Appendix E: Profile of Railway Companies as of November 2007

1. Railway Companies Under Federal Jurisdiction

A railway under the legislative authority of Parliament is one that holds a valid certificate of fitness (COF). This list of federally regulated railways gives the date of the Canadian Transportation Agency decision which authorizes the issuance of each new or most recently amended certificate.1

Railway Company COF Issue Date
Arnaud Railway Company February 12, 1997
BNSF Railway Company April 17, 2007
Canadian National Railway Company April 23, 2007
Canadian Pacific Railway Company August 9, 2007
Chemin de fer de la Matapédia et du Golfe Inc. September 28, 2007
City of Ottawa carrying on business as Capital Railway June 6, 2007
CSX Transportation Inc. October 31, 2006
Eastern Maine Railway Company June 30, 1997
Essex Terminal Railway Company April 21, 1997
Ferroequus Railway Company Limited (Suspended) May 19, 2005
Goderich-Exeter Railway Company Limited November 13, 1998
Great Canadian Railtour Company Ltd. January 17, 2007
Hudson Bay Railway Company May 9, 2001
International Bridge and Terminal Company June 27, 1997
Kelowna Pacific Railway Company February 18, 2000
Kettle Falls International Railway Company December 10, 2004
Maine Central Railroad Company and Springfield Terminal Railway Company October 28, 1997
Minnesota, Dakota & Western Railway Company June 27, 1997
Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway, Ltd. and the Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Canada Co. September 9, 2005
National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) June 26, 1997
Nipissing Central Railway Company July 11, 1997
Norfolk Southern Railway Company December 19, 1996
Okanagan Valley Railway Company October 30, 1998
Ottawa Central Railway Inc. December 1, 2000
Pacific and Arctic Railway and Navigation Company/ British Columbia Yukon Railway Company/ British Yukon Railway Company Limited carrying on business as or proposing to carry on business as White Pass & Yukon Route November 25, 1997
Quebec North Shore & Labrador Railway Company November 2, 2007
RaiLink Canada Ltd. June 5, 2006
St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad (Québec) Inc. November 24, 1998
Sydney Coal Railway Inc. May 6, 2004
Toronto Terminals Railway Company Limited July 28, 1999
Tshiuetin Rail Transportation Inc. April 1, 2005
Union Pacific Railroad Company June 16, 1997
VIA Rail Canada Inc. May 6, 2004
Wabush Lake Railway Company, Limited February 12, 1997

2. Railway Companies Under Provincial Railway Safety Jurisdiction2

Province Provincial Railway Safety Legislation Provincial Railway Companies MOU with TC Enforcement
British Columbia Railway Safety Act (SBC 2004, c. 8) 5 short lines:
  • BCR Port Subdivision Ltd.
  • Southern Railway of British Columbia Ltd.
  • Southern Railway of Vancouver Island Ltd.
  • Grand Forks Railway Company
  • International Rail Road Systems

15 tourist/ recreational trains:

  • B.C. Forest Museum
  • Westcoast Railway Association
  • Fort George Railway Society
  • Fort Steele Heritage Town
  • Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation
  • Prince George Railway Museum
  • Kamloops Senior Citizens Railway Society
  • Kimberley Bavarian Society
  • Nelson Electric Tramway Society
  • Vancouver Zoological Centre
  • Alberni Pacific Railway
  • Kettle Valley Railway Society
  • Bear Creek Park Railway
  • Kamloops Heritage Railway Society
  • Tub Boat Junction Railway

2 transit:

  • Expo Line
  • Millennium Line and ~ 60 industrial lines
No Province
audits and
Alberta Railway (Alberta) Act, (RSA 2000, c. R 4) 2 short lines:
  • Athabasca Northern Railway
  • Alberta Prairie Steam Tours

4 heritage railways:

