N/A N/A N/A 29,200
2006 12,990 13,195 2,265 28,450
2007E N/A N/A N/A 30,700
2008E N/A N/A N/A 30,500
2009E N/A N/A N/A 29,000
2010E N/A N/A N/A 28,700
2011E N/A N/A N/A 29,050

Notes: N/A= Not available; E= Estimated (Please note change of source for this table starting with this addendum as the SEPH (Survey of employment, payrolls and hours) numbers on marine transportation employment have been confidential since 2003. Industries classified in accordance with the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS).

1 Including support activities for water transportation (i.e. employment related to port and harbour operations; marine cargo handling; navigational services to shipping; marine salvage services; ship piloting services and other navigational services to shipping).

2 Including deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation; inland transportation (except ferries).

Source: Statistics Canada, 2001, 2006 and 2011 Census: Data products, Labour - Occupations, special tabulations; Transport Canada

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