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ATD Measurements to Help Better Describe the Kinematics of the 6 year-old Restrained with a Seatbelt.

Crashworthiness research

The Crashworthiness Research Division conducts biomechanical and vehicle crashworthiness research to:

  • Monitor the effectiveness of existing safety regulations
  • Provide the necessary scientific foundation for the development of new motor vehicle safety standards or the amendment of existing standards
  • Contribute to the development of crash test dummies

Full-scale vehicle crash tests and test simulations are carried out to evaluate vehicle safety performance for occupants and restraint configurations that are not included in current regulations. Areas of study include the evaluation of restraint technologies in front and rear seating positions, child occupant protection, occupant protection in electric vehicles, transit buses and school buses as well as crash test dummy development.

Year Title Reference
2018 Effects of Shoulder Belt Slip on the Kinematics of the THOR. Tylko, S., Tang, K., Giguere, F., & Bussières, A. (2018). Effects of Shoulder Belt Slip on the Kinematics of the THOR. Proceedings of the International Research Council on the Biomechanics Injury (IRCOBI) Conference. Athens, Greece, September 2018.
2017 Biofidelity Evaluation of the WorldSID 5th Percentile Female Side Impact ATD Fitted with a Modification Kit. Crawford, G. et al. (2017). Biofidelity Evaluation of the WorldSID 5th Percentile Female Side Impact ATD Fitted with a Modification Kit. Proceedings of the 25th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Detroit, Michigan, June 2017.
2017 ATD Measurements to Help Better Describe the Kinematics of the 6 year-old Restrained with a Seatbelt. Tylko, S., Bussières, A., Giguere, F., & El Hallaoui, K. (2017). ATD Measurements to Help Better Describe the Kinematics of the 6 year-old Restrained with a Seatbelt. Protection of Children in Cars, 16th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2017.
2016 Evaluating Child Safety Innovations: have we got the right tools and the right test methodologies? Tylko, S., Bussières, A., & Starr, A. (2016). Evaluating Child Safety Innovations: have we got the right tools and the right test methodologies? Protection of Children in Cars, 14th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2016.
2015 Responses of the Q6/Q6s ATD Positioned in Booster Seats in the Far-Side Seat Location of Side Impact Passenger Car and Sled Tests. Tylko, S., Bohman, K., & Bussières, A. (2015). Responses of the Q6/Q6s ATD Positioned in Booster Seats in the Far-Side Seat Location of Side Impact Passenger Car and Sled Tests. SAE Technical Paper 2015, 2015-22-0012.
2014 Comparative performance of forward-facing child restraint systems on the C/FMVSS 213 bench and vehicle seats. Maltese, M.R., Tylko, S., Belwadi, A., Locey C.M., & Arbogast, K.B. (2014). Comparative performance of forward-facing child restraint systems on the C/FMVSS 213 bench and vehicle seats. Traffic Injury Prevention, 2014;15 Suppl 1:S103-10.
2013 Comparison of Hybrid III and Q series Child ATDs for the Evaluation of Child Restraint Performance During Dynamic Rollovers. Tylko, S., Bussières, A., & Lepretre, J.P. (2013). Comparison of Hybrid III and Q series Child ATDs for the Evaluation of Child Restraint Performance During Dynamic Rollovers. Protection of Children in Cars, 11th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2013.
2013 Comparative Performance of Rear Facing Child Restraint Systems on the C/FMVSS 213 Bench and Vehicle Seats. Tylko, S., Garcia-Espana F.J., Locey, C.M., Arbogast, K.B., & Maltese, M.R. (2013). Comparative Performance of Rear Facing Child Restraint Systems on the C/FMVSS 213 Bench and Vehicle Seats. Proceedings of the 57th AAAM Annual Conference Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, 57, pp. 311-328.
2012 Dynamic Responses of Hybrid III 6 & 10-Year-Old ATDs Seated on Inflatable Booster Cushions. Tylko, S., & Bussières, A. (2012). Dynamic Responses of Hybrid III 6 & 10-Year-Old ATDs Seated on Inflatable Booster Cushions. Protection of Children in Cars, 10th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2012.
2012 Responses of the Hybrid III 5th Female and 10-year-old ATD Seated in the Rear Seats of Passenger Vehicles in Frontal Crash Tests. Tylko, S., & Bussières, A. (2012). Responses of the Hybrid III 5th Female and 10-year-old ATD Seated in the Rear Seats of Passenger Vehicles in Frontal Crash Tests. Proceedings of the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI) Conference. Dublin, Ireland, September 2012.
2012 In-Vehicle Demonstration of the Consequences of Improper Child Seat Installations Phase I: Forward Facing Child Restraints. Tylko, S., Zonfrillo, M.R., Maltese, M.R., & Arbogast, K.B. (2012). In-Vehicle Demonstration of the Consequences of Improper Child Seat Installations Phase I: Forward Facing Child Restraints. Protection of Children in Cars, 10th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2012.
2011 An Assessment of Worldsid 50th Percentile Male Injury Responses to Oblique and Perpendicular Pole Side Impacts. Belcher, T., Terrell, M., & Tylko, S. (2011). An Assessment of Worldsid 50th Percentile Male Injury Responses to Oblique and Perpendicular Pole Side Impacts. Proceedings of the 22nd Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, DC, June 2011.
2011 Interactions of Rear facing Child Restraints with the Vehicle Interior During Frontal Crash Tests. Tylko, S. (2011). Interactions of Rear facing Child Restraints with the Vehicle Interior During Frontal Crash Tests. Proceedings of the 22nd International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, DC, June 2011.
2010 Optimizing the Protection of School Bus Occupants (Transport Canada Publication No. ASFB 2010-03 E). Tylko, S., & Charlebois, D. (2010). Optimizing the Protection of School Bus Occupants. (Transport Canada Publication No. ASFB 2010-03). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate - Transport Canada
2010 Dynamic Load Measurement of Child Seat Anchors (Transport Canada Publication No. ASFB 2010-04 E). Tylko, S., & Charlebois, D. (2010). Dynamic Load Measurement of Child Seat Anchors. (Transport Canada Publication No. ASFB 2010-04). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate - Transport Canada
