Subpart F - Inspection

1. Scope

This subpart prescribes minimum requirements for the frequency and manner of inspecting track to detect deviations from the TSR.

1.1 All tracks Classes 1 through 5 must be inspected in accordance with the requirements as prescribed herein.  

1.2 The minimum requirements for the frequency and manner of inspecting track over which movements are operated at speeds in excess of those permitted over Class 5 track must be filed with and approved by the Minister.

1.3 If the person making the inspection finds a deviation from the requirements of the TSR, that individual must immediately initiate remedial action.

1.4 Unless otherwise specified, the interpretation of designated minimum inspection frequency intervals are as follows:

Designated Inspection Frequency Designated Inspection Frequency means
Twice weekly A minimum of two inspections each week (Sunday to Saturday) and:
  • with no more than 3 days between days of inspection in a week, and
  • with no more than 3 days between the day of inspection in one week and the next day of inspection in the following week.
Weekly A minimum of one inspection each week (Sunday to Saturday) and:
  • with no more than 10 days between days of inspection.
Twice monthly A minimum of two inspections each month (between the 1st and last day of each month) and:
  • with no more than 20 days between days of inspection in a month, and
  • with no more than 20 days between the day of inspection in one month and the next day of inspection in the following month.
Monthly A minimum of one inspection each month (between the 1st and the last day of each month) and:
  • with no more than 40 days between days of inspection.
Quarterly A minimum of one inspection each quarter (January 1st to March 31st , April 1st to June 30th, July 1st to September 30th, October 1st to December 31st) and:
  • with no more than 100 days between days of inspection.
Three times annually A minimum of one inspection each 4 months (January 1st to April 30th, May 1st to August 31st September 1st to December 31st) and:
  • with no more than 180 days between days of inspection.
Twice annually A minimum of one inspection each 6 months (January 1st to June 30th, July 1st to December 31st) and:
  • with no more than 225 days between days of inspection.
Annually One inspection each year (January 1st to December 31st) and:
  • with no more than 400 days between days of inspections.

2. Track – Inspections

2.1 General

A track inspector or track supervisor must undertake track inspections at such frequency and by such a method as to ensure the track is compliant with the TSR and is safe for all movements at the authorized speed.

2.2 Special Track Inspections

In the event of a fire, flood, severe storm or any other occurrence that may have damaged the track structure, a Special Track Inspection must be made of the track involved as soon as possible after the occurrence and, if possible, before the operation of any train and equipment movements.

2.3 Inactive Track Inspections

Inactive tracks must be secured in a manner that must prevent use by movements and must be inspected before being used to ensure the track is compliant and safe for all movements at the authorized speed.

2.4 Visual Track Inspections

(a) Unless otherwise specified, each Visual Track Inspection must be made on foot or by riding over the track in a vehicle at a speed that allows the person making the inspection to visually inspect and evaluate the track for compliance to the TSR.

(b) The speed of the vehicle must not be more than 5 mph when traversing railway crossings, turnouts or special trackwork.

(c) Mechanical, electrical and other track inspection devices may be used to supplement Visual track inspections.

(d) When inspecting track, an inspector may inspect up to two tracks at one time provided that:

(i) The inspector’s visibility remains unobstructed by any cause and that the second track is not centered more than 30 ft (9.144m) from the track upon which the inspector is traversing.

(ii) Each track that requires weekly or more frequent inspection must be traversed by the vehicle or inspected on foot at least once every two weeks, and each siding and crossover must be traversed by the vehicle or inspected on foot at least once every month.

(e) All track except Yard Track and Inactive Track must be visually inspected at the minimum frequency specified in the following table:

Track
Designated Minimum Visual Track Inspection Frequency Table
Class of Track Annual Tonnage (MGT)
< 5 MGT 5 – 15 MGT > 15 MGT
Class 1 Monthly Twice Monthly Weekly
Class 2 Weekly Twice Weekly Twice Weekly
Class 3 Weekly Twice Weekly Twice Weekly
Class 4 & 5 Twice Weekly Twice Weekly Twice Weekly

And,

(i) In the case of Class 1 track where passenger trains are operated, track must be inspected weekly or before use of passenger traffic if the track is use d less than once per week.

(ii) In the case of Class 2 and 3 track, where passenger trains are operated, track must be inspected at least twice weekly or before use of the passenger traffic.

2.5 Walking Track Inspection

(a) A Walking Track Inspection must be completed on all jointed tracks and concrete tie tracks where curvature is 4 degrees or greater. If joint bars are inspected electronically including the use of camera or other technology capable of detecting joint bar defects, a Walking Track Inspection of tangent track and curves less than 4-degree curvature in jointed track territory is not required; however, a Walking Track Inspection on all tracks with curves of 4 degrees or greater must be completed.

