Appendix 1 – Transport Canada Defect Codes

These codes are not part of these present Rules. They are indicated for guidance only.

Non Compliance (defect) code

Concern Code

Non-Compliance (defect) Description

Concern Description

 

MC.TC.21.A

 

Wide gauge concern.

 

MC.TC.40.A

 

Curve over elevated from design.

 

MC.TC.41.A

 

More than one inch reverse elevation.

 

OC.AC.1.A

 

Evidence of unauthorized crossing.

 

OC.AC.2.A

 

Evidence of breach in control fencing.

 

OC.AC.3.A

 

Observation of trespassing.

 

OC.AC.4.A

 

Access Control - other (specify).

 

OC.B.1.A

 

Bridge approach concern.

 

OC.B.2.A

 

Bridge deck geometry concern.

 

OC.B.5.A

 

Bridge - other (specify).

 

OC.EG.1.A

 

Engineering Standards not respected.

 

OC.N.1.A

 

Natural Hazard - Upper slope concern.

 

OC.N.2.A

 

Natural Hazard - Lower slope concern.

 

OC.N.3.A

 

Natural Hazard - Subgrade concern.

 

OC.N.4.A

 

Natural Hazard - Other concern (specify).

 

OC.OR.1.A

 

Operating Rules concern (specify).

 

OC.OR.2.A

 

Track Unit Operation Concern.

 

OC.OR.3.A

 

Track Sign Concern.

 

OC.X.1.A

 

Crossing sightline concern.

 

OC.X.2.A

 

Crossing surface condition concern.

 

OC.X.3.A

 

Crossing signage concern.

 

OC.X.4.A

 

Other crossing concern (specify).

 

OC.T.3.2.A

 

A combination of conditions requiring remedial action.

T.4.3

 

Movements operating at speeds in excess of Class 5 without a plan approved by the Minister.

 

T.5.1.1

 

Excepted track segment improperly identified or not included in appropriate record.

 

T.5.1.2

 

Excepted track segment located within 30 feet of an adjacent track subject to simultaneous operation at speeds in excess of 10 mph.

 

T.5.1.3

 

Excepted track not inspected in accordance with II.F.II as specified for Class 1 track.

 

T.5.1.4

 

Train speed exceeds 10 mph on excepted track.

 

T.5.1.5

 

Occupied passenger trains operated on excepted track.

 

T.5.1.6

 

Freight train operated on excepted track with cars carrying dangerous goods.

 

T.5.1.7

 

Failure to provide Transport Canada timely notice of excepted track status.

 

T.5.1.8

 

Failure to review and report on excepted track status as required.

 

T.6.1

T.6.1.A

Failure to inspect track at a frequency or by such a method to ensure safe operations.

Concern that track inspection frequency or methods used may not be sufficient to ensure safe operations.

T.6.2

 

Failure to bring track into compliance or halt operations over non-compliant track.

 

T.6.3

 

Failure to restore track to Class 1 limits within 30-days.

 

T.6.4

T.6.4.A

Failure to ensure railway functions are performed as required by the TSR.

Concern that railway functions are not being performed as required by the TSR.

T.7.1.1

 

Failure of railway to qualify and certify track supervisors and track inspectors as required.

 

T.7.1.2

 

Failure to maintain records of certification for individuals qualified to inspect and repair track under traffic conditions.

 

T.7.2

T.7.2.A

Proper qualified supervision not provided at work site when track is being restored or renewed under traffic conditions.

Concern that proper qualified supervision may not be provided at work site when track is being restored or renewed under traffic conditions.

T.7.3

 

Employee authorizing movement over rail break does not meet requirements.

 

T.8.1

 

Failure to account for rail movement when measuring track not under load.

 

 

T.B.1.A

 

Other drainage concern (specify).

T.B.1.1

 

Drainage or water carrying facility not maintained or able to accommodate expected water flow.

 

T.B.1.2

 

Drainage or water carrying facility obstructed.

 

 

T.B.2.A

 

Other vegetation concern (specify).

T.B.2.1.1

 

Combustible vegetation around track carrying structures.

 

T.B.2.1.2

 

Vegetation obstructs visibility of railroad signs and signals.

 

T.B.2.1.3

 

Vegetation interferes with railroad employees performing inspections and normal trackside duties.

 

T.B.2.1.4

 

Vegetation prevents proper functioning of signals and communication lines.

 

T.B.2.1.5

 

Vegetation prevents equipment inspection from normal duty station.

 

 

T.C.2.3.A

 

Other gauge concern (specify).

