Apply to the NPP
From: Transport Canada
Under the Canadian Navigable Waters Act (CNWA), owners of works who propose to construct, place, alter, rebuild, remove or decommission works that are in, on, over, under, through or across any navigable water may be required to apply for an approval to Transport Canada, or seek authorization through the public resolution process. The Navigation Protection Program (NPP) is responsible for administering and processing applications for approval. The Minister of Transport has the authority to issue terms and conditions with an approval.
On this page
- Minor Works
- Major Works
- Works in navigable waters listed on the schedule
- Works in navigable waters not listed on the schedule
- Apply for an Approval
- After you Apply for an Approval
- Process for Works on Non-Scheduled Waters
- Minor works on non-scheduled water
The Minor Works Order allows for works to be built, without approval or public notice, if they meet the criteria for the applicable class of works as well as specific terms and conditions. Examples of minor works are docks and aerial cables.
Owners of major works that may interfere with navigation are required to apply to Transport Canada. The following classes of works established in the Major Works Order, which are designated as likely to substantially interfere with navigation on any navigable water:
- Water control structures;
- Ferry Cables, excluding the repair and replacement of existing ferry cables;
- Aquaculture facilities.
Works in navigable waters listed on the Schedule
A schedule and an Order amending the schedule of waterways is established under the CNWA to identify navigable waters where project proponents must apply to Transport Canada. The owner of a work - other than a major or minor work - in, on, over, under, through or across any navigable water that is listed in the schedule, which may interfere with navigation, must apply to Transport Canada.
Works in navigable waters not listed on the schedule
Owners of works - other than a minor work or a major work that is not listed in the schedule, which may interfere with navigation, have the option to:
- either apply to the Minister of Transport; or
- seek authorization through the public resolution process
Owners of works - other than a minor work or a major work - that is not listed in the schedule may proceed if:
- the work, or its construction, placement, alteration, rebuilding, removal or decommissioning, would not interfere with navigation; and
- the owner deposits information and publishes a public notice before beginning the construction, placement, alteration, rebuilding, removal or decommissioning of the work.
As the Canadian Navigable Waters Act replaces the Navigation Protection Act, some navigable waters are added to the Schedule.
Apply for an Approval
Before you begin
The minimum information you’ll need to apply for an approval is:
- a map showing the work’s exact project location;
- the legal site description and position of the work in latitude and longitude;
- the plan view drawings (top down) with all related dimensions;
- the profile view drawings (side view) with all related dimensions;
- the general arrangement drawing (depicting new and entire existing work);
- a detailed project description;
- the construction methodology explaining how the work will be done; and
- the expected start and end dates.
To apply online:
- Follow the prompts to create an account on the NPP External submission site, or login if you already have an account.
- Answer some questions with the “Project Review Tool” to see if you need to apply.
- If required, complete the application for an approval form.
- Upload the supporting documents to complete your application.
- After creating your submission, use your online account to edit, or view your application before it is submitted. Once your application is submitted it can only be viewed. You can also use your account to contact the NPP.
Other ways to apply
We encourage you to submit applications online.
Note: If you have no access to the internet, please contact your regional NPP Office to obtain information on how to proceed.
Related links to the application for approval
After you Apply for an Approval
After we receive your application,
- The NPP will screen your application to make sure that the work requires an application and the information is complete.
- The NPP will assess whether the work interferes with navigation. Parallel reviews such as an environmental review and Indigenous peoples of Canada consultation may be required and a public notice will need to be published.
- After the assessment, the NPP will contact you to:
- issue your work an approval (approved work); or
- deny the approval if the impacts to navigation are unacceptable.
The NPP may monitor approved works for compliance with the conditions of approval.
Public notices about a project
A notice invites the public to comment on the proposed project for a specific period. NPP will receive and review all the comments.
Information related to the public notice is located on the NPP external submission site.
Environmental reviews and Indigenous peoples of Canada consultations
Environmental reviews and Indigenous peoples of Canada consultations aren’t part of the process for assessing the navigation impacts. However, these processes often run at the same time as the assessment and are important in our final decision.
Process for Works on Non-Scheduled Waters
Some navigable waters aren’t listed in the schedule of the Canadian Navigable Waters Act and the Order amending the schedule. You must follow one of the processes below if your work is on a non-scheduled water.
- Apply to NPP to go through the same process as if the work was on a scheduled water; or
- Deposit the information on the online registry about the project and publish a notice inviting public comments. The notices usually give the public 30 days to comment on the proposed work. You would receive the comments directly as part of the “resolution process.”
You and the commenters then have 45 days to resolve any concerns. If the concerns are resolved, you may go ahead based on the timelines in subsection 10.2(1) of the Act.
If the concerns aren’t resolved after 45 days, the commenter has 15 days to request a decision from the NPP. In this case, after reviewing your proposal and any public input, the NPP will confirm whether you need to submit an application for an approval or not.