About The Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs)

Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) 2019-1


In 1996, Transport Canada concluded a total revision of the aviation safety regulations. The revision incorporates recommendations made by the Moshansky Commission, the 1992/93 Federal Regulatory Review, the TCA Rules Harmonization Project, and the Transportation Safety Board.

The new regulations are entitled the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) and are more complete and easier to understand than the old regulations, while maintaining or enhancing safety. Developed in consultation with the aviation community as part of the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council (or CARAC) process, the new regulations exemplify the benefits of the partnership approach.

The CARs were published in Part I of the Canada Gazette in the fall of 1995. As a result of the many comments received, significant changes were made prior to their publication in Part II of the Canada Gazette on October 2, 1996. The new regulations came into force on October 10, 1996, with a 60 day implementation period being granted to permit commercial air operators, private operators, Flight Training Units, and Aircraft Maintenance Organizations to achieve full compliance. Improvement of the CARs continues to be an important facet of the Civil Aviation safety program.

After reading this newsletter, if you have specific questions or concerns regarding CARs implementation or training, please feel free to use our CARs Hotline. The phone number is 1­800­305­2059. We look forward to hearing from you.

What are the CARs?

CARs are the result of the consolidation of the Air Regulations and Air Navigation Orders into a comprehensive eight-part publication. This Transport Canada Civil Aviation initiative revised and updated existing regulations and standards in order to produce a more accessible, clear and logical set of regulatory documents.

How are the CARs organized?

Following is a brief description of the material contained in the CARs.

Part I : General Provisions

Definitions, general administrative and compliance provisions, regulatory authorities and fees for services provided by the Department.

Part II : Identification, Registration and Leasing of Aircraft

Regulates registration, marking and leasing of aircraft and identification of aeronautical products.

Part III : Aerodrome and Airports

Regulations respecting aerodromes and airports, and requirements for certification of airports.

Part IV : Personnel Licensing and Training

Regulations governing the training and licensing of flight crew, aircraft maintenance engineers and air traffic controllers.

Part V : Airworthiness

Regulates airworthiness of aircraft from the design and type certification stage to the maintenance of aircraft in use. Includes requirements respecting export, manufacture, and distribution of aircraft and aeronautical products, and requirements respecting continuing airworthiness.

Part VI : General Operating and Flight Rules

General rules applicable to all aircraft operations, including regulations respecting special types of operations such as air shows, parachuting and balloon operations.

Part VII : Commercial Air Services

Rules governing the use of airplanes and helicopters in commercial air services, including airworthiness rules relating specifically to commercial operations. Reflects the evolution of the aviation industry in Canada with respect to operations such as aerial work, air taxi and commuter operations. Also takes into account the way commercial air service regulations are structured internationally.

Part VIII : Air Navigation Services

Regulations respecting the provision of air navigation services.

When did the CARs come into force?

The CARs came into force on October 10, 1996. Please note that chapters 511 to 549 of the Airworthiness Manual will remain unchanged until further notice. This means that if you already have these, you do not need to order these subparts in Part V; however, a new interim CAR 511 has been published.. This subpart serves to maintain the current status of the Airworthiness Manual, chapters 511 to 549.

What about standards?

Where applicable, standards are included.

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