T.C.2.3.1

T.C.2.3.1.A

Gauge dimension exceeds allowable.

Gauge dimension approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.2.3.2

T.C.2.3.2.A

Gauge dimension is less than allowable.

Gauge dimension approaching minimum allowable.

T.C.2.4

T.C.2.4.A

Variation in gauge exceeds allowable.

Variation in gauge approaching maximum allowable.

 

T.C.3.A

 

Other alignment concern (specify).

T.C.3.1.1

T.C.3.1.1.A

The alignment of track (62-ft chord) exceeds the allowable deviation.

The alignment of track (62-ft chord) approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.3.1.2

T.C.3.1.2.A

The alignment of curved track (31-ft chord) exceeds the allowable deviation.

The alignment of curved track (31-ft chord) approaching maximum allowable.

 

T.C.4.A

 

Other curve concern (specify).

T.C.4.1.1

 

Curve elevation exceeds maximum allowable (7-in).

 

T.C.4.1.2

 

No action plan to reduce superelevation in excess of 6-inches.

 

T.C.4.1.3

 

Outside rail of curve lower than inside rail exceeding Part II, Subpart C section 6 Track Surface limits.

 

T.C.4.2.1

 

Operating speed exceeds allowable, based on averaged curvature and elevation. (3 inches)

 

T.C.4.2.2

 

Operating speed exceeds allowable, based on averaged curvature and elevation. (4 inches)

 

T.C.4.2.3

 

Operating speed exceeds allowable, based on averaged curvature and elevation. (6 inches)

 

T.C.5.1.1

 

Operating speed exceeds allowable for physical conditions, based on curvature and actual elevation.

 

T.C.5.1.2

 

Elevation runoff not at uniform rate or extending full spiral length.

 

 

T.C.6.A

 

Other track geometry concern (specify).

T.C.6.1.1

T.C.6.1.1.A

Runoff in any 31 feet of rail at end of raise exceeds allowable.

Runoff in any 31 feet of rail at end of raise approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.1.2

T.C.6.1.2.A

Deviation from uniform profile on either rail exceeds allowable.

Deviation from uniform profile on either rail approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.1.3

T.C.6.1.3.A

Difference in cross level between any two points less than 31 feet apart on spirals exceeds allowable.

Difference in cross level between any two points less than 31 feet apart on spirals approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.1.4.1

T.C.6.1.4.1.A

Deviation from zero cross level at any point on tangent exceeds allowable.

Deviation from zero cross level at any point on tangent approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.1.4.2

T.C.6.1.4.2.A

Reverse cross level elevation on non-tangent track exceeds allowable.

Reverse cross level elevation on non-tangent track approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.1.5

T.C.6.1.5.A

Difference in cross level between any two points less than 62 feet apart exceeds allowable.

Difference in cross level between any two points less than 62 feet apart approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.6.2

T.C.6.2.A

Harmonics on Classes 2-5 jointed track exceeds allowable.

Harmonics on Classes 2-5 jointed track approaching maximum allowable.

T.C.7.1.1

 

Failure to respect Interpolation of speeds requirements.

 

T.C.7.1.2

 

Failure to meet interpolation slow order records requirements.

 

T.C.7.1.3

 

Failure to initiate corrective or remedial action upon expiration of 72 hour interpolation period.

 

T.C.8.1

 

No defined measures to address a combination of track geometry defects.

 

 

T.D.1.1.A

 

Other ballast concern (specify).

 

T.D.1.2.A

 

Ballast concern - Insufficient crib or shoulders.

T.D.1.1

 

Ballast condition fails to properly transmit and distribute loads.

 

T.D.1.2

 

Ballast condition fails to adequately restrain track.

 

T.D.1.3

 

Ballast condition fails to adequately drain track.

 

T.D.1.4

 

Ballast condition fails to maintain track geometry.

 

 

T.D.10.A

 

Other rail wear concern (specify).

T.D.10.1.1

 

Failure to provide written instructions for rail wear limits.

 

T.D.10.1.2

 

Rail wear limits exceed allowable.

 

 

T.D.10.1.A

 

Concern rail wear limits approaching allowable.

 

T.D.11.A

 

Other turnout or track crossing concern (specify).

T.D.11.1.1

 

Fasteners not intact or maintained in switch point area.

 

T.D.11.1.2

 

Fasteners not intact or maintained in frog area.

 

T.D.11.1.3

 

Fasteners not maintained or intact in guard rail area.

 

T.D.11.1.4

 

Turnout or track crossing fastenings not intact or maintained.

 

T.D.11.1.5

 

Obstruction interfers with wheels in any flangeway area.

 

T.D.11.2

 

Insufficient anchorage in Classes 4-5 track to restrain rail movement in turnout or track crossing area.

 

T.D.11.3

 

Flangeway less than 1½ inches wide in turnouts or track crossings.

 

 

T.D.12.A

 

Other switch concern (specify).

T.D.12.1

 

Stock rail not properly seated in switch plates.

 

T.D.12.2.1

 

Improper fit between switch point and stock rail.

 

T.D.12.2.2

 

Excessive movement of stock rail or switch plate affecting switch point fit.

 

T.D.12.3

 

Outer edge of wheel contacting gauge side of stock rail.

 

T.D.12.4

 

Heel of switch insecure or heel bolts not tight.

 

T.D.12.5.1

 

Switch stand or connecting rod not securely fastened.

 

T.D.12.5.2

 

Excessive motion during operation of switch.

 

T.D.12.6

 

Throw lever operable with switch lock or keeper in place.

 

T.D.12.7

 

Switch position indicator not clearly visible.

 

T.D.12.8.1

 

Unusually chipped or worn switch point.

 

T.D.12.8.2

 

Improper switch closure due to metal flow.

 

 

T.D.13.A

 

Other frog concern (specify).

T.D.13.1

 

Insufficient flangeway depth on frog.

 

 

T.D.13.2.A

 

Frog point chipped, broken or worn in excess of allowable.

T.D.13.2

 

Operating speed above 10 MPH over frog point chipped, broken or worn in excess of allowable.

 

 

T.D.13.3.A

 

Tread portion of frog worn in excess of allowable.

T.D.13.3

 

Operating speed above 10 MPH over frog with tread portion worn in excess of allowable.

 

T.D.13.4

 

Operating above Class 1 speeds over flange-bearing frog or diamond.

 

 

T.D.14.A

 

Other spring frog concern (specify).

T.D.14.1

 

Outer edge of wheel contacting gauge side of spring wing rail.

 

T.D.14.2.1

 

Ties under toe of spring wing rail not solidly tamped.

 

T.D.14.2.2

 

Toe of spring wing rail not fully and tightly bolted.

 

T.D.14.3.1

 

Bolt hole defect in spring frog.

 

T.D.14.3.2

 

Head and web separation defect in spring frog.

 

T.D.14.4

 

Insufficient tension in spring to hold wing rail against point rail.

 

T.D.14.5

 

Excessive clearance between hold-down housing and horn.

 

 

T.D.15.A

 

Other self-guarded frog concern (specify).

T.D.15.1

 

Raised guard on self-guarded frog worn excessively.

 

T.D.15.2

 

Self-guarded frog point rebuilt before restoring guarding face.

 

T.D.16.1

T.D.16.1.A

Guard check gauge less than allowable.

Guard check gauge approaching minimum allowable.

 

T.D.2.A

 

Other tie concern (specify).

T.D.2.1.1

 

Crossties not made of a material to which rail can be securely fastened.

 

T.D.2.2.1

 

Insufficient number of crossties to effectively support a 39 foot segment of track.

 

T.D.2.2.2

 

Crossties not effectively distributed to support a 39 foot segment of track.

 

T.D.2.2.3

 

Fewer than minimum allowable number of non-defective ties per 39 feet.

 

T.D.2.4

 

No effective support ties within the prescribed distance from a joint.

 

T.D.3.1.1

 

Operating over defective rail without adhering to prescribed remedial or corrective action.

 

T.D.3.1.2

 

Movement over rail break procedures not respected.

 

 

T.D.3.1.A

 

Transverse fissure.

 

T.D.3.2.A

 

Compound fissure.

 

T.D.3.3.A

 

Horizontal split head.

 

T.D.3.4.A

 

Vertical split head.

 

T.D.3.5.A

 

Split web.

 

T.D.3.6.A

 

Piped rail.

 

T.D.3.7.A

 

Broken base.

 

T.D.3.8.A

 

Detail fracture.

 

T.D.3.9.A

 

Engine burn fracture.

 

T.D.3.10.A

 

Ordinary break.

 

T.D.3.14.1.A

 

Damaged rail.

 

T.D.3.14.2.A

 

Damaged rail - SSC - Shelling, Corrugation.

 

T.D.3.14.3.A

 

Damaged rail - CH - Crushed Head, LSC -Localized Surface Collapse.

 

T.D.3.14.4.A

 

Damaged rail - REB - Rail End Batter.

 

T.D.3.15.A

 

Defective rail - other (specify condition).

