Self-Paced Study Program: 2014 Flight Crew Recency Requirements

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Refer to paragraph 421.05(2)(d) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

Completion of this questionnaire satisfies the 24-month recurrent training program requirements of CAR 401.05(2)(a). It is to be retained by the pilot.

All pilots are to answer questions 1 to 33. In addition, aeroplane and ultra-light aeroplane pilots are to answer questions 34, 35 and 36; helicopter pilots are to answer questions 36, 37 and 38; glider pilots are to answer questions 39 and 40; gyroplane pilots are to answer question 41; and balloon pilots are to answer question 42.

Note: References are listed at the end of each question. Many answers may be found in the Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM). Amendments to that publication may result in changes to answers and/or references. The TC AIM is available online at:

1. A runway incursion is any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of [fill in the blank]on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. (GEN 5.1)

2. How are temporarily displaced thresholds marked? [fill in the blank] (AGA 5.4.1 NOTE)

3. At a Transport Canada certified airport, a dry wind direction indicator (windsock) that is blown horizontal indicates a wind speed of [fill in the blank] (AGA 5.9)

4. On initial contact with an FSS through an RCO, pilots should state the name of the [fill in the blank] controlling the RCO, the aircraft identification, and [fill in the blank](COM 5.8.3)

5. Before using a cell phone to contact ATS in the event of an in-flight radio communications failure, you should [fill in the blank] and squawk Code [fill in the blank]. (COM 5.15)

6. Refer to a recent copy of the Canada Flight Supplement (CFS). What is the TAF period of coverage and issue times for Whitehorse/Erik Nielson Intl Airport? [fill in the blank].(MET 3.2.1 and CFS )

7. Open a recent copy of the Canada Flight Supplement (CFS) and locate the “Planning” section (section C). In the “VFR Chart Updating Data”, read the information for your region of Canada.
Record one of the topic names here: [fill in the blank] (CFS)

8. Areas of showery or intermittent precipitation are shown on a GFA Clouds and Weather Chart as [fill in the blank](MET 3.3.11)

TAF CYJT 041136Z 041212 24010KT ½ SM -SHRA -DZ FG OVC002 TEMPO 1213 3SM BR OVC008 FM 1300Z 29012G22KT P6SM SCT006 BKN015 BECMG 2123 30010KT SCT020 RMK NXT FCST BY 18Z=

9. From the preceding TAF, what is the lowest forecast ceiling for CYJT? [fill in the blank](MET 3.9.3)

10. From the preceding TAF, at what time could you first expect to have VFR weather in the CYJT control zone? [fill in the blank] (MET 3.9.3)

11. From the preceding TAF, what is the forecast visibility for CYJT after 2300Z? [fill in the blank](MET 3.9.3)

12. What coded group is used, in an Upper Level Wind and Temperature Forecast (FD), when the wind speed is less than 5 kt? [fill in the blank](MET 3.11)

13. In a METAR, wind direction is given in degrees true/magnetic(MET 3.15.3)

METAR CYBC 211700Z 0912G20 5/8SM BLSN VV007 M03/M05 A2969 RMK SN8 SLP105

14. In the preceding weather report, the prevailing visibility is ________ and the ceiling is [fill in the blank](MET 3.15.3)

15. Who is responsible for obstacle avoidance when a VFR aircraft is being radar vectored? [fill in the blank](RAC 1.5.5)

16. If an ATC clearance is not acceptable, what should the pilot-in-command immediately do? [fill in the blank]. (RAC 1.7)

17. Which classes of airspace require the use of a functioning transponder? All Class [fill in the blank] airspace and any Class [fill in the blank] airspace specified as transponder airspace. (RAC 1.9.2)

18. When two aircraft are converging at approximately the same altitude, the pilot-in-command of the aircraft that has the other on its right shall give way, except as follows:
(a) [fill in the blank];
(b) [fill in the blank];
(c) [fill in the blank]; and
(d) [fill in the blank](RAC 1.10)

19. To preserve the natural environment of national, provincial and municipal parks, reserves and refuges, and to minimize the disturbance to the natural habitat, overflights of these areas should not be conducted below [fill in the blank](RAC 1.14.5)

20. What are the VFR cruising altitudes appropriate to an eastbound track above 3 000 ft AGL? [fill in the blank](RAC 2.3.1)

21. In controlled airspace, the minimum VFR flight visibility is [fill in the blank] mi., and the minimum distance from cloud is [fill in the blank] horizontally and [fill in the blank] vertically. (RAC 2.7.3)

22. Before entering Class C airspace, VFR flights require [fill in the blank] from ATC and before entering Class D airspace, VFR flights must [fill in the blank] ATC unit.(RAC 2.8.3 and 2.8.4)

23. An aircraft could be permitted in Class F restricted airspace only if [fill in the blank](RAC 2.8.6)

24. Pilot Briefing Services are available at telephone number [fill in the blank]. Bilingual Pilot Briefing Services are available at telephone number [fill in the blank].(RAC 3.2)

25. After asking the passengers for their personal weights, what weight should be added for clothing on a winter flight? (RAC 3.5.1)

