Automated and connected vehicle testing and research

Find out where the latest automated and connected vehicle testing and research is happening, and access guidelines for trial organizations.

On this page

Why test these technologies in Canada

Canada is an ideal place to test automated and connected vehicles. We have a highly educated workforce, and strong automotive manufacturing and information technology sectors. We are a world leader in artificial intelligence. And we have state of-the-art research and testing facilities.

As well, because we have four distinct seasons and one of the world's largest roadway networks, we can test:

  • in a wide range of weather conditions
  • on diverse road surfaces
  • in a vast range of geographic environments

Name of Initiative

Location

Description

Zoom
Montreal's Olympic Park Automated Shuttle Pilot

4141 Pierre-de Coubertin Ave., Montreal, QC, H1V 3N7

Transdev's two-year pilot project is testing automated shuttles on a pre-programmed route at Montreal's Olympic Park. The pilot project features two 12-passenger electric shuttles travelling between the Big O and the Viau metro, with stops at the Mouvement Desjardins offices, the Planetarium, the Sports Centre and the Montreal Tower. The first phase of the pilot project had one shuttle with 800 users in 2017. The Olympic Installations Board is looking at a permanent driverless shuttle service on site.

Motor Vehicle Test Centre (MVTC)

100 Rue du Landais, Blainville, QC, J7C 5C9

Transport Canada's Motor Vehicle Test Centre, which is operated by PMG Technologies, does tests to ensure that vehicles comply with Canadian safety standards for motor vehicles. The centre also does research to help develop new standards.

It includes:

  • a structural test laboratory
  • environmental chambers
  • a crash laboratory
  • a pedestrian laboratory
  • approximately 25 kilometres of test track

The centre does regular tests on partially automated and connected vehicles (levels 1 and 2) as well as truck platooning.

ENCQOR (Evolution of Networked Services through a Corridor in Quebec and Ontario for Research and Innovation)

Windsor, ON to Quebec City, QC

The Governments of Canada, Ontario, Quebec and five major technology companies partnered to create Canada's first pre-commercial 5G wireless corridor between Windsor and Quebec City. Small and medium-sized enterprises, researchers and academia will be able to access 5G networks to develop and test their products. With its potential speeds of up to 10 gigabits per second and ultra-low latencies of milliseconds, 5G could be critical to a new generation of products and services, including automated and connected vehicles.

General Motors Canada Markham Technical Center

101 McNabb Street,

Markham, ON

General Motors' Markham Technical Center focuses on the development of GM automated vehicle technologies:

  • automated vehicle software and controls
  • active safety
  • vehicle dynamics technology
  • infotainment and connected vehicle technologies

These are vital areas for the development of connected, automated and shared vehicles and mobility systems.

Ford Motor Co. Connectivity and Innovation Centre in Kanata

4000 Innovation Drive, Kanata, ON

With the help of the Government of Canada and the Government of Ontario, Ford Motor Co. established a research and development centre in Kanata to advance automated and connected vehicle technology.

National Research Council Canada collaborative open space for manufacturing and automotive innovation

800 Collip Circle, London, ON, N6G 4X8

This National Research Council Canada open space helps Canadian automotive manufacturers adopt advanced manufacturing approaches, including:

  • mass customization
  • process industrialization
  • data-driven factory automation
  • manufacturing with new materials
  • other new vehicle technologies

The space will develop new ways to enable digital factories ("Industry 4.0") that will produce transportation technologies such as automated and connected vehicles.

The AVIN Technology Demonstration Zone

Stratford, ON

The Demonstration Zone is a site where Ontario-based companies with automated and connected vehicle technologies can test and show innovative products to potential customers and partners, such as automotive suppliers, manufacturers and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).

This controlled environment:

  • operates according to Canada's laws and regulations
  • uses vehicle platforms such as city buses, fleet vehicles and vehicles

NAVYA Candiac Shuttle Pilot

Candiac, QC

Keolis Canada partnered with the City of Candiac to launch the first long-term demonstration project of an automated electric shuttle on public roads in Canada. The shuttle will complement the public transit services currently available in Candiac. It will take place over 12 months, starting in October 2018.

ELA Pilot Project

Edmonton and Calgary, AB

For three weeks in October and November of 2018, Edmonton residents tested an electric and automated shuttle known as ELA in three neighbourhoods across the city. During September 2018, Calgary residents travelling from the Calgary Zoo LRT station to the TELUS Spark Science Centre took part in a similar test. The two cities will share their test results. This will give researchers data about how the pilot vehicle operates in two different Alberta climates.

ACTIVE

Edmonton, AB

The three on-road Alberta Co-operative Transportation Infrastructure and Vehicular Environment (ACTIVE) test beds are located on Whitemud Drive, 23 Avenue, and Anthony Henday Drive in Edmonton.

Research on these test beds will look at how we can apply connected vehicle technology to:

  • make transportation safer
  • manage traffic demand
  • increase peak capacity and smooth traffic flow on busy roads

The ACTIVE-AURORA project consists of four test beds and two laboratory test environments. ACTIVE is the Edmonton component and AURORA is the Vancouver component.

