ATA 25 Equipment/Furnishing

LEGEND

Procedures Required

(O) – An operational procedure
(M) or (M#) – A maintenance procedure
(O)(M) or (O)(M#) – Both operational and maintenance procedures

Repair Interval Categories

Category A

Items in this category shall be repaired within the time interval specified in the "Remarks or Exceptions" column of the air operator's approved MEL. Whenever the proviso in the "Remarks or Exceptions" column of the MMEL states cycles or flight time, the time interval begins with the next flight. Whenever the time interval is listed as flight days, the time interval begins on the flight day following the day of discovery.

Time Limited Dispatch - Some MMEL's for aircraft that are equipped with FADEC engines have relief that is subject to time limited dispatch expressed as a specific number of engine hours, and will start in accordance with the times established by the engine manufacturer or as indicated in the remarks column of the MMEL. Time limited relief cannot be extended.

Category B

Items in this category shall be repaired within 3 consecutive calendar days excluding the day of discovery.

Category C

Items in this category shall be repaired within 10 consecutive calendar days, excluding the day of discovery.

Category D

Items in this category shall be repaired within 120 consecutive calendar days, excluding the day of discovery. To be considered for placement in Category D, the item must be of an optional nature, or excess equipment which an air operator may, at his/her discretion, deactivate, remove from or install on an aircraft.

To be approved for Category D, the item must meet the following criteria:

  1. the absence of the item does not adversely affect crew member's workload;
  2. the crew members do not rely on the function of that item on a routine or continuous basis; and,
  3. the crew members' training, subsequent habit patterns and procedures do not rely on the use of that item.

Category D relief will generally not be approved for equipment which is considered to increase the level of safety, even if that equipment is of an optional nature.

ITEM:  25-10-1  FLIGHT DECK CREW MEMBER SAFETY BELTS (INCLUDES SHOULDER HARNESS)

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Flight Deck Crew Member Safety Belts (Includes Shoulder Harness) Flight deck crew member safety belts (includes shoulder harness) must be operative.
Primary Observer Seat Safety Belt B 1 0 (M) May be inoperative except when required by a person in an official capacity provided the seat is removed, stowed, or secured in the retracted position.
D 1 0 May be inoperative provided the seat is not required to be occupied in an official capacity for extended periods of time.
Secondary Observer Seat(s) Safety Belt(s) D - 0 May be inoperative provided the seat is not used.

DISCUSSION:

References:  CAR 605.27, CAR 703.69, CAR 704.68, CAR 705.75, AWM 523.785, AWM 525.785

“Official capacity” for the purpose of this document with respect to the occupant of the observer’s seat includes flight training, Transport Canada Civil Aviation Safety Inspector company check rides, a crew member, or a person authorized by the air operator in accordance with procedures specified in the air operator’s company operating manual.  If the basis of certification does not require flight deck crew member safety belts (includes shoulder harness) then “as required by regulation” may be used in order that the appropriate operational regulations govern.

FAA Differences:  FAA relief is similar to TCCA.

ITEM:  25-10-2  PILOT SEAT ADJUSTMENTS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Pilot Seat Adjustments
1) Fore/Aft Adjustment B/C 2 0 (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Seat is secured in fore/aft position acceptable to affected crew member, and

b) Egress is not impaired.

2) Height Adjustment B/C 2 0 (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Seat is secured in vertical position acceptable to affected crew member,

b) Egress is not impaired, and

c) If HGS is installed and required for flight, the vertical position of the seat must be acceptable to affected crew member.

3) Recline Adjustment B - 0 (M) May be inoperative provided backrest is secured in position acceptable to affected crew member.
4) Armrest C - 0 (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Affected armrest is stowed in the retracted position or removed, and

b) Seat is acceptable to affected crew member.

5) Lumbar Support C - 0 May be inoperative in the lowest position provided seat is acceptable to affected crew member.
6) Thigh Support C - 0 May be inoperative provided seat is acceptable to affected crew member.

DISCUSSION:

References:  nil

Some pilot seat adjustment designs do not lend themselves to be secured when inoperative.  A practical means of securing the seat position must be developed and used.

Repair Interval Category for Fore/Aft and Height Adjustment is B or C depending on the aircraft type.

FAA Differences:  No FAA PL for this item and dispatch relief varies between aircraft types.