2009 In-Vehicle Crash Testing for the Development of a Child Side Impact Test Protocol. Tylko, S., Charlebois, D., & Bussières, A. (2009). In-Vehicle Crash Testing for the Development of a Child Side Impact Test Protocol. Protection of Children in Cars, 7th International Conference. Munich, Germany, December 2009.
2009 WorldSID Production Dummy Biomechanical Response. Scherer, R. et al. (2009). WorldSID Production Dummy Biomechanical Response. Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Stuttgart, Germany, June 2009.
2009 Development of a countermeasure airbag to minimise the risk of serious injury from interaction with an adjacent occupant or far-side interior in side impact crashes. Cha, J.-G. et al. (2009). Development of a countermeasure airbag to minimise the risk of serious injury from interaction with an adjacent occupant or far-side interior in side impact crashes. Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Stuttgart, Germany, June 2009.
2009 Evaluation of an Alternative Thorax Deflection Device in the SID-IIs ATD. Jensen, J. et al. (2009). Evaluation of an Alternative Thorax Deflection Device in the SID-IIs ATD. Proceedings of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Stuttgart, Germany, June 2009.
2008 Occupant-to-Occupant Interaction and Impact Injury Risk in Side Impact Crashes. Newland, C., Belcher T., Bostrom, O., Gabler C. H., Cha, J., Wong, H. L., Tylko, S., & Nevo R. D. (2008). Occupant-to-Occupant Interaction and Impact Injury Risk in Side Impact Crashes. Stapp Car Crash J, 52, pp. 327 - 347.
2007 Comparison of Kinematic and Thoracic Response of the 5th Percentile Hybrid III in 40, 48 and 56 Km/H Rigid Barrier Tests. Tylko, S., Charlebois, D., & Bussières, A. (2007). Comparison of Kinematic and Thoracic Response of the 5th Percentile Hybrid III in 40, 48 and 56 Km/H Rigid Barrier Tests. Proceedings of the 20thInternational Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Lyon, France, June 2007.
2007 The Electronic Belt-Fit Test Device (eBTD): activity update. Hassan, J., Balzulat, J., Carr, T., & Tylko, S. (2007). The Electronic Belt-Fit Test Device (eBTD): activity update. Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Lyon, France, June 2007.
2006 The Effect of Breast Anthropometry On The Hybrid III 5th Female Chest Response. Tylko S., Charlebois, D., Bussières, A., & Dalmotas, D. (2006). The Effect of Breast Anthropometry On The Hybrid III 5th Female Chest Response. Stapp Car Crash Conference Journal.Warrendale, Pennsylvania, November 2006.
2006 Improving Side Impact Protection: Response Of The Es-2re And WorldSID, In A Proposed Harmonized Pole Test. Tylko, S., German, A., Dalmotas, D., & Bussières, A. (2006). Improving Side Impact Protection: Response Of The Es-2re And WorldSID, In A Proposed Harmonized Pole Test. Proceedings of the International Research Council on the Biomechanics Injury (IRCOBI) Conference. Madrid, Spain, September 2006.
2006 Motor Coach Glazing Retention Test Development For Occupant Impact During A Rollover (Technical Report No. TR-06-16. Contract No. T8080-040358/001/SS). Martec Limited. (2006). Motor Coach Glazing Retention Test Development For Occupant Impact During A Rollover. (Technical Report No. TR-06-16. Contract No. T8080-040358/001/SS). Halifax, Nova Scotia: Martec Limited.
2006 A Comparison of Hybrid III 5th Female Dummy Chest Responses in Controlled Sled Trials. Tylko, S., Higuchi, K., St. Lawrence, S., Bussieres, A., & Fiore, J.M. (2006). A Comparison of Hybrid III 5th Female Dummy Chest Responses in Controlled Sled Trials. SAE Technical Paper 2006, 2006-04-03.
2005 Evaluation Of The ES-2re Dummy In Biofidelity, Component, And Full Vehicle Crash Tests. Sutterfield, A. et al. (2005). Evaluation Of The ES-2re Dummy In Biofidelity, Component, And Full Vehicle Crash Tests. Stapp Car Crash Conference Journal. Washington, D.C., November 2005.
2005 Protection of Rear Seat Occupants in Frontal Crashes. Tylko, S., & Dalmotas, D. (2005). Protection of Rear Seat Occupants in Frontal Crashes. Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, D.C., June 2005.
2005 WorldSID Responses in Oblique and Perpendicular Pole Tests. Tylko, S., & Dalmotas, D. (2005). WorldSID Responses in Oblique and Perpendicular Pole Tests. Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, D.C., June 2005.
2005 Field Investigation of Child Restraints in Side Impact Crashes. Arbogast, K.B. et al. (2005). Field Investigation of Child Restraints in Side Impact Crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 6(4), pp. 351 - 360,
2004 SID-IIs Response in Side Impact Testing. Tylko, S., & Dalmotas, D. (2004). SID-IIs Response in Side Impact Testing. SAE Transactions 2004, 113, pp. 71-80.
2003 Updated Biofidelity Rating of The Revised Worldsid Prototype Dummy. Hautmann, E. et al. (2003). Updated Biofidelity Rating of The Revised Worldsid Prototype Dummy. Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Nagoya, Japan, May 2003.
2002 IIHS Side Impact Barrier-Development and Crash Test Experience. Arbelaez, R., Dakin, G., Nolan, J., Dalmotas, D., & Tylko, S. (2002). IIHS Side Impact Barrier-Development and Crash Test Experience. Proceedings of the International Conference on Vehicle Safety. London, United Kingdom, May, 2002.
2002 ES-2 Dummy Biomechanical Responses. Byrnes, K. et al. (2002). ES-2 Dummy Biomechanical Responses. Stapp Car Crash Conference Journal, 46, pp. 353 - 396.
2002 Laboratory Experience with the IR-TRACC Chest Deflection Transducer. Rouhana, S.W. et al (2002). Laboratory Experience with the IR-TRACC Chest Deflection Transducer. SAE Transactions, 111, pp. 304 - 326.
2001 The Crash and Field Performance of Side-mounted Airbag Systems. Dalmotas, D., German, A., & Tylko, S. (2001). The Crash and Field Performance of Side-mounted Airbag Systems. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 2001.
2001 Side airbags: Evaluating the Benefits and Risks for Restrained Children. Tylko, S., & Dalmotas, D. (2001). Side airbags: Evaluating the Benefits and Risks for Restrained Children. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 2001.
2001 Static Out-of-position Test Methodologies: Identifying a Realistic Worse Case for Small Stature Female Drivers. Tylko, S., & Dalmotas, D. (2001). Static Out-of-position Test Methodologies: Identifying a Realistic Worse Case for Small Stature Female Drivers. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 2001.

