Grade Crossings Regulations: what you need to know

There are about 14,000 public and 9,000 private grade crossings along more than 40,000 kilometres of federally regulated railway track in Canada. Transport Canada's Grade Crossings Regulations (the regulations) help to improve safety at these grade crossings.

On this page

What is a grade crossing?

A grade crossing is an intersection where a road, a sidewalk, a path or a trail crosses railway tracks at the same level. Grade crossings are also known as level crossings, railway crossings or train crossings.

Public grade crossings

Where railway tracks intersect with a road that is owned, open and maintained by a public authority, such as a province, municipality or band council, and is used by the general public.

Private grade crossings

Where railway tracks intersect with a road that is owned and used by private parties, such as farmers, commercial businesses or private individuals.

Access an inventory of all grade crossings in Canada

Roles and responsibilities under the regulations

The Grade Crossings Regulations improve safety at grade crossings by:

  • setting comprehensive and enforceable safety standards for both new and existing grade crossings in Canada
  • clearly defining the roles and responsibilities of railway companies, road authorities and private authorities
  • ensuring that railway companies and road authorities share key safety information with each other

Railway companies, road authorities (provinces, municipalities and band councils) and private grade crossing owners are each responsible for managing the safety at grade crossings.

The regulations identify the roles and responsibilities of railway companies, road authorities and private authorities that relate to:

  • information sharing
  • crossing surfaces
  • sightlines
  • roadway and railway signs
  • traffic signals
  • warning systems

Learn about grade crossing requirements for railway companies, road authorities and private authorities.

Complaint and dispute resolution

Who can help when complaints or issues become disputes that railway companies and road or private authorities can't resolve?

If the complaint or dispute is about grade crossing safety, contact Transport Canada.

If a railway company and a road authority disagree on who should pay for railway work at a grade crossing, either party can ask the Canadian Transportation Agency to apportion the costs of the project. Learn more at the Canadian Transportation Agency website.

Contact us

For general inquiries

Transport Canada
Rail Safety Branch
Mailstop: ASR
427 Laurier Avenue Street West
Ottawa, Ontario  K1A 0N5

Telephone: 613-998-2985
Toll-free: 1-844-897-RAIL (1-844-897-7245)
Facsimile: 613-990-7767
Email: railsafety@tc.gc.ca

Regions

Pacific: 604-666-0011
Prairie and Northern: 1-888-463-0521
Ontario: 416-973-9820
Quebec: 5514-283-5722
Atlantic: 506-851-7040

Date modified: