2012 Flight Crew Recency Requirements Self-Paced Study Program

Refer to paragraph 421.05(2)(d) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

This questionnaire is for use from November 1, 2012, to October 31, 2013. Completion of this questionnaire satisfies the 24-month recurrent training program requirements of CAR 401.05(2)(a). It is to be retained by the pilot.

All pilots are to answer questions 1 to 29. In addition, aeroplane and ultralight aeroplane pilots are to answer questions 30 and 31; helicopter pilots are to answer questions 32 and 33; gyroplane pilots are to answer question 34 and 35; glider pilots are to answer questions 36 and 37; and balloon pilots are to answer questions 38 and 39.

Note: References are at the end of each question. Many answers may be found in the Transport Canada Aeronautical Information Manual (TC AIM). Amendments to that publication may result in changes to answers or references, or both. The TC AIM is available on-line at: www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp14371-menu-3092.htm

1. Reportable aviation accidents and incidents, and missing aircraft are to be reported to the _______________________ or alternatively through _____________________, which will forward the report.

(GEN 3.3.5)

2. A low level airway extends upwards from _______ ft ASL/AGL above the surface of the earth and is controlled/ uncontrolled airspace.

(GEN 5.1, RAC 2.8.5)

3. When a section of a runway or a heliport is closed, it is marked with ____________________________________.

(AGA 5.6)

4. A dry Transport Canada standard wind direction indicator blowing at an angle of 5° below horizontal indicates a wind speed of ___ kt.

(AGA 5.9)

5. In communications checks, “strength 2” means ________________________________________________________.

(COM 5.10)

6. The onus for determining if passenger-operated electronic devices will cause interference is placed on _____________.

(COM Annex B 2.0)

7. Portable electronic devices, other than two-way radiocommunication devices, may be used on board aircraft except during _________________________________________________________________________________.

(COM Annex B 3.1)

8. What does the following symbol on a graphic area forecast (GFA) represent? symbol on a graphic area forecast _____________________________.

(MET 3.3.5)

9. What does the following symbol on a GFA mean (direction and speed)? symbol on a graphic area forecast __________________________ _________________________________________.

(MET 3.3.11)

TAF CYOW 231438Z 2315/2412 02012G22KT 6SM -RA BR SCT005 OVC015 TEMPO 2315/2321 3SM -RA BR BKN005 OVC015 BECMG 2315/2317 04015G25KT FM232200 07015KT 2SM -SHRA BR BKN005 OVC010 TEMPO 2322/2402 6SM -SHRA BR OVC010 BECMG 2400/2402 20012KT FM240200 20010G20KT 5SM -SHRA BR FEW003 BKN010 OVC040 TEMPO 2402/2408 P6SM NSW OVC020 FM240800 18010KT P6SM BKN010 OVC040 RMK NXT FCST BY 231800Z=

10. According to the aerodrome forecast (TAF) above, what will the wind be at 1700Z on the 23rd? _________________.

(MET 3.9.3)

11. According to the TAF above, what is the visibility at 2200Z on the 23rd? ____________________________________.

(MET 3.9.3)

12. According to the TAF above, from 0200Z to 0800Z on the 24th there will be temporary periods of _______________.


METAR CYXU 032000Z 22015KT 5SM HZ SCT010 BKN025 12/09 A3000 RMK CU3SC2 SLP161=

13. While flying over London (CYXU), field elevation 912 ft, a pilot would expect to encounter the ceiling at an altitude of approximately _____ ft ASL.

(MET 3.15.3)

14. State four (4) differences between human observations and automated weather observation system (AWOS) observations. __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________.

(MET 3.15.5)

UACN10 CYQB 291835 UL UA/OV CYQB /TM 1830 /FLDURD /TP DH8 TB MDT 080-020

15. What is reported in the above pilot weather report (PIREP) and at what time was it reported? ___________________________________________________________________________.

(MET 3.17)

16. To assist in reducing frequency congestion, pilots are encouraged to use the phrase ____________ on the initial call to a ground station to indicate that they have received ____, ____, and ______ information from the previous aerodrome advisory.

(RAC 4.5.6)

17. What two radio transmissions are mandatory when departing from an uncontrolled aerodrome within a mandatory frequency (MF) area? _______________________________________________________________.

(RAC 4.5.7, CAR 602.100)

18. Where possible, pilots are required to report at least five _______ prior to entering an MF area.

(RAC 4.5.7, CAR 602.101)

19. Wire-strikes account for a significant number of low-flying accidents. A number of these accidents occur over __________ terrain, in ____ weather and at ________ altitudes.

(RAC 5.4)

20. Every few months, or as recommended by the manufacturer, pilots should test their emergency locator transmitter (ELT). Testing of a 121.5/243 MHz ELT must be conducted only during the first ___ minutes of any UTC hour and restricted in duration to not more than ___ seconds.

