Études sur la fatigue et le rendement humain pour les exploitants aériens

Les études scientifiques indiquées sur cette page portent sur la fatigue et le rendement humain dans l’aviation et d’autres industries. Ces études peuvent servir aux exploitants aériens à appuyer les processus du système de gestion des risques liés à la fatigue (SGRF) et les dossiers de sécurité.

Les études sont présentées par sujet clés.

Sur cette page

Périodes de service

  • Arendt JT, Owens J, Crouch M, et coll. “Neurobehavioral performance of residents after heavy night call vs. after alcohol ingestion”, Journal of the American Medical Association, 7 septembre 2005, vol. 294, n° 9, 1025-1033.
  • Battelle Memorial Institute (pour la Federal Aviation Administration). An overview of the scientific literature concerning fatigue, sleep, and circadian cycle, 13 mars 1998, p. 13.
  • Bourgeois-Bougrine S, Cabon P, Gounelle C. Mollard R, Coblentz A. “Perceived fatigue for short- and long-haul flights: a survey of 739 airline pilots”, Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, octobre 2003, vol. 74, n° 10, 1072-1077.
  • Caruso C, Hitchcock E, Dick R, Russo J. Schmit J. Overtime and extended work shifts: recent findings on illnesses, injuries, and health behaviors, États-Unis, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, avril 2004.
  • Clark S. “Sleep deprivation: implications for obstetric practice in the United States”, American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2009; 201:136.e1-4.
  • Dawson D, McCulloch K. “Managing fatigue – it’s about sleep”. Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 9, pages 365-380, 2005.
  • Dawson D, Reid K. “Fatigue, alcohol and performance impairment", Nature, 17 juillet 1997, vol. 388, 235-237.
  • Dembe A, Erickson J, Delbos R, Banks S. “The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States”, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 8 mars 2005, vol. 62, 588-597.
  • Dinges D, Graeber C, Rosekind M, Samel A, Wegmann H. “Principles and guidelines for duty and rest scheduling in commercial aviation”, NASA Technical Memorandum 110404, mai 1996, p. 6.
  • AESA/Moebus Aviation. “Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations”, rapport final, 30 septembre 2008, p. 15.
  • Folkard S. “Black times: temporal determinants of transport safety”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1997, vol. 29, n° 4, 417-430.
  • Folkard S, Tucker P. “Shift work, safety and productivity”, Occupational Medicine, 1er février 2003, vol. 53, n° 2, 95-101.
  • Goode J. “Are pilots at risk of accidents due to fatigue?”, Journal of Safety Research, 27 mars 2003.
  • Powell D, Spencer M, Holland D, Broadbent E, Petrie K. “Fatigue in two-pilot operations: Implications for flight and duty time limitations”, Aviation Space, and Environmental Medicine, novembre 2008, vol. 79, n° 11, 1047-1050.
  • Powell D, Spencer M, Holland D, Broadbent E, Petrie K. “Pilot fatigue in short-haul operations: effects of number of sectors, duty length, and time of day”, Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, juillet 2007, vol. 78, n° 7, 698–701.
  • REGDOC-2.2.4 : “Aptitude au travail : Gérer la fatigue des travailleurs”, Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire, 2017.
  • Rosa R. “Extended workshifts and excessive fatigue”, Journal of Sleep Research, décembre 1995, vol. 4, s2, 51-56.
  • Samel A, Wegmann H, Vejvoda M. “Air crew fatigue in long-haul operations”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1997, vol. 29, n° 4, p. 451.
  • Spencer M, Robertson K. “Aircrew alertness during short-haul operations including the impact of early starts”, QinetiQ, février 2002.
  • Williamson AM, Feyer AM. “Moderate sleep deprivation produces impairment in cognitive and motor performance equivalent to legally prescribed levels of alcohol intoxication”, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 15 juin 2000, vol. 57, 649-655.

Service de nuit

  • Barger LK, Lockley SW, Rajaratnam SMW, Landrigan CP. “Neurobehavioural health and safety consequences associated with shift work in safety-sensitive professions”, Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 2009, 9, 155-164.
  • Liang Y, Horrey WJ, Howard ME, Lee ML, Anderson C, Shreeve MS, O’Brien CS, Czeisler CA. “Prediction of drowsiness events in night shift workers during morning driving”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, sous presse le 7 novembre 2017.
  • Samel A, Wegmann H, Vejvoda M, Drescher J, Grundel A, Manzev D, Wenzel J. “Two-crew operations: stress and fatigue during long-haul night flights”, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, août 1997, vol. 68, 679-687.
  • Sargent C, Roberts P, Dawson D, Ferguson S, Meuleners L, Brook L, Roach GD. “The relationships between human fatigue and public health: a brief commentary on selected papers from the 9th international conference on managing fatigue in transportation, resources and health”, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2016, vol. 13, 9e édition, 842.
  • Spencer M, Robertson K. “The Haj operation: alertness of aircrew on return flights between Indonesia and Saudi Arabia”, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, juin 1999.
  • Williamson A, Lombardi DA, Folkard S, Stutts J, Courtney T, Connor J. “The link between fatigue and safety”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2011, 43(2), 498-515.