Human factors and crash avoidance

The Human Factors and Crash Avoidance group conducts applied research on motor vehicle safety. The group evaluates the latest technologies on vehicles from the perspectives of both human performance and engineering. The research has focused on issues like distraction and how drivers use new technology. The group is currently testing the safety of automatic braking technology, automated shuttles and systems for warning truck drivers when there is a cyclist or pedestrian in their blind spot. The group's research helps guide policy and supports the development of motor vehicle safety standards.

Year Title Reference
2018 The Influence of Interface Design on Driver Behavior in Automated Driving. Lau, C.P., Harbluk, J.L., Burns, P.C., & El-Hage, Y. (2018). The Influence of Interface Design on Driver Behavior in Automated Driving. Proceedings of the Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals (CARSP). Victoria, British Columbia, June 2018.
2017 Guidelines on Limiting Distraction from Visual Displays (VDs) in Vehicles (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-160051). Hickman, J.S., Camden, M.C., Klauer, C.G., & Hanowski, R.J. (2017). Guidelines on Limiting Distraction from Visual Displays (VDs) in Vehicles (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-160051). Blacksburg, Virginia: Virginia Tech Transportation Institute.
2016 Cognitive Load Assessment with Visual behaviour. Harbluk, J.L. (2016). Cognitive Load Assessment with Visual behaviour. Proceedings of Automotive UI 2016. Ann Arbor, Michigan, October 2016.
2015 Influence of In-Vehicle Eco-Driving Displays on Driver Behaviour. Burns, P.C. et al. (2015). Influence of In-Vehicle Eco-Driving Displays on Driver Behaviour. Proceedings of Automotive UI 2015. Nottingham, United Kingdom, September 2015.
2014 Cognitive Workload and Driver Glance Behavior. Harbluk, J.L. (2014). Cognitive Workload and Driver Glance Behavior. Proceedings of Automotive UI 2014. Seattle, Washington, September 2014.
2014 Power Steering Assist Failures: Driver Behavior, Safety Impacts and Implications for Automated Vehicles. Harbluk, J.L., Burns, P.C., Malone, D. & Hamilton, J. (2014). Power Steering Assist Failures: Driver Behavior, Safety Impacts and Implications for Automated Vehicles. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. Chicago, Illinois, October 2014.
2014 A field operational trial evaluating a feedback-reward system on speeding and tailgating behaviors. Merrikhpour, M., Donmez, B., & Battista, V. (2014). A field operational trial evaluating a feedback-reward system on speeding and tailgating behaviors. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 27(A), pp. 56 - 68.
2013 Detection Response Tasks: Using Remote, Headmounted and Tactile Signals to Assess Cognitive Demand While Driving. Harbluk, J.L., Burns, P.C., Hernandez, S., Tam, J. & Glazduri, V. (2013). Detection Response Tasks: Using Remote, Headmounted and Tactile Signals to Assess Cognitive Demand While Driving. Proceedings of the 7thInternational Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Bolton Landing, New York, June 2013.
2012 Using manual and speech-based interfaces while driving: The impact on visual behavior and driving performance. Harbluk, J., Ranney, T., Noy, Y., Trbovich, P., & Eizenman, M. (2012). Using manual and speech-based interfaces while driving: The impact on visual behavior and driving performance. In: A.G. Gale (Ed.) Vision in Vehicles X, Loughborough University: United Kingdom, pp. 133 – 141.
2012 Behavioural Adaptation as a Consequence of Extended Use of Backing Aids. Rudin-Brown, C.M., Burns, P.C. Hagen, L., Roberts, S. & Scipione, A. (2012). Behavioural Adaptation as a Consequence of Extended Use of Backing Aids. In M. Sullman and L. Dorn (Eds.) Advances in Traffic Psychology. Burlington, Ashgate: CRC Press
2011 Braking and Static Rollover Testing on Seven Minivans and Buses. (Transport Canada File No. A 3261-295-6). Boucher, D. (2011). Braking and Static Rollover Testing on Seven Minivans and Buses. (Transport Canada File No. A 3261-295-6). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate – Transport Canada.
2010 Driver Metrics, an Overview of User Needs and Uses. Burns, P, C., Bengler, K., & Weir, D, H. (2010). Driver Metrics, an Overview of User Needs and Uses. In: G.L. Rupp (Ed.) Performance Metrics for Assessing Driver Distraction: The Quest for Improved Road Safety, SAE International. Warrendale, Pennsylvania, pp. 24 – 30.
2010 Using Rewards to Influence Driving Behaviour - A Field Operational Trial. Battista, V. Taylor, G. & Burns, P.C. (2010). Using Rewards to Influence Driving Behaviour - A Field Operational Trial. Proceedings of the 20thCanadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference. Niagara Falls, Ontario, June 2010.
2010 The Importance of Task Duration and Related Measures in Assessing the Distraction Potential of In-Vehicle Tasks. Burns, P., Harbluk, J, Foley, J.P. & Angell, L. (2010). The Importance of Task Duration and Related Measures in Assessing the Distraction Potential of In-Vehicle Tasks. Proceedings of Automotive UI 2010. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 2010.
2010 Canadian Approaches to Discourage Distracted Driving. Harbluk, J.L., Provost, M., Boase, P., & Burns, P.C. (2010). Canadian Approaches to Discourage Distracted Driving. Proceedings of the 20thCanadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference. Niagara Falls, Ontario, June 2010.
2010 SafeMiles – Rewarding Safe Driving Behaviour (Final Report. Contract No. T8056-0601/001/SS). Taylor, G., & Lee-Gosselin M. (2010). SafeMiles – Rewarding Safe Driving Behaviour. (Final Report. Contract No. T8056-0601/001/SS). Woodlawn, Ontario: Centre for Sustainable Transportation - PERSENTECH Ltd. & GW Taylor Consulting.
2010 Message content in Canadian automotive advertising: A role for regulation? Watson, L., Lavack, A.M., Rudin-Brown, C.M., Burns, P., & Mintz, J.M. (2010). Message content in Canadian automotive advertising: A role for regulation? Canadian Public Policy, pp. S49 - S67.
2010 Tilt Testing of Seven Mini Buses/MFABs (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-174). Patten, J. (2010). Tilt Testing of Seven Mini Buses/MFABs. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-174). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology – National Research Council of Canada.
