Design, manufacture and use of UN Standardized drums, jerricans, boxes, bags, combination packaging, composite packaging and other packagings for the transport of dangerous goods, classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8, and 9

Copyright

(Conception, fabrication et utilisation de fûts, bidons, caisses, sacs, emballages combinés et emballages composites normalisés UN et autres emballages pour le transport des marchandises dangereuses des classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 et 9)
3rd Edition

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Transport, 2018.

Cette publication est aussi disponible en français sous le titre « Conception, fabrication et utilisation de fûts, bidons, caisses, sacs, emballages combinés et emballages composites normalisés UN et autres emballages pour le transport des marchandises dangereuses des classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 et 9 ».

TP No. 14850E
Cat. No. T44-3/19-2018E-PDF
ISBN 978-0-660-27594-9
3rd edition

Permission to reproduce

Transport Canada grants permission to copy and/or reproduce the contents of this publication for personal and public non-commercial use. Users must reproduce the materials accurately, identify Transport Canada as the source and not present theirs as an official version, or as having been produced with the help or the endorsement of Transport Canada.

To request permission to reproduce materials from this publication for commercial purposes, please contact: TCcopyright-droitdauteurTC@tc.gc.ca

To comment on this publication, send an e-mail to: tdgcontainers-tmdcontenants@tc.gc.ca

An electronic version of this publication is available at https://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/tdg/TP14850-245.html

Note: The 2018 version of the TP 14850 Standard is not in force yet. The 2010 standard will stay in force until the new standard is referenced in the TDG Regulations.

Table of contents

  1. 1 Scope
    1. 1.1 Organization and content
    2. 1.2 Application
    3. 1.3 Minimum requirements
    4. 1.4 TDG Act and Regulations prevalence
    5. 1.5 Safety
    6. 1.6 Units
    7. 1.7 Interpretation
    8. 1.8 Classification
    9. 1.9 Reports
  2. 2 Referenced Publications
    1. 2.1 Publications
    2. 2.2 Publication source
  3. 3 Terminology and Definitions
  4. Part 1 Design, Test and Manufacture of Containers
  5. 4 General
    1. 4.1 Design, test and manufacture
    2. 4.2 Compliance marks
    3. 4.3 Container design
    4. 4.4 Container information
  6. 5 Compliance Marks
    1. 5.1 General
    2. 5.2 Content, sequence and requirements of marks
    3. 5.3 Additional specific requirements relative to marks
    4. 5.4 Additional marks for drums
    5. 5.5 Additional marks for recycled plastic material
    6. 5.6 Additional marks of country of manufacture
    7. 5.7 Additional marks for salvage containers
    8. 5.8 Examples of marks
  7. 6 Construction
    1. 6.1 Steel Drums (1A1 non-removable head, 1A2 removable head)
    2. 6.2 Aluminium drums (1B1 non-removable head, 1B2 removable head)
    3. 6.3 Plywood drums (1D)
    4. 6.4 Fibre drums (1G)
    5. 6.5 Plastic drums (1H1 non-removable head, 1H2 removable head)
    6. 6.6 Drums of metal other than steel or aluminium (1N1 non-removable head, 1N2 removable head)
    7. 6.7 Steel jerricans (3A1 non-removable head, 3A2 removable head)
    8. 6.8 Aluminium jerricans (3B1 non-removable head, 3B2 removable head)
    9. 6.9 Plastic jerricans (3H1 non-removable head, 3H2 removable head)
    10. 6.10 Steel boxes (4A)
    11. 6.11 Aluminium boxes (4B)
    12. 6.12 Boxes of natural wood (4C1 ordinary, 4C2 with sift-proof walls)
    13. 6.13 Plywood boxes (4D)
    14. 6.14 Reconstituted wood boxes (4F)
    15. 6.15 Fibreboard boxes (4G)
    16. 6.16 Plastic boxes (4H1 expanded plastics boxes, 4H2 solid plastics boxes)
    17. 6.17 Boxes of metal other than steel or aluminium (4N)
    18. 6.18 Woven plastics bags (5H1 without inner liner or coating, 5H2 sift-proof, 5H3 water resistant)
    19. 6.19 Plastic film bags (5H4)
    20. 6.20 Textile bags (5L1 without inner liner or coating, 5L2 sift-proof, 5L3 water resistant)
    21. 6.21 Paper bags (5M1 multiwall, 5M2 multiwall, water resistant)
    22. 6.22 Composite packagings with plastic inner receptacle (6H)
    23. 6.23 Composite packagings with glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacle (6P)
  8. 7 Testing
    1. 7.1 General requirements
    2. 7.2 Preparation for testing
    3. 7.3 Conditioning
    4. 7.4 Drop test
    5. 7.5 Compression resistance (stacking) test
    6. 7.6 Internal pressure (hydraulic) test
    7. 7.7 Leakproofness test
    8. 7.8 Water absorptiveness test (Cobb Test)
  9. 8 Permitted Design Variations
    1. 8.1 Design variation requiring no testing
    2. 8.2 Design variations requiring limited testing
  10. 9 Quality Management System
    1. 9.1 General
    2. 9.2 Quality standard
    3. 9.3 Quality standard for fleet operators
  11. 10 Registration
    1. 10.1 Certificate of Registration
    2. 10.2 Design Registration Number
    3. 10.3 Transition from TP 14850 (2010)
    4. 10.4 Registration as a Manufacturer
    5. 10.5 Registration as a Fleet Operator for use of containers permitted by Clause 14.4
  12. 11 Design Report
    1. 11.1 Date and design report number
    2. 11.2 Design description
    3. 11.3 Tests and results
    4. 11.4 Proposed compliance mark
    5. 11.5 Certification statement
  13. Part 2 Selection and Use of Containers
  14. 12 General Requirements
    1. 12.1 Selection and use
    2. 12.2 Before filling a container
    3. 12.3 Filling and closing
    4. 12.4 Before offering for transport and transporting
    5. 12.5 Air transport
    6. 12.6 Marine transport
    7. 12.7 Special containers (“V” mark)
    8. 12.8 General containment requirements
    9. 12.9 Compatibility test
  15. 13 Salvage Containers
    1. 13.1 Application
    2. 13.2 Securement within salvage container
    3. 13.3 Before filling a salvage container
    4. 13.4 Container capacity
    5. 13.5 Liquids in salvage containers
    6. 13.6 Combining dangerous goods
  16. 14 Special Cases
    1. 14.1 Transport of dangerous goods waste in quantity or concentration available to the general public
    2. 14.2 Transport of dangerous goods waste in quantity or concentration not available to the general public
    3. 14.3 Liquid dangerous goods transported in a Mobile Process Unit
    4. 14.4 Use of UN standardized plastic drums and jerricans past 60 months from the date of manufacture
  17. 15 Use of Cylinders and Spheres for Liquids and Solids
    1. 15.1 Selection
    2. 15.2 Before filling
    3. 15.3 After filling
    4. 15.4 Filling limit
    5. 15.5 Refillable cylinders and spheres
  18. 16 Additional Requirements for Class 4.1, Self-Reactive Substances
    1. 16.1 Packing method
    2. 16.2 Compatibility
    3. 16.3 General requirements
    4. 16.4 Other self-reactive dangerous goods
  19. 17 Additional Requirements for Class 5.2, Organic Peroxides
    1. 17.1 Packing method
    2. 17.2 Compatibility
    3. 17.3 General requirements
    4. 17.4 Other organic peroxides
  20. Appendix A – Dangerous Goods List and Packing Instructions (Including Substance Specific Provisions)
  21. PART A: Dangerous Goods List with Packing instructions numbers
  22. PART B: Packing Instructions (including substance specific provisions) A-
  23. Appendix B - Temperature Control of Organic Peroxides and Self-Reactive Substances During Transportation
  24. List of Tables
    1. Table 1: Packaging codes (Clause 5.2 b)
    2. Table 2: Compliance mark sequence and requirements
    3. Table 3: Test requirements for different types of containers
    4. Table 4: Drop heights required for containers
    5. Table 5: Air pressures required for leakproofness test
    6. Table 6: Example of minimum test pressure required for containers that may be used for dangerous goods of certain vapour pressure

1 Scope

1.1 Organization and content

This standard sets out requirements for designing, manufacturing, and marking UN Standardized drums, jerricans, boxes, bags, combination packaging and composite packaging (UN Standardized small containers) and for selecting and using small containers for the transportation of dangerous goods in Class 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9. This standard consists of two parts and three appendices.

Part 1 contains the requirements for the design, manufacture and marking of UN Standardized small containers in Canada.

Part 2 contains the requirements for the selection and use of small containers for handling, offering for transport, or transporting dangerous goods in Class 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9.

Appendix A, Part A contains a list of packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods.

Appendix A, Part B contains the detailed packing instruction information.

Appendix B provides general guidance on the temperature control of organic peroxides and self-reactive substances during transportation.

The requirements of this standard may be called for in the explosives packing instructions (EP) of the CGSB-43.151 standard.

1.2 Application

This standard applies to both standardized and non-standardized means of containment as defined by the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDG Regulations).

1.3 Minimum requirements

This standard sets out certain minimum requirements regarding the design, construction, qualification, selection, and use or testing of small containers. It is essential to exercise competent technical and engineering judgment in conjunction with this standard.

It is the responsibility of the small container manufacturer to ensure that the small container will safely carry out its intended function within these constraints.

1.4 TDG Act and Regulations prevalence

The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992, (TDG Act) and the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (TDG Regulations) may call for additional requirements regarding the design, construction, qualification, selection, and use or testing of means of containment. Where there is an inconsistency between the requirements of this standard and those of the TDG Actor TDG Regulations, the Act or Regulations prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

It should be noted that this standard, by itself, does not have the force of law unless it is officially adopted by a regulatory authority. It is recommended to read the standard in conjunction with the TDG Regulations.

1.5 Safety

The testing and evaluation of a product against this standard may require the use of materials and/or equipment that could be hazardous. This standard does not purport to address all the safety aspects associated with its use. Anyone using this standard has the responsibility to consult the appropriate authorities and to establish appropriate health and safety practices in conjunction with any applicable regulatory requirements prior to its use.

1.6 Units

Quantities and dimensions used in this standard are given in metric units. Pressures of all kinds relating to containers (such as test pressure and internal pressure) are indicated in gauge pressure unless specifically noted otherwise. The vapour pressure of substances is indicated in absolute pressure unless specifically noted otherwise.

1.7 Interpretation

In this standard the words “must” and “shall” are imperative. The words “may” and “should” are permissive. Anything written in italics in this standard is not part of the standard and is only used to provide guidance or to add information. Notes do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. However, notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

1.8 Classification

Dangerous goods must be classified in accordance with Part 2 of the TDG Regulations and the appropriate UN number, shipping name and description, class, packing group/category, as applicable, must be assigned.

1.9 Reports

The reports required by this standard must be legible, in English or French and prepared in accordance with either the English or French version of this standard.

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 Publications

The following publications are referenced in this standard. (The source for these publications are given in clause 2.2; the addresses provided below were valid at the date of publication of this standard.)

An undated publication is to the latest edition or revision of the publication or document in question, unless otherwise specified by the authority applying this method. A dated reference is to the specified revision or edition of the publication or document in question.

2.1.1 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

D445-17a
Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

D1200-10(2014)
Standard Test Method for Viscosity by Ford Viscosity Cup

D1415-06(2012)
Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness

D2240-15
Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness

D3078-02(2013)
Standard Test Method for Determination of Leaks in Flexible Packaging by Bubble Emission

D4332-14
Standard Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing

D4577-05(2010)
Standard Test Method for Compression Resistance of a Container Under Constant Load

D4991-07(2015)
Standard Test Method for Leakage Testing of Empty Rigid Containers by Vacuum Method

D5276-98(2017)
Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall

E4-15
Standard Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

2.1.2 Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB)

43.126
Reconditioning, Remanufacturing and Repair of Drums for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods.

2.1.3 Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC)

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015

2.1.4 Canadian Standards Association (CSA)

B339
Cylinders, Spheres, and Tubes for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods

B340
Selection and Use of Cylinders, Spheres, Tubes, and Other Containers for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods, Class 2

B341
UN pressure receptacles and multi-element gas containers for the transportation of dangerous goods

B342
Selection and use of UN pressure receptacles and multiple-element gas containers for the transportation of dangerous goods, Class 2

2.1.5 International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

535:2014
Paper and board - Determination of water absorptiveness - Cobb method

2431:2011
Paints and varnishes - Determination of flow time by use of flow cups

3574:2012
Cold-reduced carbon steel sheet of commercial and drawing qualities

9001:2015
Quality management systems - Requirements

16162:2012
Cold-rolled steel sheet products - Dimensional and shape tolerances

2.1.6 Natural Resources Canada

Explosives Act
Explosives Regulations

2.1.7 Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI)

T 402 sp-13
Standard conditioning and testing atmospheres for paper, board, pulp handsheets, and related products, Test Method

T 410 om-13
Grammage of paper and paperboard (weight per unit area), Test Method

T 441 om-13
Water absorptiveness of sized (non-bibulous) paper, paperboard, and corrugated fiberboard (Cobb Test), Test Method

T 802 om-12
Drop test for fiberboard shipping containers, Test Method

2.1.8 Transport Canada

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations

2.1.9 United Nations (UN)

UN Model Regulations
UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods. Model Regulations.

2.2 Publication source

2.2.1 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

ASTM International
100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700,
West Conshohocken, PA, 19428-2959 USA
1-800-262-1373
610-832-9500
www.astm.org

2.2.2 Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB)

Canadian General Standards Board
Place du Portage III, 6B1,
11 Laurier Street,
Gatineau, Quebec, K1A 1G6, Canada,
1-800-665-2472,
819-956-0425,
www.tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca/cgsb/

2.2.3 Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
280 Slater Street
P.O. Box 1046, Station B
Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5S9, Canada
613-995-5894
1-800-668-5284
http://nuclearsafety.gc.ca/eng/index.cfm

2.2.4 Canadian Standards Association (CSA)

Canadian Standards Association
178 Rexdale Blvd.
Toronto, Ontario, M9W 1R3, Canada
1-800-463-6727
www.csa.ca

2.2.5 International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

International Organization for Standardization
ISO Central Secretariat, BIBC II
Chemin de Blandonnet 8
CP 401
1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
+41 22 749 01 11
www.iso.org

2.2.6 Natural Resources Canada

Natural Resources Canada
580 Booth Street
Ottawa, ON
K1A 0E4
343-292-6096
http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/

2.2.7 Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI)

Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry
15 Technology Parkway South Peachtree Corners, GA 30092, US
1-800-446-9431 (Canada)
770-446-1400
www.tappi.org

2.2.8 Transport Canada

Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0N5, Canada
613-990-2309
1-888-675-6863
www.tc.gc.ca/tdg

2.2.9 United Nations (UN)

United Nations
2 United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-853
New York, NY 10017, USA
1-800-253-9646
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.htm

3 Terminology and Definitions

In addition to the definitions, terms and abbreviations given in the TDG Act and the TDG Regulations, the following definitions apply in this standard. Where there is a conflict between a term or definition in this standard and that of the TDG Act or TDG Regulations, the term or definition in the TDG Act or TDG Regulations shall prevail.

Bag (sac)
Flexible container made of paper, plastic film, textiles, woven material or other suitable materials.

Basis weight (masse de base)
See grammage.

Box (caisse)
A container with complete rectangular or polygonal faces, made of metal, wood, plywood, reconstituted wood, fibreboard, plastic or other suitable material.

Certificate of Registration (certificat d’inscription)
A document issued by the Director to a Manufacturer or Fleet Operator for the purpose of registering that Manufacturer or Fleet Operator pursuant to the applicable requirements of this standard.

Closure (Fermeture)
A device that closes an opening in a container.

Closed cargo transport unit (engin de transport fermé)
Cargo transport unit which totally encloses the container or article by permanent structures with complete and rigid surfaces. Cargo transport units with fabric sides or tops are not considered closed cargo transport units.

Combination packaging (Emballage combiné)
A container consisting of one or more inner packagings or articles contained in an outer packaging for transport.

Composite packaging (Emballage composite)
A container consisting of an outer packaging and an inner receptacle so constructed that the inner receptacle and the outer packaging form an integral container. Once assembled it remains thereafter an integrated single unit; it is filled, stored, shipped and emptied as a single container.

Container (Contenant)
A small means of containment as defined in the TDG Regulations.

Crate (Caisse à claire-voie or harasse)
Rigid container with incomplete surfaces.

Dangerous goods (marchandises dangereuses)
Dangerous goods as defined in the TDG Act, and includes dangerous goods listed in Part A of Appendix A.

Design Registration Number (numéro d’inscription du modèle)
A number issued by the Director to a Manufacturer certifying that the design of the UN standardized packaging meets all applicable requirements of this standard.

Director (Directeur)
The Executive Director, Regulatory Frameworks and International Engagement, Regulatory Affairs Branch, Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate, Transport Canada.

Drum (Fût)
A flat-ended or convex-ended cylindricalcontainer made of metal, fibreboard, plastic, plywood or other suitable material. This definition includes containers of other shapes such as pail-shaped or round with a tapered neck, but does not include a wooden barrel or jerrican (that is, a container of rectangular or polygonal cross-section).

Fleet Operator (Exploitant de contenants)
A person, corporation, or partnership that operates and has full control of a fleet of containers in accordance with clause 14.4 and that is registered with the Director pursuant to Chapter 10.

Filling ratio (Taux de remplissage)
The ratio of the mass of gas to the mass of water at 15 °C that would fill completely a container.

Grammage (Grammage)
The mass of a unit area of paper or fibreboard determined by TAPPI test method T 410, expressed in grams per square meter. (Also known as basis weight)

Inner packaging (Emballage intérieur)
A container in direct contact with its contents, for which an outer packaging is required for transport.
Note: The inners of combination packagings are always referred to as inner packagings.

Inner receptacle (Récipient intérieur)
The portion of a composite packaging that is in direct contact with its contents.

Intermediate packaging (Emballage intermédiaire)
A container that is used to contain one or more inner packagings or articles, for which an outer packaging is required for transport.

Jerrican (Bidon)
A metal or plastic container of rectangular or polygonal cross-section.

Leakage (Fuite)
The release of product from a filled container.

Liner (Doublure)
A tube or bag inserted into a container but not forming an integral part of the container, including the closures of its openings.

Manufacturer (Fabricant)
A person, corporation, partnership, or facility that holds Design Registration Numbers and that is registered with the Director pursuant to Chapter 10.

Mark (Marquage)
Compliance marks on a container that indicate compliance with this standard.

Maximum capacity (Capacité maximale)
The maximum volume of water, normally expressed in litres (L), that the container can hold at 15 °C and at an absolute pressure of 101.3 kPa, excluding the portion of the container that remains empty when the container is filled in its normal position for filling through the intended filling orifice.

Mobile Process Unit (Unité de fabrication mobile)
A vehicle in which an explosive manufacturing operation is carried out, or a portable machine used to carry out an explosives manufacturing operation, at a factory, satellite site or client site.

Net mass (Masse nette)
The mass of contents in a single packaging or the combined gross mass of inner packagings carried in one combination packaging, normally expressed in kilograms.

Nonwoven fabric (Tissu non tissé)
A textile structure produced by bonding or interlocking fibres (or both) in a random web or mat by mechanical, chemical, thermal or solvent means, or combinations thereof.

Outer packaging (Emballage extérieur)
The outer protection of a composite or combination packaging together with any absorbent materials, cushioning and any other components necessary to contain and protect inner receptacles or inner packagings.

Permanent mark (Marquage permanent)
Compliance mark on a container that remains legible throughout the life of the container and is not removed in any container reconditioning process. (An example of permanent marking is embossing).

Plastic fabric (Tissu en plastique)
A material made from woven or nonwoven fabric of a plastic material.

Quality management system (Système de management de la qualité)
A systematic programme of controls, inspections and documented activities aimed at providing confidence that conformity to this standard is consistently achieved in practice.

Recycled plastic material (Matériel en plastique recyclé)
Plastic material recovered from used industrial containers.

Salvage container (Contenant de secours)
A container into which damaged, defective, leaking or non-conforming dangerous goods containers, or articles that have spilled or leaked, are placed for purposes of transport for recovery or disposal.

Single packaging (Emballage simple)
A container, other than a combination packaging.

Sift-proof container (Contenant étanche aux pulvérulents)
A container that is impermeable to dry contents, including any fine solid material produced during transport.

Textile (Textile)
Products made from staple fibres and filaments or yarns or both by interlacing in any manner including weaving, knitting, tufting and braiding and including such products as cloths, woven goods, knitted goods, nets, webbing and nonwoven fabrics. Reinforced plastics and papers are not included.

TC
Transport Canada

TDG Act (Loi sur le TMD)
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992

TDG Regulations (Règlement sur le TMD)
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations

UN packaging symbol (Symbole d’emballage de l’ONU)
UN packaging symbol

UN standardized container (Contenant normalisé UN)
A UN standardized means of containment, as defined in the TDG regulations, but for the purpose of this standard containing a net mass equal to or less than 400 kg (for solids and combination packagings) or having a maximum capacity equal to or less than 450 L (for liquids).

Viscous liquid (Liquide visqueux)
A liquid that has a dynamic viscosity greater than 2500 centipoises (cP) at 25 °C.
Note: The following methods may be used to determine the viscosity of a liquid: ASTM Method D445, ASTM Method D1200 or ISO 2431.

Woven plastics (Plastique tissé)
A material made from stretched tapes or monofilaments of a plastic material.

Part 1 Design, Test and Manufacture of Containers

4 General

4.1 Design, test and manufacture

A container must not be designed, tested or manufactured unless these activities are done in accordance with Part 1 of this standard.

4.2 Compliance marks

Marks must not be applied on a container unless:

  1. the compliance marks conform to the requirements of Chapter 5;
  2. the container was designed in accordance with clause 4.3 and Chapter 6;
  3. a representative prototype of the container has been successfully tested in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 7 and Table 3;
  4. the container was manufactured under a quality management system in accordance with Chapter 9; and
  5. the container design and container manufacturer are registered with the Director in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 10.

4.3 Container design

4.3.1 Performance

A container must conform to a registered design for which a representative prototype has been tested and found to meet the applicable performance requirements set out in Chapter 7 and Table 3, except for design variations permitted in Chapter 8 or Part 2.

4.3.2 Inner packaging

For a combination packaging, the inner packaging must be designed, constructed, filled, closed, secured and maintained in an outer packaging so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, there will be no release of dangerous goods that could endanger public safety. Inner packagings that are liable to break or be punctured easily, such as those made of glass, porcelain, stoneware or frangible plastic materials, etc., must be secured in outer packagings with cushioning material capable of preventing puncture and breakage of the inner packaging. The closures of inner packagings must be designed to prevent any leakage of contents.

4.3.3 Leaking between parts or layers of the container

A container must be designed so that when closed, the contents cannot enter between the lining and other parts of the container or between different layers of the container including inner and outer packaging or into the recesses or seams of joints. Cushioning material and outer packaging must be of such design and materials that their protective properties are not impaired by any leakage of contents from the inner packaging.

4.3.4 Net mass and maximum capacity limits

Unless otherwise specified in Part 2, the net mass of a container for solids and combination packagings must be equal to or less than 400 kg. The maximum capacity of a container for liquids must be equal to or less than 450 L.

4.4 Container information

4.4.1 The container manufacturer or distributor must document the following information in relation to each container design:

  1. instructions for assembling and closing the container with all required components and materials (e.g., closures, gaskets, binding) so the container can be prepared for transport so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, there will be no release of dangerous goods that could endanger public safety;
  2. the maximum capacity of any inner packaging, as applicable;
  3. for containers designed with a handle or other lifting feature, the container information shall include instructions on the proper use of the lifting feature, including whether it is intended for lifting the container empty or full; and
  4. the tare weight, maximum gross mass and maximum capacity of the container, as applicable.

4.4.2 The container manufacturer or distributor must transmit the container information listed in clauses 4.4.1 a-d to each container purchaser upon the purchaser’s initial purchase of the corresponding container. Container information may be provided in written or electronic form.

4.4.3 The container manufacturer or distributor must make available the container information listed in clauses 4.4.1 a-d to a container user upon request.

5 Compliance Marks

5.1 General

5.1.1 Required Marks

5.1.1.1 The marks applied to a container must be durable, legible, and placed in a location and of such a size as to be readily visible. The marks shall remain legible for the life of the container or until the container is reconditioned or remanufactured. Embossed or moulded marks are not required to appear in contrasting colours to the background of the container.

5.1.1.2 When the container is liable to undergo a reconditioning process which might obliterate the marks on the container, the marks required in clauses 5.2 a, b, c, d and e must be permanent. For containers other than those referred to in clauses 5.4.1 and 5.4.2, these permanent marks may replace the corresponding durable marks prescribed in clause 5.1.1.1.

5.1.2 Location of marks

5.1.2.1 For a container of 30 L maximum capacity or 30 kg net mass or less, the marks (or a duplicate thereof) must appear on the top, bottom or side of the container except that for removable head drums and jerricans with fully removable covers, the marks must appear on a side or the bottom of the container.

5.1.2.2 For a container of more than 30 L maximum capacity or 30 kg net mass, the marks (or a duplicate thereof) must appear on the top or side of the container except that for removable head drums and jerricans with fully removable covers, the marks must appear on a side of the container.

5.1.3 Size of marks – Letters, numerals and symbols comprising the marks must be at least 12 mm high, except that:

  1. the marks on containers of 30 L maximum capacity or 30 kg net mass or less must be at least 6 mm high; and
  2. the marks on containers of 5 L maximum capacity or 5 kg net mass or less must be at least 3 mm high.