T.D.4.1

 

Mismatch on top or gauge side of rail end exceeds allowable.

 

 

T.D.5.A

 

Other joint concern (specify).

T.D.5.1

 

Rail joint not of proper design or dimension.

 

T.D.5.2.1

 

Cracked or broken joint bar in Class 3 through 5 track (other than centre break).

 

T.D.5.2.2

 

Worn joint bar allows vertical movement when bolts tight in Class 3 through 5 track.

 

T.D.5.3

 

Cracked or broken (centre break) joint bar.

 

T.D.5.4.1

 

Less than two bolts per rail at each joint for conventional jointed rail in Class 2 through 5 track.

 

T.D.5.4.2

 

Less than one bolt per rail at each joint for conventional jointed rail in Class 1 track.

 

T.D.5.5

 

Less than two bolts per rail at any joint in continuous welded rail.

 

T.D.5.6.1

 

Track bolts not adequately securing joint bars.

 

T.D.5.6.2

 

Joint does not allow longitudinal movement to accommodate temperature variations in conventional jointed rail.

 

T.D.5.7

 

Torch cut or burned bolt hole in rail or joint bar.

 

 

T.D.6.A

 

Other tie plate concern (specify).

T.D.6.1

 

Insufficient tie plates in Class 3 through 5 track.

 

 

T.D.7.A

 

Other anchoring concern (specify).

T.D.7.1

 

Insufficient or inadequate anchoring devices to ensure longitudinal restraint.

 

 

T.D.8.A

 

Other rail fastener concern (specify).

T.D.8.1

 

Insufficient or ineffective fastening system to maintain gauge in a 39 ft. segment.

 

 

T.D.9.A

 

Other CWR concern (specify).

 

T.D.9.1.A

 

CWR practice not respected.

T.D.9.1

 

Failure to provide written instructions for installation and maintenance of CWR.

 

 

T.E.2.A

 

Other - derail concern (specify).

 

T.E.2.1.A

 

Derail not installed or maintained to function as intended.

T.E.2.1.1

 

Derail not clearly visible.

 

T.E.2.1.2

 

Derail operable when locked.

 

T.E.2.1.3

 

Derail not installed at location where cars may foul main track or siding.

 

T.E.2.1.4

 

Derail not installed or maintained to function as intended.

 

T.F.1.1

 

Track not inspected in accordance with requirements.

 

T.F.1.2.1

 

Operating at speeds in excess of Class 5 without approval.

 

T.F.1.2.2

 

Track above Class 5 not inspected as required.

 

T.F.1.3

 

Failure to initiate remedial action for deviations.

 

 

T.F.10.A

 

Other inspection record concern (specify).

T.F.10.1.1

 

Failure to keep records as required.

 

T.F.10.1.2

 

Failure to provide subdivision annual tonnage.

 

T.F.10.1.3

 

Failure to make records available at the local engineering office in Canada.

 

T.F.10.2.1

 

Failure of inspector to properly complete report at time of inspection.

 

T.F.10.2.2

 

Failure of inspection records to provide required information under Sections 2, 3, 6, 7.

 

T.F.10.3.1

 

Failure of inspection records to provide required information under Sections 4, 5, 8, 9.

 

T.F.10.3.2

 

Failure to retain rail inspection records as required.

 

T.F.10.4

 

Failure to comply with electronic record keeping requirements.

 

T.F.10.5

 

Failure to make records available.

 

 

T.F.2.A

 

Other Track Inspection concern (specify).

T.F.2.1

 

Failure to inspect at such frequency or by such method to ensure safety of movements and compliance.

 

T.F.2.2

 

Failure to make special inspections when required.

 

T.F.2.3.1

 

Inactive track inadequately secured.

 

T.F.2.3.2

 

Failure to inspect inactive track prior to use.

 

T.F.2.4.1

 

Track inspected at a speed that does not allow evaluation of the track for compliance to the TSR.

 

T.F.2.4.2

 

Inspecting railway crossings, turnouts or special trackwork in excess of 5 mph.

 

T.F.2.4.3

 

Failure to meet visibility requirements when inspecting 2 tracks at once.

 

T.F.2.4.4

 

Failure to meet traversal or inspection frequency requirements when inspecting more than 1 track.

 

T.F.2.5.1

 

Failure to meet requirements for Walking Track Inspection of curves or tangents.

 

T.F.2.5.2

 

Failure to meet clear view requirements for Walking Track Inspections.

 

T.F.2.5.3

 

Failure to meet frequency requirements for Walking Track Inspections.