(b) A Walking Track Inspection must allow the inspector a clear view of all track components including rail, ties, fasteners and ballast.

(c) A Walking Track Inspection for track specified in (a) above must be completed at the minimum frequency specified in the following table:

Track
Designated Minimum Walking Track Inspection Frequency Table
Class of Track Annual Tonnage (MGT)
< 5 MGT 5 – 15 MGT 15 – 35 MGT  >35 MGT
Class 1 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Class 2 Every 3rd year Every 3rd year Every 2nd year Annually
Class 3 Every 2nd year Every 2nd year Annually Annually
Class 4 & 5 Annually Annually Annually Annually

3. Track - Turnouts and Special Trackwork Inspections

3.1 General

A Special Trackwork includes railway crossings at grade, sliding joints, moveable point frogs, lift rail assemblies and other transition devices on moveable span bridges. Types of Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspections are as described below:

3.2 Routine Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection

A Routine Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection is an inspection to assess general condition and identify defects on a Turnout or Special Trackwork each time they are traversed during a Visual Track Inspection.

3.3 Walking Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection

A Walking Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection is an inspection performed on foot to assess the general condition of a Turnout or Special Trackwork and must meet the minimum frequency shown in the following table except that a monthly Walking Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection is not required in any month that a Detailed Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection is completed.

Track
Designated Minimum Walking Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection Frequency Table
Class of Track Annual Tonnage (MGT)
< 5 MGT 5 – 15 MGT 15 – 35 MGT > 35 MGT
Class 1 Quarterly Monthly Monthly Monthly
Class 2 Monthly Monthly Monthly Monthly
Class 3 Monthly Monthly Monthly Monthly
Class 4 & 5 Monthly Monthly Monthly Twice Monthly

3.4 Detailed Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspections

(a) A Detailed Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection is an inspection performed on foot to assess the condition of turnout or special trackwork. Hand operated turnouts must be operated to all positions during this inspection. A Detailed Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection must include the measuring and recording of the following specified items:

(i) Track gauge measurements 5 to 10 feet ahead of switch points, at the heel block, at the mid point of curved closure rail and at intervals throughout the diverging route behind the frog. *

(ii) Guard check gauge measurement.

(iii) Guard face gauge measurement.

(iv) Switch Point Rise where contact is evident (Vertical clearance between the Switch Point and Stock Rail).

(v) Heel Block assembly for surface and check bolts to confirm they are tight.

(vi) Cross level measurements at locations 15.5 feet apart on both routes throughout the turnout.*

* Measurements obtained at required locations with Track Geometry vehicles meet the requirement i.) and vi.).

(b) Each Turnout and Special Trackwork must receive a Detailed Turnout and Special Trackwork Inspection annually.

4. Track - Electronic Geometry Inspections

4.1 General

An Electronic Geometry Inspection vehicle is an automated track inspection vehicle used to measure, calculate and record geometric parameters of the track. Two types of track geometry inspection vehicles defined below can be used to measure and evaluate track geometry.

(a) Light Geometry Inspection Vehicle (LGIV)

(i) A Light Geometry Inspection Vehicle (LGIV) must be capable of measuring:

  1. Alignment / Curvature
  2. Super elevation / Cross level
  3. Gauge
  4. Railway Track Safety Rule parameters calculated from these measurements

(ii) Track measurements obtained with these vehicles are considered static geometry measurements, as the vertical load applied to the track is limited to the weight of the hi-rail vehicle. Allowances must be made for any condition that could result in a greater measurement when the track is under load.

(b) Heavy Geometry Inspection Vehicle (HGIV)

(i) A Heavy Geometry Inspection Vehicl e (HGIV) must have a vertical wheel load of 10,000 pounds and be capable of measuring:

  1. Surface / Longitudinal Profile
  2. Alignment / Curvature
  3. Super elevation / Cross level
  4. Gauge
  5. Railway Track Safety Rule parameters calculated from these measurements

(ii) Track measurements obtained with these vehicles are considered dynamic geometry measurements representative of the track in a loaded condition.

4.2 An Electronic Geometry Inspection of all track, except Yard Track and Inactive Track, must meet the minimum frequency shown in the following table:

Track
Designated Minimum Electronic Geometry Inspection Frequency Table
Class of Track Annual Frequency Requirements
< 5 MGT 5 – 15 MGT 15 - 35 MGT > 35 MGT
Class 1 N/A LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Three times
Or
HGIV - Once
 LGIV – Three times
Or
HGIV - Once
Class 2 LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Three times
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Three times
Or
HGIV Twice
LGIV – Quarterly
Or
HGIV Twice
Class 3 HGIV - Once HGIV – Once HGIV – Twice HGIV – Twice
Class 4 HGIV – Twice HGIV – Twice HGIV – Twice HGIV - Twice
Class 5 HGIV – Twice HGIV – Twice HGIV – Twice HGIV – Three times
Crossovers* LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once
LGIV – Twice
Or
HGIV - Once

* Track geometry inspection is not required on crossovers where track speed is 30 mph or less.