5.2 Content, sequence and requirements of marks

The following marks are required and must be displayed in the following sequence with each of the elements clearly separated from one another (e.g., the marks may be separated by a slash or space):

  1. The UN packaging symbol as defined in Chapter 3. The UN packaging symbol may be substituted with the letters “UN” on metal containers requiring embossed marks. Stencils and dot matrix printing are acceptable methods of marking the UN packaging symbol. When stenciling or similar techniques are used to apply the circle in the UN symbol, small gaps necessary for their application are permitted;
  2. The packaging code listed in Table 1 and, when applicable, the letter “V”, “T”, or “W” assigned to the packaging code in accordance with clause 5.3.1;
  3. The capital letter (“X”, “Y” or “Z”) designating the packing group or groups for which the design prototype has been tested, followed by the gross mass or relative density in accordance with clause 5.3.2.
    • “X” for packing groups I, II and III; the container has been successfully tested to the packing group I performance level, at minimum
    • “Y” for packing groups II and III; the container has been successfully tested to the packing group II performance level, at minimum
    • “Z” for packing group III; the container has been successfully tested to at least the packing group III performance level
  4. The letter “S” for containers intended for solids, viscous liquids or inner packagings or the internal test pressure for single packagings intended for liquids.
    • The letter “S” must not be marked on a container unless a representative prototype of the container was successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7 with solids, viscous liquids or inner packagings.
    • The internal test pressure must not be marked on a container unless:
      1. the container is a single packaging intended for liquids;
      2. a representative prototype of the container was successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7 for liquids; and
      3. the marked internal test pressure is equal to or less than the test pressure to which the representative prototype was successfully tested in accordance with clause 7.6, in kilopascals and rounded down to the nearest 10 kPa.
  5. The last two digits of the year of manufacture of the container.
    • Container types 1H and 3H must also show the month of manufacture; this may be marked on the container in a different place from the remainder of the mark. If the year and month are displayed within a set of consecutive numerals, the first two digits must be the last two digits of the year of manufacture followed by the two digits representing the month of manufacture.

    Note: An acceptable method to display the month of manufacture is a clock diagram, where the last two digits of the year of manufacture are shown in the inner circle. Other methods that provide the minimum required information in a durable, visible and legible form are also acceptable.

    clock diagram
  6. CAN”, which denotes Canada as the country authorizing the use of the UN mark;
  7. The name or symbol of the manufacturer, as submitted to and registered with the Director, and
  8. The Design Registration Number issued in accordance with clause 10.4.4.

Table 1: Packaging codes (Clause 5.2 b)

Type

Material

Category

Packaging Code

Maximum capacity or maximum net mass

Reference Clause

1. Drums

A. Steel

non-removable head

1A1

450 L

6.1

removable head

1A2

450 L / 400 kg

B. Aluminium

non-removable head

1B1

450 L

6.2

removable head

1B2

450 L / 400 kg

D. Plywood

 

1D

250 L / 400 kg

6.3

G. Fibre

 

1G

400 kg

6.4

H. Plastic

non-removable head

1H1

450 L

6.5

 

removable head

1H2

450 L / 400 kg

N. Metal, other than steel or aluminium

non-removable head

1N1

450 L

6.6

removable head

1N2

450 L / 400 kg

2. (reserved)

   

 

 

 

3. Jerricans

A. Steel

non-removable head

3A1

60 L

6.7

removable head

3A2

60 L /120 kg

B. Aluminium

non-removable head

3B1

60 L

6.8

removable head

3B2

60 L / 120 kg

H. Plastic

non-removable head

3H1

60 L

6.9

removable head

3H2

60 L / 120 kg

4. Boxes

A. Steel

 

4A

400 kg

6.10

B. Aluminium

 

4B

400 kg

6.11

C. Natural wood

ordinary

4C1

400 kg

6.12

with sift-proof walls

4C2

D. Plywood

 

4D

400 kg

6.13

F. Reconstituted wood

 

4F

400 kg

6.14

G. Fibreboard

 

4G

400 kg

6.15

H. Plastic

expanded

4H1

60 kg

6.16

solid

4H2

400 kg

N. Metal, other than steel or aluminium

 

4N

400 kg

6.17

5. Bags

H. Woven plastics

without inner liner or coating

5H1

50 kg

6.18

sift-proof

5H2

water resistant

5H3

H. Plastics film

 

5H4

50 kg

6.19

L. Textile

without inner liner or coating

5L1

50 kg

6.20

Sift-proof

5L2

water resistant

5L3

M. Paper

Multiwall

5M1

50 kg

6.21

multiwall, water resistant

5M2

6. Composite packagings

H. Plastic inner receptacle

in steel drum

6HA1

250 L / 400 kg

6.22

in steel crate or box

6HA2

60 L / 75 kg

in aluminium drum

6HB1

250 L / 400 kg

in aluminium crate or box

6HB2

60 L / 75 kg

in wooden box

6HC

60 L / 75 kg

in plywood drum

6HD1

250 L / 400 kg

in plywood box

6HD2

60 L / 75 kg

in fibre drum

6HG1

250 L / 400 kg

in fibreboard box

6HG2

60 L / 75 kg

in plastic drum

6HH1

250 L / 400 kg

in solid plastics box

6HH2

60 L / 75 kg

P. Glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacle

in steel drum

6PA1

60 L / 75 kg

6.23

in steel crate or box

6PA2

in aluminium drum

6PB1

in aluminium crate or box

6PB2

in wooden box

6PC

in plywood drum

6PD1

in wickerwork hamper

6PD2

in fibre drum

6PG1

in fibreboard box

6PG2

in expanded plastics outer packaging

6PH1

in solid plastics outer packaging

6PH2

Note:

  1. The packaging codes in Table 1 are used to designate the type, material of construction and category of each container.
  2. For combination packagings, only the packaging code for the type of outer packaging (drum, box, etc.) is used.
  3. For composite packagings, the material designation for the inner receptacle appears in the second position in the packaging code, followed by the material designation for the outer packaging.

5.3 Additional specific requirements relative to marks

5.3.1 Letter assigned to the packaging code (“V”, “T”, or “W” mark)

5.3.1.1 The letter “V”, identifying a special container, must not be assigned to the packaging code unless:

  1. the container is a combination packaging;
  2. a representative prototype of the outer packaging has been successfully drop tested in accordance with clause 7.4 with glass inner packagings to the Packing Group I performance level;
  3. an empty representative prototype of the outer packaging has been successfully compression tested in accordance with clause 7.5. The stacking test load shall be based on the combined mass of the filled inner packagings used for the drop test; and
  4. the marked gross mass required by clause 5.2 c is marked in accordance with clause 5.3.2.1c.

5.3.1.2 The letter “T”, identifying a salvage container, must not be assigned to the packaging code unless:

  1. the representative prototype was successfully tested to the packing group I or II performance level. The container must be qualified to receive the letters “X” or “Y” performance level marks in accordance with clause 5.2 c;
  2. the representative prototype was prepared as for a combination packaging in accordance with clause 7.2.4 and successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7 with water; and
  3. the container has passed the leakproofness test set out in clause 7.7 at a test pressure of 30 kPa.

5.3.1.3 The letter “W”, identifying that the container is manufactured to a different specification and is considered equivalent, must not be assigned to the packaging code unless it was assigned in accordance with clause 10.4.8.

5.3.2 Gross mass or relative density

5.3.2.1 The gross mass must not be marked on a container unless:

  1. a representative prototype was successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7 with solids, viscous liquids or inner packagings;
  2. the gross mass is equal to or less than the gross mass of the representative prototype that was successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7; and
  3. for containers marked with the letter “V” assigned to the packaging code, the gross mass is the sum of the mass of the outer packaging plus one-half of the mass of the inner packaging(s) as used for the drop test in clause 7.4.

5.3.2.2 The gross mass must be in kilograms and rounded to the nearest decimal for a gross mass less than or equal to 30 kg, or rounded to the nearest kilogram for a gross mass greater than 30 kg.

5.3.2.3 The relative density must not be marked on a container unless:

  1. the container is a single packaging intended for liquids;
  2. a representative prototype was successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7 for liquids; and
  3. the relative density is equal to or less than the relative density for which the representative prototype has been successfully tested in accordance with Chapter 7. The relative density marked is the higher of the relative density of the test media or the relative density that was used to calculate the drop height in the second row of Table 4 (see clause 7.4.3.4).

5.3.2.4 The relative density must be rounded down to the first decimal.

5.3.2.5 The relative density mark may be omitted when the relative density is equal to or less than 1.2.

5.4 Additional marks for drums

5.4.1 Metal drums

In addition to the marks in clause 5.2, a new metal drum having a maximum capacity greater than 100 L must bear the marks specified in clauses 5.2 a. to e. in permanent form on the bottom, with an indication of the nominal thickness (in mm, rounded to the nearest decimal) of the metal used in the body. When the nominal thickness of either head of the metal drum is different from that of the body, permanent marks of the nominal thickness of the top head, body and bottom head must appear on the bottom of the drum (e.g., 1.0/0.8/1.0). Nominal thickness of metal must be determined according to the applicable ISO standard (e.g., ISO 3574, ISO 16162 for steel drums). For a metal drum of long-lasting material (e.g., stainless steel or nickel-copper alloys drums) designed to be re-used repeatedly, the marks specified in clauses 5.2 f, g and h may be permanent marks.

5.4.2 Plastic drums

In addition to the marks in clause 5.2, a new plastic drum having a maximum capacity greater than 150 L must bear permanent marks indicating the drum body nominal thickness (in mm, rounded to the nearest decimal).

5.5 Additional marks for recycled plastic material

Containers manufactured from recycled plastic material (as defined in Chapter 3) must be marked “REC” near the marks required by clause 5.2.

5.6 Additional marks of country of manufacture

If the container is not manufactured in Canada, the country of manufacture must be marked (e.g., “Made in [country of manufacture]”) near the marks specified in clause 5.2.

5.7 Additional marks for salvage containers

Salvage containers must additionally be marked with the word “SALVAGE” or “SECOURS” near the marks specified in clause 5.2. The lettering of the “SALVAGE” or “SECOURS” mark must be at least 12 mm high.

Table 2: Compliance mark sequence and requirements

Content and Requirements

5.2 (a)

5.2 (b)

5.2 (c)

5.2 (d)

5.2 (e)

5.2 (f)

5.2 (g)

5.2 (h)

Additional Requirements

 

Table 1

5.3.1

 

5.3.2

 

 

 

 

10.4.4

 

UN packaging symbol

 

___

 

___ /

 

___

 

___ /

 

___ /

 

___ /

 

CAN /

 

___

 

___

5.8 Examples of marks

The marks, for which examples are given in clauses 5.8.1 to 5.8.4, may be applied in a single line or in multiple lines if the correct sequence is respected.

5.8.1 New containers:

UN packaging symbol

4G/Y24.5/S/16
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new fibreboard box, for PG II or III, 24.5kg maximum gross mass, to contain solids (including articles) or inner packagings, manufactured in 2016. The design was registered in Canada, by the manufacturer identified as ABC under the registration number 2-9999.

UN packaging symbol

1H1/Y1.4/150/14 06
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new plastic drum, non-removable head, for PG II or III, to contain liquids with relative density of 1.4 max., tested at 150 kPa, manufactured in June of 2014 (Note: the mark “06” designating the month of manufacture may also be marked elsewhere on the drum instead of in the compliance mark)

UN packaging symbol

1H2/Y/60/14
CAN/ABC 2-9999
(with additional mark “06” elsewhere on the drum)

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new plastic drum, removable head, for PG II or III, to contain liquids with relative density of 1.2 max., tested at 60 kPa, manufactured in June of 2014.

UN packaging symbol

1A2/Z150/S/16
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new steel drum, removable head, for PG III, to contain solids, viscous liquids or inner packagings, 150 kg maximum gross mass, manufactured in 2016.

UN packaging symbol

5H2/Y10.0/S/17
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new sift-proof woven plastics bag for PG II or III to contain solids, 10.0kg maximum gross mass, manufactured in 2017.

5.8.1 Special containers (“V” marks):

UN packaging symbol

4GV/X10.0/S/15
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a special container (fibreboard box), for PG I, II or III, 10.0 kg maximum gross mass, to contain inner packagings for solids or liquids, manufactured in 2015.

5.8.3 Equivalent specification (“W” marks):

UN packaging symbol

4H1W/Y136/S/15
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a new expanded plastic box of equivalent specification, for PG II or III, 136 kg maximum gross mass, for solids or inner packagings, manufactured in 2015.

5.8.4 Salvage containers (“T” marks):

UN packaging symbol

1A2T/Y300/S/16
CAN/ABC 2-9999

as in 5.2 a, b, c, d, e
as in 5.2 f, g, h

For a steel salvage drum, removable head, PG II or III, 300 kg maximum gross mass, for containers or articles, manufactured in 2016.

6 Construction

6.1 Steel Drums (1A1 non-removable head, 1A2 removable head)

6.1.1 Material

The body and heads must be constructed of steel or steel alloy.

6.1.2 Seams

6.1.2.1 Body seams must be welded on drums intended to contain more than 40 L of liquid. Body seams must be mechanically seamed or welded on drums intended to contain solids or 40 L or less of liquid.

6.1.2.2 Chime seams must be welded or mechanically seamed. Separate reinforcing rings may be applied.

 

The body of a drum with a maximum capacity greater than 60 L must have at least two expanded rolling hoops or, alternatively, at least two separate rolling hoops. If separate rolling hoops are used, they must fit tightly on the body and be firmly secured in place so that they cannot shift. Spot welding of separate rolling hoops is prohibited.

6.1.4 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head (1A1) drums must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Drums with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (1A2).

6.1.5 Closures

6.1.5.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of drums must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof. Closure flanges may be mechanically inserted or welded in place.

6.1.5.2 Closures of non-removable head drums (1A1) must be either of the screw-thread type or fastened by a screw thread or other device at least as effective.

6.1.5.3 Closure devices for removable head drums (1A2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (1A2).

6.2 Aluminium drums (1B1 non-removable head, 1B2 removable head)

6.2.1 Material

Body and heads must be of aluminium or of aluminium alloy.

6.2.2 Seams

All seams must be welded. Chime seams, if any, must be reinforced by the application of separate reinforcing rings.

6.2.3 Rolling Hoops

The body of a drum with a maximum capacity greater than 60 L must have at least two expanded rolling hoops or, alternatively, at least two separate rolling hoops. If separate rolling hoops are used, they must fit tightly on the body and be firmly secured in place so that they cannot shift. Spot welding of separate rolling hoops is prohibited.

6.2.4 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head (1B1) drums must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Drums with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (1B2).

6.2.5 Closures

6.2.5.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of drums must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof. Closure flanges and other devices must be welded in place so that the weld provides a leakproof seam.

6.2.5.2 Closures of non-removable head drums (1B1) must be either of the screw-thread type or fastened by a screw thread or other device at least as effective.

6.2.5.3 Closure devices for removable head drums (1B2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (1B2).

6.3 Plywood drums (1D)

6.3.1 Material

6.3.1.1 The wood used must be well seasoned, commercially dry and free from defects that would lessen the effectiveness of the drum for its intended purpose.

6.3.1.2 If material other than plywood is used for the construction of heads, the material must have qualities at least equivalent to those of plywood heads.

6.3.1.3 At least 2-ply plywood must be used for the body and at least 3-ply plywood for heads. All adjacent plies must be firmly glued together cross-grained with a water-resistant adhesive.

6.3.2 Design

The body, heads and seams must be designed in relation to the drum's maximum capacity and to the service it is required to perform. The strength of the body at the seams must be as great as in its other parts.

6.3.3 Lining

In order to prevent sifting of the contents, lids must be lined with kraft paper or some other equivalent material which must be securely fastened to the lid and extend to the outside along its full circumference.

6.3.4 Maximum capacity and net mass limits

The maximum capacity of plywood drums must be equal to or less than 250 L and the maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 400 kg.

6.4 Fibre drums (1G)

6.4.1 Material

6.4.1.1 The body of a drum shall consist of multiple plies of heavy paper or fibreboard (without corrugations), firmly laminated and glued together. The plies may include one or more protective barriers of bitumen, waxed kraft paper, metal foil or plastic material.

6.4.1.2 The heads must be of natural wood, fibreboard, metal, plywood, plastic or other suitable material and may include one or more protective layers of bitumen, waxed kraft paper, metal foil, plastics material, etc.

6.4.2 Design

The body, heads and seams must be designed in relation to the drum's maximum capacity and the service that it is required to perform. The strength of the body at the seams must be as great as in its other parts.

6.4.3 Water Resistance

The assembled drum must be sufficiently water-resistant to prevent de-lamination under normal conditions of transport.

6.5 Plastic drums (1H1 non-removable head, 1H2 removable head)

6.5.1 Material

6.5.1.2 Drums must be made from plastic resin that has not been used previously, recycled plastic material or plastic regrind from the same production process.

6.5.1.2 Drums must be adequately resistant to aging and to degradation caused either by the substance contained or by ultraviolet radiation.

6.5.1.3 If ultraviolet light protection is required, it must be provided by impregnation of the material with carbon black or other suitable pigments or inhibitors that remain effective throughout the life of the container.

6.5.1.4 The wall thickness at every point of the container must be appropriate to its maximum capacity and intended use, taking into account the stresses to which each point is liable to be exposed.

6.5.2 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head drums (1H1) must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Drums with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (1H2).

6.5.3 Closures

6.5.3.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of drums must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof.

6.5.3.2 Closures for non-removable head drums (1H1) must be either of the screw-thread type or fastened by a screw-thread or other device at least as effective, the sectional shape of the thread being such that the cap is held firmly in place when tightened.

6.5.3.3 Closure devices for removable head drums (1H2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads unless the drum design is such that, where the removable head is properly secured, the drum is inherently leakproof.

6.6 Drums of metal other than steel or aluminium (1N1 non-removable head, 1N2 removable head)

6.6.1 Material

The body and heads must be constructed of a metal or of a metal alloy other than steel or aluminium.

6.6.2 Seams

Chime seams, if any, must be reinforced by the application of separate reinforcing rings. All seams, if any, must be welded, soldered, brazed or joined by an equivalent joining method.

6.6.3 Rolling Hoops

The body of a drum with a maximum capacity greater than 60 L must have at least two expanded rolling hoops or, alternatively, at least two separate rolling hoops. Separate rolling hoops must fit tightly on the body and be firmly secured in place so they cannot shift. Spot welding of separate rolling hoops is prohibited.

6.6.4 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying and venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head drums (1N1) must be equal to or less than 70 mm in diameter. Drums with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (1N2).

6.6.5 Closures

6.6.5.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of drums must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof. Closure flanges must be welded, soldered, brazed or joined by an equivalent joining method so that the seam joint is leakproof.

6.6.5.2 Closures of non-removable head drums (1N1) must be either of the screw-thread type or fastened by a screw thread or other device at least as effective.

6.6.5.3 Closure devices for removable head drums (1N2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (1N2).

6.7 Steel jerricans (3A1 non-removable head, 3A2 removable head)

6.7.1 Material

Body and heads must be constructed of steel or steel alloy.

6.7.2 Seams

6.7.2.1 Chimes must be mechanically seamed or welded.

6.7.2.2 Body seams of steel jerricans intended to contain more than 40 L of liquid must be welded. Body seams of steel jerricans intended to contain 40 L or less must be mechanically seamed or welded.

6.7.3 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head jerricans (3A1) must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Jerricans with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (3A2).

6.7.4 Closures

6.7.4.1 Steel jerrican closures must be either of the screw-threaded type or fastened by a screw thread or other device at least as effective. All closures must be designed so they can be effectively secured. Closure flanges and flange spouts of 3A1 jerricans must be mechanically inserted or secured in a manner at least as effective.

6.7.4.2 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of jerricans must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof.

6.7.4.3 Closure devices for removable head jerricans (3A2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (3A2) unless the jerrican design is such that, where the removable head is properly secured, the jerrican is inherently leakproof.

6.7.5 Maximum capacity and net mass limits

The maximum capacity of steel jerricans must be equal to or less than 60 L and the maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 120 kg.

6.8 Aluminium jerricans (3B1 non-removable head, 3B2 removable head)

6.8.1 Material

Body and heads must be constructed of aluminium or of an aluminium alloy.

6.8.2 Seams

All seams must be welded. Chime seams, if any, must be reinforced by the application of a separate reinforcing ring.

6.8.3 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head jerricans (3B1) must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Jerricans with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (3B2).

6.8.4 Closures

6.8.4.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of jerricans must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof.

6.8.4.2 Closures of non-removable head jerricans (3B1) must be either of the screw thread type or fastened by screw thread or other device at least as effective.

6.8.4.3 Closure devices for removable head jerricans (3B2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (3B2) unless the jerrican design is such that, where the removable head is properly secured, the jerrican is inherently leakproof.

6.8.5 Maximum capacity and net mass limits

The maximum capacity of aluminium jerricans must be equal to or less than 60 L and the maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 120 kg.

6.9 Plastic jerricans (3H1 non-removable head, 3H2 removable head)

6.9.1 Material

6.9.1.1 Jerricans must be made from plastic resin that has not been used previously, recycled plastic material or plastic regrind from the same production process.

6.9.1.2 Jerricans must be adequately resistant to aging and to degradation caused by ultraviolet radiation.

6.9.1.3 If ultraviolet light protection is required, it must be provided by impregnation of the material with carbon black or other suitable pigments or inhibitors that remain effective throughout the life of the container.

6.9.1.4 The wall thickness at every point of the container must be appropriate to its maximum capacity and intended use, taking into account the stresses to which each point is liable to be exposed.

6.9.2 Openings

The diameter of openings for filling, emptying or venting in the bodies or heads of non-removable head jerricans (3H1) must be equal to or less than 70 mm. Jerricans with larger openings are considered to be of the removable head type (3H2).

6.9.3 Closures

6.9.3.1 Closures for openings in the bodies and heads of jerricans must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with closures, unless the closure is inherently leakproof.

6.9.3.2 Closures for non-removable head jerricans (3H1) must be either of the screw-thread type or fastened by a screw-thread or other device at least as effective, the sectional shape of the thread being such that the cap is held firmly in place when tightened.

6.9.3.3 Closure devices for removable head jerricans (3H2) must be designed to remain secure and leakproof under normal conditions of transport. Gaskets or other equally effective sealing elements must be used with all removable heads (3H2) unless the jerrican design is such that, where the removable head is properly secured, the jerrican is inherently leakproof.

6.9.4 Maximum capacity and net mass limits

The maximum capacity of plastic jerricans must be equal to or less than 60 L and the maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 120 kg.

6.10 Steel boxes (4A)

6.10.1 Material

Boxes must be constructed of steel or of a steel alloy.

6.10.2 Design

6.10.2.1 Boxes must be welded, double-seamed or riveted. If double seaming is used in the construction, steps must be taken to prevent the ingress of the contents, particularly explosives, into the recesses of the seams.

6.10.2.2 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.10.3 Lining

Boxes must be lined with fibreboard, felt or other suitable material, or must have an inner liner or coating of suitable material.

6.10.4 Closures

Closures must be designed to remain secure under normal conditions of transportation.

6.11 Aluminium boxes (4B)

6.11.1 Material

Boxes must be constructed of aluminium or aluminium alloy.

6.11.2 Design

6.11.2.1 Boxes must be welded, double-seamed or riveted. If double seaming is used in the construction, steps must be taken to prevent the ingress of the contents, particularly explosives, into the recesses of the seams.

6.11.2.2 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.11.3 Lining

Boxes must be lined with fibreboard, felt or other suitable material, or must have an inner liner or coating of suitable material.

6.11.4 Closures

Closures must be designed to remain secured under normal conditions of transport.

6.12 Boxes of natural wood (4C1 ordinary, 4C2 with sift-proof walls)

6.12.1 Material

6.12.1.1 Boxes must be constructed of well-seasoned, commercially dry wood that is free from defects that would lessen the strength of any part of the box.

6.12.1.2 Tops and bottoms may be made of water-resistant reconstituted wood such as hardboard, particle board or other suitable type.

6.12.1.3 Fastenings must be resistant to vibration experienced under normal conditions of transport. End grain nailing must be avoided whenever practicable. Joints, which are likely to be highly stressed, must be made using screws, clenched or annular ring nails or equivalent fastenings.

6.12.2 Design

6.12.2.1 Each part of a 4C2 box must be one piece or equivalent. Parts are considered equivalent to one piece when one of the following methods of glued assembly is used: Linderman joint, tongue-and-groove joint, ship lap or rabbet joint, butt joint with at least two corrugated metal fasteners at each joint, or when other methods at least equally effective are used.

6.12.2.2 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.13 Plywood boxes (4D)

6.13.1 Material

6.13.1.1 Boxes must be constructed of plywood made of 3 plies or more and made from well-seasoned rotary cut, sliced or sawn veneer. The veneer must be commercially dry and free from defects that would lessen the strength of the box. All adjacent plies must be glued with water-resistant adhesive.

6.13.1.2 Other suitable material may be used together with plywood in the construction of boxes.

6.13.2 Design

6.13.2.1 The plywood boxes must be nailed or fastened to corner posts or ends or assembled with other equally suitable devices.

6.13.2.2 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.14 Reconstituted wood boxes (4F)

6.14.1 Material and design

6.14.1.1 Boxes must be made of be securely fastened water-resistant particle board or hardboard or other suitable type panels.

6.14.1.2 Other parts of the boxes may be made of other suitable material.

6.14.1.3 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.15 Fibreboard boxes (4G)

6.15.1 Material

Boxes must be made of solid fibreboard, single or multi-wall corrugated fibreboard that meets the water resistance requirement of clause 7.8 and has proper folding qualities. The fluting of the fibreboard must be firmly glued to the facing.

6.15.2 Design

6.15.2.1 Fibreboard boxes must be cut, scored and slotted so as to permit assembly without cracking, surface breaks or folding. Slit scores are not permitted except in interior components.

