Look out - Listen out - Speak out
The risk of mid-air collision is greatest from takeoff to top of climb, and again from start of descent to landing. Don’t assume you’ll always be able to "see and avoid.’’ You, the pilot, are responsible for your own separation and lookout. These tips will help.
Look out: Stay focused on looking outside.
- Don’t let routine tasks (programming GPS, paperwork, etc.) or familiarity with an aerodrome cause you to relax your lookout. Consider adopting "sterile cockpit" procedures while climbing or descending. Cockpit activities should focus on lookout.
- Complete most checks and briefings prior to descent so you can concentrate on procedures and lookout.
Listen out: Let your ears be your eyes.
- Always monitor the recommended or mandatory frequency (MF).
- Get on frequency well before entering the aerodrome traffic frequency (ATF) or MF zone to establish traffic awareness.
- Monitor the ATF or MF throughout climb and descent.
Speak out: By verbal, visual and electronic means.
- Keep others aware of your position.
- Transmit initial advisories and updates on the recommended or mandatory frequency giving your position, altitude, intentions and estimated time of arrival (ETA).
- Be conspicuous. Select position/strobes/landing lights "ON." Transponders provide ATS and traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS) equipped aircraft with traffic avoidance information. Turn them "ON."
You can make flying safer-remember to:
Look out, Listen out, Speak out.