Nombre maximal d’heures de travail et limites de périodes de service cumulatives

  • Caruso C, Hitchcock E, Dick R, Russo J, Schmit J. Overtime and extended work shifts: recent findings on illnesses, injuries, and health behaviors, États-Unis, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, avril 2004.
  • Dembe A, Erickson J, Delbos R, Banks S. “The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States”, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 8 mars 2005, vol. 62, 588-597.
  • AESA / Moebus Aviation. “Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations”, rapport final, 30 septembre 2008, p. 14.
  • Landrigan C, et coll. “Effect of reducing interns’ work hours on serious medical errors in intensive care units”, The New England Journal of Medicine, 28 octobre 2004, vol. 351, 1838-1848.

Périodes de repos

  • Belenky G, Wesensten N, Thorne D, Thomas M, Sing H, Redmond D, Russo M, Balkin T. “Patterns of performance degradation and restoration during sleep restriction and subsequent recovery: a sleep dose-response study”, Journal of Sleep Research, 11 décembre 2003, vol. 12, 1-12.
  • AESA / Moebus Aviation. “Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations”, rapport final, 30 septembre 2008, p. 21.
  • REGDOC-2.2.4 : Aptitude au travail : Gérer la fatigue des travailleurs, Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire, 2017.
  • Van Dongen H, Maislin G, Mullington J, Dinges D. “The cumulative cost of additional wakefulness: dose-response effects on neurobehavioral functions and sleep physiology from chronic sleep restriction and total sleep deprivation. Sleep, vol. 26, n° 2, janvier 2003, 117-126.
  • Wright KP, Hughes RJ, Hull JT, Czeisler CA. “Cumulative neurobehavioral performance deficits on a 24-hr day with 8-hr of scheduled sleep.” Journal of Sleep and Sleep Disorders, Research vol. 23, 15 avril 2000, 2e supplément analytique, p. 36.

Périodes sans service

  • Belenky G, Wesensten N, Thorne D, Thomas M, Sing H, Redmond D, Russo M, Balkin T. “Patterns of performance degradation and restoration during sleep restriction and subsequent recovery: a sleep dose-response study.” Journal of Sleep Research, 11 décembre 2003, vol. 12, p. 1,12.
  • Dinges D, Graeber C, Rosekind M, Samel A, Wegmann H. “Principles and guidelines for duty and rest scheduling in commercial aviation.” NASA Technical Memorandum 110404, mai 1996, p. 15.
  • AESA / Moebus Aviation. “Scientific and Medical Evaluation of Flight Time Limitations”, rapport final, 30 septembre 2008, 26-27.
  • Royaume-Uni. Office of Rail Regulation. Managing Rail Staff Fatigue, 2012.
  • REGDOC-2.2.4 : Aptitude au travail : Gérer la fatigue des travailleurs, Commission canadienne de sûreté nucléaire, 2017.

Repos additionnel en raison d’horaires perturbateurs

  • Dinges D, Graeber C, Rosekind M, Samel A, Wegmann H. “Principles and guidelines for duty and rest scheduling in commercial aviation.” NASA Technical Memorandum 110404, mai 1996, p. 3.

Repos additionnel en raison du décalage horaire :

  • Dinges D, Graeber C, Rosekind M, Samel A, Wegmann H. Principles and guidelines for duty and rest scheduling in commercial aviation, NASA Technical Memorandum 110404, mai 1996, p. 8.
  • Samel A, Wegmann H, Vejvoda M. “Air crew fatigue in long-haul operations”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1997, vol. 29, n° 4, p. 449.

Périodes de service consécutives empiétant sur la phase de dépression circadienne

  • Air Transport Association of America. “Comments of the Air Transport Association of America Inc.", commentaires finaux, FDT de l’ATA, 15 novembre 2010, p. 119.
  • Folkard S, Tucker P. “Shift work, safety and productivity”, Occupational Medicine, 1er février 2003, vol. 53, n° 2, 95-101.

Services de vol fractionnés

  • Harma M, Sallinen M, Ranta R, Mutanen P, Muller K. “The effect of an irregular shift system on sleepiness at work in train drivers and railway traffic controllers”, Journal of Sleep Research, 2002, 11:141–151.
  • Hilditch CJ, Short M, Van Dongen HP, Centofanti SA, Dorrian J, Kohler M, Banks S. “Sleep inertia during a simulated 6-h on/6-h off fixed split duty schedule”, Chronobiology International, 2016, 33(6):685-96.
  • Lovato N, Lack L. “The effects of napping on cognitive functioning”, Progress in Brain Research, 2010, 185:155-66.
  • Mollicone DJ, Van Dongen HP, Rogers NL, Dinges DF. “Response surface mapping of neurobehavioural performance: testing the feasibility of split sleep schedules for space operations”, Acta Astronautica, 2008, 63(7-10):833-840.
  • Pilcher JJ, Popkin SM, Adkins K, Roether L. “Self-report naps in irregular work schedules”, Industrial Health, 2005, 43(1):123-8.
  • Short MA, Centofanti S, Hilditch C, Banks S, Lushington K, Dorrian J. “The effect of split sleep schedules (6h-on/6h-off) on neurobehavioural performance, sleep and sleepiness”, Applied Ergonomics, 2016, 54:72-82.

Références

  • Ces études sont tirées :
  • du rapport du groupe de travail du Conseil consultatif sur la réglementation aérienne canadienne sur la gestion de la fatigue des équipages de conduite
  • de l’examen sur la science de la fatigue de la Direction de la sécurité ferroviaire de Transports Canada

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Courriel : TC.FCFM-GFEC.TC@tc.gc.ca

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