6.15.2.2 The ends of the fibreboard boxes may have a wooden frame or be entirely of wood, or other suitable material.

6.15.2.3 Reinforcements of wooden battens may be used. The design of the boxes must provide a good fit for the contents.

6.15.2.4 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.15.3 Manufacturer's Joint

Manufacturer's joints in the body of boxes must be:

  1. taped;
  2. lapped and glued with water-resistant adhesive; or
  3. lapped and stitched with metal staples.

6.14.4 Closure

Water-resistant adhesive must be used when the box is closed by gluing or taping. An adhesive used in a fibreboard box manufacturers joint or closure shall be considered to be water-resistant if, when set, it is not dissolved by water after immersion in water at 23 ± 2 °C for 24 hours.

6.16 Plastic boxes (4H1 expanded plastics boxes, 4H2 solid plastics boxes)

6.16.1 Material

Boxes must be adequately resistant to aging and to degradation caused either by the substance contained in them or by ultraviolet radiation.

6.16.2 Expanded Plastic Boxes (4H1)

6.16.2.1 Expanded plastic boxes (4H1) must consist of two parts of moulded expanded plastic material: a bottom section with cavities for the inner packaging and a top section that covers and interlocks with the bottom section. The cavities may extend into the top section. Both the bottom and top sections of the boxes must be designed to provide a good fit for the inner packagings.

6.16.2.2 The closure cap for the inner packaging(s) must not be in contact with the inside of the top section of the box.

6.16.2.3 For transport, an expanded plastic box (4H1) must be closed with a self-adhesive tape having sufficient tensile strength to prevent the box from opening. The adhesive tape must be weather resistant and its adhesive compatible with the expanded plastic material of the box. Other closing devices at least equally effective may be used.

6.16.2.4 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.16.3 Solid Plastic Boxes (4H2)

6.13.3.1 Solid plastic boxes (4H2) must be made from plastic resin that has not been used previously, recycled plastic material or plastic regrind from the same production process.

6.13.3.2 When required, ultra-violet light protection must be provided by impregnating the material with carbon black or other suitable pigments or inhibitors that remain effective during the life of the box.

6.13.3.3 Solid plastic boxes (4H2) must have closure devices that prevent the box from unintentional opening during normal conditions of transport.

6.13.3.4 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not protrude from the outer container.

6.16.4 Net mass limit

The maximum net mass of the expanded plastic boxes (4H1) must be equal to or less than 60 kg and that of the solid plastic boxes (4H2) must be equal to or less than 400 kg.

6.17 Boxes of metal other than steel or aluminium (4N)

6.17.1 Material

Boxes must be constructed of a metal or of a metal alloy other than steel or aluminium.

6.17.2 Design

6.17.2.1 Boxes must be welded, double-seamed or riveted. If double seaming is used in the construction, steps must be taken to prevent the ingress of the contents, particularly explosives, into the recesses of the seams.

6.17.2.2 Small holes for purposes such as ease of handling or opening, or to meet classification requirements, are permitted as long as they do not compromise the integrity of the container during transport and any inner container does not ingress from the outer container.

6.17.3 Lining

Boxes must be lined with fibreboard, felt or other suitable material, or must have an inner liner or coating of suitable material.

6.17.4 Closures

Closures must be designed to remain secured under normal conditions of transportation.

6.18 Woven plastics bags (5H1 without inner liner or coating, 5H2 sift-proof, 5H3 water resistant)

6.18.1 Material

6.18.1.1 Bags made of flat woven fabric must be formed by closing the bottom and one side. Bags made of tubular woven fabric must be formed by closing the bottom. Closure must be done by sewing or other equally strong method.

6.18.1.2 Bags must be made from stretched tapes or monofilaments of a suitable plastic material.

6.18.2 Plastic fabric bags (5H2)

Code 5H2 plastic fabric bags must be made sift-proof by means of paper bonded to the inner surface plastic film bonded to the inner surface, or one or more separate inner liners of paper or plastic.

6.18.3 Plastic fabric bags (5H3)

Code 5H3 plastic fabric bags must be made water-resistant to prevent the entry of moisture by means of separate inner liners of water-resistant paper such as waxed kraft paper, double tarred kraft paper, or plastic coated kraft paper, plastic bonded to the inner surface, or one or more separate inner liners of plastic.

6.18.4 Net mass limit

The maximum net mass of the bag must be kg.

6.19 Plastic film bags (5H4)

6.19.1 Seams

Seams must be sufficiently strong to resist the pressure and shocks that occur under normal conditions of transport.

6.19.2 Closures

Bags closed by a self-sealing valve must remain sift-proof under normal conditions of transport by the application of a positive means of closure or by using multiple flaps.

6.19.3 Net mass limit

The maximum net mass of the bag must be equal to or less than 50 kg.

6.20 Textile bags (5L1 without inner liner or coating, 5L2 sift-proof, 5L3 water resistant)

6.20.1 Textile bags (5L2)

Code 5L2 textile bags must be made sift-proof by means of paper bonded to the inner surface by a water-resistant adhesive such as bitumen, plastic film bonded to the inner surface, or one or more separate inner liners of paper or plastic.

6.20.2 Textile bags (5L3)

Code 5L3 textile bags must be made water-resistant to prevent the entry of moisture by means of separate inner liners of water-resistant paper such as waxed kraft paper, tarred paper or plastic coated kraft paper, plastic film bonded to the inner surface, or one or more separate inner plastic liners.

6.20.3 Net mass limit

The maximum net mass of the bag must be kg.

6.21 Paper bags (5M1 multiwall, 5M2 multiwall, water resistant)

6.21.1 Material

Paper bags must be made of at least three plies of kraft or equivalent paper, the middle ply of which may be net-cloth with adhesive bonding to the outer ply.

6.21.2 Seams

Seams and closures must be sift-proof.

6.21.3 Multiwall, water-resistant bags (5M2)

6.21.3.1 A bag made of four or more plies must be made water-resistant by the use of either a water-resistant ply as one of the two outermost plies or a water-resistant barrier made of suitable protective material between the two outermost plies.

6.21.3.2 A bag made of three plies must be made water-resistant by using a water-resistant ply as the outermost ply.

6.21.3.3 Where the content may react with moisture or is packed in a damp condition, the innermost ply of water-resistant multiwall paper bags must also be made waterproof, (eg. double-tarred kraft paper, plastic-coated kraft paper, plastic film bonded to the inner surface of the bag, or one or more inner plastic liners.) Seams and closures must be secured so as to be waterproof.

6.21.4 Net mass limit

The maximum net mass of the bag must be equal to or less than 50 kg.

6.22 Composite packagings with plastic inner receptacle (6H)

6.22.1 Inner receptacle

6.22.1.1 Plastic inner receptacles must meet the closure and material requirements in clause 6.5 or 6.9, except for ultraviolet protection in clause 6.5.1.3 or 6.9.1.3.

6.22.1.2 Plastic inner receptacles must fit snugly inside the outer packaging, which must be free from any projection, which might abrade or puncture the plastic material.

6.22.1.4 The maximum capacity of plastic inner receptacles in steel drums (6HA1), aluminium drums (6HB1), plywood drums (6HD1), fibre drums (6HG1) or plastic drums (6HH1) must be equal to or less than 250 L and their maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 400 kg.

6.22.1.4 The maximum capacity of plastic inner receptacles in outer steel crates or boxes (6HA2), aluminium crates or boxes (6HB2), wooden boxes (6HC), plywood boxes (6HD2), fibreboard boxes (6HG2) or solid plastic boxes (6HH2) must be equal to or less than 60 L and their maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 75 kg.

6.22.2 Outer packaging

6.22.2.1 Steel drums (6HA1) – Clause 6.1 applies to steel drums used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.2 Steel crate or box (6HA2) – Clause 6.10 applies to steel crates or boxes used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.3 Aluminium drum (6HB1) – Clause 6.2 applies to aluminium drums used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.4 Aluminium crate or box (6HB2) – Clause 6.11 applies to aluminium crates or boxes used as outer packaging.

6.22.2.5 Wooden box (6HC) – Clause 6.12 applies to wooden boxes used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.6 Plywood drum (6HD1) – Clause 6.3 applies to plywood drums used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.7 Plywood box (6HD2) – Clause 6.13 applies to plywood boxes used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.8 Fibre drum (6HG1) – Clause 6.4 applies to fibre drums used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.9 Fibreboard box (6HG2) – Clause 6.15 applies to fibreboard boxes used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.10 Plastic drum (6HH1) – Clause 6.5 applies to plastic drums used as outer packagings.

6.22.2.11 Solid plastic box (6HH2) – Clauses 6.16.1 and 6.16.3 apply to solid plastic boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23 Composite packagings with glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacle (6P)

6.23.1 Inner receptacle

6.23.1.1 Glass, porcelain and stoneware inner receptacles must be cylindrical or pear-shaped and be free from any defect that could impair their strength. The walls must be sufficiently thick at every point. The inner receptacles must be firmly secured in the outer packagings by means of cushioning or absorbent material and must not protrude from the outer packaging.

6.23.1.2 Screw-threaded plastic closures, ground-glass stoppers or closures at least equally effective must be used as closures for inner receptacles.

6.23.1.3 Closures must be fitted so as to be leakproof and must be secured to prevent any loosening under normal conditions of transport. Vented closures, where used, must conform to the requirements set out in clause 12.8.8.

6.23.1.4 The maximum capacity of inner glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacles must be equal to or less than 60 L and the maximum net mass must be equal to or less than 75 kg.

6.23.2 Outer packaging

6.23.2.1 Steel drum (6PA1) – Clause 6.1 applies to steel drums used as outer packagings. The removable lid required for steel drums may be in the form of a cap.

6.23.2.2 Steel crate or box (6PA2) – Clause 6.10 applies to steel crates or boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.3 Aluminium drum (6PB1) – Clause 6.2 applies to aluminium drums used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.4 Aluminium crate or box (6PB2) – Clause 6.11 applies to aluminium crates or boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.5 Wooden box (6PC) – Clause 6.12 applies to wooden boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.6 Plywood drum (6PD1) – Clause 6.3 applies to plywood drums used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.7 Wickerwork hamper (6PD2) – Wickerwork hampers used as outer packagings must be fitted with a protective cover (cap) so as to prevent damage to the receptacle.

6.23.2.8 Fibre drum (6PG1) – Clause 6.4 applies to fibre drums used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.9 Fibreboard box (6PG2) – Clause 6.15 applies to fibreboard boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.10 Expanded plastic box (6PH1) – Clauses 6.16.1 and 6.16.2 apply to expanded plastic boxes used as outer packagings.

6.23.2.11 Solid plastic box (6PH2) – Clauses 6.16.1 and 6.16.3 apply to solid plastic boxes used as outer packaging. Boxes may be closed by a cap.

7 Testing

7.1 General requirements

7.1.1

Each representative prototype of the container must pass the required tests prescribed in Chapter 7.

7.1.2

Provided the validity of the test results is not affected, several tests may be made on one sample.

7.1.3

If an inner treatment or coating is required for safety reasons, it must retain its protective properties even after the tests.

7.1.4 Test schedule

Containers selected for testing must be representative of the design intended for production. The tests required for each container type are set out in clauses 7.4 to 7.8 and Table 3.

7.1.5 Production testing

Every container intended to contain liquids, other than inner packagings, and every salvage container that is manufactured must be subjected to the leakproofness test specified in clause 7.7 or to an alternative test method accepted by Transport Canada. The period over which the test is conducted must be sufficient to detect leaks that would be identified by the design type test method. Manufacturers who use an alternative test method must be able to demonstrate that their leak detection system is at least equivalent to performing a leakproofness test. Alternative test methods must be validated by the facility, the test equipment manufacturer or a third party. All validation data must be retained for 36 months after the test method is no longer used by the facility.

7.1.6 Periodic retest of container design

Subject to clause 10.4.10, a Manufacturer must retest a representative set of samples of a registered container design at an interval of no more than five years. The representative set of samples of a container must pass the required tests prescribed by Chapter 7. The required number of containers specified by the applicable tests must be used. The results of the tests shall be captured in a report that includes the information required by clause 11.3. The Director may permit some or all of the tests prescribed by Chapter 7 to be waived for registered container designs that differ only in minor respects from registered container designs that have been retested in accordance with this clause. This clause does not apply to manufacturers of registered container designs of code 1A, 1B, 1H, 1N, 3A, 3B, 3H, 6HA, 6HB and 6HH and who have in place in place a quality management system in accordance with clause 9.2.

Table 3: Test requirements for different types of containers

Container Type

Tests

 

Drop

Compression Resistance
(Stacking)

Internal Pressure
(if intended for liquids)

Leakproofness
(if intended for liquids)

Water Resistance
(Fibreboard only)

Drums:          
  • steel, aluminium or plastic

x1

x

x

x

  • plywood and fibre

x

x

 
Jerricans, steel or plastic

x1

x

x

x

Boxes:          
  • steel, aluminium, plywood, natural or reconstituted wood, plastic

x1, 2

x

  • fibreboard

x1

x

x

Bags, all types

x

Composite Packagings

 

 

 

 

 

  • inner receptacles

  • outer packaging with inner receptacles

x1

x

x

x

x

Combination Packagings:

x1,3

x3

  • outer packaging

x

  • inner packaging

x4

1For plastic drums, jerricans, composite packagings with plastic inner receptacles and combination packagings with plastic inner packagings other than plastic bags, the drop tests must be performed at low and ambient temperatures.

2For plastic boxes the drop test must be performed at ambient temperature for expanded plastic and at ambient and low temperature for solid plastic.

3Tested as a complete package with inner packaging(s) assembled in the outer packaging in the same manner as for transport.

4This test only applies for inner packagings containing liquids, such as bottles, jars, cans, tins or tubes, intended for air transport. Refer to clauses 7.6 and 12.5.

7.1.7 Variations

Tests must be repeated after each variation of the design, material or manner of construction of a container unless the variations are permitted in Chapter 8. Design variations must be documented in the design report required by Chapter 11 and made available to the Director upon request. The Director may permit some or all of the tests in Part I to be waived for a container design that differs only in minor respects from a UN standardized container design type.

7.1.8 Recycled plastic

For containers made of recycled plastic, the test schedule set out in clause 7.1.4 must be repeated for each batch of recycled plastic material except that repeat compression resistance (stacking) tests on plastic drums, plastic jerricans and composite packagings 6HH1 and 6HH2 for liquids may be conducted with containers conditioned at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1 and tested by one of the prescribed methods for a duration of 24 hours or by the dynamic compression method in accordance with clause 7.5.7. The Director may permit some or all of the tests to be waived for different batches of recycled plastic material where the variation in the composition of the recycled plastic is minimal.

7.1.9 Additional Testing

Successfully passing these tests along with complying with the other requirements set out in this standard are the minimum for conformity to this standard. Additional testing should be conducted to evaluate the container if the shipping experience, changes in technology or good engineering practice warrants it.

7.2 Preparation for testing

7.2.1 Preparation

7.2.1.1 Unless otherwise specified, fill and close the containers for testing, including the inner packagings of combination packagings, in the same manner as for transport. All closures must be installed as specified by the closure manufacturer or container manufacturer.

7.2.1.2 Removable head containers for liquids must not be drop tested until at least 24 hours after filling and closing to allow for any possible gasket relaxation.

7.2.2 Containers for liquids

Fill containers intended for liquids to not less than 98% of their maximum capacity with the substance being transported or a substitute of similar relative density and viscosity for subsequent testing at normal and high temperatures. It is also permissible to fill the containers with water at 23 ± 2 °C for the drop test under the conditions set out in clauses 7.4.3.3 and 7.4.3.4. When containers are conditioned at low temperature, the container must be filled with a substitute test medium that has a relative density similar to water (0.95 minimum at room temperature) and remains liquid at -18 °C. The test medium may be kept in the liquid state by the addition of antifreeze, if necessary.

7.2.3 Containers for solids

Unless otherwise specified, fill containers, other than bags, intended for solids or inner packagings to not less than 95% of their maximum capacity with the intended contents or with another test medium with similar physical properties (mass, particle size, etc.). Bags must be filled to the maximum mass at which they may be used. It is permissible to use additives such as bags of lead shot to achieve the desired gross mass if they are placed in a manner that is representative of the intended use and so that the test results are not affected.

7.2.4 Combination packaging

Fill the inner packagings as required by clause 7.2.2 for liquids and clause 7.2.3 for solids.

7.3 Conditioning

7.3.1 Ambient temperature conditioning

Containers requiring ambient temperature conditioning must be conditioned in accordance with ASTM D4332 at standard conditioning atmosphere. Paper, fibre or fibreboard containers must be conditioned in accordance with TAPPI T 402.

7.3.2 Low temperature conditioning

Containers requiring low temperature conditioning must be conditioned at a maximum temperature of -18 °C in accordance with ASTM D4332.

7.3.3 High temperature conditioning

Containers requiring high temperature conditioning must be conditioned at a temperature of not less than 40 °C in accordance with ASTM D4332.

7.4 Drop test

All container types must be subjected to the applicable drop test in accordance with this clause.

7.4.1 Test method

7.4.1.1 Perform the drop test in accordance with ASTM D5276 using the appropriate drop orientation as specified in clauses 7.4.4 to 7.4.8. Where more than one orientation is possible for a given drop test, the orientation most likely to result in failure of the container must be used.

7.4.1.2 For combination and composite packagings, use the appropriate drop orientation and number of samples as required for the outer packaging in clauses 7.4.4 to 7.4.8.

7.4.1.3 For fibreboard boxes (4G), the drop test may be conducted in accordance with TAPPI T 802.

7.4.1.4 Except for flat drops, the centre of gravity must be vertically over the point of impact.

7.4.1.5 The test containers must be dropped on a rigid, non-resilient, flat and horizontal surface.

7.4.1.6 The drop test must be performed with the containers in the conditioning atmosphere, specified in clauses 7.4.4 to 7.4.9, or immediately following removal from the conditioning atmosphere.

7.4.2 Procedure

7.4.2.1 Following the drop, except for inner packagings of combination packagings, vent down the containers tested with liquids until they are at equilibrium with the surrounding atmosphere. Venting must not be accomplished by opening a closure.

7.4.2.2 Examine the exterior of each container, as well as the inner packagings of combination packagings, for evidence of leakage.

7.4.3 Drop height

7.4.3.1 Containers must be dropped from the height specified in Table 4.

7.4.3.2 For combination packagings for solids the minimum drop height is given in the first row of Table 4.

7.4.3.3 For single packagings and certain combination packagings for liquids, the minimum drop height is given in the first row of Table 4 when tested with the solid or liquid to be transported or with another test medium having essentially the same physical characteristics or with water substituting a liquid that has a relative density of 1.2 or less.

7.4.3.4 For single packagings and certain combination packagings for liquids, the minimum drop height is given in the second row of Table 4 when tested with water but where the liquid to be transported has a relative density, (d), greater than 1.2. The calculated drop height must be rounded to the first decimal.

Table 4: Drop heights required for containers

Type of Material to be Transported

Drop Height, m

PG I performance level
“X” mark

PG II performance level
“Y” mark

PG III performance level
“Z” mark

Solids and certain liquids (clauses 7.4.3.2 and 7.4.3.3)

1.8

1.2

0.8

Liquids with higher densities (clause 7.4.3.4)

d × 1.5

d × 1.0

d × 0.67

Note: d = actual relative density.

7.4.4

Steel Drums (1A1, 1A2), Aluminium Drums (1B1, 1B2), Plywood Drums (1D), Metal Drums (other than aluminium or steel) (1N1, 1N2), Steel Jerricans (3A1, 3A2), Aluminium Jerricans (3B1, 3B2).

7.4.4.1 Non-removable head containers – Condition six containers at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1. Drop each container once as follows:

containers 1, 2 & 3 – diagonally on the top chime with the largest opening of the top head at point of impact.
containers 4, 5 & 6 – flat on the body with the longitudinal seam at the point of impact.

7.4.4.2 Removable Head Containers — Condition six containers at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1. Drop each container once as follows:

containers 1, 2 & 3 – diagonally on the bottom chime with the intersection of the longitudinal side seam (T-zone) at the point of impact.
containers 4, 5 & 6 – diagonally on the bolt ring or lever closure if so equipped, otherwise on the weakest part not tested by the first series.

7.4.5 Fibre drums (1G)

7.4.5.1 Condition six fibre drums at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1. Drop each drum once as follows:

drums 1, 2 & 3 – diagonally on the chime or, if the container has no chime, on a circumferential seam or edge.
drums 4, 5 & 6 – on the weakest part not tested by the first drop (e.g., a closure).

7.4.6

Plastic Drums (1H1, 1H2), Plastic Jerricans (3H1, 3H2)

7.4.6.1 Condition six containers at ambient temperatures in accordance with clause 7.3.1. Drop each container once as follows:

containers 1, 2 & 3 – diagonally on the chime or, if the container has no chime, on a circumferential seam or edge.

containers 4, 5 & 6 – on the weakest part not tested by the first drop (e.g., a closure).

7.4.6.2 Condition six containers at low temperatures in accordance with clause 7.3.2. Drop each container once as follows:

containers 1, 2 & 3 – diagonally on the chime or, if the container has no chime, on a circumferential seam or edge.

containers 4, 5 & 6 – on the weakest part not tested by the first drop (e.g., a closure).

7.4.7 Boxes (4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2)

7.4.7.1 Condition five boxes at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1.

7.4.7.2 For solid plastic boxes only, in addition to 7.4.7.1, condition five boxes at low temperatures in accordance with clause 7.3.2.

7.4.7.3 Drop each box once as follows:

box 1 – flat on the bottom.

box 2 – flat on the top.

box 3 – flat on one long side.

box 4 – flat on one short side.

box 5 – diagonally on the corner most likely to fail.

7.4.8 Bags (Plastic, Paper or Textile)

7.4.8.1 Condition three bags at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1. Subject all bags to the following drops:

First drop – flat on a wide face.

Second drop – on an end of the bag (valve end if applicable).

Third drop – flat on a narrow face, for all single-ply bags with side seam.

7.4.9 Composite and Combination Packagings

Test containers as specified for the outer packaging. However, combination packagings containing plastic inner packagings, other than plastic bags, and composite packagings with plastic inner receptacle (6H) must be conditioned at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1 and at low temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.2 using the specified number of specimens at each temperature.

7.4.10 Criteria for a successful test

7.4.10.1 The filling substance must not leak from the inner or outer packagings except for a slight discharge from the closure(s) upon impact if no further leakage occurs.

7.4.10.2 The container must not exhibit any damage liable to affect safety during handling, offering for transport or transport.

7.4.10.3 All inner packagings, inner receptacles or articles must be retained within the outer packaging. A minor exposure of the inner packaging, inner receptacle or articleis acceptable if it is not possible to withdraw it.

7.4.10.4 Containers that have been vented as specified in clause 7.4.2.1 must not leak when equilibrium has been reached between the internal and external pressures.

7.4.10.5 For solids, the closure on an inner packaging or inner receptacle must retain its containment function. However, it is acceptable that the closure is no longer sift-proof after the container is dropped on its top face.

7.5 Compression resistance (stacking) test

All containers except bags must be subjected to the compression resistance test in accordance with this clause.

7.5.1 Test method

7.5.1.1 The compression resistance test must be conducted with the container under constant load in accordance with ASTM D4577, except for the number of containers, or must be performed with the actual stacked load.

7.5.1.2 If a compression-testing machine is used, it must be capable of applying a constant force to an accuracy of ±1% when determined in accordance with ASTM E4.

7.5.2 Procedure

7.5.2.1 Prepare three containers in accordance with clause 7.2 and condition them at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1, except that plastic drums, plastic jerricans and composite packagings 6HH1 and 6HH2 for liquids must be conditioned at high temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.3.

7.5.2.2 Subject the top of each container to a force or load specified in clause 7.5.3 or 7.5.4 for a time given in clause 7.5.5. Measure the deflection during the test and prior to removal of the load. The forces or loads calculated for the stacking test are a minimum, based on top loading of similar containers. Consideration should be given to using a stacking force based on actual shipping experience.

7.5.2.3 Examine the container for evidence of leakage, spillage, damage or deformation upon removal of the force or constant load.

7.5.2.4 Plastic containers must be cooled to ambient temperature before the assessment for a successful test.

7.5.4 Constant Force

Where a constant force is used, the force applied must be equal to or greater than the force calculated using the following formula:

F = 9.8m(3000 h) h

where:

m = gross mass of the container (as tested) in kg;
h = height of the container in mm; and
F = force in N.

7.5.4 Constant Load

Where a constant load is used, the mass of the constant load must be equal to or greater than the load calculated using the following formula:

M = m(3000 h) h

where:

m = gross mass of the container (as tested) in kg;
h = height of the container in mm; and
M = mass of constant load in kg.

7.5.5 Duration of test

Apply the force or constant load for a period of 24 hours for all containers except plastic drums, plastic jerricans and composite packagings 6HH1 and 6HH2 for liquid substances. For plastic drums, plastic jerricans and composite packagings 6HH1 and 6HH2 for liquid substances, apply the force or constant load for a period of 28 days at 40 ± 2 °C.

7.5.6 Criteria for a successful test

The containers must not show deformation likely to reduce their strength or integrity significantly or to cause instability. The filling substance must not leak from the container, the inner receptacles or the inner packagings.

7.57 Dynamic compression testing

7.5.7.1 Representative samples retested in accordance with clause 7.1.6 or clause 7.1.8 may be retested using a dynamic compression testing machine. If this test method is used to retest representative samples, then the requirements of clauses 7.5.1 to 7.5.6 do not apply.