ITEM:  25-10-3  OBSERVER SEATS (INCLUDING ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT)

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Primary Observer Seat (Including Associated Equipment) B 1 0 (M) May be inoperative except when required by a person in an official capacity provided the seat is removed, stowed, or secured in the retracted position.
D 1 0 (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) The seat is not required to be occupied in an official capacity for extended periods of time, and

b) The seat is removed, stowed, or secured in the retracted position.

Secondary Observer Seat(s)

*** (Including Associated Equipment)

D - 0 May be inoperative provided procedures do not require its use.

DISCUSSION:

References:  AWM 525.785, CAR 703.21, CAR 704.21, CAR 705.27, FAA PL 56 (Rev. 4, 15 Sep. 2004)

Observer’s seat associated equipment includes safety belt, shoulder harness, audio control panel, oxygen system, microphone, headset, lights, etc.

“Official capacity” for the purpose of this document with respect to the occupant of the observer’s seat includes flight training, Transport Canada Civil Aviation Safety Inspector company check rides, a crew member, or a person authorized by the air operator in accordance with procedures specified in the air operator’s company operating manual.

FAA Differences:  FAA requires observer’s seat (or a passenger seat) to be available for their use at all times, TCCA does not have the passenger seat as an in lieu requirement.  FAA assigns category A (two flight days).  TCCA allows a cat B or a cat D where appropriate.

ITEM:  25-10-4  FLIGHT DECK DOOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Flight Deck Door Surveillance Systems
1) Electronic System A 1 0 (O)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Alternate procedures are established and used, and

b) Repairs are made within three flight days.

C 1 0 (O)

May be inoperative provided:

a) A flight deck door viewing port is installed and operates normally, and

b) Alternate procedures are established and used.

D 1 0 May be inoperative provided procedures do not require its use.

a) Cargo Configuration

C 1 0 May be inoperative provided courier/supernumerary compartment remains empty.
D 1 0 May be inoperative provided procedures do not require its use.
2) Viewing Ports A 1 0 (O)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Alternate procedures are established and used, and

b) Repairs are made within three flight days.

C 1 0 (O)

May be inoperative provided:

a) An electronic flight deck door visual surveillance system is installed and operates normally, and

b) Alternate procedures are established and used.

a) Cargo Configuration C 1 0 May be inoperative provided courier/supernumerary compartment remains empty.
D 1 0 May be inoperative provided procedures do not require its use.

DISCUSSION:

References:   PL 122 (Original, 4 Apr. 2008)

The reliefs proposed by this item address equipment options as well as crew procedures reviewed by regulatory agencies to enhance security in operations.

Proper crew coordination is essential prior to opening of the flight deck door, and must include both normal and abnormal conditions.  Thorough viewing of the area aft of the flight deck door must be performed before the door is opened, which may be accomplished by either the use of an electronic visual surveillance system or a viewing port mounted within the flight deck door panel.

Alternate procedures in the event of failure of both electronic system and viewing port may include the use of interphone system to properly allow communication between flight deck and cabin.

FAA Differences:  FAA relief is identical to TCCA.

ITEM:  25-20-1  PASSENGER CONVENIENCE ITEMS/Non-Essential Equipment and Furnishings (NEF)

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Passenger Convenience/NEF Items
*** 1) Passenger Convenience Items - 0

Passenger convenience items as expressed in this MMEL are those related to passenger convenience, comfort or entertainment, such as, but not limited to – galley equipment, movie equipment, ashtrays, stereo equipment, and overhead reading lamps. Items addressed elsewhere in this document shall not be included.

(M) and (O) procedures may be required and included in the MEL.

NOTES:
1. Exterior lavatory door ashtrays are not considered convenience items.

2. Galley equipment restraining devices such as latches, etc. must be serviceable or the compartment must not be used for storage and placarded “INOPERATIVE - DO NOT USE”.

3. Movie equipment individual screens, if applicable, must be capable of being stowed.

4. Audio or audio-visual entertainment equipment which is used as the sole means of providing safety briefings and demonstrations is not considered a passenger convenience item.

*** 2) Non-Essential Equipment and Furnishings (NEF) - 0

May be inoperative, damaged or missing provided that the item(s) is deferred in accordance with the operator's defect rectification and control procedures. The NEF policies are outlined in the operator's Maintenance Control Manual. (M) and (O) procedures, if required, must be available to the flight crew and included in the operator's appropriate document.

NOTE:
Exterior lavatory door ashtrays are not considered NEF items.