(SAR 3.8, CARs Standard 571 Appendix G)

21. Raising a portable ELT from ground level to 2.44 m (8 ft) increases its range by ________ percent.

(SAR 3.6)


22. When does the above NOTAM expire? _________________________________________________.

(MAP 5.6.1)

23. Closure of airspace due to forest fires can be found under which NOTAM file? ___________________________.

(MAP 5.6.8)

24. For how long is an aviation document booklet valid? ___________________________________________________.

(LRA 1.2, CAR 401.12)

25. Structures assessed as _____________________________________ are required to be marked. Special high intensity strobe lighting is required for all structures ____ ft AGL and higher. The majority of aircraft collisions with man-made structures occur at levels below ___ ft AGL.

(AIR 2.4)

26. Severe turbulence may extend up to ___ NM from severe thunderstorms.

(AIR 2.7.1)

27. In the event of a forced landing in sparsely settled areas, survival will depend on preparations and knowledge. The need to carry __________________ that will provide protection from insects in the summer and ________ in the other seasons cannot be overstressed.

(AIR 2.14)

28. The most common causes of fatigue are ________________, _____________, and ________________________.

(AIR 3.8)

29. Go to the NAV CANADA Aviation Weather Web Site (www.flightplanning.navcanada.ca/cgi-bin/CreePage. pl?Langue=anglais&NoSession=NS_Inconnu&Page=forecast-observation&TypeDoc=html). From the “Forecasts and Observations” page, open the AIC page and bring yourself up-to-date. Record the number of the latest AIC here: ___________________________________________________________________________.

Aeroplane-specific questions (including ultralight)

30. On flights from Canada to the U.S., the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) requires a passenger manifest no later than ___________ before an aircraft departs.

(FAL 2.3.2)

31. How many litres is 100 lbs of AvGAS at 15° C?_____. Your aircraft burns 6 U.S. gallons per hour, how long can you fly on 100 lbs?_______.

(RAC 3.5.8, Canada Flight Supplement [CFS] General Section—Fuel and Oil Weights)

Helicopter-specific questions

32. Most rotorcraft flight manuals state in the limitation sections that at night the pilots must maintain visual reference to the ground by one of the following means: ___________________ or ______________________________________.

(Rotorcraft flight manuals, rotorcraft references)

33. For an extended over-water flight, you should consider wearing your ________________ because preparation and knowledge are paramount to survival in ditching events.

(Aviation Safety Letter [TP 185] 3/2010 “Take Five”, helicopter references)

Gyroplane-specific questions

34. What could happen if the gyroplane experiences “zero G”? ______________________________________________.

(Gyroplane references)

35. When a low rotor RPM produces an excessive coning angle, the disc area increases/decreases and the rotor thrust increases/decreases.

(Gyroplane references)

Glider-specific questions

36. The release-hook check should be made twice: once with the launch cable _____ and once with the launch cable ____ ______________________________________________________________________.

(Glider references)

37. When joining another glider in a thermal, you are to circle in the opposite/same direction as the other glider.

(Glider references)

Balloon-specific questions

38. If frost develops at a propane tank valve stem, what should you suspect is the cause? ________________________________________________________________________________.

(Balloon references)

39. To launch an 84-ft balloon within a built-up area, the diameter of the launch site may be no less than ____________.

(CAR 602.13)

Answers to the 2012 Self-Paced Study Program

  1. Regional TSB office; a NAV CANADA ATS unit
  2. 2 200; AGL; controlled.
  3. white or yellow X’s
  4. 10
  5. poor
  6. the operator of the aircraft
  7. takeoff, climb, approach and landing
  8. Thunderstorm
  9. The surface wind is forecast to be from the east (090° true) with a speed of 35 kt.
  10. 040° at 15 kt, gusting to 25 kt.
  11. 2 SM, temporarily 6 SM
  12. greater than 6 SM visibility, no significant weather, 2 000 ft overcast
  13. 3 400
  14. As per Comparison Table.
  15. Moderate turbulence between 8 000 ft and 2 000 ft during descent; 18:30Z.
  16. “have numbers”; runway; wind; altimeter
  17. Report departure intentions prior to moving onto the take-off surface; report departing from the aerodrome traffic circuit
  18. minutes
  19. level; good; very low
  20. 5; 5
  1. 20 to 40
  2. When specified in a replacing or cancelling NOTAM.
  3. The FIR NOTAM file.
  4. 5 years.
  5. potential hazards to air navigation; 500; 300
  6. 20
  7. clothing and equipment; exposure
  8. insufficient rest; lack of sleep; overexertion
  9. The AIC number according to the Web site.
  10. 60 minutes
  11. 62.9 litres; 2.77 hours or 2 hours 46 minutes
  12. light on the ground; adequate celestial illumination
  13. life preserver
  14. The rotor will flap and the gyroplane will become uncontrollable.
  15. decreases; decreases
  16. slack; under tension
  17. same
  18. A propane leak at the valve stem.
  19. 105 ft
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