7.5.7.2 Condition three samples of a container at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1, For single packagings, the test must be conducted on an empty, unsealed container. For combination packagings, the test must be conducted on empty inner packagings assembled in the outer packaging. The test sample must be centered on the bottom platen of the testing machine. The top platen must be lowered until it comes in contact with the test sample. Compression must be applied end to end. The speed of the compression tester must be 12.7 mm plus or minus 6.35 mm per minute. An initial preload of 222 N must be applied to ensure definite contact between the test sample and the platens. The distance between the platens at this time must be recorded as zero deformation.

7.5.7.3 The force to be used in dynamic compression testing shall be calculated as follows:

Fdc = 9.8m1.5(3000 h)h

where:

Fdc = force applied in N
h = height of the container in mm
m = gross mass of the container (to be marked on container) in kg;
1.5 = compensation factor that converts the static load of the stacking test into load suitable for dynamic compression testing;

7.5.7.4 Criteria for a successful test: A container is considered to have passed the dynamic compression testing, if after application of the required force specified in clause 7.5.7.3, there is no buckling of the side-walls sufficient to cause damage to its expected contents. The maximum deflection shall not exceed 25.4 mm.

7.6 Internal pressure (hydraulic) test

Containers intended for liquids must be subjected to the internal pressure test. This test is not required for inner packagings of a combination packaging unless the container is intended for air transport.

7.6.1 Pressure gauge

The pressure gauge used in the internal pressure test must have an accuracy equivalent to ±0.25% for a scale range of 100 kPa and the graduations must be equal to or less than 5 kPa. For a scale range higher than 100 kPa, the graduation must be equal to or less than 5% of the scale range.

7.6.2 Support

The container must be supported during testing in a manner that does not invalidate the test.

7.6.3 Test pressure:

7.6.3.1 The test pressure must be applied continuously and it must be kept constant throughout the test period as specified in clause 7.6.6.

7.6.3.2 The minimum test pressure required is dependent on the actual liquid to be transported and must be determined by one of the following methods:

  1. The total gauge pressure measured in the container (i.e. the vapour pressure of the filling liquid and the partial pressure of the air or other inert gases, minus 100 kPa) at 55 °C multiplied by a safety factor of 1.5. This total gauge pressure shall be determined on the basis of a maximum degree of filling such that the container shall not become liquid full at 55 °C and a filling temperature of 15 °C;
  2. 1.75 times the vapour pressure at 50 °C of the liquid to be transported, minus 100 kPa, with a minimum test pressure of 100 kPa;
  3. 1.5 times the vapour pressure at 55 °C of the liquid to be transported, minus 100 kPa, with a minimum test pressure of 100 kPa; or
  4. A pressure set by the manufacturer or an agreed pressure set by the user.

7.6.3.3 In addition, containers intended to contain liquid substances of Packing Group I (“X” mark), except inner packagings of combination packagings, must be subjected to a minimum test pressure of 250 kPa.

7.6.4 Test preparation

Three container samples must be prepared for the internal pressure test as follows:

  1. install an appropriate pressure fitting into three containers, so that the performance of the container is not affected;
  2. replace vented closures with non-vented closures or seal the vented closures. Fill each container completely with water, eliminating all air pockets;
  3. close the containers and condition them at ambient temperature in accordance with clause 7.3.1, except that containers fabricated in part of fibreboard (e.g., 6HG1 and 6HG2) must be conditioned in accordance with TAPPI T 402;
  4. connect the internal pressure supply to the test fitting in the container, making sure the system is completely filled with water;
  5. dry all external surfaces of the container completely; and
  6. position the container in the centre of a sheet of dry absorbent paper, extending at least 300 mm in all directions beyond the base of the container.

7.6.5 Procedure:

7.6.5.1 Hydrostatically pressurize the three containers at a maximum rate of 25 kPa/minute to the required pressure set out in clause 7.6.3 and maintain for the time specified in clause 7.6.6. Additional flow may be required to maintain the test pressure for the duration of the test if the container continues to expand. Final pressure should be measured without flow to the test container (i.e. an equilibrium pressure is to be achieved).

7.6.5.2 At the end of the specified time and before the pressure is released, carefully inspect the containers for evidence of leakage. Release the pressure and carefully inspect the paper and the bottom of the containers for evidence of leakage.

7.6.5.3 An alternative method of pressure testing, such as the vacuum chamber, may be used if written procedures properly describe the test method and there is suitable data to validate the test method. If the vacuum chamber method is used, then the tests shall be performed in accordance with ASTM D3078 or D4991.

7.6.6 Duration of test pressure

Subject the metal containers and composite packagings with glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacles including their closures to the test pressure for 5 minutes. Subject the plastic containers and composite packagings with plastic inner receptacles including their closures to the test pressure for 30 minutes.

7.6.7 Criteria for a successful test

Containers must not show signs of leakage on any external surface of the container or on the paper placed underneath it.

7.7 Leakproofness test

Containers intended for liquids and salvage containers must be subjected to a leakproofness test. However, this test is not required for inner packagings of a combination packaging.

7.7.1 Inner receptacle

The inner receptacle of composite packagings may be tested without the outer packaging if the test results are not affected.

7.7.2 Pressure gauge

The pressure gauge used in the leakproofness test must have an accuracy equivalent to ±0.25% for a scale range of 100 kPa and the graduations must be equal to or less than 5 kPa.

7.7.3 Procedure:

7.7.3.1 Install an appropriate fitting into three containers or inner receptacles in such a manner that the performance of the container is not affected.

7.7.3.2 Replace vented closures with non-vented closures or seal the vented closures.

7.7.3.3 Restrain the containers, including their closures, just under the surface of water for a period of 5 minutes while the air pressure given in Table 5 is applied. The restraints must not affect the results of the test. For salvage containers, an air pressure of not less than 30 kPA in accordance with 5.3.2.1c, must be applied.

7.7.3.4 Examine all surfaces and seams of the container/receptacles for leakage as evidenced by the formation of bubbles while the container is under water and under constant air pressure.

7.7.3.5 An alternative method of leakproof testing may be used if written procedures properly describe the test method and there is suitable data to validate the test method.

Table 5: Air pressures required for leakproofness test

Air Pressure (gauge)

PG I performance level
“X” mark

PG II performance level
“Y” mark

PG III performance level
“Z” mark

Not less than
30 kPa (0.3 bar)

Not less than
20 kPa (0.2 bar)

Not less than
20 kPa (0.2 bar)

7.7.4 Criteria for a successful test

Tested containers must not leak.

7.8 Water absorptiveness test (Cobb Test)

Fibreboard containers must be subjected to the water absorptiveness test in accordance with this clause.

7.8.1 Test method

The water absorptiveness of at least one sample must be determined in accordance with ISO 535 or TAPPI T 441 by exposing the outer facings of the fibreboard to distilled or de-ionized water for 30 minutes. To achieve a good ring seal, the flutes of the test specimen may be crushed with a heavy roller or other suitable means.

7.8.2 Criteria for a successful test

The fibreboard must not absorb more than 155 g/m2 of water.

8 Permitted Design Variations

8.1 Design variation requiring no testing

The variations to a tested container design listed in clauses 8.1.1.1 to 8.1.1.12 and 8.1.2.1 to 8.1.2.8 are permitted without further testing.

8.1.1 Single packaging

8.1.1.1 Size and number of openings – The size of openings and the number of the openings may be reduced if the openings and closures remain of the same type and design.

8.1.1.2 Coatings or treatments – Coatings or treatments may be added or changed to parts of a container, including closures and liners that are in direct contact with the dangerous good if they satisfy the requirements of clause 12.1.2 c.

8.1.1.3 Overall size – A container size may be reduced if the dimensions are all reduced in the same proportion so that the shape of the container remains the same. The marked gross mass must be reduced in proportion to the reduction of maximum capacity.

8.1.1.4 Height – The height may be reduced if the marked gross mass is reduced in proportion to the reduction of maximum capacity.

8.1.1.5 Width of code 5H film bags – The bag width of code 5H film bags may be reduced if the marked gross mass is reduced in proportion to the reduction in maximum capacity.

8.1.1.6 Thickness of Code 1A steel drums – The thickness of the head, bottom or body may be increased by up to 10%.

8.1.1.7 Rolling hoops on drums:

  1. Number of hoops: The number of rolling hoops may be increased.

  2. Style of hoops: If qualified with round rolling hoops, then it is permissible to change to different style (e.g., W), provided the number of rolling hoops remains the same or is increased.

8.1.1.8 Pre-tested closures – A closure may be replaced by a substitute closure of different design, material or thickness if the substitute closure was successfully tested to the same or higher level of performance on a container with same opening design and having the same opening material specification.

8.1.1.9 Pre-tested opening design – An opening design may be changed to a substitute opening design if the substitute opening design was successfully tested to the same or higher level of performance on a container having the same body material specification and thickness. An opening design is defined by whether it is welded, mechanically seamed, permanently attached to the container or machined into the container. The closure is the removable part used to seal the opening. Permitted variations to opening designs do not imply permission to change closure type.

8.1.1.10 Plastic containers – For plastic containers, carbon black, pigments or inhibitors may be added to the plastic material if the carbon black content is equal to or less than 2% by mass or the pigment content is equal to or less than 3% by mass; the content of inhibitors of ultra-violet radiation is not limited. Material for purposes other than protection from ultraviolet light may be added to the components of plastic material if they do not adversely affect the chemical and physical properties of the plastic material.

8.1.1.11 Gasket material – A different gasket may be installed on a container if the dimensions are the same as the original gasket and the material of construction of the gasket does not differ from the original gasket by more than 12% in hardness when measured in accordance with ASTM D1415 or ASTM D2240. The measured hardness of the new gasket may be 12% higher or 12% lower than the measured hardness of the original gasket from the successfully tested design.

8.1.1.12 Steel Containers – Stainless steel may substitute for mild steel provided that minimal properties (tensile and elongation) of the stainless steel equal or exceed the properties of the mild steel used for the performance testing and welds properties are equal or superior to the material that was tested.

8.1.2 Combination packaging

8.1.2.1 Quantity of Inner packagings – A lesser number of inner packagings may be assembled in an outer packaging if:

  1. sufficient additional cushioning material is used to prevent contact between the inner packagings and to take up void spaces, where necessary, to prevent significant movement of the inner packagings;
  2. the inner packagings are assembled in the outer packaging in such a way that it does not affect the stacking balance; and
  3. the stacking strength of the combination packaging is not significantly affected.

8.1.2.2 Type of inner packaging – Where several designs of combination packaging have been tested which differ only in the type of inner packaging, a variety of such inner packagings may be assembled in that outer packaging if sufficient additional cushioning material is used to prevent contact between the inner packagings and to take up void spaces, where necessary, to prevent significant movement of the inner packagings.

8.1.2.3 Inner packaging size and material – A different inner packaging of equivalent or smaller size may be used if:

  1. the inner packagings are of similar design (e.g., shape — round, rectangular, etc.) to the tested inner packagings;

  2. the material of construction (glass, plastic, metal, etc.) of the inner packagings offers the same or greater resistance to impact and stacking forces as the originally tested inner packaging;
  3. the inner packagings have the same or smaller openings and the closure is of similar design and made with same or equivalent material;
  4. inner packagings are arranged within the outer packagings in the same manner as in the tested container;
  5. the total number of inner packagings does not exceed that originally tested; and
  6. the cushioning thickness between the inner packagings and the outer packaging is not reduced and sufficient additional cushioning material is used to prevent contact between the inner packagings and to take up void spaces, where necessary, to prevent significant movement of the inner packagings.

8.1.2.4 Outer packaging size – The length and width of the outer packaging may be less than the corresponding dimensions of the tested design type if the length is reduced in proportion to the reduction in width and the marked gross mass is reduced in proportion to the reduction of maximum capacity.

8.1.2.5 Outer packaging height – The height of the outer packaging may be reduced if the marked gross mass is reduced in proportion to the reduction of maximum capacity.

8.1.2.6 Combined variations – The variations permitted in clauses 8.1.2.1, 8.1.2.2, 8.1.2.3 and 8.1.2.4 and 8.1.2.5 may be combined.

8.1.2.7 Gasket material – A different gasket may be installed on a container if the dimensions are the same as the original gasket and the material of construction of the gasket does not differ from the original gasket by more than 12% in hardness when measured in accordance with ASTM D1415 or ASTM D2240. The measured hardness of the new gasket may be 12% higher or lower than the measured hardness of the original gasket from the successfully tested design.

8.1.2.8 Plastic outer packaging – For plastic containers, carbon black, pigments or inhibitors may be added to the plastic material if the carbon black content is equal to or less than 2% by mass or the pigment content is equal to or less than 3% by mass; the content of inhibitors of ultra-violet radiation is not limited. Material for purposes other than protection from ultraviolet light may be added to the components of plastic material if they do not adversely affect the chemical and physical properties of the plastic material.

8.2 Design variations requiring limited testing

The variations to a tested design listed in clauses 8.2.1.1 and 8.2.2.1 are permitted if the prescribed limited testing is successfully conducted.

8.2.1 Single packaging and composite packaging

8.2.1.1 Closures or closure gaskets – A different closure or closure gasket may substitute the original closure or closure gasket if the modified container successfully passes the drop test in the orientation, which most severely affects the integrity of the new closure and gasket. If the new closure of a container comes into contact with a superimposed container while stacked, then the container must successfully pass the compression resistance (i.e. stacking) test in accordance with clause 7.5. For containers intended for liquids, the modified container must successfully pass the internal pressure test in accordance with clause 7.6.

8.2.2 Combination packaging

8.2.2.1 Quantity of inner packagings – A lesser number of inner packagings that significantly contribute to the stacking strength of the container may be used if the modified container undergoes the compression resistance (i.e. stacking) test in accordance with clause 7.5.

9 Quality Management System

9.1 General

Containers must be manufactured under a quality management system capable of ensuring that the containers are in accordance with the tested and registered design specified in the design report, the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations. Non-registered quality management systems are acceptable, provided the Manufacturer is not manufacturing containers listed in clause 9.2. A copy of the quality management system documentation must be made available to the Director upon request.

9.2 Quality standard

The quality management system for codes 1A, 1B, 1H, 1N, 3A, 3B, 3H, 6HA, 6HB and 6HH containers must conform to the requirements of ISO 9001 and be registered with a quality management system registrar (Registration Organization) accredited by the Standards Council of Canada (SCC), or a foreign quality management system registrar recognized by the SCC.

9.3 Quality standard for fleet operators

9.3.1

A Fleet Operator shall adhere to a quality management system that addresses the following elements and processes:

9.3.1.1 Management commitment – A member of management shall be appointed, and, irrespective of other responsibilities, has the authority and responsibility for overseeing the quality management system including:

  1. Ensuring the quality management system is established and maintained;
  2. Reporting to management on the performance of the quality management system; and
  3. Promoting awareness of the importance of the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations.

9.3.1.2 Human resources – A human resources management process that:

  1. Assigns quality responsibilities to personnel deemed competent on the basis of applicable education, training, skills, and experience;
  2. Determines personnel’s competency needs affecting quality;
  3. Provides effective training to ensure competency of personnel;
  4. Creates and maintains records of educations, training, qualification and certification as required;
  5. Creates and maintains awareness of the importance of the quality management system to all employees.

9.3.1.3 Program documentation manual – A program documentation manual shall be developed. It shall contain the following components:

  1. Title page with the company name, company address and name and position of the person responsible for compliance with this standard.
  2. Description of the process used for implementing and documenting the quality management system.
  3. List of all procedures, where they are located and who is responsible for performing them. The instruction and procedures shall include all activities to ensure that the work performed conforms to this standard and the TDG Regulations. They shall include but are not limited to the following:
    1. Procedure describing the use of containers in the fleet to ensure that they are only used as permitted by this standard; and
    2. Procedure describing the maintenance and inspection of containers to ensure that those containers showing evidence of cracking, crazing, swelling, gouges, permanent deformation, degradation from ultraviolet light or any other damage that may render the container unsafe for transport, are removed from service.

10 Registration

10.1 Certificate of Registration

A Manufacturer or Fleet Operator is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Certificate of Registration. The Certificate of Registration remains valid until its expiry or its revocation for cause.

10.2 Design Registration Number

A container design is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Design Registration Number. The Design Registration Number remains valid until its revocation for cause.

10.3 Transition from TP 14850 (2010)

A Certificate of Registration issued in accordance with the
TP 14850 (2010) Standard shall be deemed to be registered as a Manufacturer and for container design pursuant to Chapter 10 of this standard unless the Certificate of Registration has expired or been revoked.

10.4 Registration as a Manufacturer

10.4.1 General

A container must not be manufactured under this standard unless the Manufacturer and the container design have been registered with the Director.

10.4.2 Application for Registration

An application for registration of a Manufacturer shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

  1. name, street address, and mailing address of the company or individual applying for registration;
  2. name, title, address, email and telephone number of the corporate officer or other person responsible for compliance with this standard;
  3. name, title, address, email and telephone number of the local contact person responsible for compliance with this standard, if different from item b;
  4. if the applicant is not an individual, letters patent, certificates of incorporation, or other documents evidencing the legal existence of the applicant;
  5. the manufacturing facility locations where the container will be produced;
  6. design reports prepared in accordance with Chapter 11 for all container designs to be registered;
  7. a description of the quality management system required in Chapter 9. The description of the quality management system shall include the scope of the quality management system and a summary of operations and controls documented under the quality management system that are relevant to this standard; and
  8. if the quality management system must be registered with a quality management system registrar as required by clause 9.2, a copy of the ISO 9001 quality management system Certificate of Registration.

10.4.3 Record retention

The Manufacturer must keep a copy of:

  1. every application for registration, including design reports, for as long as UN standardized containers are manufactured and at least two years thereafter; and
  2. the test report of the periodic retest of container design required by clause 7.1.6 for at least five years or until the container is retested.

10.4.4 Registration and compliance

A Certificate of Registration and Design Registration Number shall be issued by the Director, for a Manufacturer if the Director is satisfied that:

  1. the containers manufactured and tested are representative of the registered design;
  2. the container manufacturer conforms to the applicable requirements of this standard; and
  3. the container manufacturer is capable of consistently complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.4.5 Revocation for cause:

10.4.5.1 Certificate of Registration – The Director may revoke a Certificate of Registration if the Director has determined that:

  1. the Manufacturer is not capable of complying with the requirements of this standard; or
  2. the Manufacturer is not complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.4.5.2 Design Registration Number – The Director may revoke a Design Registration Number if the Director has determined that:

  1. the container as manufactured is not representative of the registered design as described in the Design Report;
  2. the container has not been retested in accordance with clause 7.1.6; or
  3. the container does not comply with the requirements of this standard.

10.4.6 Expiry of Certificate of Registration

Manufacture of containers must not continue past the expiry date of the Certificate of Registration, unless:

  1. an application for renewal is received by the Director at least 90 calendar days prior to the expiry date;
  2. a new Certificate of Registration has not been issued;
  3. the application for renewal has not been rejected by the Director; and
  4. the Certificate of Registration due to expire has not been revoked by the Director.

10.4.7 Application for Amendment or Renewal of Certificate of Registration

An application for amendment or renewal of a Certificate of Registration is subject to the same process and conditions as the initial application for Certificate of Registration relating to the Manufacturer. The application for renewal must also include the test report for the periodic retest of container design required by clause 7.1.6, when applicable.

10.4.8 Equivalent specification (“W” mark)

The Director may issue a Design Registration Number for a container design that, although of a type described in Table 1, is manufactured to a different specification, if the Director is satisfied that the container is equivalent to a container that conforms to the requirements of this standard. The Director shall assign the capital letter “W” to the packaging code.

10.4.9 Design modifications

Any change in a container design that results in the information of the previously submitted design report to no longer be accurate must be submitted to the Director as an application to manufacture a new container design. If the new design is within the permitted design variations included in Chapter 8 such that no new testing is required, the application must identify the previously tested design. If limited testing of the modified design is required, the design report shall include the relevant results.

10.4.10 Transition period for the periodic retest of container design

Starting 24 months after this standard comes into force, clause 7.1.6 applies.

10.5 Registration as a Fleet Operator for use of containers permitted by Clause 14. 4

10.5.1 General

A container permitted by clause 14.4 must not be used unless the Fleet Operator is registered with the Director.

10.5.2 Application for registration

An application for registration as a Fleet Operator shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

  1. name, street address, and mailing address of the company or individual applying for registration;
  2. name, title, address, email and telephone number of the corporate officer or other person responsible for compliance with this standard;
  3. if the applicant is not an individual, letters patent, certificates of incorporation, or other documents evidencing the legal existence of the applicant;
  4. the type, size and maximum number of containers in the fleet;
  5. the dangerous goods that the fleet of containers is dedicated to transporting;
  6. quality assurance information in conformance with the requirements of clause 9.3.

10.5.3 Registration and compliance

A Certificate of Registration shall be issued by the Director, to a Fleet Operator, if the Director is satisfied that:

  1. the containers conform to the applicable requirements of this standard;
  2. the operator of the fleet of containers conforms to the applicable requirements of this standard; and
  3. the operator of the fleet of containers is capable of consistently complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.5.4 Revocation for cause

The Director may revoke a Certificate of Registration if the Director has determined that:

  1. the Fleet Operator’s containers do not comply with the applicable requirements of this standard;
  2. the Fleet Operator is not capable of complying with the requirements of this standard; or
  3. the Fleet Operator is not complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.5.5 Expiry of Certificate of Registration

Use of the containers must not continue past the expiry date of the Certificate of Registration, unless:

  1. an application for renewal is received by the Director at least 90 calendar days prior to the expiry date;
  2. a new Certificate of Registration has not been issued;
  3. the application for renewal has not been rejected by the Director; and
  4. the Certificate of Registration due to expire has not been revoked by the Director.

10.5.6 Application for Amendment or Renewal of Certificate of Registration

An application for amendment or renewal of a Certificate of Registration is subject to the same process and conditions as the initial application for Certificate of Registration relating to the Fleet Operator.

11 Design Report

11.1 Date and design report number

The design report must be dated and include a unique identification number.

11.2 Design description

The design report must include a detailed description of the design of the container that was tested in accordance with this standard. That description must be detailed enough to identify containers in production as representing those that were tested. The description must include:

  1. dimensions of the container, material thickness and maximum capacity of the container including those of the inner packagings. Material thickness may be represented as shot weight for plastics and grammage for paper or fibreboard;
  2. drawings that show the location of openings, closures, joints, fasteners, liners, valves, vents, spouts, gaskets, cushions, dividers and any other component that is part of the container, as tested;
  3. method of manufacture and specifications such as laminated, moulded, blow moulded, extruded shape, forged, rolled, formed, welded, glued, etc., as applicable;
  4. material type and mechanical properties of the material, as applicable, that constitutes the container, including inner packagings;
  5. material type of the container components or a list of components with supplier name and part number;
  6. a list of variations in the container design permitted under Chapter 8 that were not included in the representative prototype design that was successfully tested. Supplemental information must be added in the design report to properly describe such variations; and
  7. any other pertinent information that, if altered, may invalidate the test results or affects the performance of the container.

11.3 Tests and results

The following performance test information must be included in the design report:

11.3.1 Testing Facility

When different from the Manufacturer, the name, address and contact information of the person, corporation, partnership or facility that has performed testing in accordance with Chapter 7 shall be provided.

11.3.2 Tests Required

The report shall list the tests performed with references to the applicable clauses of this standard.

11.3.3 Test Methods and Equipment

11.3.3.1 Specify test methods and test equipment used. Specify any variations from the test methods prescribed by this standard. Describe the test specimen replicates, including contents (e.g., viscosity, relative density and temperature of test medium for liquids and particle size for solids), net and gross mass as tested. Include a statement that the specimens tested were randomly selected (if selected from production) and represent the containers intended for manufacture and the type of contents intended for supply.

11.3.3.2 Test procedures which include test methods and a description of the test equipment may be kept in a separate document and need not be included with each design report, provided the design report refers to the appropriate procedure number and revision date. The test procedures must be made available to the Director upon request.

11.3.4 Test Results

Provide test results in terms of the pass/fail criteria of each specific test and each tested sample container (results may be displayed in a tabular form). Describe damage in detail. Give results in a sequence corresponding to “Tests Required.” Photographs of each sample container after testing are desirable. The date that the tests were conducted shall be identified.

11.4 Proposed compliance mark

The design report shall include the proposed compliance mark as required by Chapter 5.

11.5 Certification statement

The design report shall include a statement declaring that all requirements of this standard have been met, including the date and signature of the officer responsible for compliance to this standard and on behalf of the manufacturing facility. The statement shall also be signed by a representative of the manufacturer, by the person who conducted the tests, and by his or her employer if the employer is different from the manufacturer.

Part 2 Selection and Use of Containers

12 General Requirements

12.1 Selection and use

12.1.1

Except as permitted in Chapters 13, 14 and 15, a container must not be used to handle, offer for transport or transport dangerous goods unless:

  1. the requirements for selection and use set out in Part 2 and Appendix A specify that the container is permitted to contain the dangerous goods;
  2. the container is prescribed in the Packing Instructions listed in Column 6 of the Table in Part A of Appendix A for the appropriate dangerous goods described in Column 1 to 5 of the Table in Part A of Appendix A;
  3. the container conforms to the requirements of the applicable packing instructions;
  4. where packaging codes are listed in the packing instructions, the container is a UN standardized container of that packaging code and it is marked accordingly;
  5. for cylinders and spheres, they are selected and used in accordance with Chapter 15;
  6. for Packing Group I dangerous goods, when a UN standardized container is prescribed in the packing instructions, the container is marked with the letter “X” in accordance with clause 5.2 c;
  7. for Packing Group II dangerous goods, when a UN standardized container is prescribed in the packing instructions, the container is marked with the letter “X” or “Y” in accordance with clause 5.2 c;
  8. for Packing Group III dangerous goods, when a UN standardized container is prescribed in the packing instructions, the container is marked with the letter “X”, “Y” or “Z” in accordance with clause 5.2 c;
  9. the container is loaded with solid or viscous liquid dangerous goods to a gross mass not exceeding the maximum gross mass as marked, unless permitted by clause 12.8.5.3 or 12.8.5.4; and
  10. the container is loaded with liquid dangerous goods having a relative density not exceeding the relative density as marked or, if not marked, in accordance with clause 5.3.2.5, unless permitted by clause 12.8.6.2 or 12.8.6.3.