DISCUSSION:

References:  CAR 706.05, CAR 706.08, TP 9155 Para 3.9.4 (2nd Edition, Jan 2006), FAA PL 33 (Rev. 3, 25 June 2001), FAA PL 116 (Rev. 1, 21 Dec. 2007), FAA AD 74-08-09

Non-essential equipment and furnishings are those items installed on the aircraft as part of the original certification, supplemental type certificate, or engineering order that have no effect on the safe operation of flight and would not be required by the applicable certification rules or operational rules.  They are those items that if inoperative, damaged or missing have no effect on the aircraft’s ability to be operated safely under all operational conditions.  These non-essential items may be installed in areas including, but not limited to, the passenger compartment, flight deck area, service areas, cargo areas, crew rest areas, lavatories, and galley areas.  NEF items are not items already identified in the MEL or CDL of the applicable aircraft.  They do not include items that are functionally required to meet the certification rule or for compliance with any operational rule.  An operator’s NEF process shall not provide for deferral of items within serviceable limits identified in the manufacturer’s maintenance manual or operator’s approved maintenance program such as wear limits, fuel/hydraulic leak rates, oil consumption, etc.  Cosmetic items that are fully serviceable but worn or soiled may be deferred under an operators NEF process.

Prior to issuance of this policy, the MMEL provided relief only for Passenger Convenience Items that limited relief to the cabin, galley, and lavatory areas.  Many operators previously deferred inoperative, damaged or missing items, not located in these areas, now identified as NEF items, via a maintenance carryover provision contained in their maintenance program.  Other than under the provisions of an approved Minimum Equipment List (MEL), or Configuration Deviation List (CDL), the regulations do not provide for the deferral of inoperative, damaged or missing items identified in the aircraft type certificate.  By replacing the current Passenger Convenience Items title in chapter 25 of all MMELs with the new term Non-Essential Equipment and Furnishings (NEF), relief for inoperative, damaged or missing non-essential items located throughout the aircraft may be granted according to the operator's defect rectification and control procedures.  Although NEF is listed under Chapter 25, it may address items that would fall under other ATA chapters.

By definition, NEF items do not affect the safe operation of an aircraft.  Due to the wide variance of these items from aircraft to aircraft, a complete list of NEF items is not required to be maintained in the operator’s MEL, but in a list or other equivalent method of tracking.

NEF items do not go through the normal MMEL approval process and will be managed by the TCCA Inspector responsible for the approval of the MEL. The fundamental elements for an operator obtaining approval for deferral of NEF items is the operator’s development of appropriate defect rectification and control procedures, documentation of inoperative, damaged or missing items, reporting of deferrals to the TCCA office charged with program oversight, and procedures for follow-up maintenance.  It is not necessary, nor preferred, that every item be listed in the MEL.  Operators need not incorporate a list of NEF items in the MEL, but it is probably advantageous for the operator to develop an NEF list (or its equivalent) in the operator's defect rectification and control procedures.  Development of such a list will reduce both the operator’s and the TCCA’s time spent analyzing recurring deferrals of the same items.  An NEF list (or equivalent) will also provide flight crews, maintenance, and operations personnel, if applicable, with any applicable M & O procedures necessary for the safe operation of the aircraft.  If an operator chooses to develop a list of NEF items, that list can be maintained in a manner and location agreed to by the TCCA Inspector.  Operators may specify a repair time frame for the NEF items and may use the current MEL deferral categories at their discretion.

The current “Passenger Convenience” item in MMELs may be replaced with the dual Passenger Convenience Items and Non-Essential Equipment and Furnishings (NEF) provisions when revised through the normal MMEL/TCS revision process.

Note: Since April 30, 2008, the FAA does not permit the use of Passenger Convenience items in new or revised MMELs or MELs.

Potable water systems and lavatory waste systems are not considered passenger convenience items and are addressed as per ATA 38 items.

FAA Differences:  FAA requires M & O procedures for passenger convenience items to be listed an air carriers appropriate document, not specifically in the in the operators MEL.  Notes 2 - 4 are not in the FAA PL item.  The FAA requires that a specific NEF program is in place by operators, while TCCA accepts that NEF relief be addressed through the operator's defect rectification and control procedures.

