Emergency Response Assistance Plans: Overview
New: ERAP online services
You can now use Transport Canada's ERAP online services (EOS) to create, view or edit an ERAP application.
What is an ERAP
An Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) describes what to do in the event of a release or anticipated release of certain higher-risk dangerous goods while they are in transport.
Each plan is specific to certain:
- dangerous goods
- modes of transport (air, rail, road or marine)
- means of containments (containers or packaging) used to hold the dangerous goods
- geographical area in which the dangerous goods will be transported
A person with an approved ERAP uses the plan to assist emergency responders. ERAPs list specialized personnel and equipment needed for responding to an incident.
ERAPs may be used along with emergency response plans from other organizations (for example, carriers and local or provincial authorities). An incident management system, usually the Incident Command System (ICS), ensures coordination between the ERAP and other emergency response plans.
Who has an ERAP
A person needs an ERAP when certain dangerous goods are handled or transported above the quantity specified in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations.
Persons who have ERAPs are often producers, manufacturers or distributors of dangerous goods. In special cases, person who aren't required to have an ERAP may still have an approved plan.
When are ERAPs implemented
ERAPs are implemented to respond to a release or anticipated release of the dangerous goods that are part of that plan.
Often, the person who has the ERAP is contacted through the ERAP telephone number.
Once they are reached, this person determines the actions they will take to respond to the release or anticipated release.
ERAP telephone number
Every ERAP must have an ERAP telephone number. When a consignment requires an ERAP, this number is found on the shipping document.
If you call the ERAP telephone number, you will be connected with someone who can implement the plan. They will:
- provide technical and/or emergency response advice promptly
- monitor the response
- send ERAP emergency response resources
Who can implement an ERAP
Anyone can call the ERAP telephone number for assistance. But the persons who have the ERAP are responsible implementing it, as they are most familiar with the resources in the plan.
When necessary to protect public safety, section 7.1 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act allows Transport Canada to:
- Direct a person with an approved ERAP to implement their plan in order to respond to a release or anticipated release
- Authorize a person with an approved ERAP to implement their plan, if it is unclear who is required to have an ERAP for the dangerous goods involved in an incident