Section 2: Navigation and Radio Aids


DEFINITIONS

  1 Meridian
  2 Prime Meridian
  3 Longitude
  4 Equator
  5 Latitude
  6 Great Circle
  7 Rhumb Line
  8 Variation
  9 Isogonal
  10 Agonic Line
  11 Deviation
  12 Track
  13 Heading
  14 Airspeed
  15 Ground Speed
  16 Air Position
  17 Ground Position
  18 Bearing
  19 Wind Velocity
  20 Drift
 

MAPS AND CHARTS

  1 Characteristics of Projections
  2 VTA - Transverse Mercator Projection
  3 VNC - Lambert Conformal Conic Projection
  4 Topographical Symbols
  5 Elevation and Contours (Relief)
  6 Aeronautical Information
  7 Scale and Units of Measurement
  8 Locating Position by Latitude and Longitude
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 9 Navigation Aids
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 10 Enroute Low Altitude Charts
 
 

TIME AND LONGITUDE

  1 24 Hour System
  2 Time Zones and Relation to Longitude
  3 Conversion of UTC to Local and Vice Versa
  4 Morning and Evening Twilight Charts
 

PILOT NAVIGATION

  1 Use of Aeronautical Charts
  2 Measurement of Track and Distance
  3 Map Reading
  4 Setting Heading - Visual Angle of Departure
  5 Check-points and Pin-points
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 6 Use of Position Lines to Obtain a Fix
  7 Ground Speed Checks and E.T.A. Revisions
  8 Track Made Good
  9 Determining Drift by 10o Lines
  10 1 in 60 rule
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 11 Double Track Error Method to Regain Track
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 12 Sum of Opening and Closing Angles to Destination
  13 Visual Alteration Method of Correcting to Track
  14 Diversion to Alternate
  15 Return to Departure Point (Reciprocal Track)
  16 Low Level Navigation
  17 Deduced (Dead) Reckoning (DR Navigation)
  18 In-flight Log and Mental Calculations
  19 Procedures When Lost
  20 Air and Ground Position
  21 Variation/Deviation
  22 True Track/Magnetic Track
  23 True/Magnetic/Compass Headings
  24 Indicated/Calibrated Airspeed (IAS/CAS)
  25 True Airspeed/Ground Speed (TAS, G/S)
  26 Compass Errors
  27 Radio Communications (as per Section 1.)
 

TRIANGLE OF VELOCITIES

  1 True Airspeed and Heading
  2 Wind Velocity
  3 Ground Speed and Track
 
 

NAVIGATION COMPUTERS

  1 Heading and True Airspeed
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 2 Applying the Wind
  3 True Track and Ground Speed
  4 Magnetic Heading and Magnetic Track
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 5 Pressure/Density and True Altitudes
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 6 Indicated/Calibrated/True Airspeed
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 7 Time/Ground Speed/Distance
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 8 Fuel Consumption and Conversions
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 9 Climbs/Descents
 

PRE-FLIGHT PREPARATION

  1 Factors Affecting Choice of Route
  2 Map Preparation
  3 Meteorological Information
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 4 NOTAM
  5 Selection of Check-points
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 6 Fuel Requirements
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 7 Weight and Balance
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 8 Use of Canada Flight Supplement
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 9 Flight Plans/Itineraries
  10 Flight Log Forms
  11 Documents to be Carried in Aircraft
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 12 Aircraft Serviceability
 

RADIO THEORY

  1 Characteristics of Low/High and Very High Frequency Radio Waves
  2 Frequency Bands Used in Navigation and Communication
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 3 Operational Limitations
 

VHF OMNIDIRECTION RANGE (VOR)

  1 Principles of Operation
  2 Aircraft Equipment
  3 Tuning and Identifying
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 4 Serviceability Check
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 5 Interpretation/Orientation/Homing
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 6 Intercepting Predetermined Radials and Tracking
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 7 Position Lines and Fixes
  8 Time and Distance Formula
   9 VHF (VOR) Airways and Air Routes
 
 

AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER

  1 Principles of Operation
  2 Aircraft Equipment
  3 Tuning and Identifying
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 4 Serviceability Check
  5 Interpretation/Orientation/Homing
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 6 Intercepting Predetermined Tracks and Tracking
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 7 Position Lines and Fixes
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 8 Relative Bearings/Conversion to Magnetic/True Bearings
  9 Time and Distance Formula
  10 Inaccuracies/Limitations
  11 LF/MF (NDB) Airways and Air Routes
 

RADIO MAGNETIC INDICATOR (RMI)

  1 Basic Principles, Uses and Limitations
 

GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEM (GNSS/GPS)

  1 Principles of Operation
  2 Aircraft Equipment
  3 Serviceability Checks
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 4 Interpretation, Orientation and Tracking
  5 T-Routes (TC AIM – RAC 2.7.1)
 

OTHER RADIO AND RADAR AIDS - BASIC PRINCIPLES AND USE

Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 1 Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)
Subject are considered essential knowledge for the commercial applicant. 2 Transponder
  3 Emergency Locator Transmitter
  4 VHF Direction Finding (DF) Assistance
  5 Surveillance Radar - Primary/Secondary
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