2009 Distraction Assessment Methods Based on Visual Behavior and Event Detection. Victor, T.W., Engström, J., & Harbluk, J.L. (2009). Distraction Assessment Methods Based on Visual Behavior and Event Detection. In: M.A. Regan, J.D. Lee, & K.L. Young (Eds.) Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects and Mitigation, Florida, USA: CRC Press, Chapter 10, pp. 135 – 165.
2009 Three navigation systems with three tasks: Using the lane change test (LCT) to assess distraction demand. Harbluk, J.L., Mitroi, J.S, & Burns, P.C. (2009). Three navigation systems with three tasks: Using the lane change test (LCT) to assess distraction demand. Proceedings of the 5thInternational Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Big Sky, Montana, June 2009.
2009 Comparison study of low speed backing aids (Final Report. Contract No. T8056-070326/C). Hagen, L., Scipione, A., & Brooks, J. (2009). Comparison study of low speed backing aids. (Final Report. Contract No. T8056-070326/C). Kanata, Ontario: Professional Services (Canada) Inc.
2009 Behavioural Adaptation to Electronic Stability Control (ESC) (Final Report. Contract No. C1044). Jenkins, R.W., & Vouloukos, N. (2009). Behavioural Adaptation to Electronic Stability Control (ESC). (Final Report. Contract No. C1044). Ottawa, Ontario: TNS Canadian Facts.
2008 North American Approaches to Principles, Codes, Guidelines and Checklists for in-vehicle HMI. Burns, P.C. (2008). North American Approaches to Principles, Codes, Guidelines and Checklists for in-vehicle HMI. In: M.A. Regan, J.D. Lee, & K.L. Young (Eds.) Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects and Mitigation, Florida, USA: CRC Press, Chapter 23, pp. 411 – 424.
2008 Observed Driver Phone Use Rates in Canada. Burns, P.C., Lécuyer, J.F. & Chouinard, A. (2008). Observed Driver Phone Use Rates in Canada. Proceedings of the 18th Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference. Whistler, British Columbia, June 2008.
2007 Using the lane-change test (LCT) to assess distraction: Tests of visual-manual and speech-based operation of navigation system interfaces. Harbluk, J.L., Burns, P.C., Lochner, M., & Trbovich, P.L. (2007). Using the lane-change test (LCT) to assess distraction: Tests of visual-manual and speech-based operation of navigation system interfaces. Proceedings of the 4th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Stevenson, Washington, July 2007.
2007 An on-road assessment of cognitive distraction: Impacts on drivers’ visual behavior and braking performance. Harbluk, J.L., Noy, Y.I., Trbovich, P.L. & Eizenman, M. (2007). An on-road assessment of cognitive distraction: Impacts on drivers’ visual behavior and braking performance. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 39, 372-379.
2007 Usability Study of the Universal Anchorage System for Child Restraints in School Buses and Passenger Vehicles. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14702 E). Rudin-Brown C. M., Scipione, A., Armstrong, J., Lai, G., Salway, A., & Kumagai. J. (2007). Usability Study of the Universal Anchorage System for Child Restraints in School Buses and Passenger Vehicles. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14702 E). Ottawa, Ontario: Greenley & Associates Incorporated.
2006 Counting clicks and scrolls: a simple approach to quantifying driver distraction risk. Burns, P.C., Harbluk, J.L., Go, E., & Morton, A.H. (2006). Counting clicks and scrolls: a simple approach to quantifying driver distraction risk. Proceedings of the International Ergonomics Association. Maastricht, the Netherlands, July 2006, pp. 5539 – 5545.
2006 The Occlusion Procedure for Assessing In-Vehicle Telematics: Tests of Current Vehicle Systems. Harbluk, J.L., Burns, P.C., Go, E. & Morton, A.H. (2006). The Occlusion Procedure for Assessing In-Vehicle Telematics: Tests of Current Vehicle Systems. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting. San Francisco, California, October 2006, pp. 2372 – 2377.
2006 Evaluation of industry safety principles for in-vehicle information and communication systems (Phase II Final Report. Contract No. 052ss.T8080-040240). Go, E., Morton, A.H., Famewo, J.J., & Angel. H.A. (2006). Evaluation of industry safety principles for in-vehicle information and communication systems. (Phase II Final Report. Contract No. 052ss.T8080-040240). Guelph, Ontario: Humansystems Incorporated
2005 Cognitive Distraction: Its Effect on Drivers at Intersections. Harbluk, J.L., & Trbovich, P. (2005). Cognitive Distraction: Its Effect on Drivers at Intersections. In: D.A. Hennessy and D.L. Wiesenthal (Eds.) Contemporary Issues in Road User Behavior and Traffic Safety, Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science, Chapter 19, pp. 245 - 250.
2005 International Harmonized Research Activities - Intelligent Transport Systems (IHRA-ITS) Working Group Report. Burns, P.C. (2005). International Harmonized Research Activities - Intelligent Transport Systems (IHRA-ITS) Working Group Report. Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, D.C., June 2005.
2005 Evaluating One Screen / One Control Multifunction Devices in Vehicles. Burns, P.C., Trbovich, P.L., Harbluk, J.L. & McCurdie, T. (2005). Evaluating One Screen / One Control Multifunction Devices in Vehicles. Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Washington, D.C., June 2005.
2005 Measuring Distraction: Task Duration and the Lane-Change Test (LCT). Burns, P.C., Trbovich, P.L., McCurdie, T. & Harbluk, J.L. (2005). Measuring Distraction: Task Duration and the Lane-Change Test (LCT). Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 49th Annual Meeting. Orlando, Florida, September 2005.
2005 Performing Email Tasks While Driving: The Impact of Speech-Based Tasks on Visual Detection. Harbluk, J.L. & Lalande, S. (2005) Performing Email Tasks While Driving: The Impact of Speech-Based Tasks on Visual Detection. Proceedings of the 3rd International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driving Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. Rockport, Maine, June 2005.
2005 Assessing Multifunction Interfaces in Vehicles: Usability as Requisite for Safety. Burns, P.C., Trbovich, P.L., Harbluk, J.L. & McCurdie, T. (2005). Assessing Multifunction Interfaces in Vehicles: Usability as Requisite for Safety. Transportation Research Record, 1937, 66-72.
2005 A study of conversation performance using mobile phones while driving. Luke, T. Smith, R., Parkes, A.M. and Burns, P.C. (2005). A study of conversation performance using mobile phones while driving. In: G. Underwood (Ed.) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Oxford: Elsevier Ltd, pp. 369 – 381.
