Overview of the 2010 Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention
HNS damage covered by the Convention
Tier 1 - The Shipowner's liability
Tier 2 - The HNS Fund
HNS Fund Accounts
Contributions to the Fund and the concept of "receiver"
Treatment of cargo in transit
Sanctions for non-reporting of contributing cargo
Exclusion of seagoing vessels under 200 gross registered tones (grt)
Entry into force provision
Canadian Context and Legislation
Option 1 - Do not ratify the Convention
Option 2 - Ratify the Convention
Meaning of "carriage by sea" and "domestic carriage of HNS"
Exclusion of seagoing vessels under 200 grt
The adoption of the definition of "receiver"
A lower threshold for reporting
Treatment of associated persons
Fines to be levied for not having an insurance certificate
Role of the Ship-Source Oil Pollution Fund (SOPF)