26. A flight itinerary may be filed with a responsible person. A “responsible person” means an individual who has agreed to ensure that an overdue aircraft is reported to [fill in the blank]. (RAC 3.6.2)

27. The closing of a flight plan or flight itinerary prior to landing is considered as filing an arrival report, and as such, it will result in [fill in the blank]. (RAC 3.12.2)

28. Where possible, pilots are required to report at least [fill in the blank] min prior to entering an MF or ATF area. (RAC 4.5.7)

451813N 732553W (APRX 6 NM WNW AD) SFC TO 600 FT MSL
1400-1900 DLY
1403261400 TIL 1403271900

29. Refer to the NOTAM above. The UAV activity is expected to start at [fill in the blank] UTC on [fill in the blank] (date). (MAP 5.6.1)

30. An aircraft altimeter which has the current altimeter setting applied to the subscale should not have an error of more than [fill in the blank]  when compared to the known ground elevation. (AIR 1.5.1)

31. The effect of a mountain wave often extends as far as [fill in the blank] NM downwind of the mountains. (AIR 1.5.6)

32. If the background landscape does not provide sufficient contrast you will/will not see a wire or cable while flying near power lines. (AIR 2.4.1)

33. The NAV CANADA Aviation Weather Web Site is found at

Go to the Forecasts and Observations Web page and familiarize yourself with the Aeronautical Information Circulars (AICs) and AIP Supplements.
Record the most recent AIC number here: [fill in the blank] (NAV CANADA Web site)


34. Hydroplaning is a function of the [fill in the blank],[fill in the blank] and speed. Moreover, the minimum speed at which a non-rotating tire will begin to hydroplane is [fill in the blank] than the speed at which a rotating tire will begin to hydroplane. (AIR 1.6.5)

35. To achieve a turn of the smallest radius and greatest rate for a given angle of bank, fly at the [fill in the blank]safe airspeed for the angle of bank. (use Aeroplane references)

Aeroplane & Helicopter

36. In addition to the classic whiteout condition of unbroken snow cover beneath a uniformly overcast sky, name two other phenomena that are known to cause whiteout. [fill in the blank], and [fill in the blank](AIR 2.12.7)


37. On a two-bladed helicopter with a teetering rotor system, a flight manoeuvre that causes even a small amount negative g force could result in [fill in the blank](Use Helicopter References)

38. What are the two methods of recovery from a vortex ring state? [fill in the blank] or [fill in the blank](use Helicopter References)


39. During a medium banked turn on tow, the glider's nose should be pointed towards the towplane's [fill in the blank](Use Glider References)

40. What should you do when slack in the towline is excessive or beyond a pilot’s capability to safely recover? [fill in the blank](Use Glider References)


41. If a gyroplane took off with its centre of gravity aft of the longitudinal limit, the aircraft may not be able to establish level flight, even with maximum [fill in the blank] cyclic. (Use Gyroplane references)


42. No person shall operate a balloon over a built-up area without carrying on board sufficient fuel to permit the balloon to fly clear of the built-up area, taking into consideration the take-off weight of the balloon, the [fill in the blank] and [fill in the blank], and possible variations of those factors. (CAR 602.18)


1. an aircraft, vehicle or person

2. With flags, cones or wing bar lights

3. 15 kt or above

4. ATS unit; the name of the location of the RCO followed by the individual letters R-C-O in a non-phonetic form

5. follow normal communications failure procedures; 7600

6. 24 hours; 0000Z, 0600Z, 1200Z, 1800Z.

7. (As per CFS)

8. hatched areas enclosed by a dashed green line

9. 200 ft overcast.

10. 1300Z.

11. 6+ SM.

12. 9900.

13. true

14. 5/8 SM, 700 ft AGL

15. The pilot.

16. Inform ATC of this fact since acknowledgement of the clearance alone will be taken by a controller as indicating acceptance.

17. A, B, and C; D or E

18. (a) a power-driven, heavier-than-air aircraft shall give way to airships, gliders and balloons; (b) an airship shall give way to gliders and balloons; (c) a glider shall give way to balloons; (d) a power-driven aircraft shall give way to aircraft that are seen to be towing gliders or other objects or carrying a slung load

19. 2,000 ft AGL

20. Odd thousands plus 500 ft ASL.

21. 3; 1 mi.; 500 ft

22. a clearance; establish two-way communication with the appropriate

23. permission has been obtained from the user agency

24. 1-866-WXBRIEF (1-866-992-7433); 1-866-GOMÉTÉO (1-866-466-3836)

25. 6.4 kg or 14 lb for each passenger.

26. an ATC unit, an FSS, a CARS, or a RCC

27. the termination of all alerting services with respect to search and rescue notification.

28. 5

29. 14:00; March 26, 2014

30. +/- 50 ft

31. 100

32. will not

33. (Most recent AIC)

34. water depth; tire pressure; lower

35. lowest

36. Water-fog whiteout; blowing snow whiteout; or precipitation whiteout

37. mast bumping

38. Increasing forward speed; entering autorotation

39. upper wing tip

40. Immediately release from the aerotow.

41. forward

42. ambient temperature; actual and forecast winds

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