2005 Effects of Voice Technology on Test Track Driving Performance: Implications for Driver Distraction. Ranney, T.A., Harbluk, J.L. & Noy, Y.I. (2005). Effects of Voice Technology on Test Track Driving Performance: Implications for Driver Distraction. Human Factors, 47, pp. 439 – 454.
2005 Sensitivity of eye-movement measures to in-vehicle task difficulty. Victor, T. W., Harbluk, J.L., & Engström, J.A. (2005). Sensitivity of eye-movement measures to in-vehicle task difficulty. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 8(2), pp. 167 – 190.
2005 HASTE Deliverable 3: Validation of the HASTE protocol specification Human Machine Interface And the Safety of Traffic in Europe Project GRD1/2000/25361. Johansson, E., Carsten, O., Janssen, W., Jamson, S., Jamson, H., Merat, N., Östlund, J., Brouwer, R., Mouta, S., Harbluk, J., Anttila, V., Sandberg, H., Luoma, J. (2005). HASTE Deliverable 3: Validation of the HASTE protocol specification Human Machine Interface And the Safety of Traffic in Europe Project GRD1/2000/25361 S12.319626.
2005 Strategies for Reducing Driver Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics Devices: Report on Industry and Public Consultations (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14409 E). Rudin-Brown, C. (2005). Strategies for Reducing Driver Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics Devices: Report on Industry and Public Consultations. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14409 E). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate - Transport Canada.
2005 Evaluation of Electronic Stability Control (ESC) on Motor Vehicles (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-090). Tabra, C.V., & Patten, J.D. (2005). Evaluation of Electronic Stability Control (ESC) on Motor Vehicles. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-090). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology – National Research Council of Canada.
2004 Behavioural adaptation to in-vehicle safety measures: Past ideas and future directions. Brown, C.M., & Noy, Y.I. (2004). Behavioural adaptation to in-vehicle safety measures: Past ideas and future directions. In: T. Rothengatter & R.D. Huguenin (Eds.) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Oxford: Elsevier Ltd, pp. 25 – 46.
2004 Speech-based Interfaces for Use While Driving: The Impact of Email Speech Output. Lalande, S, & Harbluk, J.L. (2004). Speech-based Interfaces for Use While Driving: The Impact of Email Speech Output. Proceedings of the 14th Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference. Ottawa, Ontario, June 2004.
2004 Vehicle Height Affects Drivers’ Speed Perception: Implications for Rollover Risk. Rudin-Brown, C. M. (2004). Vehicle Height Affects Drivers’ Speed Perception: Implications for Rollover Risk. Transportation Research Record, 1899(1), pp. 84 –89.
2004 Perspectives on Occlusion and Requirements for Validation. Lansdown, T. C., Burns, P. C. & Parkes, A. M. (2004). Perspectives on Occlusion and Requirements for Validation. Applied Ergonomics, 35(3), pp. 225 – 232.
2004 Task Interruptability and Duration as Measures of Visual Distraction. Noy, Y. I., Lemoine, T.L. Klachan, C. & Burns, P. C. (2004). Task Interruptability and Duration as Measures of Visual Distraction. Applied Ergonomics, 35(3), pp. 207-214.
2004 HASTE (Project GRD1/2000/25361 S12.319626) Deliverable 2: HMI and Safety-Related Driver Performance. Report for Project HASTE. Ostlund, J., Carsten, O., Merat, N., Jamson, H., Janssen, W., Brouwer, R., Mouta, S., Carvalhais, J., Santos, J., Harbluk, J., Engström, J., Johansson, E., de Waard, D., Brookhuis, K., Antilla, V., Sandbergs, H., Luoma, J. (2004). HASTE (Project GRD1/2000/25361 S12.319626) Deliverable 2: HMI and Safety-Related Driver Performance. Report for Project HASTE, a European Union cooperative project involving Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Canada.
2004 ESC (Electronic Stability Control) Public and Driver Surveys. (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TP 14848 E). Rudin-Brown, C.M., Burns, P.C., Jenkins, R., Whitehead, T., & LeBlond, O. (2004). ESC (Electronic Stability Control) Public and Driver Surveys. (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TP 14848E). Ottawa, Ontario: Ergonomics and Crash Avoidance Division
2003 Adaptive cruise control and driver workload. Parker, H.A., Malisia, A.R., & Rudin-Brown, C.M. (2003). Adaptive cruise control and driver workload. Proceedings of the 15th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association. Seoul, Korea, August 2003.
2003 Cell phone communication and driver visual behavior: The impact of cognitive distraction. Trbovich, P. & Harbluk, J.L. (2003). Cell phone communication and driver visual behavior: The impact of cognitive distraction. Proceedings of CHI 2003. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, April 2003.
2003 Behavioral Adaptation to Adaptive Cruise Control. Rudin-Brown, C. M., Parker, H. A., & Malisia, A. R. (2003). Behavioral Adaptation to Adaptive Cruise Control. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 47(16), pp. 1850–1854.
2003 Usability issues concerning child restraint system harness design. Rudin-Brown, C.M., Kumagai, J. K., Angel, H. A., Iwasa-Madge, K. M., & Noy, I. Y. (2003). Usability issues concerning child restraint system harness design. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 35, pp. 341 – 348.
2003 The effects of voice technology on test track driving performance: Implications for driver distraction (Rep. No. DOT HS 809 525). Ranney, T.A., Harbluk, J.L., Smith, L., Huener, K., Parmer, E., & Barickman, F.S. (2003). The effects of voice technology on test track driving performance: Implications for driver distraction (Rep. No. DOT HS 809 525). Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
2003 Strategies for Reducing Driver Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics Devices: A Discussion Document (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14133 E). Transport Canada. (2003). Strategies for Reducing Driver Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics Devices: A Discussion Document. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14133 E). Ottawa, Ontario: Standards Research and Development Branch - Motor Vehicle Safety Directorate - Transport Canada.