ITEM:  25-20-2  FLIGHT ATTENDANT SEAT/SEAT ASSEMBLY (SINGLE/DUAL POSITION)

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Flight Attendant Seat Assembly (single or dual position)
1) Required Flight Attendant Seats B - 1 (M)(O)

One seat position or assembly (dual position) may be inoperative provided:

a) Affected seat position or seat assembly is not occupied,

b) Flight attendant(s) displaced by inoperative seat(s) occupies either an adjacent flight attendant seat or the passenger seat which is most accessible to the inoperative seat(s), so as to most effectively perform assigned duties,

c) Alternate procedures are established and used as published in crewmember manuals,

d) Folding type seat stows automatically or is secured in the retracted position, and

e) Passenger seat assigned to flight attendant is placarded ‘FOR FLIGHT ATTENDANT USE ONLY’.

NOTES:
1. An automatic folding seat that will not stow automatically is considered inoperative.

2. A seat position with a missing or inoperative required component, such as safety belt (including shoulder harness) or headrest, renders the seat inoperative.

2) Excess Flight Attendant Seats D - - (M)

Seats/assemblies in excess of requirements and not assigned to a flight attendant may be inoperative provided they are not occupied, are placarded and are:

a) Properly stowed, or

b) Secured in the retracted position, or

c) Removed.

NOTES:
1. An automatic folding seat that will not stow automatically is considered inoperative.

2. A seat position with a missing or inoperative required component, such as safety belt (including shoulder harness) or headrest, renders the seat inoperative.

3) All Cargo Configuration D - - May be inoperative provided affected seat or seat assembly is not occupied.

DISCUSSION:

References:   AWM  523.785, AWM 525.785, AWM 525.803, CAR 605.24, CAR 705.41, CAR 705.75, CASS  725.41, CASS 725.104, FAA PL 97 (Rev. 4, 6 Sep. 2007)

The above mentioned relief is only permissible if more than one flight attendant is assigned to duty or more than one seat or seat assembly is located in the passenger cabin.  This is for safety reasons to ensure that at least one flight attendant is seated in a proper flight attendant seat in the cabin.

A flight attendant seat must be located in the passenger cabin; this excludes a seat located in the cargo area of a passenger/cargo combi configured aircraft.  Individual operators, when operating with inoperative seats must consider the locations and combinations of seats to ensure that the proximity to exits and distribution requirements of the applicable regulations are met.

This item has been split into ’seats required by regulation’ and ’seats in excess of requirements and not assigned to a flight attendant’ to facilitate separate categorizations.  If ”extra” flight attendants are carried and duties assigned, then the seat occupied by that flight attendant is no longer considered excess to requirements and that seat must meet the appropriate design requirements.  Hence the wording ”assigned” in the second relief.

The item will need to be tailored since not all aircraft have seat assemblies.

Consistent with the CARs, this item refers to a “safety belt”, and “shoulder harness”.

In response to a request for relief it has been decided that the use of flight attendant seats with no shoulder harness is not acceptable because of safety reasons and a Dryden recommendation to require a shoulder harness.

FAA Differences:  FAA allows dispatch (cat A - two flight days) for aircraft with only one flight attendant seat, while TCCA requires one unit to be operative.  FAA assigns category C for excess flight attendant seats.

ITEM:  25-20-3  PASSENGER SEATS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Passenger Seats (includes seat back) D - - (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Seat does not block an emergency exit,

b) Seat does not restrict any passenger from access to the main aircraft aisle, and

c) The affected seat(s) is blocked and placarded “DO NOT OCCUPY”.

NOTE:
1. A seat with an inoperative safety belt is considered inoperative.

2. For single aisle configurations and for seats in the left and right (outboard) sections of two aisle aircraft, the affected seat(s) may include the seat behind and/or the adjacent outboard seats.

3. For the centre section of two aisle configurations, the ”affected” seat may only be the seat aft of the inoperative seat.

Recline Mechanism D - - (M) May be inoperative and seat occupied provided seat is secured in the full upright position.
Underseat Baggage Restraining Bars C - - (O)

May be inoperative or missing provided:

a) Baggage is not stowed under associated seat or seat assembly,

b) Associated seat or seat assembly is placarded ”DO NOT STOW BAGGAGE UNDER THIS SEAT”, and

c) Procedures are established to alert crew members of inoperative or missing restraining bar.