 

 

T.F.3.A

 

Other turnout-special trackwork inspection concern (specify).

T.F.3.3.1

 

Failure to perform on foot walking inspections of turnouts and special trackwork as required.

 

T.F.3.3.2

 

Failure to meet Walking Inspection frequency requirements for turnouts and special trackwork.

 

T.F.3.4.1

 

Failure to meet inspection requirements for detailed turnout or special trackwork inspections.

 

T.F.3.4.2

 

Failure to meet frequency requirements for detailed turnout or special trackwork inspections.

 

 

T.F.4.A

 

Other electronic geometry inspection concern (specify).

T.F.4.1.1

 

Failure to meet requirements for inspection performed with LGIV.

 

T.F.4.1.2

 

Failure to meet requirements for inspection performed with HGIV.

 

T.F.4.2.1

 

Failure to meet frequency requirements for electronic geometry inspections.

 

T.F.4.3.1

 

Failure to meet requirements for missed segments of track geometry inspections.

 

T.F.4.3.2

 

Failure to meet requirements for a missed geometry inspection of a crossover.

 

 

T.F.5.A

 

Other rail flaw inspection concern (specify).

T.F.5.2.1

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection frequency requirements.

 

T.F.5.2.2

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection frequency requirements for Class 2 with Passenger operations.

 

T.F.5.2.3

 

Maximum RFD inspection interval requirements exceeded.

 

T.F.5.3

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection requirements for Class 2 track with < 100 lb. rail weight and car loading of 263,000 lb. or greater.

 

T.F.5.4

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection requirements for Class 4 and 5 track with car loading of 286,000 lb. or greater.

 

T.F.5.5

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection requirements for sidings and crossovers.

 

T.F.5.6

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection requirements for detecting rail defects in the area enclosed by joint bars.

 

T.F.5.7

 

Failure to meet RFD requirements for marking defective rail.

 

T.F.5.8

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection requirements for missed segments.

 

 

T.F.6.A

 

Other yard track inspection concern (specify).

T.F.6.1.1

 

Exceeding 15 mph on yard track.

 

T.F.6.1.2

 

Failure to designate yard track as classified or unclassified.

 

T.F.6.1.3.1

 

Failure to categorize Classified Yard as required.

 

T.F.6.1.3.2

 

Failure to categorize each yard track or provide categorization to RSI.

 

T.F.6.2.1

 

Failure to meet frequency requirement for visual inspections of unclassified yard track.

 

T.F.6.2.2

 

Failure to meet frequency requirements for visual inspections of classified yard track.

 

T.F.6.2.3

 

Failure to meet traversal alternative inspection requirements for Category 2, 3 or 4 classified yard track.

 

T.F.6.2.4

 

Failure to meet alternative inspection vehicle requirements.

 

T.F.7.1.1

 

Failure to meet requirements for yard track turnout Walking inspections.

 

T.F.7.1.2

 

Failure to meet requirements for yard track turnout Detailed inspections.

 

T.F.8.1.1

 

Failure to meet requirements for yard track geometry inspections.

 

T.F.8.1.2

 

Failure to allow for greater measurement when the track is under load during yard track geometry inspections.

 

T.F.9.1.1

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection frequency requirements for yard track.

 

T.F.9.1.2

 

Failure to meet RFD inspection frequency requirements for Category 2 yard track.

 

T.F.9.1.3

 

Operating at a speed in excess of 10 mph without required yard track RFD inspections.

 

X.97.1

 

Crossing warning system activated by railway equipment left standing with no intent of equipment traversing crossing.

 

X.97.2

 

Railway equipment standing on or switching over a crossing or activating gate of a warning system for more than 5 minutes when vehicular or pedestrian traffic is waiting to cross.

 

X.99

 

Railway not immediately clearing crossing when emergency vehicle requires passage across a grade crossing.

 

KTKR.5.1

 

RFD inspections on main or subdivision track portions of a Key Route not inspected twice annually.

 

KTKR.5.2

 

TG inspections on main or subdivision track portions of a Key Route not inspected twice annually with HGIV or three times annually with LGIV.

 

KTKR.5.3

 

Failure to perform permanent rail joint inspections in CWR on main or subdivision track portions of a Key Route by walking or by electronic method as required.

 

KTKR.5.4.1

 

Failure to have procedure for joint installations in CWR on main or subdivision track portions of a Key Route.

 

KTKR.5.4.2

 

Failure to inspect temporary joints in CWR as required on main or subdivision track portions of a Key Route until permanent repairs are completed.

 

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