4.3 Missed Segment of Electronic Geometry Inspection

(a) If a portion of track cannot be inspected at the required interval, the railway must, before the expiration of time or tonnage limits:

(i) Inspect that segment of track with a light geometry inspection vehicle and be governed by the results of that inspection or perform an additional visual inspection per week until the required track geometry inspection frequency can be met and, in the case of Class 3 to Class 5 track the next required track geometry inspection must be completed with a heavy geometry inspection vehicle, or

(ii) Reduce class of track to bring the track into compliance until such time as a valid track geometry inspection can be made.

(b) If a portion of a crossover cannot be inspected at the required interval, the railway company must, before the expiration of time or tonnage limits perform a detailed inspection of both turnouts and the track between.

5. Track - Rail Flaw Inspections

5.1 General

A Rail Flaw Inspection is a continuous search for internal rail defects.

5.2(a) A Rail Flaw Inspection must be made of all rails at the minimum frequency shown in the following table except for Yard Track, Inactive Track or, in the case of new rail, if within 6 months of installation, it is ultrasonically inspected over its entire length and all defects are removed, the next continuous search for internal defects need not be made until the passage of 100 mgt or three years after the inspection, whichever occurs first.

Track
Designated Minimum Rail Flaw Inspection Frequency Table
Class of Track < 5 MGT 5 – 15 MGT 15 – 35 MGT >35 MGT
Class 1 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Class 2 Once every 2 years Annually Annually Twice Annually
Class 3 Annually Annually Annually Twice Annually
Class 4 & 5 Annually Twice Annually Twice Annually Four times Annually

(b) In the case of Class 2 track where Passenger trains are operated, track must be inspected at least annually with a Rail Flaw detector

(c) The maximum interval of days following the previous Rail Flaw Inspections is defined as follows:

(i) For Annual frequency, the maximum number of days between inspections is 500.

(ii) For Twice Annual frequency, the maximum number of days between inspections is 300.

(iii) For Three times annually frequency, the maximum number of days between inspections is 250.

(iv) For Four times Annually frequency, the maximum number of days between inspections is 200.

5.3 For Class 2 track carrying 3 to 5 MGT annually, with less than 100 lbs rail weight and authorized car loading 263,000 lbs or greater, the rail must be tested at least annually with a rail flaw detector.

5.4 For Class 4 or 5 track, with 100 lbs rail weight and authorized car loading 286,000 lbs or greater, the rail must be tested twice annually with a rail flaw detector.

5.5 Rail in sidings and crossovers, where track speed is 25 mph or greater, the rail must be inspected annually.

5.6 Inspection equipment must be capable of detecting defects between joint bars in the area enclosed by joint bars.

5.7 Each defective rail must be marked and highly visible.

5.8 Missed Segment of Rail Flaw Inspection

(a) If the operator assigned to operate the rail defect detection equipment determines that, due to rail surface condition and or other reasons, a valid search for internal defects could not be made over a particular length of track, the test on that particular length of track cannot be considered as a search for internal defects under this section.

(b) If a valid search for internal defects cannot be conducted for reasons described in a), the railway company must, before the expiration of time or tonnage limits

(i) Conduct a valid search for internal defects, or

(ii) Reduce class of track to bring the track into compliance until such time as a valid search for internal defects can be made, or

(iii) Remove the rail from service.

6. Yard Track - Inspections

6.1 General

(a) Maximum track speed on a yard track is 15 mph.

(b) A yard must be designated as classified or unclassified.

(c) Classified Yard must be classified into one of the four categories. These categories must be based on frequency of track use, volume of traffic and risk associated with the movement of trains and equipment. Railway companies must classify the category for each track and when requested, must provide a copy to a Railway Safety Inspector. Categories for Yard Track must be based on the following criteria:

(i) Category 1

Heavily used tracks including:

  • Through, bypass tracks and core routes.
  • Lead tracks where movements are entering, leaving or travelling through a yard carrying more than 500 cars daily.

(ii) Category 2

  • Locomotive main shop lead tracks
  • Main hump lead tracks
  • Switching yard leads

(iii) Category 3

Moderately used tracks including:

  • Industrial leads
  • Switching yard tracks and receiving and departure tracks which are used to yard or depart trains.
  • Tracks carrying more than 100 cars daily.

(iv) Category 4

Lightly used tracks including:

  • Storage Tracks
  • Shop Tracks
  • Service Tracks
  • Industrial Tracks.