Armrest

a) Armrest with Recline Mechanism

D

-

-

(M)

May be inoperative or missing and seat occupied provided:

a) Armrest does not block an emergency exit,

b) Armrest does not restrict any passenger from access to the main aircraft aisle, and

c) If armrest is missing, seat is secured in the full upright position.

b) Armrest without Recline Mechanism D - -

May be inoperative or missing and seat occupied provided:

a) Armrest does not block an emergency exit, and

b) Armrest does not restrict any passenger from access to the main aircraft aisle.

DISCUSSION:

References: CAR 725.42, 602.86, 705.42, 605.22, 605.24, FAA PL 79 (Rev. 6, 4 Aug. 2008)

The basis of certification of the seat or seat assembly will need to be verified to determine if an inoperative or missing under seat baggage restraining bar affects the integrity of the seat.

This item includes tray tables that may, if inoperative in the unstowed position, render the seat or seat row behind the seat to which the tray table is attached inoperative. A tray table inoperative in the stowed position is considered a passenger convenience item/NEF.

CAR 605.24 requires shoulder harnesses for passenger seats under specified conditions.  In this case, a missing or inoperative safety belt and/or shoulder harness renders the seat inoperative.

FAA Differences: TCCA adds a “missing” reference.  Some additions in TCCA MMEL due to CARs.  For clarification TCCA has added NOTES 2 and 3 regarding affected seats.  The FAA MMEL statement about the number of inoperative seats not affecting the required number of flight attendants is not applicable in Canada and must be deleted from TCCA MMELs.

ITEM:  25-20-4  “FASTEN SEAT BELT WHILE SEATED” SIGNS OR PLACARDS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
“Fasten Seat Belt While Seated”, Signs or Placards C - - One or more signs or placards may be illegible or missing provided a legible sign or placard is readable from each occupied passenger seat.

DISCUSSION:

References:   FAA PL 89 (Rev. 1, 19 Nov. 2001)

FAA Differences: FAA relief is similar to TCCA.

ITEM: 25-20-5 OVERHEAD STORAGE BIN(S)/CABIN AND GALLEY STORAGE COMPARTMENTS/CLOSETS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Overhead Storage Bin(s)/Cabin and Galley Storage Compartments/Closets C - - (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Procedures are established to secure bins/compartments/closets CLOSED,

b) Associated bin/compartment/closet is prominently placarded DO NOT USE,

c) Any emergency equipment located in affected bin/compartment/closet is considered inoperative, and

d) Affected bin/compartment/closet is not used for storage of any item(s) except for those permanently affixed.

NOTES:
1. If no partitions are installed, the entire overhead storage compartment is considered one bin or compartment.

2. An inoperative lid/door latch renders the lid/door inoperative.

C - - (M)(O)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Affected bin/compartment/closet door(s) is removed,

b) Associated bin/compartment/closet is not used for storage of any items, except those permanently affixed,

c) Associated bin/compartment/closet is prominently placarded DO NOT USE,

d) Procedures are established and used to alert crew members and passengers of inoperative bins/compartments/closets, and

e) Passengers are briefed that associated bin/compartment/closet is not used.

NOTES:
1. If no partitions are installed, the entire overhead storage compartment is considered one bin or compartment.

2. Any emergency equipment located in the associated compartment (permanently affixed) is available for use.

3. An inoperative lid/door latch renders the lid/door inoperative.

DISCUSSION:

References:  CAR 602.86, CAR 705.42, FAA PL 104 (Rev. 3, 4 Aug. 2008)

Category D is not considered appropriate in that specific cabin luggage storage rules and regulations will drive the repair urgency.

FAA DifferencesFAA relief is identical to TCCA with respect to the conditions imposed by the provisos. Wording may slightly differ, as TCCA consistently refers to “bin/compartment/closet” in both reliefs. Also, TCCA adds a Note to indicate that inoperative lid/door latch renders the lid/door inoperative.

ITEM:  25-20-6  OVERHEAD (STOWAGE) RACK WITH RESTRAINING DEVICE

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Overhead (Stowage) Rack With Restraining Device D - - (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) That portion of the overhead rack is not used for stowage, and

b) The rack is placarded ”INOPERATIVE DO NOT USE”.

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 602.86, CAR 705.42

FAA Differences:  Not in FAA MMELs.

ITEM:  25-40-1  EXTERIOR LAVATORY DOOR ASHTRAYS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Exterior Lavatory Door Ashtrays
For airplanes with more than one lavatory door or entry area ashtray. C - -

One may be missing on the entire aircraft.

NOTES:
1. Repair Interval extensions are not permitted.

