9. Warning Systems Specification

9.1  The specifications for a public grade crossing at which a warning system without gates is required are as follows:

  1. where the forecast cross-product is 2,000 or more;
  2. Where there is no sidewalk, path or trail and the railway design speed is more than 129 km/h (80 mph);
  3. Where there is a sidewalk, path or trail and the railway design speed is more than 81 km/h (50 mph); or
  4. where the railway design speed is more than 25 km/h (15 mph) but less than the railway design speed referred to in b) or c), as the case may be, and
    1. where there are two or more lines of railway where railway equipment may pass each other; or
    2. the distance as shown in Figure 9-1(a) between a Stop sign at an intersection and the nearest rail in the crossing surface is less than 30 m; or
    3. in the case of an intersection with a traffic signal, the distance between the stop line of the intersection and the nearest rail in the crossing surface, as shown in Figure 9-1(b), is less than 60 m, or where there is no stop line, the distance between the travelled way and the nearest rail in the crossing surface is less than 60 m.

9.2 Specifications for a public grade crossing at which a warning systems with gates is required are as follows:

9.2.1  a warning system is required under article 9.1 and;

  1. the forecast cross-product is 50,000 or more;
  2. there are two or more lines of railway where railway equipment may pass each other;
  3. the railway design speed is more than 81 km/h (50 mph);
  4. the distance as shown in figure 9-1(a) between a Stop Sign at an intersection and the nearest rail in the crossing surface is less than 30 m; or
  5. in the case of an intersection with a traffic signal, the distance between the stop line of the intersection and the nearest rail in the crossing surface, as shown in Figure 9-1(b), is less than 60 m, or where there is no stop line, the distance between the travelled way and the nearest rail in the crossing surface is less than 60 m.

9.3 The specifications for a private grade crossing at which a warning system without gates is required are as follows:

9.3.1 where the forecast cross-product is 2,000 or more, or

9.3.2 where the railway design speed is more than 25 km/hr (15 mph), and;

  1. the forecast cross-product is 100 or more and there are two or more lines of railway where railway equipment may pass each other;
  2. the forecast cross-product is 100 or more and grade crossing does not includes a sidewalk, path or trail and the railway design speed is more than 129 km/hr (80 mph); or
  3. the grade crossing includes a sidewalk, path or trail and the railway design speed is more than 81 km/hr (50 mph).

9.4 The specifications for a private grade crossing at which a warning system with gates is required are as follows:

9.4.1 a warning system is required under article 9.3 and;

  1. the forecast cross-product is 50,000 or more;
  2. there are two or more lines of railway where railway equipment may pass each other; or
  3. the railway design speed is more than 81 km/hr (50 mph).

9.5 The specifications for a grade crossing for a sidewalk, path or trail where a warning system is required are as follows:

  1. the sidewalk, path or trail is outside the island circuit of an adjacent warning system, and
  2. the railway design speed is more than 81 km/hr (50 mph).

9.6 The specifications for a grade crossing for a sidewalk, path or trail where a warning system with gates is required are as follows:

  1. the sidewalk, path or trail is outside the island circuit of an adjacent warning system,
  2. the railway design speed is more than 25 km/hr (15 mph), and
  3. there are two or more lines of railway.

Figure 9-1 – Proximity of Warning Systems to Stop Signs and Traffic Signals

(a) Intersection with Stop Sign

Text version of Figure 9-1 a)

(b) Intersection with Traffic Signal

Text version of Figure 9-1 b)

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