  • Fort Edmonton Park
  • Calgary Heritage Park
  • Central Alberta Railway Museum
  • Alberta Railway Museum ~275 industrial railways
Yes (expired)
  • TC inspects and recommends action
  • Province enforces
Saskatchewan The Railway Act, (1989 c. R-1-2 Statutes of Saskatchewan) amended in 1993, 1996, 2001, 2005 7 short lines:
  • Southern Railway Cooperative Ltd.
  • Carlton Trail Railway
  • Red Coat Road & Rail
  • Great Western Railway Ltd.
  • Arborfield Thunder Rail
  • Wheatland Railway Inc.
  • Fife Lake Railway Ltd.
  • Province has not yet utilized TC services
Manitoba The Provincial Railways Act (C.C.S.M. 1995, c. R15) 2 short lines:
  • Central Manitoba Railway
  • Keewatin Railway Company

1 excursion:

  • Prairie Dog Central
  • TC inspects and recommends action
  • Province has broad enforcement powers
Ontario Shortline Railways Act (S.O. 1995, c. 2) 12 short lines:
  • Huron Central Railway
  • Port Colborne Harbour Railway
  • St. Thomas and Eastern Railway
  • Caledonia and Hamilton Southern Railway Co. Ltd.
  • Ontario Southland Railway
  • Guelph Junction Railway
  • Barrie Collingwood Railway
  • Orangeville Brampton Railway
  • Arnprior Nepean Railway
  • Port Stanley Terminal Railway
  • South Simcoe Railway
  • York-Durham Railway
Yes TC inspects and enforces

Loi sur les chemins de fer (L.R.Q., c. C-14.1 1993) for certification to operate

Loi sur la sécurité du transport terrestre guidé (L.R.Q., c. S-3.3 1988) for regulation of safety

6 short lines:
  • Chemins de fer Québec-Gatineau
  • La Compagnie du Chemin de fer de
    Québec Central
  • Chemin de fer Charlevoix
  • Corporation du Chemin de fer de la
  • Compagnie du Chemin de fer de
  • Compagnie du Chemin de fer
    Lanaudière inc.

1 tourist train:

  • Train à vapeur Hull-Chelsea Wakefield, operating on Compagnie du Chemin de fer de l'Outaouais track

3 industrial lines:

  • La Compagnie de Chemin de fer Cartier
  • La Compagnie du Chemin de fer Roberval-Saguenay
  • Compagnie de Chemin de fer de la Rivière Romaine
  • TC inspects and recommends action
  • Quebec enforces
New Brunswick Shortline Railways Act (1994 c. S-8.1) 2 short lines (only 1 covered by the MOU):
  • New Brunswick East Coast Railway
  • New Brunswick Southern Railway

1 excursion (not operating):

  • Salem and Hillsborough Railroad
  • TC inspects and recommends action
  • Province enforces
Nova Scotia Railways Act Chapter 11 of the Acts of 1993 (amended in 1995-96, 2001) 2 short lines:
  • Cape Breton & Central Nova Scotia


  • Windsor & Hantsport Railway
  • TC inspects and recommends action
  • Province enforces

3. Railways Governed by Other Legislation

Several railways are operating that do not have certificates of fitness from the CTA, and are not regulated under corresponding provincial railway safety legislation, including:

Province Provincial Legislation Provincial Railway Company
British Columbia British Columbia Transit Act (RSBC 1996, c. 38) West Coast Express (commuter services in greater Vancouver)
Manitoba City of Winnipeg Charter (S.M. 2002, c. 39) Greater Winnipeg Water District Railway
Ontario Greater Toronto Transportation Authority Act (S.O. 2006, c. 16) GO Transit (commuter services in greater Toronto)
Ontario Northland Transportation Commission Act Ontario Northland
Quebec Loi sur l'Agence métropolitaine de transport (L.R.Q., c. A-7.02) l'Agence métropolitaine de transport, AMT (commuter services in greater Montreal)


1 . CTA Decision No. 197-R-2007 of April 23, 2007 cancelled Certificates of Fitness for Algoma Central Railway Inc., and Sault Ste. Marie Bridge Company (now integrated into CN's operations).

2 Information provided by provincial authorities; current to November 2007. Note that no railways operate under provincial jurisdiction in Newfoundland and Labrador, or Prince Edward Island.

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