2. Interior lavatory ashtrays are considered under passenger convenience items/NEF and are not required by regulations.

For airplanes with only one lavatory door or entry area ashtray. B - 0

May be missing.

NOTES:
1. Repair Interval extensions are not permitted.

2. Interior lavatory ashtrays are considered under passenger convenience items/NEF and are not required by regulations.

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 705.76, FAA AD 74-08-09 R2 (Effective on 29 July 1996), FAA PL 85 (Rev. 2, 7 Feb. 2000)

Although industry has requested additional relief this is not possible since the Airworthiness Directive must take precedence over the MMEL.  If additional relief is requested, it will need to be incorporated into the AD itself.  It is also noted that an extension for this item is not possible since the AD takes precedence.

FAA Differences:  TCCA expands title to reflect an entry area.  FAA assigns category A, 10 calendar days, and A, 3 calendar days, rather than category C and B (FAA does not permit category A extensions).

ITEM:  25-40-2  LAVATORY NO SMOKING PLACARDS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Lavatory NO SMOKING Placards B - - May be missing provided the associated lavatory smoke detection system is operative.

DISCUSSION:

References:  CAR 705.76(c)

This item added to address unique Canadian requirements.

FAA Differences:  No FAA PL addressing this item.

ITEM:  25-50-1  CARGO COMPARTMENT LINING PANELS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Cargo Compartment Lining Panels C - - (O)

Liner panels may be damaged or missing provided cargo is not carried in the associated compartment.

NOTE:
Unit Load Devices (ULDs) may be carried in the associated compartment provided no cargo is carried on or in these devices. For ballast purposes, use of bags (made of glass fibre or kevlar) of sand or ingots of non-magnetic metals (such as lead) is acceptable.

DISCUSSION:

References:   AWM 525.855

(O) is intended to provide procedures for removal of cargo and installation of ballast, if required.

FAA Differences:  No FAA PL for this item but TCCA relief consistent with MMEL for B757.

ITEM:  25-50-2  CREW REST FACILITIES - BUNK

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Crew Rest Facilities - Bunk
1) Crew Rest Facility - Bunk Main Entry Door C - 0 (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Associated Crew Rest Area is not used and personal items are removed, and

b) Associated Crew Rest Area door is locked closed and placarded,

INOPERATIVE – DO NOT ENTER.

NOTE:
These provisions are not intended to prohibit associated Crew Rest Area inspections by crewmembers.

2) Crew Rest Facility - Bunk Restraint System C - - (M)(O)

One or more may be inoperative provided:

a) Affected bunk is placarded INOPERATIVE – DO NOT USE

b) Procedures are established and used to alert crewmembers that the bunk restraint system cannot be used.

DISCUSSION:

References:   nil

FAA Differences:  No FAA PL for this item but relief consistent with B777.

ITEM:  25-60-1  EMERGENCY LOCATOR TRANSMITTER

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)
Fixed ELTs - - - (M)

May be inoperative provided:

a) Placard is displayed in the flight deck indicating the date ELT has been removed, and

b) Repair or replacement is made within the time interval prescribed by regulations.

Survival Type ELTs D - - Any in excess of those required by regulations may be inoperative or missing.

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 605.38, CAR 605.39, FAA PL 120 (Original, 29 Jan. 2007)

Recent revisions to CAR 605.38 and CAR 605.39 have introduced different repair interval criteria depending upon the operational category of the aircraft.  For development of the MEL, refer to the CAR that applies to the type of operation and the specific type of aircraft involved.

FAA Differences:  The FAA assigns category A (90 days) for ELTs that are required by FAR, and category D for others in excess.

ITEM:  25-60-2  FIRST AID KIT

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
First Aid Kit D - - (O)

Any kit or items contained in the kit in excess of those required by regulations may be incomplete or missing provided:

a) Required distribution is maintained, and

b) Procedures are established to alert crew members of missing or incomplete kits.

First Aid Kit Seal

(Required First Aid Kits)

A - - (O)

The seal affixed on the exterior of any required first aid kit may be missing or broken for three flight days provided:

a) The first aid kit is fully equipped or the kit has a maximum of one missing item,

b) The kit includes a list of its contents,

c) An inventory is taken on the content of the kit prior to departure, and

d) Procedures are established to alert crew members of:

1) The missing or broken seal, and

2) The need to perform an inventory under proviso c).