AURORA

Vancouver, BC

This on-road Automotive Test Bed for Reconfigurable and Optimized Radio Access (or "AURORA") will develop, test, demonstrate and commercialize innovations in Vancouver. Its emphasis is on wireless communications for freight security and efficiency.

The ACTIVE-AURORA project consists of four test beds and two laboratory test environments. ACTIVE is the Edmonton component and AURORA is the Vancouver component.

Uber Advanced Technologies Group Toronto

Toronto, ON

Uber is expanding its automated vehicle program in Toronto. The company will invest $200 million towards a new hub in Toronto over the next five years. This will include expanded research and development (R&D) facilities for automated cars in Canada's largest city.

Kanata Autonomous Vehicle Cluster

Kanata, ON

There are over 70 companies in Ottawa working on automated vehicle technologies, led by BlackBerry QNX. These companies are sharing their expertise, technology and intelligence to help Canada develop automated and connected vehicles. Ottawa is the first Canadian city to test an automated vehicle that communicates with live city infrastructure on a public road.

Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research (WatCAR)

Waterloo, ON

The Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research (WatCAR) does advanced research to further automotive innovation and competitiveness. With five major areas of expertise, 125 faculty researchers are leading the largest university-based automotive activity in the country.

Automotive Centre of Excellence (ACE) at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology

2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1G 0C5

Located in Oshawa, the Automotive Centre of Excellence (ACE) is the first independent testing and research centre of its kind in Canada. It is owned and operated by the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT).

ACE is a multi-purpose centre of about 16,300 square metres. It is divided into two sections: a core research facility, and an integrated research and training facility. ACE was developed in partnership with UOIT, General Motors of Canada, the Government of Ontario, the Government of Canada and the Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education (PACE).

ACE is a suitable place to test alternative fuel and hybrid and electric vehicles. It can accommodate:

  • trucks
  • tandem drive systems
  • full coach buses
  • light rail transit
  • aerospace
  • military and agricultural applications
  • wind turbines
  • solar panels

ACE could test new products that are subject to severe weather extremes. It is available to customers who want to bring their ideas into a proof of concept and make them ready for market.

Human Machine Interface (HMI) and User Experience Technology Development Site

Durham, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

Multimodal and Integrated Mobility Technology Development Site

Hamilton, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

Vehicular Networks and Communications Technology Development Site

Ottawa, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

Vehicle Cybersecurity and Cross-Border Technology Development Site

London and Windsor, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

Artificial intelligence for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles Technology Development Site

Toronto, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

High-Definition (HD) Mapping and Localization Technology Development Site

Waterloo, ON

One of six regional technology development sites that brings together industry, academia and governments through the Autonomous Vehicle Innovation Network (AVIN). The sites support Ontario-based small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to:

  • develop, prototype and validate new technologies
  • access specialized equipment (hardware and software)
  • get business and technical advice

Motor Vehicle Test Centre

The Motor Vehicle Test Centre in Blainville, Quebec is Canada's only world-class testing ground. The Centre is owned by the Government of Canada and managed by PMG Technologies. It has resources to test vehicles and equipment, including automated and connected technologies.

This centre:

  • Assesses how well motor vehicles, child seats and booster seats comply with current safety regulations and standards
  • Finds gaps in existing regulations, and provides scientific basis for new regulations and standards that meet the changing safety needs of Canadians
  • Does ad-hoc testing to address suspected safety issues

The centre has 545 hectares of land, 6 buildings which include laboratory facilities, and 25 kilometres of test tracks.

Test tracks at the Motor Vehicle Test Centre in Blainville, Quebec

Advanced driver assistance testing

We are doing a number of tests at the Motor Vehicle Test Centre to assess effectiveness of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) currently available on the market. These technologies do things like braking automatically in emergencies, or alerting drivers when a car leaves its assigned lane.

Find out more about ADAS technologies and their safety

What trial organizations need to know

Guidelines for testing automated and connected vehicles

If you are an organization interested in conducting automated and connected vehicle trials in Canada, we encourage you to read Testing Highly Automated Vehicles in Canada: Guidelines for Trial Organizations.

This guide informs trial organizations of the minimum safety requirements to use when doing trials in Canada. It also explains the roles and responsibilities of federal, provincial and territorial governments involved in trials.

Importing an automated and/or connected vehicle into Canada for testing or demonstration

If you intend to import an automated and/or connected vehicle into Canada for testing or demonstration, you need to be aware of requirements under the:

  • Motor Vehicle Safety Act, along with its associated regulations and standards
  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
  • On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations

If a vehicle does not comply with the Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standards but you are importing it into Canada solely for the purposes of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing, you may apply for a Schedule VII Declaration. This will allow you to import the vehicle temporarily into Canada.

For more information, please refer to Temporarily importing vehicles.

Similarly, per paragraph 155(1)(a) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, you may temporarily import a vehicle or engine that does not comply with the federal emission standards, but only if you're importing it for exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing.

To apply, you must submit a declaration to Environment and Climate Change Canada before you import. For on-road vehicles and engines, what you need to include in the declaration is detailed in section 41 of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations.

Please send your declarations or questions related to Canada's vehicle and engine emission regulations to ec.infovehiculeetmoteur-vehicleandengineinfo.ec@canada.ca.

Related links

Date modified: