Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2016

Collected in cooperation with the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators

Introduction

Transport Canada's National Collision Database (NCDB) contains data on all reportable motor vehicle collisions in Canada that the provinces and territories provide each year.

The federal, provincial and territorial governments in Canada work to improve road safety to reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries and to have the safest roads in the world.

The year 2016 saw a decrease in the number of serious injuries, yet showed a slight increase in fatalities and total injuries.

  • In 2016, the number of motor vehicle fatalities was 1,898; up 2.0% from 2015 (1,860).
  • The downward trend for serious injuries continued, dropping to 10,322 in 2016; down 4.0% from 2015 (10,748).
  • The number of fatalities per 100,000 population was 5.2 in 2016; unchanged from the rate seen the previous two years.
  • The number of fatalities per billion vehicle kilometres travelled was 5.1 in 2016, also unchanged from the previous year.

Collisions and Casualties 1997-2016

Year Collisions Victims
FatalFootnote 1 Personal InjuryFootnote 2 FatalitiesFootnote 3 Serious InjuriesFootnote 4 InjuriesFootnote 5 (Total)
1997 2,660 147,549 3,076 17,294 217,401
1998 2,583 145,615 2,919 16,410 213,319
1999 2,632 148,683 2,980 16,187 218,457
2000 2,548 153,290 2,904 15,581 222,848
2001 2,415 149,023 2,758 15,296 216,542
2002 2,583 153,832 2,921 15,894 222,665
2003 2,487 150,493 2,777 15,110 216,123
2004 2,438 145,150 2,735 15,572 206,104
2005 2,551 145,559 2,898 15,792 204,701
2006 2,586 142,517 2,871 16,044 199,976
2007 2,455 138,615 2,753 14,410 192,745
2008 2,193 127,571 2,431 12,851 176,394
2009 2,007 123,449 2,216 11,955 170,770
2010 2,021 123,615 2,238 11,796 172,081
2011 1,849 122,350 2,023 10,940 167,741
2012 1,848Footnote r 122,835Footnote r 2,075Footnote r 11,104Footnote r 166,728Footnote r
2013 1,772Footnote r 120,371Footnote r 1,951Footnote r 10,661Footnote r 164,525Footnote r
2014 1,678Footnote r 114,600Footnote r 1,848Footnote r 10,422Footnote r 156,366Footnote r
2015 1,666Footnote r 116,394Footnote r 1,860Footnote r 10,748Footnote r 158,706Footnote r
2016 1,717 115,956 1,898 10,322 160,315

Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group - 2016

Age Group (yrs) Fatalities Serious Injuries Injuries (Total)
0 - 4 13 85 2,098
5 - 14 47 328 6,465
15 - 19 137 953 14,590
20 - 24 179 1,234 18,455
25 - 34 321 1,865 29,612
35 - 44 230 1,419 24,096
45 - 54 249 1,501 23,963
55 - 64 263 1,319 19,002
65 + 446 1,432 17,111
Not stated 13 186 4,923
Total 1,898 10,322 160,315

Fatalities by Road User Class 2012-2016

Road User Class 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
# Drivers 1,025 964 920Footnote r 924Footnote r 906
% Drivers 49.4Footnote r 49.4Footnote r 49.8Footnote r 49.7Footnote r 47.7
# Passengers 457 369 352 361Footnote r 358
% Passengers 22.0 18.9 19.0 19.4 18.9
# Pedestrians 326 306 301 284Footnote r 334
% Pedestrians 15.7 15.7 16.3 15.3Footnote r 17.6
# Bicyclists 63 69 42 47 42
% Bicyclists 3.0 3.5 2.3 2.5 2.2
# MotorcyclistsFootnote * 175 198 190 200 207
% Motorcyclists 8.4 10.1 10.3 10.8 10.9
# Not stated/Other 29Footnote r 45Footnote r 43 44Footnote r 51
% Not stated/Other 1.5Footnote r 2.4Footnote r 2.3 2.4Footnote r 2.7
# Total 2,075Footnote r 1,951Footnote r 1,848Footnote r 1,860Footnote r 1,898
% Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Fatalities 1997-2016

Fatalities (thousands of persons)
Year Fatalities
1997 3,076
1998 2,919
1999 2,980
2000 2,904
2001 2,758
2002 2,921
2003 2,777
2004 2,735
2005 2,898
2006 2,871
2007 2,753
2008 2,431
2009 2,216
2010 2,238
2011 2,023
2012 2,075Footnote r
2013 1,951Footnote r
2014 1,848Footnote r
2015 1,860Footnote r
2016 1,898
Fatality Rate (per 10,000 motor vehicles registered)
Year Fatality Rate
1997 1.76
1998 1.62
1999 1.70
2000 1.62
2001 1.52
2002 1.57
2003 1.47
2004 1.43
2005 1.50
2006 1.43
2007 1.34
2008 1.15
2009 1.04
2010 1.02
2011 0.91
2012 0.93
2013 0.85
2014 0.79
2015 0.78
2016 0.78

Casualty Rates - 2016


Per 100,000
PopulationFootnote 1
Per Billion
Vehicle-KilometresFootnote 2
Per 100,000
Licensed Drivers
Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries
Canada 5.2 442.1 5.1 427.8 7.4 626.7
NL 8.3 565.9 8.4 574.9 11.3 767.7
PE 7.4 390.7 7.3 389.3 10.1 535.8
NS 5.1 508.6 4.2 423.1 6.7 670.2
NB 6.6 354.4 5.8 314.0 9.0 484.3
QC 4.2 448.2 4.6 491.5 6.3 672.5
ON 4.0 396.2 4.0 392.5 5.6 553.5
MB 8.1 951.8 7.3 859.1 11.9 1,400.4
SK 10.9 499.7 8.7 400.8 15.7 720.3
AB 7.1 392.4 4.8 269.6 9.5 528.5
BC 6.1 463.0 7.4 538.5 8.5 644.1
YT 10.5 643.3 6.0 367.3 13.9 854.0
NT 9.0 277.9 9.8 304.7 15.1 469.6
NU 5.4 104.9 51.3 1,000.0 37.5 732.0

Notes: Vehicle kilometres travelled data were not available for 2016 so they were estimated using average yearly change for the years 2013-2015

Data for Ontario are preliminary for 2016. Data for New Brunswick and British Columbia were estimated.

Recent changes in how traffic accident reports are collected in Manitoba resulted in an increased number of injuries of a minimal nature being captured in 2016.

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2016


Fatalities Serious Injuries
Age Group (yrs) Drivers Passengers Drivers Passengers
0 - 4 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.1
5 - 14 0.2 7.9 0.0 7.8
15 - 19 7.4 12.1 8.1 14.4
20 - 24 9.8 12.1 12.1 14.6
25 - 34 20.0 15.7 19.7 15.8
35 - 44 13.2 8.7 15.6 9.7
45 - 54 15.3 5.9 16.1 8.5
55 - 64 13.9 10.1 13.8 8.6
65 + 20.0 24.2 14.4 12.2
Not Stated 0.2 1.3 0.2 5.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2016

Age Group (yrs) Males Females Total
< 16 25,688 21,479 47,167
16 - 19 589,138 545,124 1,134,262
20 - 24 1,017,231 940,514 1,957,745
25 - 34 2,249,816 2,159,954 4,409,770
35 - 44 2,208,548 2,159,840 4,368,388
45 - 54 2,400,907 2,295,422 4,696,329
55 - 64 2,298,853 2,181,477 4,480,330
65 + 2,362,966 2,122,733 4,485,699
Not Stated 0 0 0
Total 13,153,147 12,426,543 25,579,690

Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle 1997-2016 (in thousands)


Licensed DriversFootnote 1 Light-Duty VehiclesFootnote 2 Commercial VehiclesFootnote 3 MotorcyclesFootnote 4
1997 20,148 13,515 3,684 319
1998 20,744 13,887 3,767 334
1999 20,934 16,538 722 274
2000 20,593 16,832 739 311
2001 20,879 17,055 729 318
2002 21,163 17,543 724 350
2003 21,436 17,755 740 373
2004 21,673 17,920 752 409
2005 21,937 18,124 786 443
2006 22,278 18,739 841 485
2007 22,606 19,199 872 522
2008 22,972 19,613 907 567
2009 23,198 19,877 915 595
2010 23,541 20,268 964 616
2011 23,831 20,608 1,008 631
2012 24,147 20,652 1,053 661
2013 24,630 21,262 1,072 672
2014 24,914 21,730 1,121 688
2015 25,273 22,068 1,147 709
2016 25,580 22,410 1,144 716

Source: 1997 to 1998: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 53-219, "Road Motor Vehicles - Registrations".
From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004.
From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.

Note: A reduced level of police reporting in British Columbia in years 1997 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2012-2016

Drivers

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Fatalities 31.8 32.0 26.2 28.7 29.6
Serious Injuries 12.6 11.7 11.8 10.4 9.8
Passengers

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Fatalities 36.6 30.7 33.2 27.6 25.6
Serious Injuries 20.0 18.5 17.7 17.4 15.4

Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.

Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class - 2016

Road User Class Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers 47.7 46.0
Passengers 18.9 19.8
Pedestrians 17.6 14.4
Bicyclists 2.2 4.6
MotorcyclistsFootnote * 10.9 12.9
Not Stated/Other 2.7 2.3
Total 100.0 100.0

Number of Collisions By Location 2016

Location Fatal Personal Injury
UrbanFootnote 1 746 85,993
RuralFootnote 2 958 28,828
Not stated 13 1,135
Total 1,717 115,956

Note: In Alberta, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "Urban".

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Transport, 2018

Cette publication est aussi disponible en français sous le titre Statistiques sur les collisions de la route au Canada 2016

Catalogue No. T45-3E-PDF
ISBN 1701-6223

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To find out more about national road safety programs or initiatives, call Transport Canada toll free at 1-800-333-0371 or e-mail us at mvs-sa@tc.gc.ca. You can also visit our web site at www.tc.gc.ca/motor-vehicle-safety or the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators' web site at www.ccmta.ca.

More detailed motor vehicle collision data can be queried using the National Collision Database (NCDB) On-Line tool located at www.tc.gc.ca/vehicleCollisions.

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