DISCUSSION:

References:  CAR 602.60, CAR 705.90, CASS 725.90, CAR 704.84, CASS  724.84, FAA PL 73 (Rev. 4, 18 Apr. 2006)

FAA Differences:  TCCA adds (O) and provisions for missing or broken seals and/or first aid kits with up to one item missing over and above the required contents.  The FAA allows the dispatch with one of the required first aid kits (when more than one is required) inoperative for 3 flight cycles.  The FAA does not provide separate relief for kit seal. Instead, it is considered as “associated equipment”, and it is addressed in the relief for the whole kit.

ITEM:  25-60-3  EMERGENCY MEDICAL KIT

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Emergency Medical Kit D - - (O) Any kit or items contained in the kit in excess of those required by regulations may be incomplete or missing provided procedures are established to alert crew members of missing or incomplete kits.
Consumable Items A - - (O)

One consumable item, as required by CASS 725.91, may be missing for one flight day provided:

a) The emergency medical kit is equipped with more than one of the consumable items that is missing,

b) The kit includes a list of its contents, and

c) Procedures are established to alert crew members of the missing item.

NOTES:
1. For the purpose of this relief, a consumable item is considered to be an item that once removed from the kit cannot be reused.

2. For the purpose of this relief, the use of a syringe and needle with the associated dose of medication is considered to be one consumable item.

Emergency Medical Kit Seal B - - (O)

The seal affixed on the exterior of the emergency medical kit may be missing or broken provided:

a) The emergency medical kit is fully equipped or the kit has a maximum of one missing consumable item,

b) The kit includes a list of its contents,

c) An inventory is taken on the content of the kit prior to departure, and

d) Procedures are established to alert crew members of:

1) The missing or broken seal and

2) The need to perform an inventory under proviso c).

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 705.91, CASS 725.91, FAA PL 73 (Rev. 4, 18 Apr. 2006)

The A Category repair interval is intended to provide relief from the minimum required items as listed in CASS 725.91.  The relief allows the continued operation of an aircraft with one less consumable item than is required by the standard.  This would permit an aircraft that is operating internationally to return to Canada for replenishment of consumables, such as medication, that are not available outside of Canada or that cannot be certified as sterile to the same standards as those items are in Canada.

FAA Differences:  TCCA adds (O) and provisions for missing consumable items over and above the required contents and for missing or broken seals.  The FAA provides relief for emergency medical kit inoperative for 3 flight cycles.  The FAA does not provide separate relief for kit seal. Instead, it is considered as “associated equipment” and addressed in the relief for the whole kit.

ITEM:  25-60-4  MEGAPHONE

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Megaphone D - - (M)(O)

Any in excess of those required by regulations may be inoperative or missing provided:

a) The inoperative megaphone is removed from the passenger cabin and its location is placarded INOPERATIVE, or it is removed from the installed location, secured out of sight and the megaphone and its installed location are placarded INOPERATIVE.

b) Required distribution is maintained, and

c) Procedures are established to alert crew members of inoperative or missing megaphones.

All Cargo Operations D - 0 May be inoperative provided all crew members are on the flight deck.

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 705.89, FAA PL 47 (Rev. 1, 15 Aug. 1997)

The megaphone could be considered as a backup when the PA system is inoperative.

FAA Differences: TCCA allows the inoperative megaphone to remain in the cabin, because the procedures ensure that it cannot be mistaken for an operative unit.

ITEM:  25-60-5  FLIGHT ATTENDANT FLASHLIGHTS/FLASHLIGHT HOLDERS

System and Sequence No. Item Repair
Interval
Category
Number
Installed
Number
required
for
dispatch
Procedures
required
Remarks or Exceptions
Flight Attendant Flashlights/Flashlight Holders
Flashlights C - 0 (O) May be inoperative or missing provided each installed flight attendant flashlight is replaced with a flashlight of equivalent characteristics and is readily available.
Holders C - 0 (M)(O) May be inoperative or missing provided alternate stowage provisions are provided.

DISCUSSION:

References:   CAR 705.79, CAR 705.97

The (O) is to ensure that the crew are aware of the flashlight (holder) change in terms of its location and/or alternate stowage provisions.

FAA Differences:  Similar. For TCCA, the item is shown as two items to ensure that stowage provisions are addressed.  This will ensure that the flashlights are readily available from the flight attendant station in an emergency situation yet not stored in an inappropriate location (e.g. seat back pocket for such items of mass).

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