Chapter 3 - Surveillance

3.1 Presence

The most effective method of enhancing safety within the aviation community is to provide a regulatory presence aimed at promoting voluntary compliance with the Aeronautics Act and the CARs. These aims can best be achieved by Civil Aviation personnel participating in structured surveillance activities. Surveillance may be either routine or special-purpose.

3.2 Routine Surveillance

inspections, and ramp checks, is conducted during the normal course of the Civil Aviation employee's duties of monitoring day-to-day aviation activity. When contraventions of regulations are detected, inspectors are responsible for completing a detection notice (Refer to Chapter 4) for submission to the appropriate RMAE. These forms, collated and analyzed at the Regional Aviation Enforcement office, may reveal problems, trends or threats to aviation safety. Accordingly, this information can often provide the impetus for planned surveillance.

Routine surveillance may be discreet. Discreet surveillance is conducted when an inspector does not publicize or hide the fact that he or she is a Transport Canada Civil Aviation inspector. No special authorization is required for this type of activity.

3.3 Special-purpose Surveillance

Overt or covert surveillance is directed at specific areas, events and activities by Transport Canada Civil Aviation inspectors in support of Regional surveillance operations. Most surveillance done by inspectors is of an overt nature; that is, undisguised and designed to deter regulatory infractions and encourage compliance through a visible presence as much as it is designed to detect violations. There are, however, instances when covert surveillance may be appropriate or necessary to gather evidence.

3.4 The Regional Enforcement Surveillance Plan

The Regional Enforcement Surveillance Plan (RESP) is a surveillance plan designed to establish a balanced and systematic approach to surveillance and make best use of available resources in the context of the National Civil Aviation Safety Plan. The Regional Directors, Civil Aviation (RDCA), are responsible for the development and administration of the RESP and are the approving authority in their respective Regions. Intelligence gained from the RESP may be used by management for setting objectives, planning strategy, and making regulatory decisions.

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