12.1.2 A container must not be used to handle, offer for transport or transport dangerous goods unless:

  1. the applicable general containment requirements set out in clause 12.8 are met;
  2. for dangerous goods that are liquids, the container has a resistance to the internal pressure that may develop under normal conditions of transport and meets the requirements set out in clause 12.8.6;
  3. parts of the container, including closures, liners, coatings and surface treatments in direct contact with the dangerous goods, are compatible with the dangerous goods. Coatings or surface treatments must retain their protective properties under normal conditions of transport. Suitable internal protective coatings or treatments may be applied on parts of the container, including closures and liners that are not in themselves compatible with the dangerous goods; and
  4. for containers that are used more than once, be in such condition, including closure devices and cushioning materials, that they conform to all applicable requirements of the Standard.

12.2 Before filling a container

A container must not be filled with dangerous goods, unless the following conditions are met:

  1. the container, the inner packaging or the inner receptacle is compatible with the dangerous goods. This can be shown through testing in accordance with the requirements of clause 12.9 or by having sufficient user experience with the container and dangerous goods;
  2. the container is free from corrosion, contamination or other damage that that may render the container unsafe for transport. Any container that shows signs of reduced strength compared with the registered design must not be used;
  3. the container is within the prescribed period of use. The maximum prescribed period of use for plastic drums and jerricans is 60 months past the manufacturing date, unless permitted by clause 14.4;
  4. if the container is a steel or plastic drum and has a capacity equal to or greater than 150L, the drum must not be reused to handle, offer for transport, or transport dangerous goods that are liquid in classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 or 9 unless:
    1. the steel drum has been reconditioned in accordance with Part II of CGSB-43.126 before reuse; or
    2. the plastic drum has been reconditioned in accordance with Part III of CGSB-43.126 before reuse;
  5. if the container is a salvage container, refer to clause 13.3; and
  6. if the container is a cylinder or sphere, refer to clause 15.2.

12.3 Filling and closing

12.3.1

If the container is intended for liquids, sufficient ullage (outage) must be left in the container to ensure that neither leakage nor permanent distortion of the container occurs as a result of expansion of the liquid caused by temperatures likely to occur during transport. The container must not become liquid full at a temperature of 55 °C.

12.3.2 Assembling or closing a container

the following requirements apply:

  1. a container must be assembled and closed as instructed in the information provided or made available by the container manufacturer or distributor in accordance with clause 4.4; and
  2. no quantity of dangerous goods are adhering to the outside of the outer packaging, the inner packaging or the inner receptacle.

12.4 Before offering for transport and transporting

container containing dangerous goods must not be offered for transport or transported unless:

  1. no dangerous goods are adhering to it; and
  2. the outside of the container is free from corrosion, dents, gouges or other damage that may render the container unsafe for transport.

12.5 Air transport

Dangerous goods must not be handled, offered for transport or transported in a container by aircraft unless it is done in accordance with the applicable requirements set out in Part 12 of the TDG Regulations.

12.6 Marine transport

Dangerous goods must not be handled, offered for transport or transported in a container by vessel unless it is done in accordance with the applicable requirements set out in Part 11 of the TDG Regulations.

12.7 Special containers (“V” mark)

A combination packaging, marked in accordance with clauses 5.2 b and 5.3.1.1 with the letter “V”, may be assembled and transported with articles or inner packagings of any type, for solids or liquids, if:

  1. the thickness of cushioning material between inner packagings and between the inner packaging(s) and the outer package, has not been reduced compared to the successfully tested design. When either a fewer number of inner packagings or smaller inner packagings are used (as compared to the inner packagings used in the drop test), sufficient additional cushioning material must be used to take up void spaces;
  2. inner packagings containing liquid are completely surrounded with a sufficient quantity of absorbent material to absorb the entire liquid contents of the inner packagings. Absorbent material must be compatible with the dangerous goods; and
  3. for an outer packaging that is not sift-proof or leakproof, a leakproof liner, plastic bag, or other equally effective means is used to contain any release of solids or liquids, as applicable, from the inner packaging. For containers containing liquids, the absorbent material required in (b) must be placed inside the means (e.g., leakproof liner) inserted in the outer packaging to contain any release of liquids. Absorbent material must be compatible with the dangerous goods.

12.8 General containment requirements

12.8.1 Dangerous goods that are wetted or diluted substances

Containers used for wetted or diluted substances must have closures that are vapour tight or appropriately sealed so as to prevent vapour from escaping the container such that the percentage of liquid (water, solvent or phlegmatizer) does not fall below the prescribed limits during transport.

12.8.2 Dangerous goods that are powdery or granular substances

Containers used for powdery or granular substances must be sift-proof or must be provided with a sift-proof liner.

12.8.3 Dangerous goods that are solids, which may become liquid

A container intended for liquids must be used for solids that may become liquid at temperatures likely to be encountered during transport.

12.8.4 Combining dangerous goods

Dangerous goods must not be offered for transport together with other dangerous goods or non-dangerous goods in the same container if the combining of those goods could:

  1. result in an evolution of heat or gas, or produce a corrosive effect or the formation of unstable substances that could endanger the integrity of the container; or
  2. cause a discharge, emission or escape of the dangerous goods from the container that could constitute a danger to public safety.

12.8.5 Dangerous goods that are solids

12.8.5.1 A container prescribed for liquids may be used to transport solids if the mass of the container filled with the solid does not exceed the maximum capacity of the container, in litres, multiplied by the relative density marked on the container in accordance with clause 5.2 c or by a factor of 1.2 if there is no marked relative density.

12.8.5.2 A container prescribed for liquids may be used as the outer packaging of a combination packaging if the mass of all the inner packagings does not exceed the maximum capacity of the container, in litres, multiplied by the relative density marked on the container in accordance with clause 5.2 c or by a factor of 1.2 if there is no marked relative density.

12.8.5.3 A container intended for solids marked with the letter “X” in accordance with clause 5.2 c may be filled with a packing group II or III dangerous good that is a solid to a higher gross mass than is marked on the container if:

  1. for packing group II dangerous goods, the dangerous good has a gross mass not exceeding 1.5 times the marked gross mass on the container;
  2. for packing group III dangerous goods, the dangerous good has a gross mass not exceeding 2.25 times the marked gross mass on the container; and
  3. the container has successfully passed the compression resistance test in accordance with clause 7.5 at the higher gross mass.

12.8.5.4 A container intended for solids marked with the letter “Y” in accordance with clause 5.2 c may be filled with a packing group III dangerous good that is a solid to a higher gross mass than is marked on the container if:

  1. the dangerous good has a gross mass not exceeding 1.5 times the marked gross mass on the container; and
  2. the container has successfully passed the compression resistance test in accordance with clause 7.5 at the higher gross mass.

12.8.5.5 A salvage container marked with the letter “T” or the mark “SALVAGE” or “SECOURS” in accordance with the requirements of clause 5.2 b and 5.7 may be used to transport solid dangerous goods.

12.8.6 Dangerous goods that are liquids

12.8.6.1 A container, other than inner packagings, must not be filled with a liquid unless the container is marked with the internal test pressure in accordance with clause 5.2 d, and the container is filled with a liquid having a vapour pressure:

  1. such that the total gauge pressure in the container (i.e. the vapour pressure of the filling substance plus the partial pressure of air or other inert gases, less 100 kPa) at 55 °C, determined on the basis of a maximum degree of filling and a filling temperature of 15 °C, will not exceed two-thirds of the marked test pressure;
  2. at 50 °C of less than four-sevenths of the sum of the marked test pressure plus 100 kPa (e.g., see Column 2 of Table 6); or
  3. at 55 °C of less than two-thirds of the sum of the marked test pressure plus 100 kPa (e.g., see Column 3 of Table 6).

Table 6: Example of minimum test pressure required for containers that may be used for dangerous goods of certain vapour pressure

Common Container Test Pressure
(kPa)

Vp50 of the Dangerous Good
(kPa)

Vp55 of the Dangerous Good
(kPa)

60

91

106

100

114

133

150

142

166

200

171

200

250

200

233

330

242

283

350

257

300

12.8.6.2 A container intended for liquids marked with the letters “X” in accordance with clause 5.2 c may be filled with a packing group II or III dangerous good that is a liquid of a higher relative density than is marked on the container if:

  1. for packing group II dangerous goods, the dangerous good has a maximum relative density of 1.5 times the marked relative density on the container or 1.8 if there is no marked relative density;
  2. for packing group III dangerous goods, the dangerous good has a maximum relative density of 2.25 times the marked relative density on the container or 2.7 if there is no marked relative density; and
  3. the container has successfully passed the compression resistance test in accordance with clause 7.5 at the higher density.

12.8.6.3 A container intended for liquids marked with the letters “Y” in accordance with clause 5.2 c may be filled with a packing group III dangerous good that is a liquid of a higher density than is marked on the container if:

  1. the dangerous good has a maximum density of 1.5 times the marked relative density on the container or 1.8 if there is no marked relative density; and
  2. the container has successfully passed the compression resistance test in accordance with clause 7.5 at the higher density.

12.8.7 Dangerous goods that are viscous liquids

A drum, jerrican or composite packaging intended for solids may be used for viscous liquids.

12.8.8 Venting

Where pressure may develop in a container by the evolution of gas from the contents, the container may be equipped with a vent if any gas emitted will not cause danger to public safety. The vent must be designed so that when the container is in the position in which it is intended to be transported, leakage of liquid and penetration of foreign substances are prevented under normal conditions of transport.

12.8.9 Dangerous goods included in Class 4.1 or 5.2

Dangerous goods included in Class 4.1 self-reactive substances and Class 5.2 organic peroxides must be handled and transported at or below the control temperature specified in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations. Additional requirements for containers containing self-reactive substances and organic peroxides are given in Chapters 16 and 17, respectively.

12.9 Compatibility test

Compatibility of the container with the dangerous goods must be demonstrated by successfully passing the compatibility test unless such compatibility is demonstrated by successful user experience.

12.9.1 Preparation

Fill the number of test containers as specified in Chapter 7 to perform the drop tests, the stacking test and where applicable, the hydrostatic and leakproofness tests. The actual dangerous goods and concentrations to be transported must be used for testing. Close the container in accordance with the manufacturer or distributor’s instructions. Weigh each container and record the initial gross mass. Inner packagings must be placed in outer packagings.

12.9.2 Procedure

12.9.2.1 Store the test containers filled with the dangerous goods:

  1. at not less than 18 °C for at least 180 days;
  2. at not less than 50 °C for 28 days;
  3. at not less than 60 °C for 14 days; or
  4. Store at not over 18 °C for 180 days any dangerous goods likely to become unstable at elevated temperatures. Appropriate precautions must be taken to address potential dangerous goods release during the testing.

12.9.2.2 After the storage period, the containers must meet the compression resistance requirements set out in clause 7.5.

12.9.2.3 At the end of the storage period examine the exterior and interior of each container for evidence of leakage or damage. (For information purposes only, weigh each container and record the gross mass after storage. Calculate the percentage gross mass loss or gain as a percentage of the original gross mass.)

12.9.2.4 Remove the dangerous goods, refill and re-close the containers as specified in clause 7.2 and perform the drop tests, stacking test, and where applicable, the internal pressure and leakproofness tests in accordance with clauses 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 and 7.7.

12.9.3 Criteria for a successful test

The tested containers must not show signs of stress cracking or crazing, oxidation, embrittlement, vapour pressure build up, collapse of walls, seepage or other defects likely to cause or indicate premature failure after storage. The tested containers shall successfully pass the drop, stacking, and where applicable, internal pressure and leakproofness tests in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 7.

13 Salvage Containers

13.1 Application

Damaged, defective, leaking or non-conforming containers, including inner receptacles and inner packagings, or articles that have spilled or leaked may be transported in a salvage container marked with the letter “T” or the mark “SALVAGE” or “SECOURS” in accordance with the requirements of clauses 5.2 b and 5.7.

13.2 Securement within salvage container

Appropriate measures must be taken to prevent excessive movement of the damaged or leaking containers and articles within a salvage container and to ensure that there is no dangerous build-up of pressure.

13.3 Before filling a salvage container

Before a salvage container is filled with containers or articles, the user must inspect the salvage container to ensure that it is free from corrosion, contamination or other damage that may render the container unsafe for transport. Any salvage container, other than a steel or plastic drum, that shows signs of reduced strength as compared with the registered design must no longer be used. If the salvage container is a steel or plastic drum that shows signs of reduced strength as compared with the registered design, it must be repaired and reconditioned in accordance with CGSB 43.126, before reuse.

13.4 Container capacity

The maximum capacity of a salvage container may exceed by 20% the prescribed maximum capacity given in clause 4.3.4 and Table 1.

13.5 Liquids in salvage containers

When the salvage container contains liquids, sufficient inert absorbent material must be added to eliminate the presence of free liquid at the time the salvage container is closed. All cushioning and absorbent material used in the salvage container must be compatible with the dangerous goods contained in the damaged or leaking container and the contents of any articles.

13.6 Combining dangerous goods

Combinations of different dangerous goods within the salvage container must be in accordance with clause 12.8.4.

14 Special Cases

14.1 Transport of dangerous goods waste in quantity or concentration available to the general public

Dangerous goods waste in a quantity or concentration available to the general public may be handled, offered for transport or transported if:

  1. the dangerous goods are in inner packagings having a maximum capacity equal to or less than 30 L;
  2. the inner packaging does not leak, or if the inner packaging is damaged or leaking, it is placed into a leakproof intermediate packaging or made leakproof by another equally effective means;
  3. the inner packaging and, if applicable, the intermediate packaging, are placed into a leakproof outer packaging or an outer packaging that is made leakproof by another equally effective means;
  4. the dangerous goods in each outer packaging all have the same primary class; and
  5. the dangerous goods are transported for disposal, recycling or any other reclamation process.

14.2 Transport of dangerous goods waste in quantity or concentration not available to the general public

Dangerous goods waste in a quantity or concentration not available to the general public may be handled, offered for transport or transported if:

  1. the dangerous goods are in inner packagings having a maximum capacity equal to or less than 30 L;
  2. the inner packaging does not leak, or if the inner packaging is damaged or leaking, it is placed into a leakproof intermediate packaging or made leakproof by another equally effective means;
  3. the inner packagings, and, if applicable, the intermediate packaging, are tightly packed in an outer packaging with enough cushioning material to prevent damage or breakage of the inner packagings in normal conditions of transport;
  4. the outer packaging contains sufficient inert absorbent material to eliminate the presence of any free liquid that may leak from the inner packagings or intermediate packagings;
  5. the outer packaging is a UN Standardized container that is rigid and leakproof;
  6. the dangerous goods in each outer packaging all have the same primary class; and
  7. the dangerous goods are transported for disposal, recycling or any other reclamation process.

14.3 Liquid dangerous goods transported in a Mobile Process Unit

Dangerous goods of Class 3, 5.1, 6.1, 8 or 9 with any or no subsidiary class and included in Packing Group II or III, that are integral to licenced Mobile Process Units may be transported in a welded metal container, if the container:

  1. is permanently mounted on a vehicle or skid authorized as a Mobile Process Unit that is designed to transport, manufacture and load explosives into boreholes in conformance with an explosives licence or certificate issued under the Explosives Act and Explosives Regulations by the Minister of Natural Resources;
  2. is completely contained within the length and width of the vehicle or skid on which it is mounted;
  3. is constructed of impermeable, non-absorbent materials that will not be corroded by the dangerous goods contained;
  4. is designed to facilitate cleaning and decontamination;
  5. is designed, constructed, filled, closed, secured and maintained so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, there will be no release of the dangerous goods that could endanger public safety;
  6. is watertight, leakproof, designed for the transport of liquids and capable of withstanding any internal pressure likely to be encountered under normal conditions of transport; and
  7. has a maximum capacity equal to or less than 450 L.

14.4 Use of UN standardized plastic drums and jerricans past 60 months from the date of manufacture

Dangerous goods may be handled, offered for transport or transported in UN standardized plastic drums and jerricans which are past 60 months from their date of manufacture but not exceeding 120 months (ten years) from their date of manufacture if:

  1. the container is part of a fleet of containers under the full control of a Fleet Operator;
  2. the container is dedicated to transporting a single dangerous goods that is a liquid included in Class 3, 6.1, 8, 9 of Packing Group II or III, except UN 2031;
  3. the container has a capacity less than 150 L;
  4. the container does not show any evidence of cracking, crazing, swelling, gouges, permanent deformation, degradation from ultraviolet light or any other damage that may render the container unsafe for transport;
  5. the container is capable of passing the performance tests required of a new container bearing the same marks; and
  6. the containers are only used by the Fleet Operator that is registered with the Director in accordance with clause 10.5.

15 Use of Cylinders and Spheres for Liquids and Solids

15.1 Selection

15.1.1

A cylinder or sphere must not be used to handle, offer for transport or transport dangerous goods that are solids or liquids unless the packing instruction in Part B of Appendix A allows a cylinder or sphere for those dangerous goods.

15.1.2

A cylinder or sphere must not be used to handle, offer for transport or transport dangerous goods that are solids or liquids unless:

15.1.2.1 The cylinder or sphere:

  1. is permitted for use in accordance with CSA B340 and Part 5 of the TDG Regulations for the handling, offering for transport or transporting any dangerous goods included in Class 2, except for cylinders for acetylene service;
  2. has a test pressure of equal to or greater than 600 kPa (6 bar) unless otherwise specified in the packing instruction;
  3. if due for requalification, is requalified in accordance with the requirements of:
    1. CSA B339 by a facility registered with Transport Canada, where the requalification is performed in Canada;
    2. Part 180 of 49 CFR by a facility approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation, where the requalification is performed in the United States; or
    3. Either CSA B339 by a facility registered with Transport Canada or Part 180 of 49 CFR by a facility approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation, where the requalification is performed outside of both Canada and the United States; and
  4. must be subjected to requalification every five years unless otherwise specified in the packing instruction.

15.1.2.2 The cylinder:

  1. is permitted for use in accordance with CSA B342 and Part 5 of the TDG Regulations for the handling, offering for transport or transporting any dangerous goods included in Class 2, except for cylinders for acetylene service and adsorbed gases;
  2. has a test pressure of equal to or greater than 600 kPa (6 bar) unless otherwise specified in the packing instruction;
  3. if due for periodic inspection and test, is periodically inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of:
    1. CSA B341 by a facility registered with Transport Canada, where the periodic inspection and test is performed in Canada;
    2. Part 180 of 49 CFR by a facility approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation, where the periodic inspection and test is performed in the United States; or
    3. either CSA B341 by a facility registered with Transport Canada or Part 180 of 49 CFR by a facility approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation, where the periodic inspection and test is performed outside of both Canada and the United States; and
  4. must be subjected to a periodic inspection and test every five years unless otherwise specified in the packing instruction.

15.1.3

A cylinder or sphere must not be used to handle, offer for transport or transport dangerous goods that are solids or liquids if the dangerous goods are explosive, thermally unstable, organic peroxide, self-reactive, dangerous goods that may cause significant pressure to develop by evolution of chemical reaction or a radioactive material, unless otherwise mentioned in the packing instructions.

15.2 Before filling

A cylinder or sphere must not be filled with dangerous goods that are solids or liquids unless the following conditions are met:

  1. the marks for the date of manufacture and the date of previous requalification or periodic inspection or test, as applicable, are verified to ensure that the cylinder or sphere is not due for requalification or periodic inspection and test, as applicable, or is not beyond its service life; and
  2. an inspection of the cylinder or sphere as required in CSA B340 or CSA B342, as applicable, is performed.

15.3 After filling

After filling, shut-off valves must be closed and provided with a means of protection. The consignor must verify that the cylinders and spheres as prepared for transport are not leaking. Shut-off valves must remain closed during transport. A cylinder or sphere filled with dangerous goods before its due date for requalification or periodic inspection and test, as applicable, may continue in transport and be used beyond this date. An empty cylinder or sphere containing residue of dangerous goods may also be transported past its due date for requalification or periodic inspection and test, as applicable.

15.4 Filling limit

The level of filling must be equal to or less than 95% of the capacity of the cylinder or sphere at 50 °C and be such that the cylinder or sphere shall not become liquid full at a temperature of 55 °C.

15.5 Refillable cylinders and spheres

A cylinder or sphere must not be filled with dangerous goods different from that previously contained unless the necessary operations for change of service have been performed.

16 Additional Requirements for Class 4.1, Self-Reactive Substances

16.1 Packing method

In addition to the applicable requirements of Chapter 12, the self-reactive dangerous goods in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations must be packed in accordance with the corresponding OP packing method listed in packing instruction 520 in Part B of Appendix A. The quantities specified for each packing method are the maximum quantities authorized per package.

16.2 Compatibility

Containers must be constructed so that contact with the contents will not catalyze or otherwise dangerously affect the properties of their contents. For combination packagings, cushioning material must not be readily combustible and must not cause decomposition of the dangerous goods that are self-reactive if leakage occurs.

16.3 General requirements

16.3.1 For self-reactive dangerous goods meeting the requirements of Class 1 (explosives):

  1. nails, staples and other closure devices made of metal having no protective cover must not penetrate to the inside of the outer packaging unless the inner packaging adequately protects the dangerous goods against contact with the metal; and
  2. inner packagings, fittings and cushioning material and the placing of the dangerous goods or articles in a container must be such as to prevent movement within the container during transport.

16.3.2

Self-reactive dangerous goods of Class 4.1 must not be handled, offered for transport or transported if the total quantity of the dangerous goods, the type and number of containers and the stacking arrangement creates an explosion hazard.

16.4 Other self-reactive dangerous goods

For dangerous goods that are self-reactive and are not listed in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations, the procedure in 2.4.2.3.3 and 2.4.2.3.4 of the UN Recommendations must be used to assign the appropriate packing method. For new self-reactive substances or new formulations of currently assigned self-reactive substances, the procedure in 4.1.7.1.4 of the UN Recommendations must be used to assign the appropriate packing method. Guidelines for the transportation of temperature-controlled organic peroxides and self-reactive substances are provided in Appendix B.

17 Additional Requirements for Class 5.2, Organic Peroxides

17.1 Packing method

In addition to the applicable requirements of Chapter 12, the organic peroxides in Class 5.2 listed in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations must be packed in accordance with the corresponding OP packing method listedin packing instruction 520 in Part B of Appendix A. The quantities specified for each packing method are the maximum quantities authorized per package.

17.2 Compatibility

Containers must be constructed so that contact with the contents, will not catalyze or otherwise dangerously affect the properties of their contents. For combination packagings, cushioning material must not be readily combustible and must not cause decomposition of the dangerous goods if leakage occurs.

17.3 General requirements

17.3.1 For organic peroxides meeting the requirements for Class 1 (explosives):

  1. nails, staples and other closure devices made of metal having no protective cover must not penetrate to the inside of the outer packaging unless the inner packaging adequately protects the dangerous goods against contact with the metal; and
  2. inner packagings, fittings and cushioning materials and the placing of the dangerous goods or articles in a container must be such as to prevent inadvertent movement within the container during transport.

17.3.2

Organic peroxides in Class 5.2, must not be handled, offered for transport or transported if the total quantity of the dangerous goods, the type and number of containers and the stacking arrangement creates an explosion hazard.

17.4 Other organic peroxides

For dangerous goods that are organic peroxides not listed in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations the procedure in Paragraphs 2.5.3.3 and 2.5.3.4 of the UN Recommendations must be used to assign the appropriate packing method. For new organic peroxides or new formulations of currently assigned organic peroxides, the procedure in 4.1.7.1.4 of the UN Recommendations must be used to assign the appropriate packing method. Guidelines for the transportation of temperature-controlled organic peroxides and self-reactive substances are provided in Appendix B.

Appendix A – Dangerous Goods List and Packing Instructions (Including Substance Specific Provisions)

Part A: Dangerous Goods List with Packing instructions numbers

Description of Table

Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6
UN Number Dangerous Goods Class Subsidiary Class Packing Group Packing Instructions
UN number assigned to the dangerous goods Shipping names and description of dangerous goods Primary class in accordance with the TDG Regulations Subsidiary class in accordance with the TDG Regulations Packing group classification in accordance with the TDG Regulations Packing instructions that apply to the dangerous goods

Note: Prior to using this table dangerous goods must be classified in accordance with the TDG Regulations.