2002 An investigation of the effect of an urban adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems on driving performance. Brook-Carter, N., Parkes, A.M., Burns, P. and Kersloot, T. (2002). An investigation of the effect of an urban adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems on driving performance. Proceedings of the 9th World Congress on ITS. Chicago, Illinois, October 2002.
2002 Conversations In Cars: The Relative Hazards of Mobile Phones. Burns, P.C., Parkes, A. M., & Lansdown, T. C. (2002). Conversations In Cars: The Relative Hazards of Mobile Phones. Proceedings of the 15th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association. Seoul, Korea, August 2002.
2002 Occlusion Paradigm as a Tool to Assess Visual Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics. Frank, T. L., Ian Noy, Y., & Klachan, C. (2002). Occlusion Paradigm as a Tool to Assess Visual Distraction from In-Vehicle Telematics. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, 46(22), pp. 1863 – 1867.
2002 The Impact of Cognitive Distraction on Driver Visual Behavior & Vehicle Control. Harbluk, J.L., Noy, Y.I., & Eizenman, M. (2002). The Impact of Cognitive Distraction on Driver Visual Behavior & Vehicle Control. Paper presented at the 81st Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Washington, DC, January 2002.
2002 The effects of voice technology on test track driving performance: Implications for distraction. Ranney, T.A., Harbluk, J.L. & Noy, Y.I. (2002). The effects of voice technology on test track driving performance: Implications for distraction. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society presented 46th Annual Meeting, 46(22), 1814 – 1818.
2002 Behavioural Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Child Restraint System (CRS) Labels/Warnings. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011103/A). Rudin-Brown, C.M., Greenley, M., Barone, A., Armstrong, J., Salway, A., & Norris, B. (2002). Behavioural Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Child Restraint System (CRS) Labels/Warnings. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011103/A). Ottawa, Ontario: Greenley & Associates Incorporated.
2002 Investigation of Behavioral Adaptation to Lane Departure Warnings. Rudin-Brown, C. M., & Ian Noy, Y. (2002). Investigation of Behavioral Adaptation to Lane Departure Warnings. Transportation Research Record, 1803(1), pp. 30–37.
2002 HASTE (Project GRD1/2000/25361 S12.319626) Deliverable 1: ­ Development of Experimental Protocol. Report for Project HASTE. Roskam, A.J.R., Brookhuis, K.A. Waard, D. de, Carsten, O.M.J. Read, L., Jamson, S., Merat, N., Ostlund, J., Bolling, A., Nilsson, L., Antilla, V., Hoedemaeker, M., Janssen, W.H., Harbluk, J., Johansson, E.J., Tevell, M., Fowkes, M., (2002). HASTE (Project GRD1/2000/25361 S12.319626) Deliverable 1: ­ Development of Experimental Protocol. Report for Project HASTE, a European Union cooperative project involving Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Canada.
2001 Classifying vehicle collisions based on police accident reports for crash avoidance purposes. Boucher, D. (2001). Classifying vehicle collisions based on police accident reports for crash avoidance purposes. Paper presented at the Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference XII. London, Ontario, June 2001.
2001 New in-vehicle technologies: Are lane departure warnings a good thing? Brown, C.M. (2001). New in-vehicle technologies: Are lane departure warnings a good thing? Proceedings of the Societé d’Ergonomie de la Langue Française/ Association of Canadian Ergonomists (32nd annual) Joint Conference. Montreal, Quebec, October 2001.
2001 The electronic belt-fit test device (eBTD): A method for certifying safe seat belt fit. Brown, C.M., Noy, Y.I., & Pruett, C.J. (2001). The electronic belt-fit test device (eBTD): A method for certifying safe seat belt fit. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). Amsterdam, the Netherlands, June 2001.
2001 The impact of performing cognitive tasks on drivers’ braking behaviour. Massel, L. & Harbluk, J.L. (2001).The impact of performing cognitive tasks on drivers’ braking behaviour. Proceedings of the Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals (CARSP). London, Ontario, June 2001.
2001 A model for situation awareness and driving: Application to analysis and research for intelligent transportation systems. Matthews, M.L., Bryant, D.J., Webb, R.D.G., & Harbluk, J.L. (2001). A model for situation awareness and driving: Application to analysis and research for intelligent transportation systems. Transportation Research Record, 1779, pp. 26 – 32.
2001 Occurrence of Light-Duty Vehicle Rollovers in TRAID (1993 to 1997) (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TMVS 0102). Boucher, D. (2001). Occurrence of Light-Duty Vehicle Rollovers in TRAID (1993 to 1997). (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TMVS 0102).Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate – Transport Canada.
2000 Trailer Underride Protection – A Canadian Perspective. Boucher, D., Davis, D.B.T. (2000). Trailer Underride Protection – A Canadian Perspective. Paper presented at the International Truck & Bus Meeting & Exposition. Portland, Oregon, December 2000.
2000 The concept of behavioural adapation: Does it occur in response to lane departure warnings? Brown, C.M. (2000). The concept of behavioural adapation: Does it occur in response to lane departure warnings? Proceedings of the International Conference of Traffic and Transport Psychology. Berne, Switzerland, September 2000.
2000 Mock Trial: Human Factors Contributions to Litigation Involving Adaptive Cruise Control. Ian Noy, Y., Vredenburgh, A., Hornick, R., Savaglio, B., Mortimer, R. G., Olsen, R., Spangler, J. R. (2000). Mock Trial: Human Factors Contributions to Litigation Involving Adaptive Cruise Control. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 44(34), pp. 398–398. https://doi.org/10.1177/154193120004403408
2000 The Impact of Internal Distraction on Driver Visual Behavior. Harbluk, J.L., Noy, Y.I., & Eizenman, M. (2000). The Impact of Internal Distraction on Driver Visual Behavior. Internet Forum on Driver Distraction, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, July 2000.
2000 Heavy trailer rear underride crash test performed with passenger vehicles (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TMVS 0001). Boucher, D. (2000). Heavy trailer rear underride crash test performed with passenger vehicles. (Technical Memorandum. Report No. TMVS 0001). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate – Transport Canada.