6.2 Visual Inspections

(a) Unclassified yard track must be inspected monthly

(b) All classified yard track must be visually inspected at the minimum frequency specified in the following table:

Yard Track
Designated Minimum Visual Inspection Frequency Table
Category Type Frequency
Category 1 Track Twice monthly
Category 2 Track Monthly
Category 3 Track Quarterly
Category 4 Track Twice annually

(c) In instances where a Yard Track cannot be physically traversed, a single track in Category 2, Category 3 or Category 4 may be inspected from a vehicle operated on an adjacent roadway provided the following conditions are met:

(i) The vehicle is operated by a person other than the inspector.

(ii) The operating speed must allow the inspector to identify defects.

(iii) The inspector’s visibility remains unobstructed.

(iv) Any portion of track obstructed by equipment must be inspected on foot.

(v) The track being inspected is located within 30 feet (9.144 m) from the roadway.

(vi) If a track is inspected from an adjacent roadway, next required track inspection must be completed by operating the vehicle on track or by walking.

(d) A vehicle, such as an All Terrain Vehicle, straddling the track may be used to inspect yard tracks. This vehicle must be operated on the track being inspected at a speed that allows the inspector to identify defects.

7. Yard Track - Turnout Inspections

Walking Inspections

7.1 Walking inspection of Yard Turnouts installations must meet the minimum frequency shown in the following table:

Yard Track
Designated Minimum Turnout Inspection Frequency Table
Category Type Frequency
Category 1 Turnouts Twice Monthly
Category 2 Turnouts Monthly
Category 3 Turnouts Monthly
Category 4 Turnouts Quarterly

And,

7.2 Detailed inspection of all Yard Track turnouts in yard track of Category 1 must be completed annually.

8. Yard Track - Electronic Geometry Inspections

8.1 All tracks in Category 1 must be inspected annually for deviation in gauge and crosslevel using a Light Track Geometry Inspection Vehicle or other such device capable of measuring recording and evaluating these geometry parameters. Track measurements obtained with these vehicles are considered static geometry measurements. Allowances must be made for any condition that could result in a greater measurement when the track is under load.

9. Yard Track - Rail Flaw Inspections

9.1 A continuous search for internal rail defects must be completed annually in all rails of Category 1 Yard Track.

9.2 A continuous search for internal rail defects must be completed annually in rail lighter than 100 lbs in leads of Category 2 Yard Track.

9.3 If an inspection cannot be performed, the maximum speed must be limited to 10 mph.

10. Inspection Records

10.1 Each railway company to which these rules apply must keep a record of each inspection required to be performed under this subpart for one year after the inspection. Each railway must keep record of annual tonnage for each subdivision and when requested, provide the previous year’s annual tonnage to a Railway Safety Inspector. These records must also be available at the local geographic engineering office in Canada.

10.2 Each record of an inspection under Part II, Subpart F sections 2, 3, 6 and 7 must be prepared on the day the inspection is made and signed by the person making the inspection. Records must specify the track or tracks inspected, the date of inspection, location and nature of any deviation from the requirements of TSR, and the remedial action taken by the person making the inspection. In the case of more than one track, track inspection records must indicate all track(s) included in the inspection and indicate which track(s) were traversed by the vehicle or inspected on foot.

10.3 Each record of an Inspection under Part II, Subpart F sections 4, 5, 8 and 9 must specify the date of inspection, the location and nature of any defects found, the remedial action taken and the date thereof, and the location of any segments of track not tested per Part II, Subpart F sections 4 and 5. The railway company must retain a rail inspection record for at least two years after the inspection and for one year after the defect is removed.

10.4 For purposes of compliance with the requirements set out in subsections 10.1, 10.2 and 10.3 above, the railway company of track may retain records in an electronic system provided that:

(a) The electronic system is designed so that the integrity of each electronic record is maintained through the application of security measures, including means, to uniquely identify the person who made the inspection as the author of that record. No two persons must have the same electronic identity;

(b) The electronic storage of each record must be initiated by the person making the inspection by the end of the next day following the completion of that inspection;

(c) The electronic system must ensure that no electronic record can be modified in any way, or replaced, after the record has been transmitted and stored in the electronic system;

(d) Any correction or amendment to an electronic record must be electronically stored and retained apart from the electronic record it corrects or amends. Such correction must only be used to correct a data entry error in the original electronic record. The electronic system must uniquely identify the person who made the correction;

(e) The electronic system must provide for the maintenance of inspection records as originally submitted without corruption or loss of data;

(f) All electronic records must be kept available to the persons who performed the inspections and to persons performing subsequent inspections.

10.5 Each Railway Company required to retain inspection records under this section, when requested by a Railway Safety Inspector, must produce and provide copies of requested inspection records in the format specified, including corrections or amendments to those records as deemed necessary to monitor compliance. Where a railway company receiving such request is unable to provide the records immediately, the railway company must, without delay, take all reasonable measures to provide the records.

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