Col. Col. 2 Col. 3 Col. 4 Col. 5 Col. 6
UN
Number
Dangerous Goods Class Subsidiary Class Packing Group Packing Instructions
Class 3 – Flammable liquids
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 3 and Packing Group I, except those listed below: 3 Any or None I 1
3165 AIRCRAFT HYDRAULIC POWER UNIT FUEL TANK (containing a mixture of anhydrous hydrazine and methylhydrazine) (M86 fuel) 3 6.1, 8 I 301
3379 DESENSITIZED EXPLOSIVE, LIQUID, N.O.S. 3   I 99
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 3 and Packing Group II and III, except those listed below: 3 Any or None II or III 1
1162 DIMETHYLDICHLOROSILANE 3 8 II 10
1196 ETHYLTRICHLOROSILANE 3 8 II 10
1250 METHYLTRICHLOROSILANE 3 8 II 10
1298 TRIMETHYLCHLOROSILANE 3 8 II 10
1305 VINYLTRICHLOROSILANE 3 8 II 10
2985 CHLOROSILANES, FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. 3 8 II 10
3064 NITROGLYCERIN, SOLUTION IN ALCOHOL with more than 1% but not more than 5% nitroglycerin 3   II 300
3256 ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with flash point above 60 °C, at or above its flash point 3   III 99
3269 POLYESTER RESIN KIT, liquid base material 3   II 302
III 302
3357 NITROGLYCERIN MIXTURE, DESENSITIZED, LIQUID, N.O.S. with not more than 30% nitroglycerin, by mass 3   II 11
Any Dangerous Goods Class 3 and no assigned Packing Group, except those listed below: 3 Any or none - 99
3343 NITROGLYCERIN MIXTURE, DESENSITIZED, LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with not more than 30% nitroglycerin, by mass 3     11
3528 ENGINE, INTERNAL COMBUSTION, FLAMMABLE LIQUID POWERED or ENGINE, FUEL CELL, FLAMMABLE LIQUID POWERED or MACHINERY, INTERNAL COMBUSTION, FLAMMABLE LIQUID POWERED or MACHINERY, FUEL CELL, FLAMMABLE LIQUID POWERED 3     5
3473 FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES containing flammable liquids; FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES CONTAINED IN Equipment, containing flammable liquids; or FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES PACKED WITH Equipment, containing flammable liquids 3 - - 4
Class 4.1 – Flammable solids
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.1 and Packing Group I, except those listed below: 4.1 Any or None I 406
3380 DESENSITIZED EXPLOSIVE, SOLID, N.O.S. 4.1   I 99
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.1 and Packing Group II & III, except those listed below: 4.1 Any or None II & III 2
1326 HAFNIUM POWDER, WETTED with not less than 25% water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced, particle size less than 840 microns 4.1   II 410
1331 MATCHES, ‘STRIKE ANYWHERE’ 4.1   III 407
1338 PHOSPHORUS, AMORPHOUS 4.1   III 410
1339 PHOSPHORUS HEPTASULPHIDE, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1   II 410
1341 PHOSPHORUS SESQUISULPHIDE, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1   II 410
1343 PHOSPHORUS TRISULPHIDE, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1   II 410
1352 TITANIUM POWDER, WETTED with not less than 25% water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced particle size less than 840 microns 4.1   II 410
1353 FIBRES or FABRICS IMPREGNATED WITH WEAKLY NITRATED NITROCELLULOSE, N.O.S. 4.1   III 410
1358 ZIRCONIUM POWDER, WETTED with not less than 25% water (a visible excess of water must be present) (a) mechanically produced, particle size less than 53 microns; (b) chemically produced particle size less than 840 microns 4.1   II 410
1437 ZIRCONIUM HYDRIDE 4.1   II 410
1871 TITANIUM HYDRIDE 4.1   II 410
1944 MATCHES, SAFETY (book, card or strike on box) 4.1   III 407
1945 MATCHES, WAX ‘VESTA’ 4.1   III 407
2254 MATCHES, FUSEE 4.1   III 407
2304 NAPHTHALENE, MOLTEN 4.1   IIII 99
2448 SULPHUR, MOLTEN 4.1   III 99
2555 NITROCELLULOSE WITH WATER (not less than 25% water, by mass) 4.1   II 406
2556 NITROCELLULOSE WITH ALCOHOL (not less than 25% alcohol, by mass, and not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass) 4.1   II 406
2557 NITROCELLULOSE, with not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass, MIXTURE WITH or WITHOUT PLASTICIZER, WITH or WITHOUT PIGMENT 4.1   II 406
2907 ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE MIXTURE with not less than 60% lactose, mannose, starch or calcium hydrogen phosphate 4.1   II 406
2956 5-tert-BUTYL-2,4,6-TRINITRO-m-XYLENE (MUSK XYLENE) 4.1   III 409
3097 FLAMMABLE SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.1 5.1 III 11
3097 FLAMMABLE SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.1 5.1 II 11
3176 FLAMMABLE SOLID, ORGANIC, MOLTEN, N.O.S. 4.1   II 99
3176 FLAMMABLE SOLID, ORGANIC, MOLTEN, N.O.S. 4.1   III 99
3182 METAL HYDRIDES, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. 4.1   II 410
III 2
3221 to 3240 All SELF-REACTIVE SOLID or SELF-REACTIVE LIQUID, all types, Temperature controlled or not. 4.1     520
3241 2-BROMO-2-NITROPROPANE-1,3-DIOL 4.1   III 520
3242 AZODICARBONAMIDE 4.1   II 409
3251 ISOSORBIDE-5-MONONITRATE 4.1   III 409
3270 NITROCELLULOSE MEMBRANE FILTERS, with not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass 4.1   II 411
3319 NITROGLYCERIN MIXTURE, DESENSITIZED, SOLID, N.O.S. with more than 2% but not more than 10% nitroglycerin, by mass 4.1   II 11
3344 PENTAERYTHRITE TETRANITRATE MIXTURE, DESENSITIZED, SOLID, N.O.S. with more than 10% but not more than 20% PETN, by mass 4.1   II 11
3527 POLYESTER RESIN KIT, solid base material 4.1   II 412
III 412
3532 POLYMERIZING SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, STABILIZED, N.O.S. 4.1   III 1
3534 POLYMERIZING SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED, N.O.S. 4.1   III 1
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.1 and no assigned Packing Group: 4.1 Any or none - 99
Class 4.2 – Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.2 and Packing Group I, except those listed below: 4.2 Any or None I 404 for solids 400 for liquids
1380 PENTABORANE 4.2 6.1 I 601
1381 PHOSPHORUS, WHITE or YELLOW, DRY or UNDER WATER or IN SOLUTION 4.2 6.1 I 405
2447 PHOSPHORUS, WHITE, MOLTEN 4.2 6.1 I 99
2870 ALUMINIUM BOROHYDRIDE IN DEVICES 4.2 4.3 I 99
3255 tert-BUTYL HYPOCHLORITE 4.2 8 I 11
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.2 and Packing Group II, except those listed below: 4.2 Any or None II 410 for solids 402 for liquids
1361 CARBON, animal or vegetable origin 4.2   II 2
3127 SELF-HEATING SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.2 5.1 II 11
3183 SELF-HEATING LIQUID, ORGANIC, N.O.S. 4.2   II 1
3186 SELF-HEATING LIQUID, INORGANIC, N.O.S. 4.2   II 1
3313 ORGANIC PIGMENTS, SELF-HEATING 4.2   II 2
3341 THIOUREA DIOXIDE 4.2   II 2
3342 XANTHATES 4.2   II 2
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.2 and Packing Group III, except those listed below: 4.2 Any or None III 2 for solids 1 for liquids
1363 COPRA 4.2   III 3
1364 COTTON WASTE, OILY 4.2   III 3
1365 COTTON, WET 4.2   III 3
1373 FIBRES or FABRICS, ANIMAL or VEGETABLE or SYNTHETIC, N.O.S. with oil 4.2   III 410
1379 PAPER, UNSATURATED OIL TREATED, incompletely dried (including carbon paper) 4.2   III 410
1386 SEED CAKE with more than 1.5% oil and not more than 11% moisture 4.2   III 3
2793 FERROUS METAL BORINGS, SHAVINGS, TURNINGS or CUTTINGS in a form liable to self-heating 4.2   III 3
3127 SELF-HEATING SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.2 5.1 III 11
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.2 and no assigned Packing Group: 4.2 Any or none None 99
Class 4.3 – Water-reactive Substances
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.3 and Packing Group I, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or None I 403 for solids 402 for liquids
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.3, subsidiary Class 3 and second subsidiary class 8, Packing Group I 4.3 3 and 8 I 401
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.3 and Packing Group II, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or None II 410 for solids 402 for liquids
3133 WATER-REACTIVE SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.3 5.1 II 11
3398 ORGANOMETALLIC SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE 4.3   II 1
3399 ORGANOMETALLIC SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, FLAMMABLE 4.3 3 II 1
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.3 and Packing Group III, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or None III 410 for solids 1 for liquids
1408 FERROSILICON with 30% or more but less than 90% silicon 4.3 6.1 III 3
1435 ZINC ASHES 4.3   III 2
2968 MANEB, STABILIZED or MANEB PREPARATION, STABILIZED against self-heating 4.3   III 2
3133 WATER-REACTIVE SOLID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. 4.3 5.1 III 11
3170 ALUMINIUM SMELTING
BY-PRODUCTS or ALUMINIUM REMELTING BY-PRODUCTS
4.3   III 2
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 4.3 and no assigned Packing Group, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or none None 99
3292 BATTERIES, CONTAINING SODIUM, or CELLS, CONTAINING SODIUM 4.3     408
3476 FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES or FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT or FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES PACKED WITH EQUIPMENT, containing water-reactive substances 4.3     4
Class 5.1 – Oxidizing Substances
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 5.1, subsidiary Class 6.1 and second subsidiary Class 8 and packing group I 5.1 6.1 and 8 I 200
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 5.1 and packing group I, except those listed below: 5.1 Any or None I 503 for solids 502 for liquids
2015 HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, STABILIZED or HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION, STABILIZED with more than 60% hydrogen peroxide 5.1 8 I 501
3100 OXIDIZING SOLID, SELF-HEATING, N.O.S. 5.1 4.2 I 11
3121 OXIDIZING SOLID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. 5.1 4.3 I 11
3137 OXIDIZING SOLID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. 5.1 4.1 I 11
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 5.1 and packing group II and III, except those listed below: 5.1 Any or None II and III 2 for solids 504 for liquids
3100 OXIDIZING SOLID, SELF-HEATING, N.O.S. 5.1 4.2 II 11
3121 OXIDIZING SOLID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. 5.1 4.3 II 11
3375 AMMONIUM NITRATE EMULSION or SUSPENSION or GEL, intermediate for blasting explosives 5.1   II 11
3405 BARIUM CHLORATE SOLUTION 5.1 6.1 III 1
3406 BARIUM PERCHLORATE SOLUTION 5.1 6.1 III 1
3408 LEAD PERCHLORATE SOLUTION 5.1 6.1 III 1
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 5.1 and no assigned packing group, except those listed below: 5.1 Any or none None 99
2426 AMMONIUM NITRATE, LIQUID (hot concentrated solution), with not more than 0.2% combustible material, in a concentration exceeding 80% 5.1     99
3356 OXYGEN GENERATOR, CHEMICAL 5.1     500
Class 5.2 – Organic Peroxides
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 5.2 5.2 Any or none Any or none 520
Class 6.1 – Toxic substances
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 6.1 and packing group I, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none I 2 for solids 1 for liquids
1051 HYDROGEN CYANIDE, STABILIZED containing less than 3% water 6.1 3 I 200
1092 ACROLEIN, STABILIZED 6.1 3 I 601
1098 ALLYL ALCOHOL 6.1 3 I 602
1135 ETHYLENE CHLOROHYDRIN 6.1 3 I 602
1143 CROTONALDEHYDE; or CROTONALDEHYDE, STABILIZED 6.1 3 I 602
1163 DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE, UNSYMMETRICAL 6.1 3, 8 I 602
1182 ETHYL CHLOROFORMATE 6.1 3, 8 I 602
1185 ETHYLENEIMINE, STABILIZED 6.1 3 I 601
1238 METHYL CHLOROFORMATE 6.1 3, 8 I 602
1239 METHYL CHLOROMETHYL ETHER 6.1 3 I 602
1244 METHYLHYDRAZINE 6.1 3, 8 I 602
1251 METHYL VINYL KETONE, STABILIZED 6.1 3, 8 I 601
1259 NICKEL CARBONYL 6.1 3 I 601
1510 TETRANITROMETHANE 6.1 5.1 I 602
1541 ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN, STABILIZED 6.1   I 602
1560 ARSENIC TRICHLORIDE 6.1   I 602
1580 CHLOROPICRIN 6.1   I 601
1583 CHLOROPICRIN MIXTURE, N.O.S. 6.1   I 602
1595 DIMETHYL SULPHATE 6.1 8 I 602
1605 ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE 6.1   I 602
1613 HYDROCYANIC ACID, AQUEOUS SOLUTION (HYDROGEN CYANIDE, AQUEOUS SOLUTION) with not more than 20% hydrogen cyanide 6.1   I 601
1614 HYDROGEN CYANIDE, STABILIZED, containing less than 3% water and absorbed in a porous inert material 6.1   I 99
1647 METHYL BROMIDE AND ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE MIXTURE, LIQUID 6.1   I 602
1649 MOTOR FUEL ANTI-KNOCK MIXTURE 6.1   I 602
1670 PERCHLOROMETHYL MERCAPTAN 6.1   I 602
1672 PHENYLCARBYLAMINE CHLORIDE 6.1   I 602
1695 CHLOROACETONE, STABILIZED 6.1 3, 8 I 602
1752 CHLOROACETYL CHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
1809 PHOSPHORUS TRICHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
1810 PHOSPHORUS OXYCHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
1834 SULPHURYL CHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
1838 TITANIUM TETRACHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
1892 ETHYLDICHLOROARSINE 6.1   I 602
1994 IRON PENTACARBONYL 6.1 3 I 601
2232 2-CHLOROETHANAL 6.1   I 602
2249 DICHLORODIMETHYL ETHER, SYMMETRICAL 6.1 3 I 11
2334 ALLYLAMINE 6.1 3 I 602
2337 PHENYL MERCAPTAN 6.1 3 I 602
2382 DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE, SYMMETRICAL 6.1 3 I 602
2407 ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE 6.1 3, 8 I 602
2474 THIOPHOSGENE 6.1   I 602
2477 METHYL ISOTHIOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2480 METHYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 601
2481 ETHYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2482 n-PROPYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2483 ISOPROPYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2484 tert-BUTYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2485 n-BUTYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2486 ISOBUTYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2487 PHENYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2488 CYCLOHEXYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2521 DIKETENE, STABILIZED 6.1 3 I 602
2605 METHOXYMETHYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
2606 METHYL ORTHOSILICATE 6.1 3 I 602
2644 METHYL IODIDE 6.1   I 602
2646 HEXACHLOROCYCLO-PENTADIENE 6.1   I 602
2668 CHLOROACETONITRILE 6.1 3 I 602
2740 n-PROPYL CHLOROFORMATE 6.1 3, 8 I 602
3023 2-METHYL-2-HEPTANETHIOL 6.1 3 I 602
3079 METHOXYMETHYL ISOCYANATE 6.1 3 I 602
3123 TOXIC LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. 6.1 4.3 I 99
3125 TOXIC SOLID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. 6.1 4.3 I 99
3246 METHANESULPHONYL CHLORIDE 6.1 8 I 602
3281 METAL CARBONYLS, LIQUID, N.O.S. 6.1   I 601
3294 HYDROGEN CYANIDE, SOLUTION IN ALCOHOL with not more than 45% hydrogen cyanide 6.1 3 I 601
3315 CHEMICAL SAMPLE, TOXIC 6.1   I 11
3381 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1   I 601
3382 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1   I 602
3383 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 3 I 601
3384 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 3 I 602
3385 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 4.3 I 601
3386 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 4.3 I 602
3387 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 5.1 I 601
3388 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, OXIDIZING, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 5.1 I 602
3389 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 8 I 601
3390 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m3 and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 8 I 602
3483 MOTOR FUEL ANTI-KNOCK MIXTURE, FLAMMABLE 6.1 3 I 602
3488 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m³ and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 3, 8 I 601
3489 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m³ and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 3, 8 I 602
3490 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 200 ml/m³ and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 500 LC50 6.1 4.3, 3 I 601
3491 TOXIC BY INHALATION LIQUID, WATER-REACTIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. with an inhalation toxicity lower than or equal to 1000 ml/m³ and saturated vapour concentration greater than or equal to 10 LC50 6.1 4.3, 3 I 602
3507 URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile excepted 6.1 7, 8 I 603
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 6.1 and packing group II & III, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none II and III 2 for solids 1 for liquids
1569 BROMOACETONE 6.1 3 II 602
1600 DINITROTOLUENES, MOLTEN 6.1   II 99
1700 TEAR GAS CANDLES 6.1 4.1   600
2312 PHENOL, MOLTEN 6.1   II 99
3250 CHLOROACETIC ACID, MOLTEN 6.1 8 II 99
3361 CHLOROSILANES, TOXIC, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. 6.1 8 II 10
3362 CHLOROSILANES, TOXIC, CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. 6.1 3, 8 II 10
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 6.1 and no assigned packing group , except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none None 99
2016 AMMUNITION, TOXIC, NON-EXPLOSIVE without burster or expelling charge, non-fuzed 6.1     600
2017 AMMUNITION, TEAR-PRODUCING, NON-EXPLOSIVE without burster or expelling charge, non-fuzed 6.1 8   600
Class 8 – Corrosive substances
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 8 and packing group I, except those listed below: 8 Any or none I 2 for solids 1 for liquids
1052 HYDROGEN FLUORIDE, ANHYDROUS 8 6.1 I 200
1744 BROMINE or BROMINE SOLUTION 8 6.1 I 804
1790 HYDROFLUORIC ACID, with more than 60% hydrogen fluoride 8 6.1 I 802
1798 NITROHYDROCHLORIC ACID 8   I 802
1828 SULPHUR CHLORIDES 8   I 602
1831 SULPHURIC ACID, FUMING 8 6.1 I 602
1836 THIONYL CHLORIDE 8   I 802
2032 NITRIC ACID, RED FUMING 8 5.1, 6.1 I 602
2444 VANADIUM TETRACHLORIDE 8   I 802
2692 BORON TRIBROMIDE 8   I 602
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 8 and packing group II & III, except those listed below: 8 Any or none II and III 2 for solids 1 for liquids
1724 ALLYTRICHLOROSILANE, STABILIZED 8 3 II 10
1728 AMYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1747 BUTYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8 3 II 10
1753 chloropheniltrichlorosilane 8   II 10
1762 CYCLOHEXENYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1763 CYCLOHEXYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1766 DICHLOROPHENYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1767 DIETHYLDICHLOROSILANE 8 3 II 10
1769 DIPHENYLDICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1771 DODECYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1781 HEXADECYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1784 HEXYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1799 NONYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1800 OCTADECYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1801 OCTYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1804 PHENYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
1816 PROPYLTRICHLOROSILANE 8 3 II 10
1818 SILICON TETRACHLORIDE 8   II 10
2028 BOMBS, SMOKE, NON-EXPLOSIVE with corrosive liquid, without initiating device 8   II 803
2215 MALEIC ANHYDRIDE, MOLTEN 8   III 99
2434 DIBENZYLDICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
2435 ETHYLPHENYLDICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
2437 METHYLPHENYLDICHLOROSILANE 8   II 10
2576 PHOSPHORUS OXYBROMIDE, MOLTEN 8   II 99
2803 GALLIUM 8   III 800
2809 MERCURY 8 6.1 III 800
2986 CHLOROSILANE, CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, N.O.S. 8 3 II 10
2987 CHLOROSILANE, CORROSIVE, N.O.S. 8   II 10
Any Dangerous Goods listed below of Class 8 and no assigned Packing Group, except those listed below: 8 Any or none - 99
2794 BATTERIES, WET, FILLED WITH ACID, electric storage 8     801
2795 BATTERIES, WET, FILLED WITH ALKALI, electric storage 8     801
2800 BATTERIES, WET, NON-SPILLABLE, electric storage 8     3
3028 BATTERIES, DRY, CONTAINING POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE SOLID, electric storage 8     801
3477 FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES or FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT or FUEL CELL CARTRIDGES PACKED WITH EQUIPMENT, containing corrosive substances 8     4
3506 MERCURY CONTAINED IN MANUFACTURED ARTICLES 8 6.1   3
Class 9 – Miscellaneous Products, Substances or Organisms
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 9 and packing group I 9 Any or none I 99
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 9 and packing group II, except those listed below: 9 Any or none II 906
2212 ASBESTOS , AMPHIBOLE (actinolite, amosite, anthophyllite, crocidolite, tremolite), when not fixed in a natural or artificial binder material or included in a manufactured product 9   II 2
2969 CASTOR BEANS or CASTOR MEAL or CASTOR POMACE or CASTOR FLAKE 9   II 2
3316 CHEMICAL KIT or FIRST AID KIT 9   II 901
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 9 and packing group III, except those listed below: 9 Any or none III 2 for solids 1 for liquids
3257 ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LIQUID, N.O.S., at or above 100 °C and below its flash point (including molten metals, molten salts, etc.) 9   III 99
3258 ELEVATED TEMPERATURE SOLID, N.O.S., at or above 240 °C 9   III 99
3316 CHEMICAL KIT or FIRST AID KIT 9   III 901
Any Dangerous Goods of Class 9 and no assigned Packing Group, except those listed below: 9 Any or none None 99
1845 CARBON DIOXIDE, SOLID (DRY ICE) 9     3
2990 LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES,
SELF-INFLATING
9     905
3072 LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES NOT SELF-INFLATING containing dangerous goods as equipment 9     905
3090 LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES (including lithium alloy batteries) 9     903,908,909,910
3091 LITHIUM BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT (including lithium alloy batteries) or LITHIUM BATTERIES PACKED WITH EQUIPMENT (including lithium alloy batteries) 9     903,908,909,910
3268 SAFETY DEVICES, electrically initiated 9     902
3316 CHEMICAL KIT or FIRST AID KIT 9     901
3363 DANGEROUS GOODS IN MACHINERY or DANGEROUS GOODS IN APPARATUS 9     907
3480 LITHIUM ION BATTERIES (including lithium ion polymer batteries) 9     903, 908,909,910
3481 LITHIUM ION BATTERIES CONTAINED IN EQUIPMENT or LITHIUM ION BATTERIES PACKED WITH EQUIPMENT (including lithium ion polymer batteries) 9     903, 908,909,910
3499 CAPACITOR, electric double layer (with an energy storage capacity greater than 0.3Wh) 9     3
3508 CAPACITOR, ASYMMETRIC (with an energy storage capacity greater than 0.3 Wh) 9     3
3509 PACKAGINGS, DISCARDED, EMPTY, UNCLEANED 9     3
3530 ENGINE, INTERNAL COMBUSTION or MACHINERY, INTERNAL COMBUSTION 9     5

Part B: Packing Instructions (including substance specific provisions)

Packing Instruction 1

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 6H or 6P single packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

      Maximum Net Mass/ Capacity
      Packing Group I Packing Group II Packing Group III
    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum Capacity 1A1,1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4N 250 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    glass 10 L 1D, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2 150 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    plastic 30 L 1G, 4F, 4G 75 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    metal 40 L 4H1 60 kg 60 kg 60 kg
        3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg 120 kg 120 kg
    Single Packaging
    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 250 L 450 L 450 L
    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PB1, 6PD1, 6PG1, 6PH1, 6PH2, 6PA2, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PG2, 6PD2 60 L 60 L 60L
    6HA1, 6HB1, 6HH1 250 L 250 L 250 L
    6HD1, 6HG1 120 L 250L 250 L
  3. Dangerous goods included in packing group I must have a kinematic viscosity of more than 2.00 x10-4 m²/s (or 200 centistokes (cSt)) at 20 °C if they are handled, offered for transport or transported in removable head drums (1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1N2) and removable head jerricans (3A2, 3B2, 3H2).
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1131: The container must be hermetically sealed.

UN 1133, UN 1210, UN 1263, UN 1866, and adhesives, printing inks, printing ink related materials, paints, paint related materials and resin solutions which are assigned to UN 3082: For dangerous goods included in packing group II and III, a non-UN Standardized metal or plastic container may be used if its maximum capacity is equal to or less than 5 L and the container is transported:

  1. in palletized loads, a pallet box or unit load device (e.g., individual containers placed or stacked and secured by strapping, shrink or stretch-wrapping or other suitable means to a pallet), or
  2. as an inner packaging of a combination packaging with a maximum net mass that is equal to or less than 40 kg.

UN 1204: Cylinders and spheres are not permitted. The containers must be so constructed that explosion is not possible by reason of increased internal pressure.

UN 1308: For dangerous goods included in packing group I and II, only combination packagings with a maximum gross mass equal to or less than 75 kg are permitted.

UN 1774: Containers must meet the packing group II performance level.

UN 1790: For dangerous goods included in packing group I with more than 60% but not more than 85% hydrogen fluoride, the prescribed period of use of plastic drums and jerricans as single packagings shall be two years from their date of manufacture.

UN 1791: For dangerous goods included in packing group II, sealed packagings must be fitted with a venting device.

UN 1999: This dangerous good may be transported in a non-standardized welded metal container if the container:

  1. is used for the application of liquid tar to pavement, concrete or metallic structures and is fitted with the appropriate application equipment;
  2. is designed, constructed, filled, closed, secured and maintained so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, there will be no release of the dangerous goods that could endanger public safety; and
  3. has a maximum capacity equal to or less than 450 L.

UN 2031: For dangerous goods with more than 55% nitric acid, the prescribed period of use of plastic drums and jerricans as single packagings shall be two years from their date of manufacture.

Glass inner packagings must be packed in tightly-closed, non-reactive intermediate packagings, cushioned with a non-reactive absorbent material, when placed in wooden or fibreboard outer packagings.

UN 3065: Non-standardized wooden barrels having a maximum capacity equal to or less than 250 L are permitted.

UN 3532, UN 3534: Containers must be designed and constructed to permit the release of gas or vapour to prevent a build-up of pressure that could rupture the containers in the event of loss of stabilization.

