Take Five - VFR Weather Minima


Take Five...for safety

VFR Weather Minima*
AIRSPACE FLIGHT VISIBILITY DISTANCE FROM CLOUD DISTANCE AGL
Control Zones not less than
3 miles**
horizontally:
1 mile
vertically:
500 feet
vertically: 500 feet
Other Controlled Airspace not less than
3 miles
horizontally:
1 mile
vertically:
500 feet
-
Uncontrolled
Airspace
1 000 feet AGL
or above
not less than
1 mile (day)
3 miles (night)
horizontally:
2 000 feet
vertically:
500 feet
-
below
1 000 feet AGL
– fixed-wing
not less than
2 miles (day)
3 miles (night)
(see Note 1)
clear of cloud -
below
1 000 feet AGL
– helicopter
not less than
1 mile (day)
3 miles (night)
(see Note 2)
clear of cloud -

* See CAR 602, Division VI – Visual Flight Rules
** Ground visibility when reported

NOTES

  1. Notwithstanding Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR) 602.115, an aircraft other than an helicopter may be operated in visibilities less than 2 miles during the day, when authorized to do so in an air operator certificate or in a private operator certificate.
  2. Notwithstanding CAR 602.115, a helicopter may be operated in visibilities less than 1 mile during the day, when authorized to do so in an air operator certificate or in a flight training unit operator certificate-helicopter.

Reference: Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM), section RAC 2.7.3


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