Motor carriers

Motor Carriers is focussed on reducing the deaths, injuries and environmental damage caused by the use of commercial vehicles by federally-regulated motor carriers and their drivers. Responsibilities include contributing to the development and implementation of a National Safety Code for Motor Carriers and federal regulations focussed on commercial drivers hours of service and the safety fitness framework for motor carriers. Research is varied and includes studies on safety management systems, speed limiters, hours of service and human factors in the motor carrier industry, such as fatigue management, driver distraction and the health and wellness of commercial vehicle drivers.

Year Title Reference
2018 Health and wellness of Canadian commercial motor vehicle drivers: Stakeholders perspectives for action. Crizzle, A.B., Larijani, M.M., Myers, A.M., McCrory, C., Thiffault, P., & Bigelow, P. (2018). Health and wellness of Canadian commercial motor vehicle drivers: Stakeholders perspectives for action. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 11(5), pp. 319 – 332.
2017 Health and wellness of long-haul truck and bus drivers: A systematic literature review and directions for future research. Crizzle, A.B., Bigelow, P., Adams, D., Gooderham, S., Myers, A.M., & Thiffault, P. (2017). Health and wellness of long-haul truck and bus drivers: A systematic literature review and directions for future research. Journal of Transport and Health, 7, pp. 90 – 109.
2016 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2011. Thiffault, P. (2016). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2011. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transport Canada.
2015 Health & Wellness of Commercial On-Road Vehicle Truck and Bus Drivers in Canada: Environmental Scan, Stakeholders Consultation and Proposed National Study. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-140136). Bigelow, P., Crizzle, A.M., Myers, A., & McCrory, C. (2015). Health & Wellness of Commercial On-Road Vehicle Truck and Bus Drivers in Canada: Environmental Scan, Stakeholders Consultation and Proposed National Study. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-140136).
2015 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2010. Thiffault, P. (2015). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2010. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transport Canada.
2014 Health and Wellness of Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers in Canada: Literature Review, Discussion and Directions for Further Research. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-140164). Bigelow, P. et al. (2014). Health and Wellness of Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers in Canada: Literature Review, Discussion and Directions for Further Research. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-140164).
2014 Commercial Vehicle Safety in Canada: Comprehensive Review of the Amendments to the Motor Vehicle Transport Act. Thiffault, P. (2014). Commercial Vehicle Safety in Canada: Comprehensive Review of the Amendments to the Motor Vehicle Transport Act – Report tabled to Parliament. Transport Canada.
2012 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2009. Thiffault, P. (2012). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2009. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transport Canada.
2011 Addressing human factors in the motor carrier industry in Canada. Thiffault, P. (2011). Addressing human factors in the motor carrier industry in Canada. Report prepared for the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrator (CCMTA), 309 pages.
2011 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2008. Thiffault, P. (2011). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2008. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transports Canada.
2010 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2007. Thiffault, P. (2010). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2007. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transports Canada.
2009 Safety implications of mandated truck speed limiters on freeways. Saccomanno, F.F., Duong, D., Cunto, F., Hellinga, B., & Thiffault, P. (2009). Safety implications of mandated truck speed limiters on freeways. Transportation Research Record, 2096, pp. 65 – 75.
2009 Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2006. Thiffault, P. (2009). Commercial Vehicle safety in Canada: 2006. Annual report tabled to Parliament. Transports Canada.
2008 Traffic modelling evaluation of mandatory speed limiters on Canadian highways. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-060603). Saccomano. F., Philp, C., Cunto, F., Duong, D., Sookall, R., & Hellinga, B. (2008). Traffic modelling evaluation of mandatory speed limiters on Canadian highways. Prepared for Transport Canada (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-060603).
2008 Trade and Competitiveness Assessment of Mandated Speed-Limiters for Heavy Trucks Operating in Canada (Final Report No. T8080-07-0230-001). Chow, G., & Ash, Lloyd. (2008). Trade and Competitiveness Assessment of Mandated Speed-Limiters for Heavy Trucks Operating in Canada. (Final Report No. T8080-07-0230-001). Ottawa, Ontario: Ray Barton Associates Ltd.
2008 Speed Limiter Case Study and Industry Review (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14812 E). Knowles Canada. (2008). Speed Limiter Case Study and Industry Review. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14812). Ottawa, Ontario: Knowles Canada.
2008 Learning from Others: An International Study on Heavy Truck Speed Limiters (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14810 E). Council of Deputy Ministers: Transportation and Highway Safety. (2008). Learning from Others: An International Study on Heavy Truck Speed Limiters. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14810). Ottawa, Ontario: Council of Deputy Ministers: Transportation and Highway Safety.
2008 Summary Report - Assessment of a Heavy Truck Speeder Limiter Requirement in Canada (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14808 E). Spoerri, A. (2008). Summary Report - Assessment of a Heavy Truck Speeder Limiter Requirement in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14808). Ottawa, Ontario: Council of Deputy Ministers: Transportation and Highway Safety.
2007 Environmental Benefits of Speed Limiters for Trucks Operating in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14811 E). Ray Barton Associates Ltd. (2007). Environmental Benefits of Speed Limiters for Trucks Operating in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14811). Ottawa, Ontario: Ray Barton Associates Ltd.
2004 The Road Safety Monitor – Tracking public opinion regarding alcohol and drug impairment. Jonah, B., Thiffault, P., Beirness, G., & Boase, P. The Road Safety Monitor – Tracking public opinion regarding alcohol and drug impairment. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety. Glasgow, Scotland, August 2004.
2002 Assessment of the Effect of Automatic Slack Adjusters on Brake Adjustment (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-055. Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14214 E). Billing, J.R. (2002). Assessment of the Effect of Automatic Slack Adjusters on Brake Adjustment. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-055. Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14214 E). Gloucester, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology - National Research Council of Canada.