Packing Instruction 2

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic, metal, paper or fibre inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N, 5H3, 5H4, 5L3, 5M2, 6H or 6P single packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:

      Maximum Net Mass
      Packing Group I Packing Group II Packing Group III
    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum Net mass 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4N 400 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    glass 10 kg
    plastic 50 kg 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2 250 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    metal 50 kg 4F, 4G 125 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    paper 50 kg 4H1 60 kg 60 kg 60 kg
    fibre 50 kg 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg 120 kg 120 kg
    Single Packaging
    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 6HA1, 6HB1, 6HD1, 6HG1 or 6HH1 400 kg 400 kg 400 kg
    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg 120 kg 120 kg
    4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N Not permitted 400 kg 400 kg
    5H3, 5H4, 5L3, 5M2 Not permitted 50 kg 50 kg
    6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PB1, 6PD1, 6PG1, 6PA2, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD2, 6PG2, 6PH1, 6PH2 75 kg 75 kg 75 kg
  3. Plastic, paper and fibre inner packagings must be sift-proof.
  4. Paper and fibre inner packagings must not be used for substances of packing group I.
  5. When a substance being transported may become liquid during transport, paper inner packaging, fibre inner packaging and the following single packagings are not permitted:
    1. fibre drums (1G) and plywood drums (1D);
    2. boxes (4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N) and Bags (5H3, 5H4, 5L3, 5M2); and
    3. composite packagings (6HD1, 6HG1, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6PD1, 6PG1, 6PG2, 6PD2 and 6PH2).
  6. In addition to the single packagings listed in point 5, when a substance of packing group I being transported may become liquid during transport, the following single packagings are not permitted:
    1. removable head drums (1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1N2) and removable head jerricans (3A2, 3B2, 3H2)
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1309: For packing group II, bags are permitted only in closed cargo transport units.

For packing group III, 5H1, 5L1 or 5M1 bags are permitted if the bags are contained in plastic bags and stacked on a pallet and wrapped in shrink or stretch wrap.

UN 1361, UN 2213, UN 3077: 5H1, 5L1 or 5M1 bag are permitted only in closed cargo transport units.

UN 1362: 5H1, 5L1 or 5M1 bags are permitted if the bags are contained in plastic bags and stacked on a pallet and wrapped in shrink or stretch wrap.

UN 1748, UN 2208, UN 2880, UN 3485, UN 3486, UN 3487: When bags are used as a single packaging, they must be adequately separated to allow for the dissipation of heat.

UN 2000: The dangerous goods may be handled, offered for transport or transported unpackaged on pallets, wrapped in plastic film and secured by appropriate means, such as steel bands as a full load in a closed cargo transport unit. Each pallet must be equal to or less than 1000 kg.

UN 2002: Cylinders and spheres are not permitted. The containers must be so constructed that explosion is not possible by reason of increased internal pressure.

UN 2211, UN 2698, UN 3314: Non-UN standardized containers are permitted.

UN 2212, UN 2590: 5M1 bags are permitted. All bags of any type must be transported in a closed cargo transport unit or placed in a closed rigid enclosure.

UN 2217: Non-UN standardized and sift-proof containers are permitted.

UN 2471: Paper or fibre inner packagings are not permitted.

UN 2870: Only combination packagings meeting the packing group I performance level are permitted.

UN 2969 (as whole beans): 5H1, 5L1 or 5M1 bags are permitted.

UN 3175: Containers intended for solids may be used when the liquids are fully absorbed in solid material contained in sealed bags.

UN 3531, UN 3533: Containers must be designed and constructed to permit the release of gas or vapour to prevent a build-up of pressure that could rupture the containers in the event of loss of stabilization.

Packing Instruction 3

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a container designed and constructed to prevent inadvertent discharge of articles during normal conditions of transport.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1363, UN 1386, UN 1408, UN 2793: The container must be sift-proof.

UN 1364, UN 1365: The dangerous goods may be handled, offered for transport or transported as bales.

UN 1845: The container must be designed and constructed to permit the release of carbon dioxide gas to prevent a build-up of pressure that could rupture the container.

UN 2800: Batteries must be protected from short circuit.

UN 3506: Sealed inner liners or bags of strong leak-proof and puncture-resistant material impervious to mercury and which will prevent the escape of the substance irrespective of the position or orientation of the container must be used.

UN 3509: Inner packagings, flexible inner receptacles, inner liners and parts of containers must be transported in leakproof and sift-proof containers. Containers or rigid inner receptacles which are transported closed and do not leak may be transported unpackaged.

Packing Instruction 4

This instruction applies to UN 3473, UN 3476, UN 3477

  1. Fuel cell cartridges must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H2, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
  2. Fuel cell cartridges which are packed with equipment* may be handled, offered for transport or transported in an outer packaging and meet the following requirements:
    1. They must be packed in inner packagings or placed in the outer packaging with cushioning material or divider(s) so that the fuel cell cartridges are protected against damage that may be caused by the movement or placement of the contents within the outer packaging.
    2. the equipment must be secured against movement within the outer packaging.
    *For the purpose of this packing instruction, “equipment” means apparatus requiring the fuel cell cartridges with which it is packed for its operation.
  3. Fuel cell cartridges contained in equipment may be handled, offered for transport or transported in a strong outer packaging and must be protected against short circuit or inadvertent operation.
  4. Large robust equipment containing fuel cell cartridges may be transported unpackaged. The entire system must be protected against short circuit and inadvertent operation.

Packing Instruction 5

This instruction applies to UN 3528, UN 3530

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a strong outer packaging.
  2. Dangerous goods may be transported unpackaged if the fuel contained in the engine or piece of machinery is contained in a receptacle that is designed, constructed, filled, closed, secured and maintained so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, there will be no release of the fuel that could endanger public safety.

Packing Instruction 10

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass or steel inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 4A, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1 or 4H2 outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 3A1 or 6HA1 single packaging; or
    3. a steel cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum Capacity Maximum Net Mass
    glass 1 L 1A1, 1A2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 4A, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 400 kg
    Steel 40 L 4H1 60 kg
    Single Packaging
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1

    450 L

    3A1

    60 L

    6HA1

    250 L

Packing Instruction 11

  1. These dangerous goods must not be handled, offered for transport or transported.

Packing Instruction 99

  1. These dangerous goods must not be handled, offered for transport or transported unless a competent authority approval has been issued by the Director.

Packing Instruction 200

  1. The dangerous goods must be offered for transport and transported in a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements in Chapter 15.
  2. Each cylinder or sphere must be initially pressure tested at 1000 kPa (10 bar) and periodically tested at the same pressure within five years of the previous test.
  3. For toxic dangerous goods with an LC50 equal or less than 200 ml/m3 (ppm):
    1. valve outlets must be fitted with pressure retaining gas tight plugs or caps having threads that match those of the valve outlets;
    2. each cylinder within a bundle must be fitted with an individual valve that is closed during transport. After filling, the manifold must be evacuated, purged and plugged;
    3. cylinders and individual cylinders in a bundle must have a test pressure greater than or equal to 20000 kPa (200 bar);
    4. for cylinders or spheres with a minimum wall thickness of less than 3.5 mm for aluminium alloy or 2 mm for steel, the cylinder or sphere must be transported in a rigid outer packaging that meets the packing group I performance level and adequately protects the cylinder or sphere and its fittings;
    5. cylinders and spheres must not be fitted with a pressure relief device;
    6. the capacity of cylinders and individual cylinders in a bundle must be equal to or less than 85 L;
    7. each valve must have a taper threaded connection directly to the cylinder or sphere and be capable of withstanding the test pressure of the cylinder or sphere;
    8. each valve must either be of the packless type with non-perforated diaphragm, or be of a type which prevents leakage through or past the packing;
    9. each cylinder or sphere must be tested for leakage after filling; and
    10. the level of filling must be equal to or less than 92% of the capacity of a cylinder or sphere.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1051: The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a cylinder or sphere initially pressure tested at 10,000 kPa (100 bar) and periodically tested at the same pressure within five years of the previous test. The filling ratio must be 0.55.

UN 1052: The dangerous goods must not be handled, offered for transport or transported in aluminium alloy cylinders or spheres. The wall thickness of the cylinder or sphere must not be less than 3 mm. Prior to transport, it must be ensured that the pressure has not risen due to potential hydrogen generation. The filling ratio must be 0.84.

Packing Instruction 300

This instruction applies to UN 3064

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal inner packaging(s) and a 4C1, 4C2, 4D or 4F outer packaging.
  2. The maximum capacity of the inner packaging must be equal to or less than 1 L.
  3. The total amount of dangerous goods in the outer packaging must be equal to or less than 5 L.
  4. The inner packagings must be completely surrounded with absorbent and cushioning material.
  5. Wooden boxes must be completely lined with a suitable material impervious to water and nitroglycerine.

Packing Instruction 301

This instruction applies to UN 3165

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in an aluminium cylinder comprising of a primary containment and an outer receptacle.
  2. For cylinders made from tubing and having welded heads:
    1. the primary containment must consist of a welded aluminium bladder having an internal volume that is equal to or less than 46 L;
    2. the outer receptacle must have a minimum design pressure of 1 275 kPa (12.75 bar) and a minimum burst pressure of 2 755 kPa (27.55 bar);
    3. each receptacle must be leakproof and tested as such during manufacture and before shipment;
    4. the receptacle must be securely packed in non-combustible cushioning material, such as vermiculite, in a strong outer tightly closed metal packaging, which will adequately protect all fittings; and
    5. the quantity of fuel per cylinder must be equal to or less than 42 L.
  3. For other types of cylinders:
    1. the primary containment must consist of a welded vapour tight fuel compartment with an elastomeric bladder having an internal volume that is equal to or less than 46 L;
    2. the outer receptacle must have a minimum design pressure of 2 680 kPa (26.8 bar) and a minimum burst pressure of 5 170 kPa (51.7 bar);
    3. each receptacle must be leakproof and tested as such during manufacture and before shipment;
    4. the receptacle must be securely packed in non-combustible cushioning material such as vermiculite, in a strong outer tightly closed metal packaging, which will adequately protect all fittings; and
    5. the quantity of fuel per cylinder must be equal to or less than 42 L.

Packing Instruction 302

This instruction applies to UN 3269

  1. The dangerous good must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. combination packaging comprising of one or more inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging.
  2. The base material and the activator (organic peroxide) must be each separately packed in inner packagings.
  3. The components may be placed in the same outer packaging provided they will not interact dangerously in the event of a leakage.
  4. The activator (organic peroxide) must have a maximum quantity of 125 ml per inner packaging if liquid, and 500 g per inner packaging if solid.

Packing Instruction 400

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass or metal inner packaging(s) in a metal can intermediate packaging and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more sealed metal can inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 4A, 4B, 4N outer packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. Maximum capacity or net mass:
    1. For the combination packaging mentioned in 1a, the maximum capacity of the inner packaging must be equal to or less than 1 L and the maximum net mass of the outer packaging must be equal to or less than 125 kg net mass.
    2. For the combination packaging mentioned in 1b, the maximum capacity of the inner packaging must be equal to or less than 4 L and the maximum net mass of the outer packaging must be equal to or less than 150 kg.
  3. Inner packagings must not be filled to more than 90% of their maximum capacity.
  4. Metal cans mentioned in 1a and 1b must be hermetically sealed.
  5. Inner packagings must have threaded closures with gaskets and must be cushioned on all sides with dry, absorbent, non-combustible material in a quantity sufficient to absorb the entire contents. For the combination packaging mentioned in 1b, each layer of inner packagings must be separated by a dividing partition in addition to the cushioning material.
  6. Cylinders or spheres must be made of steel and must be subjected to an initial test and periodic tests every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 1000 kPa (10 bar) (gauge pressure). During transport, the liquid must be under a layer of inert gas with a gauge pressure of not less than 20 kPa (0.2 bar).
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 3392, UN 3394: Air must be eliminated from the vapour space by nitrogen or other means.

Packing Instruction 401

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, metal or plastic inner packaging(s) in a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. For the packaging mentioned in 1a, the maximum capacity of the inner packaging must be equal to or less than 1 L and the net mass of the outer packaging must be equal to or less than 30 kg.
  3. Inner packagings must have threaded closures and be cushioned on all sides with dry, inert, absorbent material in a quantity sufficient to absorb the entire contents.
  4. Cylinders or spheres must be made of steel and must be subjected to an initial test and periodic tests every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 600 kPa (6 bar) (gauge pressure). During transport, the liquid must be under a layer of inert gas with a gauge pressure of not less than 20 kPa (0.2 bar).

Packing Instruction 402

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, metal or plastic inner packaging(s) in a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 6HA1 or 6HB1 single packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum Net Mass Maximum Net Mass
    glass 10 kg 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
    plastic 15 kg 4H1 60 kg
    metal 15 kg 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg
    Single Packaging
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1, 6HA1, 6HB1

    250 L

  3. Inner packagings must have threaded closures and be cushioned on all sides with dry, inert, absorbent material in a quantity sufficient to absorb the entire contents.
  4. Cylinders or spheres must be made of steel and must be subjected to an initial test and periodic tests every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 600 kPa (6 bar) (gauge pressure). During transport, the liquid must be under a layer of inert gas with a gauge pressure of not less than 20 kPa (0.2 bar).

Packing Instruction 403

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, or 6H single packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum Net Mass Maximum Net Mass
    glass 2 kg 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4N 400 kg
    plastic 15 kg 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg
    metal 20 kg 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2 250 kg
      4F, 4G 125 kg
      4H1 60 kg
    Single Packaging
     

    Maximum Net Mass

    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 6HA1, 6HB1

    250 kg

    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2

    125 kg

    6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD1, 6HD2, 6HG1, 6HG2, 6HH1, 6HH2

    75 kg

  3. Inner packagings must be hermetically sealed (e.g., by taping or threaded closures).

Packing Instruction 404

This instruction applies to pyrophoric solids: UN 1383, UN 1854, UN 1855, UN 2008, UN 2441, UN 2545, UN 2546, UN 2846, UN 2881, UN 3200, UN 3391, UN 3393

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass inner packaging(s) in one or more metal can intermediate packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    3. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 6HA1 or 6HB1 single packaging; or
    4. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum Net Mass Maximum Net Mass
    glass 1 kg 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
    metal 15 kg
    Single Packaging
     

    Maximum Net Mass

    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 6HA1, 6HB1

    150 kg

  3. Metal inner packagings listed in 1a must have threaded closures and be hermetically sealed.
  4. Metal intermediate packagings listed in 1b must be hermetically sealed.
  5. Glass inner packagings listed in 1b must have threaded closures with gaskets and be cushioned on all sides.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 3391, UN 3393: Air must be eliminated from the vapour space by nitrogen or other means.

Packing Instruction 405

This packing instruction applies to UN 1381

For UN 1381, phosphorous wet:

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal or glass inner packaging(s) and a code 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F or 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1 or 3B1 single packaging.
  2. The maximum net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:
  3. Inner packagings must be hermetically sealed.
  4. Glass inner packagings must be cushioned on all sides with dry, absorbent, non-combustible material in a quantity sufficient to absorb the entire contents.
  5. Single packagings must meet the performance requirements for packagings intended for liquids at packing group II performance level.
For UN1381, dry phosphorous:
  1. The dangerous goods, when fused, must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a code 1A2, 1B2, or 1N2 single packaging with a maximum net mass of 400 kg.

Packing Instruction 406

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more water-resistant inner packaging(s) and a code 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 3H1, 3H2, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1 or 4H2 outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2,4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N, 6HA1, 6HA2, 6HB1, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HG1, 6HG2, 6HH1, 6HH2, 6HD1 or 6HD2, single packaging.
  2. Inner packagings and single packagings must be designed, constructed and closed in manner that renders it vapour tight or appropriately sealed so as to prevent vapour from escaping the container, such that the percentage of liquid (water, solvent or phlegmatizer) does not fall below the prescribed limits during transport.
  3. Code 1D, 1H2, 1G, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G and 4H2, 4N single packagings must be constructed with a water resistant inner bag, plastic film lining or water resistant coating.
  4. Packagings must be so constructed and closed so as to avoid an explosive over pressure or pressure build-up of more than 300 kPa (3 bar).
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1310, UN 1320, UN 1321, UN 1322, UN 1344, UN 1348, UN 1349, UN 1517, UN 3317, UN 3376: The packaging must be lead free.

UN 1347: The net mass of an outer packaging or a single packaging must be equal to or less than 15 kg. The packaging must be lead free.

UN 2852, UN 3364, UN 3365, UN 3366, UN 3367, UN 3368, UN 3369: The net mass of an outer packaging or a single packaging must be equal to or less than 0.5 kg.

UN 2907: Packagings meeting the packing group I performance level are not permitted. Packagings meeting the packing group II performance level must be used. The packaging must be lead free.

UN 3370: The net mass of an outer packaging or a single packaging must be equal to or less than 11.5 kg.

UN 3474: Metal inner packagings or metal single packagings must not be used. Packagings of other material with a small amount of metal, for example closures or other metal fittings, are not considered metal containers.

Packing Instruction 407

This instruction applies to UN 1331, UN 1944, UN 1945, UN 2254

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprised of one or more inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1 or 3H2 outer packaging that meets the packing group III performance level.
  2. The net mass of the combination packaging must be equal to or less than 45 kg, except that a combination packaging with a fibreboard box outer packaging, the net mass must be equal to or less than 30 kg.
  3. Matches must be tightly packed in securely closed inner packagings to prevent accidental ignition under normal conditions of transport.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1331: Strike-anywhere matches must not be packed in the same outer packaging with any other dangerous goods, other than safety matches or wax Vesta matches, which must be packed in separate inner packagings. Inner packagings must not contain more than 700 strike-anywhere matches.

Packing Instruction 408

This instruction applies to UN 3292

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
  2. For cells:
    1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H2, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2 packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
    2. Cells must be packed with sufficient cushioning to prevent contact between cells and between cells and the internal surfaces of the outer packaging and to ensure that no dangerous movement of the cells within the outer packaging occurs in transport.
  3. Batteries may be transported unpackaged or in protective enclosures (e.g., fully enclosed or wooden slatted crates). The terminals must not support the weight of other batteries or materials packed with the batteries.
  4. Cells and batteries must be protected against short circuit and must be isolated in such a manner as to prevent short circuits.

Packing Instruction 409

This instruction applies to UN 2956, UN3242, UN3251

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. combination packaging comprising of one plastic bag inner packaging and a code 4G outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more plastic inner packaging(s) and a code 4G or 1G outer packaging; or
    3. a code 1G single packaging.
  2. The net mass of the combination packaging or single packaging must be equal to or less than 50 kg.

Packing Instruction 410

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic, metal, paper or fibre inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N, 5H3, 5H4, 5L3, 5M2, 6H or 6P single packaging; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:

      Maximum Net Mass
      Packing Group II Packing Group III
    Combination Packaging
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum Net mass 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2, 4F, 4G, 4N, 400 kg 400 kg
    glass 10 kg
    plastic 30 kg 4H1 60 kg 60 kg
    metal 40 kg 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 120 kg 120 kg
    paper 10 kg  
    fibre 10 kg
    Single Packaging

    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N, 6HA1, 6HB1, 6HD1, 6HG1, 6HH1

    400 kg

    400 kg

    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2

    120 kg

    120 kg

    5H3, 5H4, 5L3, 5M2

    50 kg

    50 kg

    6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PB1, 6PD1, 6PG1, 6PA2, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD2, 6PG2, 6PH1, 6PH2

    75 kg

    75 kg

  3. Plastic, paper and fibre inner packagings and 1G and 4G outer packagings must be sift-proof.
  4. When a substance being transported may become liquid during transport the following inner packaging or single packaging are not permitted
    1. paper and fibre inner packaging; and
    2. 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N, 5H3, 5H4, 5L3 and 5M2 single packaging.
  5. Singles packaging code 5H3, 5H4, 5L3 and 5M2 used for packing group II dangerous goods must be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1326, UN 1352, UN 1358, UN 1437, UN 1871, UN 3182 : 5H, 5L and 5M bags are not permitted for dangerous goods included in packing group II.

UN 1378: Metal containers must be vented.

Packing Instruction 411

This instruction applies to UN 3270

  1. The dangerous goods may be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1N2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2 single packaging.
  2. The containers must be constructed such that an explosion is not possible by reason of increased internal pressure.
  3. The net mass of the container must be equal to or less than 30 kg.

Packing Instruction 412

This instruction applies to UN 3527

  1. The dangerous good must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging.
  2. The base material and the activator (organic peroxide) must be each separately packed in inner packagings.
  3. The components may be placed in the same outer packaging provided they will not interact dangerously in the event of a leakage.
  4. The activator (organic peroxide) must have a maximum quantity of 125 ml per inner packaging if liquid, and 500 g per inner packaging if solid.

Packing Instruction 500

This instruction applies to UN 3356

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H2, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N single packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.

Packing Instruction 501

This instruction applies to UN 2015

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1G or 4G outer packaging; or
    3. a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6H or 6P single packaging.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a, 1b and 1c must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass, plastic or metal 5 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
    Combination Packaging (1b)
    Plastic or metal 2 L 1G, 4G 50 kg
    Single Packaging (1c)
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1, 6HB1, 6HD1, 6HG1, 6HH1

    250 L

    3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PA2, 6PB1, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD1, 6PD2, 6PG1, 6PG2, 6PH1, 6PH2

    60 L

  3. The level of filling must be equal to or less than 90% of the maximum capacity of a single packaging or inner packaging.
  4. Inner packaging in a code 1G or 4G outer packaging must each be packed in a plastic bag.
  5. Containers must be vented.

Packing Instruction 502

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6H or 6P single packaging.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass, plastic or metal 5 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
      4H1 60 kg
    Single Packaging (1b)
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 6HA1, 6HB1, 6HD1, 6HG1, 6HH1

    250 L

    3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PA2, 6PB1, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD1, 6PD2, 6PG1, 6PG2, 6PH1, 6PH2

    60 L

Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1873: The parts of containers which are in direct contact with perchloric acid must be constructed of glass or plastic.

Packing Instruction 503

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1N1 or 1N2 single packaging.
  2. The net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum net mass Maximum Net Mass
    Glass, plastic or metal 5 kg 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
      4G 40 kg
    4H1 60 kg
    Single Packaging (1b)
     

    Maximum Net Mass

    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2

    250 kg

    1D, 1G

    200 kg

  3. The fibreboard drum (1G) and plywood drum (1D) outlined in 1b must be fitted with an inner liner.

Packing Instruction 504

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6H or 6P single packaging.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass 5 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 75 kg
    Plastic 30 L
    Combination Packaging
    Metal 40 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4H2, 4N 225 kg
    1G, 4F, 4G 125 kg
    Single Packaging
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1, 6HB1

    250 L

    6HD1, 6HG1, 6HH1

    120 L

    3A1, 3B1, 3H1, 6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2, 6PA1, 6PA2, 6PB1, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD1, 6PD2, 6PG1, 6PG2, 6PH1, 6PH2

    60 L

Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 2014, UN 3149: The container must be vented.

Packing Instruction 520

This instruction applies to UN 2015

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, plastic, fibreboard or metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging; or
    2. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2 , 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 or 6H single packaging.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the combination packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following tables for the corresponding packing method (OP1 to OP8) associated to the specific dangerous good listed in Part 2 of the TDG Regulations. For organic peroxides or self-reactive substances or new formulations, the packing method must comply with Chapter 16.

      Packing Method OP1 to OP7
      OP1 OP2 OP3 OP4 OP5 OP6 OP7
    Combination packaging
    Inner packaging (for solids & liquids) 0.5 kg 0.5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 25 kg 50 kg 50 kg
    Outer packaging 0.5 kg 10 kg 5 kg 25 kg 25 kg 50 kg 50 kg
    Single packaging
    (for solids) 0.5 kg 0.5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 25 kg 50 kg 50 kg
    (for liquids) 0.5 L - 5 L - 30 L 60 L 60 L

    Packing Method OP8
    Combination packaging  
    Outer Packaging Maximum net mass
    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2 400 kg
    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 60 kg
    4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N 200 kg
    Combination packaging
    Inner Maximum net mass Outer Maximum net mass
    Plastic, fibre 25 kg 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N 400 kg
    Single packaging Maximum net mass/capacity
    3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2 60 kg (for solids) 60 L (for liquids)
    1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1H1, 1H2, 6HA1, 6HB1, 6HD1, 6HG1, 6HH1 400 kg (for solids) 225 L (for liquids)
    6HA2, 6HB2, 6HC, 6HD2, 6HG2, 6HH2 75 kg (for solids) 60 L (for liquids)
  3. Inner packagings made of glass must have a maximum capacity equal to or less than 0.5 L or a net mass equal to or less than 0.5 kg.
  4. Metal packagings, including inner packagings of combination packagings and outer packagings of combination or composite packagings are not permitted for packing methods OP1, OP2, OP3, OP4, OP5 and OP6.
  5. Viscous liquids must be treated as solids.
  6. In combination packagings, cushioning materials must not be readily combustible.
  7. Containers for self-reactive/organic peroxides dangerous goods must meet the packing group II performance level
Substance Specific Provisions:

For certain self-reactive substances of type B or C, UN 3221, UN 3222, UN 3223, UN 3224, UN 3231, UN 3232, UN 3233, and UN 3234: a smaller container than that allowed by packing methods OP5 and OP6 respectively must be used.

UN 3241: The maximum capacity or net mass of the combination packaging or single packaging must be equal to or less than the capacity or net mass given in packing method OP6.

Packing Instruction 600

This instruction applies to UN 1700, UN 2016, UN 2017

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
  2. The articles must be individually packaged and separated from each other using partitions, dividers, inner packagings or cushioning material to prevent inadvertent discharge during normal conditions of transport.
  3. The net mass of the packaging must be equal to or less than 75 kg.

