Accident Synopses

Note: All aviation accidents are investigated by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB). Each occurrence is assigned a level, from 1 to 5, which indicates the depth of investigation. Class 5 investigations consist of data collection pertaining to occurrences that do not meet the criteria of classes 1 through 4, and will be recorded for possible safety analysis, statistical reporting, or archival purposes. The narratives below, which occurred between August and October 2005, are all "Class 5," and are unlikely to be followed by a TSB Final Report.

-On August 2, a float-equipped Maule M5 aircraft was on takeoff from Grazing Lake, Ont. After lift-off, the aircraft did not gain altitude and settled back onto the lake. After the touchdown, the floats struck submerged rocks, and the floats and supporting structure received substantial damage. The pilot was not injured and exited the aircraft without assistance. TSBFileA0500154.

-On August 3, the pilot of a float-equipped Cessna 172 was on final approach to land on Rice Lake, Ont., when, at about 20 ft above the water, the aircraft encountered a downdraft and struck the water hard. The lake surface was choppy and the weather was reported as hazy with thunderstorms building in the vicinity. On contact with the water, the right float broke off at the front, and the windshield was broken as the aircraft rotated forward on its nose; however, the aircraft remained upright. The pilot and passenger were uninjured and were able to egress. TSBFileA0500158.

-On August 4, a de Havilland DHC-3 was transporting eight passengers into Louis Lagoon on the northwest end of Nootka Island, B.C. While on the downwind, left-hand leg of the approach, the engine stopped and the pilot conducted a forced landing into the lagoon. During the after-landing deceleration, the aircraft entered shallows on the east end of the lagoon and flipped over in about 1 ft of water. Only the pilot received minor injuries and everyone aboard escaped. TSB File A05P0195.

-On August 5, a G-BAIR-IV amateur-built aircraft on floats, took off in a northwesterly direction on Wolverine Lake, near Hearst, Ont. Shortly after takeoff, as the aircraft climbed above tree height, it encountered wind gusts that lead to the aircraft descending near the water edge and landing very hard. The aircraft was destroyed and the pilot and one passenger suffered serious injury. TSB File A0500159.

-On August 6, an ultralight Tiger Moth Replica departed Hartney, Man., in the evening on a local day VFR flight. When the aircraft did not return at nightfall, relatives searched local roads in the vicinity. During the search, the aircraft flew overhead and the relatives used car headlights to illuminate a length of grid road for the pilot. The pilot landed across the road, bounced heavily and crashed in the adjacent field. The aircraft was substantially damaged and the seriously-injured pilot was transported to hospital. TSBFileA05C0148.

-On August 6, a Cessna 172H was taking off from a grid road near Canwood, Sask., to return to a farm strip. A wingtip struck willows along the side of the road, and the aircraft veered into a ditch. The pilot was uninjured. The aircraft sustained substantial damage.TSBFileA05C0150.

-On August 7, a float-equipped Cessna 185F was on approach to land at a fishing lodge on Aylmer Lake, Nu. The aircraft was landing with a strong crosswind in heavy rain. The pilot and sole occupant was unable to control bank and caught a wingtip. The aircraft crashed into the water, sustaining substantial damage. The cabin maintained its integrity and the pilot was able to extricate himself from the partially-submerged wreckage. The pilot sustained minor injuries and was assisted ashore by lodge guests. TSBFileA05C0149.

-On August 7, a private Enstrom 280FX helicopter crashed onto Widgeon Lake, B.C., while on approach to the shoreline. The pilot and 2 passengers escaped without injury, and the helicopter sank in 50 ft of water. TSBFileA05P0199.

-On August 8, a SBA210 hot-air balloon was launched in Regina, Sask., for a sightseeing flight. Shortly after takeoff, ATC advised that a weather front with rain was moving in faster than forecast, and suggested a landing as soon as possible. The balloon completed a precautionary landing in the vicinity of the Regina General Hospital, with a reported rate of descent on landing of 300 ft/min. One passenger sustained serious injuries; two sustained minor injuries. The pilot and three other passengers were not injured; no aircraft damage was reported. TSB File A05C0147.