Standards and regulations

The Standards and Regulations Division is responsible for developing and implementing safety regulations and standards for the design, construction, and functioning of new and imported motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment. The regulations and standards are developed by working together with partners in industry, other governments and safety organizations, with careful consideration given to harmonizing Canadian regulations with those of our economic partners, while also considering specific Canadian vehicle safety concerns.

Year Title Reference
2015 Testing Methodology of Vehicle Pedestrian Notification Systems. Whittal, I.M., Meyer, N., & Jonasch, R. (2015). Testing Methodology of Vehicle Pedestrian Notification Systems. International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition. Goyang, Korea, May 2015.
2013 Liquefied Natural Gas Vehicle Safety Standard Requirements. (Technical Report No. EME-Vcv-00001). Martin, J., Hernandez, M., & Rossetto, M. (2013). Liquefied Natural Gas Vehicle Safety Standard Requirements. (Technical Report No. EME-Vcv-00001). Vancouver, British Columbia: NRC Energy, Mining and Environment – National Research Council of Canada.
2012 Review and Testing of the Safety of Liquefied Natural Gas Tanks for Heavy Trucks (Technical Report No. IFCI-RENEWENG-CTR-039). Hernandez, M., Rossetto, M., Martin, J., Guo, H., Girard, F., & Neill, S.W. (2012). Review and Testing of the Safety of Liquefied Natural Gas Tanks for Heavy Trucks. (Technical Report No. IFCI-RENEWENG-CTR-039). Vancouver, British Columbia: NRC Energy, Mining and Environment – National Research Council of Canada.
2011 Heavy-Duty Vehicle Performance in Winter Conditions with Low Rolling Resistance Tires - Phase 1 (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-188). Gaudet, B., & Lalonde, C. (2011). Heavy-Duty Vehicle Performance in Winter Conditions with Low Rolling Resistance Tires - Phase 1. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-188). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology - National Research Council of Canada.
2010 Trailer Boat Tail Aerodynamic and Collision Study (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-169). Patten, J., Poole, G., Mayda, W., & Wall, A. (2010). Trailer Boat Tail Aerodynamic and Collision Study. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-169). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology – National Research Council of Canada.
2010 Side Guards for Trucks and Trailers Phase 1: Background Investigation (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-158). Patten, J.D. & Tabra, C.V. (2010). Side Guards for Trucks and Trailers Phase 1: Background Investigation. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-158). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology - National Research Council of Canada.
2005 A Review of Seat and Seat Belt Tests to Motor Coach Standards (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011547/A). Keown, M., & Wonnacott, M. (2005). A Review of Seat and Seat Belt Tests to Motor Coach Standards. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011547/A). Ottawa, Ontario: Biokinetics and Associates Ltd.
2005 A Summary of School Bus Seat and Seat Belt Tests. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011547/A). Keown, M., & Wonnacott, M. (2005). A Summary of School Bus Seat and Seat Belt Tests. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-011547/A). Ottawa, Ontario: Biokinetics and Associates Ltd.
2004 School Bus Restraints for Small Children in Canada (Transport Canada Publication No. 14325 E). Legault, F. (2004). School Bus Restraints for Small Children in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. 14325 E). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety and Motor Vehicle Regulation Directorate - Transport Canada
2003 Development of Rear Impact Guards for Proof of Regulatory Concept (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-057). Billing, J.R., Liu, Y., & Patten, J.D. (2003). Development of Rear Impact Guards for Proof of Regulatory Concept. (Technical Report No. CSTT-HVC-TR-057). Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for Surface Transportation Technology - National Research Council of Canada.
2002 Evaluation of Occupant Protection in Buses. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-01-1214. Report No. RK02-06). RONA Kinetics and Associates Ltd. (2002). Evaluation of Occupant Protection in Buses. (Final Report. Contract No. T8080-01-1214. Report No. RK02-06). Vancouver, British Columbia: RONA Kinetics and Associates Ltd.
2002 Comparison of Two Advance Signalling Systems Used on Canadian School Buses: Amber Lights and Red Lights (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 13903 E). Bruneau, J. (2002). Comparison of Two Advance Signalling Systems Used on Canadian School Buses: Amber Lights and Red Lights. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 13903E). Montreal, Quebec: Transportation Development Centre (TDC).

Other

Year Title Reference
2011 Road Safety in Canada (Transport Canada Publication No.15145 E). Road Safety Canada Consulting. (2011). Road Safety in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No.15145E). Ottawa, Ontario: Road Safety Canada Consulting with support from the Public Health Agency of Canada and Transport Canada.
2010 Canadian National Survey on Child Restraint use 2010 (Technical Report). Snowden, A.W., Hussein, A., & Ahmed, E. (2010). Canadian National Survey on Child Restraint use 2010. (Technical Report). Windsor, Ontario: AUTO21.
2006 Update of data sources on collisions involving motor vehicles and large animals in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14798 E). L-P Tardif & Associates Inc. (2006). Update of data sources on collisions involving motor vehicles and large animals in Canada. (Transport Canada Publication No. TP 14798 E). Nepean, Ontario: L-P Tardif & Associates Inc.

Contact us

Toll-free telephone: 1-800-333-0371
Local telephone: 613-998-8616 (Ottawa-Gatineau region)
Email: mvs-sa@tc.gc.ca

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Some of the information on this page has been provided by external sources. The Government of Canada is not responsible for the accuracy, reliability or currency of the information supplied by external sources. Users wishing to rely upon this information should consult directly with the source of the information. Content provided by external sources is not subject to official languages, privacy and accessibility requirements.

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