Packing Instruction 601

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass inner packaging(s) in one or more metal intermediate packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal or plastic inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    3. a drum in a drum combination packaging comprising of a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1 or 6HA1 inner packaging that is packed in a code 1A1, 1A2, 1H1 or 1H2 outer packaging; or
    4. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a, 1b and 1c must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:
  3. All containers must be hermetically sealed.
  4. Inner packagings must be closed with a closure that is physically held in place by any means capable of preventing back-off or loosening of the closure by impact or vibration during transport.
  5. Inner packagings mentioned in 1a and 1b must:
    1. not be filled to more than 90% of their maximum capacity; and
    2. be individually packaged with cushioning and absorbent material sufficient to absorb the entire contents of the inner packagings.
  6. Inner packagings mentioned in 1c must:
    1. meet the packing group I performance level and be rated for an internal pressure test at a pressure equal to or greater than 300 kPa (3 bar);
    2. have a threaded type closure with a cap seal; and
    3. be isolated from the outer packaging by the use of inert shock-mitigating cushioning material that surrounds the inner packaging on all sides.
  7. The outer and inner packagings mentioned in 1c must be periodically reconditioned in accordance with standard CGSB 43.126, at intervals of not more than three years.
  8. Cylinders and spheres mentioned in 1d must:
    1. be subjected to an initial and periodic test every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 1000 kPa (10 bar);
    2. not be equipped with a pressure relief device;
    3. not be manifolded or interconnected; and
    4. be packed in an outer packaging if its wall thickness at any point is less than 2 mm or it does not have any valve protection.
  9. Cylinders and spheres containing a toxic by inhalation liquid with a LC50 less than or equal to 200 ml/m3 (ppm) must be closed with a plug or valve conforming to the following:
    1. each plug or valve must have a taper-threaded connection directly to the cylinder or sphere and be capable of withstanding the test pressure of the pressure receptacle without damage or leakage;
    2. each valve must be of the packless type with non-perforated diaphragm, except that, for corrosive substances, a valve may be of the packed type with an assembly made gas-tight by means of a seal cap with gasket joint attached to the valve body or the cylinder or sphere to prevent loss of substance through or past the packing;
    3. each valve outlet must be sealed by a threaded cap or threaded solid plug and inert gasket material; and
    4. the materials of construction for the cylinder or sphere, valves, plugs, outlet caps, luting and gaskets must be compatible with each other and with the contents.

Packing Instruction 602

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in :
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass inner packaging(s) in one or more metal intermediate packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal or plastic inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    3. a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1 or 6HH1 single packaging; or
    4. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a, 1b and 1c must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Intermediate Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass 1 L Metal 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 15 kg
    Combination Packaging (1b)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum capacity   Maximum Net Mass
    Metal or plastic 5 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 75 kg
    Single Packaging (1c)
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1, 6HH1

    450 L

  3. All containers must be hermetically sealed.
  4. Inner packagings and single packagings must be closed with a closure that is physically held in place by any means capable of preventing back-off or loosening of the closure by impact or vibration during transport.
  5. Inner packagings mentioned in 1a and 1b must:
    1. not be filled to more than 90% of their maximum capacity; and
    2. be individually packaged with cushioning and absorbent material sufficient to absorb the entire contents of the inner packagings.
  6. Single packagings mentioned in 1c must:
    1. meet the packing group I performance level and be rated for an internal pressure test equal to or greater than 300 kPa (3 bar); and
    2. have a threaded type closure with a cap seal.
  7. Cylinders and spheres mentioned in 1d must:
    1. be subjected to an initial and periodic test every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 1000 kPa (10 bar);
    2. not be equipped with a pressure relief device;
    3. not be manifolded or interconnected; and
    4. be packed in outer packagings if its wall thickness at any point is less than 2 mm or it does not have any valve protection.
  8. Cylinders and spheres containing a toxic by inhalation liquid with a LC50 less than or equal to 200 ml/m3 (ppm) must be closed with a plug or valve conforming to the following:
    1. each plug or valve must have a taper-threaded connection directly to the cylinder or sphere and be capable of withstanding the test pressure of the cylinder or sphere without damage or leakage;
    2. each valve must be of the packless type with non-perforated diaphragm, except that, for corrosive substances, a valve may be of the packed type with an assembly made gas-tight by means of a seal cap with gasket joint attached to the valve body or the cylinder or sphere to prevent loss of substance through or past the packing;
    3. each valve outlet must be sealed by a threaded cap or threaded solid plug and inert gasket material; and
    4. the materials of construction for the cylinder or sphere , valves, plugs, outlet caps, luting and gaskets must be compatible with each other and with the contents.

Packing Instruction 603

This instruction applies to UN 3507

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. combination packaging comprising of one or more metal or plastic primary receptacle(s) in one or more leakproof rigid secondary packging(s) in a code 1A2, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H2, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1 or 4H2 outer packaging.
  2. Primary inner receptacles must be packed in secondary packagings in a way that, under normal conditions of transport, they cannot break, be punctured or leak their contents into the secondary packaging.
  3. If multiple primary receptacles are placed in a single secondary packaging, they must be individually wrapped or separated to prevent any contact between them.
  4. Secondary packagings must be secured in outer packagings with suitable cushioning material to prevent movement.
  5. The dangerous goods and the container must meet the applicable requirements in the "Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations".
Substance Specific Provisions:

For certain self-reactive substances of type B or C, UN 3221, UN 3222, UN 3223, UN 3224, UN 3231, UN 3232, UN 3233, and UN 3234: a smaller container than that allowed by packing methods OP5 and OP6 respectively must be used.

Packing Instruction 800

This instruction applies to UN 2803, UN 2809

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass, metal or rigid plastic inner packaging(s) intended to contain liquids and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a non-UN Standardized steel flask or bottle with threaded closures; or
    3. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a and 1b must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity and maximum net mass given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum net mass Maximum Net Mass
    Glass, metal or rigid plastic 15 kg 1A1, 1A2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4N 400 kg
    4C1, 4C2, 4D 250 kg
    4F, 4G, 4H2 125 kg
    4H1 60 kg
    Non-UN Standardized (1b)
     

    Maximum Capacity

    Non-UN Standardized steel flask or bottle

    3L

  3. Inner packagings must be completely surrounded with cushioning material.
  4. Inner packagings or outer packagings must have inner liners or bags of strong leakproof and puncture-resistant material impervious to the contents and completely surrounding the contents to prevent it from escaping from the container irrespective of its position or orientation.
Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 2803: When it is necessary to transport the dangerous goods at low temperatures in order to maintain them in a completely solid state, the container may be placed in a strong, water-resistant outer packaging, which contains dry ice or other means of refrigeration. If a refrigerant is used, the container must be chemically and physically resistant to the refrigerant and must have impact resistance at the low temperatures of the refrigerant employed. If dry ice is used, the outer packaging must permit the release of carbon dioxide gas.

Packing Instruction 801

This instruction applies to UN 2794, UN 2795, UN 3028

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a rigid outer packaging, wooden slatted crate, or on a pallet provided the following provisions are met:
    1. batteries stacked must be adequately secured in tiers separated by a layer of electrically non-conductive material;
    2. battery terminals must not support the weight of other superimposed elements;
    3. batteries must be packaged or secured to prevent inadvertent movement;
    4. batteries must not leak in any position and inclination expected in normal conditions of transport or must be made leakproof by individually packaging or by any other equally effective method to prevent the potential release of electrolyte; and
    5. batteries must be protected against short circuits.
  2. In addition, used batteries may also be transported in metal or solid plastic bins, provided the following provisions are met:
    1. the bins must be resistant to the electrolyte that was contained in the batteries;
    2. the bins must not be filled to a height greater than the height of their sides;
    3. the outside of the bins must be free of residues of electrolyte contained in the batteries;
    4. under normal conditions of transport, no electrolyte must leak from the bins;
    5. measures must be taken to ensure that filled bins cannot lose their content; and
    6. measures must be taken to prevent short circuits, for example by discharging the batteries or by individually protecting the battery terminals.

Packing Instruction 802

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass or plastic inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N outer packaging;
    3. a code 1A1, 6PA1, 6PA2, 6PB1, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD1, 6PD2 or 6PH2 single packaging; or
    4. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a, 1b and 1c must be equal to or less than the maximum capacity or net mass given in the following Table:
    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass, plastic 10 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 75 kg
    Combination Packaging (1b)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum capacity   Maximum Net Mass
    Metal 40 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 125 kg
    Single Packaging (1c)
     

    Maximum Capacity

    1A1

    250 L

    6PA1, 6PA2, 6PB1, 6PB2, 6PC, 6PD1, 6PD2, 6PH2

    60 L

Substance Specific Provisions:

UN 1790: For dangerous goods with more than 60% but not more than 85% hydrogen fluoride, the dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in accordance with Packing Instruction 1.

Packing Instruction 803

This instruction applies to UN 2028

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in a code 1A2, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H2, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging.
  2. The net mass of the packaging must be equal to or less than 75 kg.
  3. Articles must be individually packaged and separated from each other using partitions, dividers, inner packagings or cushioning material to prevent inadvertent discharge during normal conditions of transport.

Packing Instruction 804

This instruction applies to UN 1744

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a combination packaging comprising of one or more glass inner packaging(s) in one or more metal or rigid plastic intermediate packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    2. a combination packaging comprising of one or more metal or polyvinylidene fluorides (PVDF) inner packaging(s) and a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2 or 4N outer packaging;
    3. a drum in a drum combination packaging comprising of a code 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1 or 6HA1 inner packaging that is packed in a code 1A1, 1A2, 1H1 or 1H2 outer packaging; or
    4. a cylinder or sphere meeting the requirements of Chapter 15.
  2. The maximum capacity or net mass of the inner packaging, outer packaging or single packaging mentioned in 1a, 1b and 1c must be equal to or less than the capacity given in the following Table:

    Combination Packaging (1a)
    Inner Packaging Intermediate Packaging Outer Packaging
    Maximum capacity Maximum Net Mass
    Glass 1.3 L Metal or rigid plastic 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 25 kg
    Combination Packaging (1b)
    Inner Packaging Outer Packaging
      Maximum capacity   Maximum Net Mass
    Metal or polyvinylidene fluorides (PVDF) 5 L 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1D, 1G, 1H1, 1H2, 1N1, 1N2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N 75 kg
    Drum in a drum combination packaging (1c)
    Inner Packaging (PG I) Outer Packaging  
      Maximum capacity   Maximum Net Mass
    1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1 125 L 1A1,1A2, 1H1, 1H2 400 kg
  3. Inner packagings must be closed with a closure that is physically held in place by any means capable of preventing back-off or loosening of the closure by impact or vibration during transport.
  4. Inner packagings mentioned in 1a and 1b must:
    1. not be filled to more than 90% of their capacity; and
    2. be individually packaged with cushioning and absorbent material sufficient to absorb the entire contents of the inner packagings.
  5. Inner packagings mentioned in 1c must:
    1. meet the packing group I performance level and rated for an internal pressure test equal to or greater than 300 kPa (3 bar);
    2. have a threaded type closure with a cap seal; and
    3. be isolated from the outer packaging by the use of inert shock-mitigating cushioning material that surrounds the inner packaging on all sides.
  6. The inner and outer packagings mentioned in 1c must be periodically reconditioned in accordance with standard CGSB 43.126, at intervals of not more than three years.
  7. Cylinders and spheres mentioned in 1d must:
    1. be subjected to an initial and periodic test every 10 years at a pressure of not less than 1000 kPa (10 bar);
    2. not be equipped with a pressure relief device;
    3. be closed with a plug or valve fitted with a secondary closure device; and
    4. be constructed of materials, including materials of valves, plugs, outlet caps, luting and gaskets, that are compatible with each other and with the contents.

Packing Instruction 901

This instruction applies to UN 3316

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a code 1A1, 1A2, 1B1, 1B2, 1N1, 1N2, 1H1, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 3A1, 3A2, 3B1, 3B2, 3H1, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N, outer packaging that meets the performance level consistent with the packing group assigned to the dangerous goods, or the packing group II performance level, if no packing group has been assigned.
  2. The net mass of the container must be equal to or less than 10 kg, excluding the mass of any carbon dioxide, solid (dry ice) used as a refrigerant.
  3. Dangerous goods contained in a chemical kit or first aid kit must be packed in inner packagings. The inner packagings must be protected from other material in the kit.
  4. When carbon dioxide, solid, (dry ice) is used as a refrigerant, the packaging must be designed and constructed to permit the release of the carbon dioxide gas to prevent the build up of pressure that could rupture the container.

Packing Instruction 902

This instruction applies to UN 3268

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1N2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N, outer packaging that meets the packing group III performance level.
  2. The dangerous goods must be packaged or secured to prevent movement and inadvertent operation during normal conditions of transport.
  3. Unpackaged articles may also be handled, offered for transport or transported in a dedicated handling device, vehicle or closed cargo transport unit.

Packing Instruction 903

This instruction applies to UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. for cells and batteries:
      1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level;
    2. for cells or batteries with a strong, impact resistant outer casing that have a gross mass of 12 kg or more:
      1. a strong outer packaging;
      2. a protective enclosure (e.g., fully enclosed or slatted wooden crates); or
      3. a pallet or other handling device.
    3. for cells or batteries packed with equipment (i.e. apparatus requiring the lithium metal or, lithium ion cells or batteries with which it is packed for its operation):
      1. a UN standardized packaging conforming to the requirements in 1a which is then placed with the equipment in an outer packaging; or
      2. a packaging completely enclosing the cells or batteries which is then placed in a UN standardized packaging conforming to the requirements in 1a.
    4. for cells and batteries contained in equipment:
      1. a strong outer packaging constructed in such a manner as to prevent accidental operation during transport.
      2. cells and batteries contained in large equipment may be transported unpackaged or on pallets if afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in which they are contained.
      3. devices that are intentionally active during transport such as radio frequency identification transmitters, watches and temperature loggers, and that are not capable of generating a dangerous evolution of heat may be transported in strong outer packaging.
  2. Cells or batteries must be secured to prevent inadvertent movement and protected against damage and protected against short circuit.
  3. The terminals must not support the weight of other superimposed elements.

Packing Instruction 905

This instruction applies to UN 2990, UN 3072

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in an outer packaging.
  2. Lifesaving appliances that are constructed to incorporate or are contained in a rigid outer weatherproof casing may be transported unpackaged.
  3. Preparation for transport and packaging must include provisions to prevent any accidental inflation of the appliance.

Packing Instruction 906

This instruction applies to UN 2315, UN 3151, UN 3152, UN 3432

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. for liquids and solids containing or contaminated with PCBs, polyhalogenated biphenyls, polyhalogenated terphenyls or halogenated monomethyldiphenylmethanes: a container in accordance with the appropriate Packing Instruction 1 or 2;
    2. for transformers, condensers and other articles:
      1. a container in accordance with the appropriate Packing Instruction 1 or 2. The articles must be secured with suitable cushioning material to prevent inadvertent movement during normal conditions of transport; or
      2. a non-UN standardized container if it is leakproof and is capable of containing, in addition to the articles, at least 1.25 times the volume of the liquid PCBs, polyhalogenated biphenyls, polyhalogenated terphenyls or halogenated monomethyldiphenylmethanes present in them. There must be sufficient absorbent material in the container to absorb at least 1.1 times the volume of liquid, which is contained in the articles. In general, transformers and condensers must be carried in leakproof metal containers which are capable of holding, in addition to the transformers and condensers, at least 1.25 times the volume of the liquid present in them;
    3. for liquids and solids not packaged in accordance Packing Instruction 1 or 2, but packaged in a non-standardized container, unpackaged transformers, condensers and other devices may be transported in a closed cargo transport unit fitted with a metal tray with at least 800 mm high sides, containing sufficient inert absorbent material to absorb at least 1.1 times the volume of any free liquid.
  2. Transformers and condensers must not leak or must be made leakproof by over-packing inside a secondary container, wrapping in plastic film bag or by any other equally effective method.

Packing Instruction 907

This instruction applies to UN 3363

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in an outer packaging designed, manufactured, loaded, unloaded, secured, closed and maintained so that during transport, including handling, no condition or release of dangerous goods from the container that could endanger public safety.
  2. The machinery or apparatus may be transported unpackaged if it is constructed and designed with a receptacle for dangerous goods that:
    1. is designed, manufactured, loaded, unloaded, secured, closed and maintained so that during transport, including handling, no condition or release of dangerous goods from the receptacle that could endanger public safety.
    2. is sufficiently protected from damage that may occur during normal conditions of transport.
    3. in the event of damage to the receptacle, no leakage of the dangerous goods may occur from the machinery or apparatus.
    4. is installed, secured or cushioned to prevent movement within the machinery or apparatus during normal conditions of transport. Cushioning material must not react dangerously with the content of the receptacle. Any leakage of the contents must not substantially impair the protective properties of the cushioning material.

Packing Instruction 908

This instruction applies to damaged or defective lithium ion cells and batteries and damaged or defective lithium metal cells and batteries, including those contained in equipment, of UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481.

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in combination packaging comprising of one or more inner packaging(s) in a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
  2. Each damaged or defective cell or battery or equipment containing cells or batteries must be individually packed in an inner packaging and placed inside of an outer packaging. The inner packaging or outer packaging must be leakproof to prevent the potential release of electrolyte.
  3. Each inner packaging must be surrounded by sufficient non-combustible and electrically non-conductive thermal insulation material to protect against a dangerous evolution of heat.
  4. Sealed packagings must be fitted with a venting device when appropriate.
  5. Appropriate measures must be taken to minimize the effects of vibrations and shocks and prevent movement of the cells and or batteries within the container that may lead to further damage and a dangerous condition during transport. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive may also be used to meet this requirement.
  6. Sufficient inert absorbent material must be added to the inner or outer packaging when they contain leaking cells or batteries to absorb any release of electrolyte.
  7. A cell or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg must be limited to one cell or battery per outer packaging.
  8. Cells or batteries must be protected against short circuit.

Packing Instruction 908

This instruction applies to damaged or defective lithium ion cells and batteries and damaged or defective lithium metal cells and batteries, including those contained in equipment, of UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481.

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. for cells or batteries:
      1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
    2. for lithium-ion cells with a watt-hour (Wh) rating not more than 20 Wh, lithium-ion batteries with a watt-hour rating not more than 100 Wh, lithium metal cells with a lithium content not more than 1 g and lithium metal batteries with an aggregate lithium content not more than 2 g:
      1. a strong outer packaging up to 30 kg.
    3. for cells or batteries contained in equipment:
      1. a strong outer packaging; or
      2. unpackaged or on pallets if the cells or batteries are protected by the equipment in which they are contained.
    4. for cells or batteries with a strong, impact resistant outer casing that have a gross mass of 12 kg or more:
      1. a strong outer packaging.
  2. If metal outer packagings are used, they must be fitted with an electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastic).
  3. Cells or batteries must be protected against short circuit and the dangerous evolution of heat by various means, including, but not limited to:
    1. individual protection of the battery terminals,
    2. the use of inner packaging to prevent contact between cells and batteries,
    3. batteries with recessed terminals designed to protect against short circuit,
    4. the use of electrically non-conductive and non-combustible cushioning material to fill empty space between the cells or batteries in the packaging.
  4. Cells or batteries must be secured in the outer packaging to prevent inadvertent movement during transport (e.g., by using a non-combustible and electrically non-conductive cushioning material or through the use of a tightly closes plastic bag).

Packing Instruction 909

This instruction applies to damaged or defective lithium ion cells and batteries and damaged or defective lithium metal cells and batteries, including those contained in equipment, of UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481.

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. for cells or batteries:
      1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
    2. for lithium-ion cells with a watt-hour (Wh) rating not more than 20 Wh, lithium-ion batteries with a watt-hour rating not more than 100 Wh, lithium metal cells with a lithium content not more than 1 g and lithium metal batteries with an aggregate lithium content not more than 2 g:
      1. a strong outer packaging up to 30 kg.
    3. for cells or batteries contained in equipment:
      1. a strong outer packaging; or
      2. unpackaged or on pallets if the cells or batteries are protected by the equipment in which they are contained.
    4. for cells or batteries with a strong, impact resistant outer casing that have a gross mass of 12 kg or more:
      1. a strong outer packaging.
  2. If metal outer packagings are used, they must be fitted with an electrically non-conductive lining material (e.g., plastic).
  3. Cells or batteries must be protected against short circuit and the dangerous evolution of heat by various means, including, but not limited to:
    1. individual protection of the battery terminals,
    2. the use of inner packaging to prevent contact between cells and batteries,
    3. batteries with recessed terminals designed to protect against short circuit,
    4. the use of electrically non-conductive and non-combustible cushioning material to fill empty space between the cells or batteries in the packaging.
  4. Cells or batteries must be secured in the outer packaging to prevent inadvertent movement during transport (e.g., by using a non-combustible and electrically non-conductive cushioning material or through the use of a tightly closes plastic bag).

Packing Instruction 910

This instruction applies to UN 3090, UN 3091, UN 3480, UN 3481 production runs consisting of not more than 100 cells or batteries and to pre-production prototypes of cells or batteries when these prototypes are transported for testing.

  1. The dangerous goods must be handled, offered for transport or transported in:
    1. for cells or batteries, including when packed with equipment:
      1. combination packaging comprising of one or more inner packaging(s) in a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level:
      2. each cell or battery must be individually packed in an inner packaging and placed inside an outer packaging.
      3. each inner packaging must be completely surrounded by sufficient non-combustible and electrically non-conductive thermal insulation material to protect against a dangerous evolution of heat.
      4. appropriate measures must be taken to minimize the effects of vibration and shocks and prevent movement of the cells or batteries within the container that may lead to damage and a dangerous condition during transport. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive may be used to meet this requirement.
      5. a cell or battery with a net mass of more than 30 kg must be limited to one cell or battery per outer packaging.
    2. for cells or batteries contained in equipment:
      1. a code 1A2, 1B2, 1H2, 1D, 1G, 1N2, 3A2, 3B2, 3H2, 4A, 4B, 4C1, 4C2, 4D, 4F, 4G, 4H1, 4H2, 4N outer packaging that meets the packing group II performance level.
      2. the equipment must be constructed or packaged to prevent accidental operation during transport.
      3. appropriate measures must be taken to minimize the effects of vibration and shocks and prevent movement of the equipment within the package that may lead to damage and a dangerous condition during transport. Cushioning material that is non-combustible and electrically non-conductive may be used to meet this requirement.
    3. for batteries that have a total mass of 12 kg or more and that have a strong, impact-resistant outer casing:
      1. a strong outer packaging or protective enclosure.
  2. Cells or batteries must be protected against short circuit and the dangerous evolution of heat by various means, including, but not limited to:
    1. individual protection of the battery terminals,
    2. the use of inner packaging to prevent contact between cells and batteries,
    3. batteries with recessed terminals designed to protect against short circuit, and
    4. the use of electrically non-conductive and non-combustible cushioning material to fill empty space between the cells or batteries in the packaging.

Appendix B - Temperature Control of Organic Peroxides and Self-Reactive Substances During Transportation

General guidance is given in the following paragraphs as the circumstances to be taken into account differ for the various modes of transport.

B1. Maintenance of the prescribed temperature is an essential feature for the safe transport of many organic peroxides and self-reactive substances. In general, there should be:

  • thorough inspection of the transport unit prior to loading;
  • instructions to the carrier about the operation of the refrigeration system;
  • procedures to be followed in the event of loss of temperature control;
  • regular monitoring of operating temperatures; and
  • provision of a back-up refrigeration system or spare parts.

B2. Any control and temperature sensing devices in the refrigeration system should be readily accessible and all electrical connections should be weather-proof. Two independent sensors should measure the temperature of air space within the transport unit and the output should be recorded so that temperature changes are readily detectable. The temperature should be checked every four to six hours and logged. When substances having a control temperature of less than 25 °C are transported, the transport unit should be equipped with visible and audible alarms, powered independently of the refrigeration system, set to operate at or below the control temperature.

B3. If, during transport, the control temperature is exceeded, an alert procedure should be initiated involving any necessary repairs to the refrigeration equipment or an increase in the cooling capacity (e.g., by adding liquid or solid refrigerants). There should also be frequent checks of the temperature and preparations for implementation of emergency procedures. If the emergency temperature is reached, the emergency procedures should be set in operation.

B4. The suitability of a particular means of temperature control for transport depends on a number of factors. Among those to be considered are:

  • the control temperature(s) of the substance(s) to be transported;
  • the difference between the control temperature and the anticipated ambient temperature conditions;
  • the effectiveness of the thermal insulation;
  • the duration of transport; and
  • an allowance of a safety margin for delays.

B5. Suitable methods for preventing the control temperature from being exceeded are the following, in order of increasing control capability:

  1. Thermal insulation; if the initial temperature of the organic peroxide(s) is sufficiently below the control temperature.
  2. Thermal insulation with coolant system; if:
    • an adequate quantity of coolant (e.g., liquid nitrogen or solid carbon dioxide), allowing a reasonable margin for delay, is carried;
    • liquid oxygen or air is not used as coolant;
    • there is a uniform cooling effect even when most of the coolant has been consumed; and
    • the need to ventilate the unit before entering is clearly indicated by a warning on the door(s) of the unit.
  3. Single mechanical refrigeration; if, for organic peroxides with a flash point lower than the sum of the emergency temperature plus 5 °C, explosion-proof electrical fittings are used within the cooling compartment to prevent ignition of flammable vapours from the organic peroxides.
  4. Combined mechanical refrigeration system with coolant system; if:
    • The two systems are independent of one another; and
    • the requirements in B5. b. and c. are complied with.
  5. Dual mechanical refrigeration system; if:
    • apart from the integral power supply unit, the two systems are independent of one another;
    • each system alone is capable of maintaining adequate temperature control; and
    • or organic peroxides with a flash point lower than the sum of the emergency temperature plus 5 °C, explosion-proof electrical fittings are used within the cooling compartment to prevent ignition of flammable vapours from the organic peroxides.
 
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