-On August 12, a Beech 19A Musketeer was landing on a 3 000-ft grass-covered private airstrip near Kildare Capes, P.E.I.The aircraft landed long and bounced on initial touchdown. It then floated until it touched down for a second time approximately 375 ft from the end of the airstrip. Despite heavy braking, it overran the end of the airstrip, entered trees and stopped abruptly. The impact was sufficient to activate the emergency locator transmitter (ELT) and inflict substantial damage on the wings and airframe. The pilot sustained injuries, including lacerations to his head, and a fractured jaw and leg. The passenger sustained lacerations to her head and bruising in the hip area. TSB File A05A0102.

-On August 14, a Bell 206L-1 helicopter was en route at 700 ft AGL when the low rotor rpm horn sounded. The pilot dropped the collective and observed that the rotor tachometer read zero and the turbine tachometer read 100 percent. A check of the collective produced no response on the rotor rpm; however, a loss of hydraulics was noticed. An autorotation was initiated. On landing, the main rotor blades struck the rear vertical fins and severed the tail rotor drive shaft. A post-occurrence inspection revealed that the spline gear from the transmission to the tach generator had worn, leading to a failure of the hydraulic pump. TSB File A05W0165.

-On September 10, a Cessna 150(J) was flying low near New Liskeard, Ont., in order to photograph the preparation of a wedding ceremony. During the third pass, the aircraft was observed flying very low and slow. As the aircraft banked to the right, the aircraft stalled and the left wing dropped. The pilot was unable to recover from the stall/spin and the aircraft collided with the ground. The pilot and passenger were fatally injured, and the aircraft was destroyed.The pilot obtained his Private Pilot Licence in 1970; however, he did not have a current medical certificate, and his last medical was in 1994. The pilot had no record of any training since 1973, and there was no evidence that the pilot had exercised any of the recency requirements stated in the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR 401.05). TSB File A0500203.

-On September 27, the engine magneto of a Challenger II/A advanced ultralight was unintentionally turned off momentarily during takeoff and the engine backfired. Subsequently, airspeed was allowed to drop and control of the aircraft was lost. The aircraft descended and struck some trees. The pilot received serious injuries and the aircraft was substantially damaged. This was the second flight for the aircraft after its recent completion, and the first flight in the aircraft for the pilot. TSB File A0500217.

-On October 1, a Bell 407 helicopter landed on a makeshift pad at the edge of a lake. The pilot rolled the throttle back to ground idle, the helicopter tilted backwards and the tail rotor entered the water, shearing the short shaft in the engine compartment. The makeshift pad consisted of several logs placed on the boggy ground at the rear of the landing area. The pilot reported that he had landed too far aft on the pad, and that the bear paws were aft of the logs and not on top of them as they should have been. TSBFileA05A0133.

-On October 2, a Cessna 172M was on a pleasure flight from Dawson Settlement, N.B., to Havelock, N.B., with the pilot and one passenger onboard. During landing on Runway 11 (a grass strip) the aircraft overran the end of the runway into a small gully, resulting in damage to the nose gear, the right main gear, and the propeller. The pilot reported that he intentionally landed long to avoid a long taxi. He also reported that the runway was dew-covered and that this may have been a factor in not being able to stop the aircraft. TSB File A05A0134.

-On October 15, a float-equipped Cessna 172N was en route from Tobin Lake, Sask., to Cooking Lake, Alta., with a fuel stop in Turtle Lake, Sask., 90 NM north of North Battleford, Sask. While landing at Turtle Lake, the aircraft landed long and ran up on a rocky beach. The aircraft sustained substantial damage to the floats, propeller, and forward fuselage. The pilot and passenger were not injured. TSB File A05C0190.

-On October 19, a Lindstrand Balloon model LBL 310A departed New Hamburg, Ont., with the intention of landing in Fergus, Ont. While en route, the pilot experienced deteriorating weather and therefore elected to land in a field 3 NM southeast of Orangeville, Ont. During the approach, the basket collided with a tree and rotated 180°, causing the passengers to be in an incorrect position for landing. There were 4 minor injuries and 1 serious injury. The balloon was not damaged. TSB File A0500238.

Forest Fire Season Reminder!

Forest fire season is once again upon us, and each year there are aircraft that violate the airspace in and around forest fires. These include private, commercial and military aircraft. Section 601.15 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) provides that no unauthorized person shall operate an aircraft over a forest fire area, or over any area that is located within 5 NM of one, at an altitude of less than 3 000 ft AGL. Refer to the "Take Five" published in ASL 3/99, which can also be found at

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